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From the Painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence in the- Vatican, Rome 






A "Life of Thomas GainsfcorouffV a<* " Ltfe of Sir Henry Raeburn"! 



With Frontispiece and twelve other illustrations 





VOL, I, 

Ftrst edition published December, 1922 
Second 1922 

Third n February, 1923 


First edition published August, 1923 

VOL 111. 

First edition published March, 1924 


First edition published November, 1924, 


THE fourth volume of Farington' s Diary opens with the interesting 
and pleasant gossip of a house party in the Autumn of 1 806 at Taplow 
Court, Lord Thomond* s riverside residence. In two entries the Diarist 
gives significant pen-portraits of himself. The first self-sketch was made 
on October 5, before a dinner cc off plate " at which champagne was 
carried round, claret, port, madeira and sherry being served afterwards. 
" I drank Sherry & Port," says Farington, " Lord Thomond chiefly 
Madeira." Pascoe Grenfell, M.P. for Great Marlow, was one of the 
guests and the host warned the others to c< touch upon the conduct of 
Administration delicately as Mr. Grenfell is attached to Lord Grenville," 
who was then Prime Minister. To Lord Thomond, Farington replied, 
with characteristic caution, " I never express my sentiments on that 
subject till I hear those of others." 

On the following day a large party was to dine with Sir John Turner, 
and Lord Thomond said that Dr. Lawrence [of " Rolliad " fame], Pascoe 
Grenfell, and Sir John Turner " wd. have all the talk to themselves so 
that the others . . . might be silent." Farington modestly answered : 
" I never liked to Hear the sound of my own voice but in small parties 
of those with whom I was well acquainted." Dr. Lawrence was a glutton 
as well as a talker, as we gather from the same entry : "It was sd. 
that we are to have a pike of 13 pounds weight. I [Farington] sd. Dr. 
Lawrence having the reputation of being a large eater wd. make a figure 
at it. They sd. His appetite is prodigious. Sir Wm. Scott's wife says 
that if the Doctor dines where there are sweet things none wd. be left 
for the next day." 

One more personal reference to Farington, this time in relation with 
Wordsworth. The incident must be given in the Diarist's own phrasing* 

" Constable remarked [on December 12, 1807] upon the high opinion 
Wordsworth entertains of himself. He told Constable that while He 
was a Boy going to Hawkshead school, His mind was often so possessed 
with images, so lost in extraordinary conceptions, that He has held by a 
wall not knowing but He was part of it. He also desired a Lady, Mrs. 
Loyd, near Windermere when Constable was present to notice the singular 
formation of His Skull. Coleridge remarked that this was the effect 
of intense thinking. I observed to Constable if so, He must have thought 
in His Mother's womb." 

Returning to the river-party at Taplow, we learn from Lord Thomond 
that the manners of the Prince of Wales in Society are the most finished 


vi Introduction 

that can be imagined. He is captivating in the highest degree, has read 
much, holds conversations most agreeably, sings and " observes with 
nice attention any encroachment upon His importance, but does not express 
it at the time" The picture of the Prince, however, is not wholly flattering, 
and a Finally our conversation on this subj ect ended with saying c Oh, 
King live for ever/ " 

Public schools are severely condemned by Dr. Gretton, who kept a 
private one at Taplow. " He said the bane of the public schools is that 
the parents of many of the Boys fill their pockets with Bank notes^ and 
opportunity is allowed for the expenditure of it viciously." He describes 
the characters of the three great Schools by saying that the a youths 
at Eaton are dissipated gentlemen ; those at Westminster dissipated with a 
little of the Blackguard ; and those at St. PauPs School the most de- 
praved of all." Nor is Rugby unscathed. " In it are many of the Sons 
of Gentlemen but more of those who are the Sons of Manufacturers at 
Birmingham, Wolverhampton &c., who have little sentiment of the 
disgrace of any dishonorable act as their inclinations lead them." At 
Harrow the " Boys are gentlemen, as are those at Dr, Gretton's own 
school, where they never expend more than two guineas a year" At his 
request the parents supplied their sons with a guinea and if they re- 
quired more he gave them " a shilling at a time" 

In Chapter III. Dr. Gretton tells an extraordinary story of a Royal 
Academician who was a greater rogue than painter, and he also speaks 
of the good society in the neighbourhood of Taplow, u The Commercial 
men * bear the JSilL' At Craufurd Bruce 5 s you dine of Plate, and Cham- 
pagne, Tokay Hermitage, &c., are proposed to you in succession as 
soon as you have begun to eat, Pascoe Grenfell still exceeds Bruce ; 
His Plate is gilt." 

Lord Thomond gives a droll description of the Prince of Orange, 
who had recently died. " While the Prince was in England He was 
often treated with most disrespectful levity by the Prince of Wales and 
His Brothers. They would pluck His Hair, & on His moving His Head 
round, another would do the same on the other side making Him the 
sport of the Company, The King, on the contrary, always behaved 
to Him with kindness & respect." 

The sad case of Sir John D'Oyly and the great extravagance of his 
wife are discussed : " In one year Her Bill to Mrs. Beavais the Dress- 
maker amounted to ^700, and Mrs. Beavais to keep well with the wait- 
ing maid of so good a Customer, sent Her a present of a laced Cloak, but 
the maid did not think it of sufficient value & returned it. Another was 
sent, but that wd. not do, and a third, worth towards 20 guineas, was 
presented and graciously accepted." Lady D'Oyly's jealousy and its 
consequences are made the most of by Mrs. Partington, who also tells 
us that her Ladyship's passion for dress " continued to the last. Three 
weeks before Her death she ordered Hats to the amount of ^30 when 
Sir John could scarcely raise 30 shillings." 

In further gossip at Taplow interesting reference is made to the 

Introduction vii 

Princess of Wales (who figures prominently in the volume), to the love 
sacrifice of Mr. Penton, of Pentonville fame, and the romantic story of 
one of Lord Eliot's ancestors. Fear of the Ministry, political intrigue and 
captured frigates also form subjects for discussion at Lord Thomond's 
table, as do the Duke of Manchester's industry, and Mr. Grenfell says 
that if it were not for the Methodist preachers the Cornish people would be 
" Savages." 

In Chapter IX. we read that Lady Oxford never allows a book of 
any kind except such as she may have read and approved, to lay in a 
room to which the children have access ; Dr. Hayes describes the grief 
of the mourners at Fox's funeral, where he finds Sheridan " greatly 
altered & Has no doubt from His appearance that His liver is much in- 
flamed, & thinks it will ere long terminate in Dropsy. 

Architects' fees, William Beckford's singularity and persecution, 
James Barry's character and qualities are talked about, and, throughout 
the volume, war echoes occupy considerable space. The menace of 
Bonaparte's victories in Prussia and Poland seriously affected the public 
and the Press. 

On November 23, 1806, it is stated in BelFs Weekly Messenger " that 
Europe is lost. Russia can only be saved by an immediate Peace, and 
England, as having no farther obj ect in the war, must from every motive of 
prudence be a party in the same general peace." At dinner tables are 
heard despondent remarks that the storm gathering around us must 
break on us, and " that, seeing the fall of other nations, the people of this 
country may possibly become reconciled to whatever may happen to 
them." On the other hand, money is abundant in the City, where the 
only fear is that " Ministers wd. give way & not adhere to their resolutions. 
. . . The times are critical, but all we require is to maintain our reso- 

Much is heard of eminent men occupied in various spheres of life* 
Questioned on his death-bed by the Bishop of Lincoln respecting religion 
and prayer, Pitt in substance said, " From my situation in life & public 
cares weighing heavily upon me I have not attended so much to those 
duties as I wished and desired, but you know my mind" He afterwards 
added, " I rely entirely upon the infinite mercy of God, through the merits 
of my Saviour Jesus Christ." 

Fox, on hearing his own "command of words " extolled, observed that 
" certainly He had a word but Pitt always had the Word." It was also 
remarked of Pitt that he " never uttered a sentence ungrammatically. 
Porson, the Greek professor, said that every sentence uttered by Pitt 
was so regular and correct as to appear as if formed in his mind before it 
was expressed. On the contrary Mr. Fox plunged into the middle and 
found His way through it as well as he could." 

The last illness and death of John Opie, R.A., " the Cornish wonder," 
are recorded at length, and note is made of Hoppner's jealousy and childish- 
ness, of fyow he offended Farington and snubbed a lady. Turner is 
characterized as conceited and his pictures are called crude blotches, there 

viii Introduction 

are interesting anecdotes about Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. Coke of Norfolk 
is represented as an " incessant talker," politician and clever business 
man, and Wordsworth, as art critic, " thought Historical subjects shd. 
never be introduced into Landscape, but where the Landscape was to be 
subservient to them," and so on. He thought the Royal Academy of 
1807 " a poor exhibition/' and upset Sir David Wilkie by proposing 
subjects for him to paint. Wilkie was then famous and when Sir John 
Leicester asked Turner the price of his picture of a Forge, Turner answered 
that he understood Wilkie was to have 100 guineas for "His Blind 
Fiddler, and He should not rate His picture at a less price." Catalani, 
the celebrated singer, appeared at the Opera for the first time on Satur- 
day, December 13, 1806, in a new serious work called La S emir amide 
by Portogallo, and on the zist, Farington says, " she has 2000 for the 
season and a benefit. She is about 24 years [she was 26], and is 
married." Later he informs us that Mrs. Billington had 2,500, but this 
is concealed from Catalani, who " produces greater profits to the Opera 
House than were ever before known, the receipts of the House, exclusive 
of Boxes, is upon an average between 6 Be 700 a night. . . , She is very 
much attached to Her Husband, & cannot be approached by those 
who would offer temptations to Her." 

Ralph Kirtley, Sir Joshua Reynolds' old servant, is responsible for 
the following pathetic story. " From the time that Sir Joshua found 
He must die He appeared to wish that no one should visit him, but he 
could not refuse Mr. Burke. He lay whole nights seemingly witht. 
sleep, but silent, except that after a long interval in the night He wd. 
hastily call out Ralph as if to assure himself that He was not alone." 

The kindness of Princess Sophia of Gloucester is recorded, and we 
learn that Dr. Fisher, Bishop of Salisbury, got into trouble with the 
Prince of Wales because he complained of the <c great negligence shewn in 
educating and attending the Princess" Charlotte of Wales, whose 
preceptor he was. As an instance of this neglect " the Bishop noticed 
that Her nose requiring to be wifed^ she did not apply Her Handkerchief, 
but wiped Her nose with Her sleeve, as vulgar people do." 

Many more entertaining entries could be summarized, but readers must 
go to the text itself and find by means of the full index subjects such as 
" The Prince and Metcalfe," " Coalition against Bonaparte," " Lord 
Thomond as Waiter," " Soane cleaned the Shoes," " Artists and Critics," 
" Holt, a Political Writer," " Women and Art," Boxer and Duellist," 
" Indiscretion of the Marchioness," " Greeks Ignorant of Anatomy," 
"Constable declines," "Freedom of the Seas," "Newspapers and the 
Public," " Coleridge and Kindness," and " The Lovers of Angelica 

Editorial interpolations in the text are placed, as in previous volumes, 
within brackets, and Farington's spelling and punctuation are preserved 

To Mr. T. P. Greig belongs the credit of compiling the Index, and 
Mr. Robert Harris again helped in the proof reading. 




Bubb's Statue of Pitt Taplow Court Oh, King, Live for Ever Great Riders 

The Prince Sang i 


The Prince and Metcalfe Public Schools The Chaplain's Table Not Proud 

but Sound 5 


Greater Rogue than Painter Deeds Not Worth Sixpence Found Out And 
Poisons Himself Induced to Marry Him She Died Next Morning An 
Affected Coxcomb Good Society. & 


Sir John D'Oyly Maid to his Wife The Prince of Orange They plucked His 

Hair William III. Lady D'Oyly's Bill Sir John Neglected 13 


Coalition Against Bonaparte Pitt and God's Mercy Sir John D'Oyly His 

Unhappy Marriage Lady D'Oyly's Jealousy Ill-suited Connections 17 


Lord Thomond as Waiter Princess of Wales Merry be our Hearts Mr. 
Penton's Sacrifice Cursed Stuff Commercial Fortunes A Romantic 
Story , 21 


Fear of the Ministry A Dreadful Accident Political Intrigue Captured 

Frigates Farington's Caution God Forbid ! . 24 


A Cornish Baronet Built of his own Timber A Dinner Party Savages and 

Methodists General Miranda . 28 


Fox's Funeral Novels Not to be Seen Inflamed with Tears Architects* 
Fees Beckford's Singularity Sir Richard had No Taste A Painting 
by Barry A Paying Guest , 3 * 

x Contents 



A Doctor's Charges Language and Insurance Defeat of the Prussians A 

Prototype of Colonel Lawrence Unarmed and Fearless He Kept a Diary 35 


Ships in Commission Lawrence and West Lawrence and Henry Hope 

Business is Business The Blind Fiddler Burns and Wordsworth 39 


Hoppner's Jealousy Prussia had Fallen Dinner with Sir George Opie's 

Ingratitude Sheridan Neglected Soane Cleaned the Shoes 43 


Artists and Critics John Linn ell Lawrence and the Princess West Anti- 
English Sheridan Wins R.A.'s Perplexed Hoppner Childish 47 


The Harclwickes The Duke as Visitor Europe is Lost Falling Nations 

A Crust in Her Hand 51 


Lawyer or Attorney Sheridan's Talents West and the Presidency The 
Prince's Health The King and the Baronetcy Cheapness before Art 
Paid Large Wagers * . , , 53 


Canova and Flaxman Pitt always had ike Word Farington and Hoppner 

West Elected 56 


West and Wyatt Holt, a Political Writer Bonaparte's Blockade Prince 

and Lord Grenville A Younger Brother *......,.. 59 


A Great Singer Peculiar Disposition E. Edwards, A.R.A. Picture of Bona- 
parte Lady Worsley 62 


Wars and Wealth Sir John Carr 66 


Lord Warwick and a Picture Women and Art Art Patrons Celebrated 

Banking House 69 


Schoolmasters A School at Baling Professional versus Amateur 72 


Hoppner and Lawrence Christian HumilityArmy Apothecary Rev. 

Sydney Smith 75 

Contents xi 



Lord Warwick's Protege" -Detestable Conduct Boydell and Business 
Russian Victory A Great Project Life and Liberty Safeguarded 
Military Defences , 77 


Shee and Hoppner Sir Joshua and the Bishop The Duke of Bronte A 

Book Collector Captain Thomas Manby Authors and Publishers 82 


Catalani at the Opera Wordsworth Society of Antiquaries The Banker 

and Sir Joshua 86 


Capture of Curacoa Waggery Commerce and Landed Interest Flaxman 

Fully Employed Hogarth and Barry 89 


Boxer and Duellist -Wine and Brandy I Named Pitt Lawrence's Financial 

Troubles Russian Victory at Eylau 93 


Settled at Last Indiscretion of the Marchioness Sir Home Popham Cheered 

Pitt's Monument The Prince's Tailor A Proud Merchant 96 


A Committee of Taste -R, A. Generosity Sir John Leicester Wilkie and 

Teniers 100 


Lord Mulgrave Political Matters The Ablest Man Girtin the Artist A 

Famous Editor Art and Naval Matters f 102 


Franco-Russian War New Publications Princess Sophia's Kindness 

Canning " In the Sky " Turner's Early Patron Arthur Devis ....... 106 

Reynolds and Burke On Speculation no 


A Famous Painting by Turner An Inferior Performance Opie Read Every 
Book Turner's Conceit Moral Virtue -Titian's Bacchus and Ariadne 
Giorgione's Feeling 113 


Peath of Opie Doctors Differ Blessed Him A Gross Feeder 117 


Cause of Opie's Death Opie's Fortune Mrs. Opia Opie's Art The Blind 

Fiddler "<> 

xii Contents 



Vanity of Mrs. Opie Fuseli'8 Impatience Hobbemappie's Origin 
Lawrence's Financial Troubles Dardanelles Forced Imprudent Con- 
duct Extravagance * " * I2 3 

The Duke and Duchess Barry and Titian Wordsworth as Art Critic A 

Card and Apology Too Near the Prince The Prince could be Gracious . . 128 

Wordsworth's OpinionTurner's Crude Blotches West's Easy Temper 

Farington and Pitt's PortraitTurner and Wilkie A Chattering Display 1 32 

A Rembrandt for 200 Wordsworth Wilkie Might Make ^r,ooo The 

King's Navy Mr. Coke Talked *35 


Coke of Norfolk Dishonest Land StewardBusiness First Unprincipled 

Politicians An Expert Engraver - *3 


Bishop and Princess Royal Etiquette Eggs and Spinach A Rembrandt. . . 141 


A Shameful Affront Pocket Boroughs Gainsborough Letters Nollekens 

and the Elgin Marbles Pitt's Bust and Portrait Lascellcs and Pitt, . , . 144 


Wine a Kind of Poison Too Much Talk about Art English Integrity- 

Wilkie and Sir Joshua A Rembrandt Masterpiece Imagination and Fact 148 


Rembrandt Perfection Bought in Clergymen's Duty Angerstein 

Party Spirit X 5* 


Sir Joshua's Relatives Young the Actor Origins An Ignorant Alderman . . 156 


Dramatic Criticism Kemble and Young Politicians and Great Men To 

Marry an Heiress *$ 


Jerningham and Fox A Scandal Monger William Etty Eminent Statesmen 1 64 


A Famous Architect Constable Declines Ignorance and Acid Sheridan 

and Athol Brose , *<>7 


A Romantic Story The Cardinal's Casket Napoleon Defeats the Russians 

Professional Wits ..,*.. 170 

Contents xiii 



Style, Profligacy and Speaking Athletics R A. Domestic Troubles Re- 
markable Prediction 173 


A Successful Portrait Painter A Clever Family Life in Old Quebec 

Landseer's Father 177 


Angerstein and a Rembrandt Fuseli and Pitt Grattan and Perceval Poet 

and Actor Greeks Ignorant of Anatomy 180 

Ague and Arsenic Peace with America A River Party Freedom of the Seas 183 

Lord Thurlow Sheridan Spoke Well Women 186 


A Reynolds Sale Constable The Best Man in the World A Saintly Bishop . . 1 88 


Gossip at Lady Thomond's A Great Project He Knew Piranesi Mr. Anger- 
stem's Habits 191 


A Famous Banker and Actress Great Banking Firm Fuseli and the Prin- 
cess Unrecorded Sale 195 


Protection in Heaven Pitt Teeth and Eyes Not Calm Enough Attack 

upon Denmark Organ Playing Condemned 198 


Public Institutions England Invincible by Sea A Good Landlord-- A 
Norfolk Family Barclay of Urie How to Live Long Roughed into 
Manhood 201 


The Duke of Clarence Jackson the Bruiser A Glutton The Navy 205 


Louis XVIII. in England Sir Joshua's Sister Lawrence's Palette Claude 

and Dutch Painters Lord Winchelsea 208 


War against Denmark Beauties of Bath Artists at Bath Not Art 211 


Hanbury of Kelmarsh Constable and Mulready Students Hoppner Snubs a 

Lady Lord Egremont Lady Louisa Manners French Ports Blockaded 

Warn ng to Neutrals 2I 4 




Calumnies Catalani's Salary- A Curious Case White Wine and Red A 

Successorto Burke A Cambridge Librarian * ... 218 


A Total Abstainer A Gloomy Room Maintain our Resolution He Wore 

Pink Ribbons Ward is Grateful Denmark and Britain 222 


Dissipated Young Men The Grosvenor Family- Constable's Uncle West 
Weeps R A, Affairs 225 


Sir Francis Baring's House Russia and England Art Gossip Buonaparte 

Newspapers and the Public American Censure , 229 


Miss Walpole the Actress Coleridge and KindnessTurner Professor of 

Perspective Northcote's Declarations 232 


Embargo on Russian Vessels Sheridan's Impecuniosity The Foundling 
Hospital Crotch and Catalani-~0vercharged with Wind The Noblest 
Music Wordsworth and Wilkie 235 


Wordsworth's High Opinion of Himself Money and Mentality The King and 

Smirke That Damned Academy Business R.A.'s as Democrats 239 


Beckford and his Fortune Beckford and Persecution In Love with. Beck* 

ford Lawrence's Bravura * . . 242 


America Desires to Remain Neutral Art in France He Meant Farington 

West and His Taxes Bubb Doddington Story of a Portrait .......... 245 


Extravagance Application A Nation of Traders Led Astray The Royal 

Family Leave Death of Angelica Kaufman * . 248 


Pitt's Coat" The Sea-Sick Minstrel " He Related a JokeGreat Collectors 
Lord Melville's Nephew Pictures by Richard Wilson Great Style 
in Painting . * , 252 


An Artist's Income Passing Rich Manner not Mind The Lovers of Angelica 

Kauffman Buonaparte in Germany . , , , . , 256 


George IV., who figures in the Diary as Prince of Wales. 
From the Painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence in the 
Vatican, Rome ........ Frontispiece 

Queen Caroline as Princess of Wales. From the Painting 

in the Victoria and Albert Museum . . - - Facing p. 48 

Angelica Catalani. From a Print in the British Museum . 62 
Sir Joshua Reynolds. From a Self -portrait in the National 

Portrait Gallery . . " 

Princess Sophia Matilda of Gloucester when a child. By 

Sir Joshua Reynolds. From a Print in the British 

Museum ....- " ' 

J. M. W. Turner, From a Drawing by T. Phillip in the 

National Portrait Gallery ..." 

John Opie, Esq., R.A. From a Print in the British Museum 
Coke of Holkham. From a Portrait by Gainsborough, the 

property of the Earl of Leicester . - - - " I3 

The Rt. Hon. Lady Louisa Manners. From a Print in the 


British Museum . " 

Two Drawings by Farington from Pictures by his master, 

Richard Wilson . . * - " 

William Wordsworth. From a Print in the British Museum 238 
William Beckford (Vathek). Painted by Sir Joshua 
Reynolds. From a Print in the British Museum, 
engraved by T. A. Dean ...... 



Bubb's Statue of Pitt 

September 20. Rossi I met. He informed me that on Thursday 
last, the Court of Common Council decided in favour of a model by Bubb 
of a monument to Mr. Pitt. Bubbs estimate of expense was some hundred 
pounds less than that of any other candidate, which influenced many of 
the Citizens to vote for it. It was decided by a show of Hands & He had 
a great majority. Rossi had the next greater number. Rossi said that 
witht. able assistance Bubb is not qualified to execute it.* 

Lawrence I called on at His desire to see His progress in the picture 
of Lady Fludyers Children.t I told him his flan was very good, but 
that there was too much middle tint in it, & that it wanted splendour, 
but I expressed an apprehension of giving Him trouble & taking up His 
time in making alterations. He said " that completion was very desireable, 
but He had not yet ceased to aim at perfection. . . ." 

[Morning Post stated that the expences of Lord Nelson's funeral 
amounted to 14,000.11.6 Those of Mr. Pitt to 6015.2.6. From small 

* J. G. Bubb contributed irregularly to the Royal Academy from 1805 to 1831. The 
Pitt monument referred to is in the Guildhall, where also is a statue of Mercury by the 
same sculptor. See entry under December 4th : " Cheapness before Art." 

jf- Maria Weston was married on October 5, 1786, to her cousin. Sir Samuel Brudenell 
Fludyer, second baronet, and by her left one son, Samuel, third baronet, and two daughters, 
Maria and Caroline Louisa. Sir Walter Armstrong does not refer to this picture in his 
" Life " of Lawrence, nor has it, apparently, ever been exhibited. 

Sir Samuel, the first baronet, when Lord Mayor of London, entertained George III. 
and several members of the Royal Family in 1761. He was ground landlord of Fludyer 
Street, Westminster, which was cleared away to make room for the new Foreign Office. 
See Vol. III., page 303/1. 


2 The Farington Diary [1806 

Taplow Court 

September 23. I left London a little after one in the Marlow Coach 
& got to Taplow Court [Lord Thomond's residence] 25 miles at 10 minutes 
past 5 in time for dinner. 

We had a fine Haunch of Venison at dinner. I observed that Lord 
Thomond no longer drinks Port Wine. He drinks Madeira, & that very 
moderately. Mr. Hayes said that in the year 1786 He was in Paris & 
to improve Himself in the French language attended a French Abbe\ 
There was at that time a disposition to undervalue Louis i6th. their 
King. Mr. Hayes observing 5 busts placed in a row in the Abbe's room 
asked Him who one of them represented. The Abb< replied it was a 
Bust of Louis 1 6th & He had placed Him between two Busts, one of 
Henry 4th. the other of the Duke of Sully, Henry's minister ; He had 
done it that being so placed a little sense might be put into Him. 

Mr. Hayes is Son to Judge Hayes, one of the Welsh Judges. He 
travelled abroad with Lord Brome,,* 

Lord Thomond expressed a full belief that the story of the Warming 
Pan related of James 2nd's Queen was true & that the child, afterwards 
called the Pretender was not born oj Her Body. 

Oh, King, Live for Ever 

September 24. After the ladies retired Lord Thomond spoke of the 
Prince [of Wales] and said His Manner in Society is the most finished that 
can be imagined. His look, His address, the tone of His voice, are 
captivating in the highest degree. He has read a good deal, Sc is ready at 
quotation ; Has a respectable share of classical learning, and holds 
conversations most agreeably. He is very high, has much pride, and 
observes with nice attention any encroachment upon His importance, but 
does not express it at the time. He has a disposition to make people 
laughable to others, and does it skilfully, by encouraging an exposure of 
a weakness and leading the person on " to ridicule Himself?* He sings ; 
& from his extensive intercourse with a variety of characters has 
abundance of anecdote. I asked what His temper appeared to be f At 

* Viscount Brome, only son and heir of the first Marquess Cornwallis, was Tory M.P. 

or Eye, 1795-96 ; for Suffolk, 1796-1805 ; and Master of the Buckhoxmds, 1807, until 

his death. In 1797 he married Louisa, fourth daughter of the fourth Duke of Gordon. 

She was born in 1776 and died in 1850 ; he died on August 9, 1823, aged 49, when the 

Marquessate of Cornwallis became extinct. 

On February 13, 1792, Mrs. C. Cornwallis wrote : " Lord Brome is, I assure you, 
everything you can wish. He has left Eton, and is just now in town to prepare for his 
journey to Yverdun, [accompanied by young Mr. Hayes], where, by all accounts, he is likely 
to pass some time to great advantage, in learning French. He grows both stout and tall." 

The Hon. Vicary Gibbs states that Lord Brome, having expressed to the Duchess of 
Gordon some hesitation about marrying her daughter on account of supposed insanity in 
the Gordon family, he received from the Duchess the gratifying assurance that there was 
not a drop of Gordon blood in Louisa 1 

1806] Oh, King, Live for Ever 3 

the bottom peevish, & not the most pleasant ; and no reliance can be had 
upon Him. I observed that it seemed to be a proof of a bad taste to 
associate, as He does, with ordinary, & even despicable men, giving them 
a preference in making up His habitual Society. His Lordship sd. it was 
His misfortune to have been vitiated while He was young. Finally our 
conversation on this subject ended with saying " Oh King live for ever". 
His Lordship desired me to inform Him what He stood indebted to 
me for the picture I have painted of " Taplow Woods". Upon my 
hesitating a little, He urged to express it in two words & to speak as if 
It was to Mr. Angerstein. I mentioned 40 guineas ; He sd. it was less 
than He expected. He spoke in the same liberal manner abt. the Frame ^ 
& on my telling Him the price was 5.18.0. sd. it was very moderate. 

September 25. We dined at the Spring most agreeably a little 
after 4 oClock. I walked to it from the House in 25 minutes. They 
call it near two miles. Our dinner consisted of Cold meats, excellent, 
and fruit afterwards. We returned home in the Barouche abt. f past 6. 
but the latter part of the way, Lord Thomond got out & I walked with 
Him to the root House & to some other points by moonlight. He told 
me He had known the place 70 years, it being so long since He first came 
from Ireland. It was at that time in the possession of His Uncle whose 
eldest daughter He married. Taplow was purchased in 1706 by the Earl 
of Orkney & Cliefdon in 1712. His Uncle married the Heiress of that 

Great Riders 

Lord Thomond said that all the walks in Taplow woods had been 
made by himself, & every time He came into them He felt new pleasure. 
He told me He was now 82 years old, & on my remarking upon His fine 
Constitution, He said that peace of mind, contributed greatly to it. He 
lived well with others & without pride. He expressed much pleasure of 
a speech of the King to Him. His Majesty with whom He was much 
accustomed to Hunt said to Him one say, " You and I ride more than 
any other two gentlemen in England," He said He had always felt 
sensibly the honor of having been so addressed by His Majesty, it con- 
veying a sentiment of His Majesty's opinion of Him. 

The Prince Sang 

After dinner the Prince of Wales was spoken of & Lady Thomond 
was warm in Her admiration of His grace and manner. Once when the 
Prince & a Party dined with them after the Ladies retired much con- 
viviality prevailing, the Prince sung a Song with which the Company 
were much delighted. Lord Thomond in His rapture expressed a fervent 
wish that Lady Thomond had heard it, on which the Prince being willing 
to gratify His Lordship Lady Thomond was brought in & the Prince 
again sung the Song, after which, feeling the awkwardness of Her situa- 
tion, He gallantly took Her Hand and walked with her to the door. 

VOL. IV. I* 

4 The Farington Diary [isoe 

The conduct of the D . . , . s of Y . . . .* was mentioned by Mrs. Dee 
[from Lisbon] as giving much more occasion for remark, She has walked 
to Kensington Gardens witht, a Servant, arm in arm with Culling Smith, f 
whose wife, Lady Anne Smith has a situation in Her establishment. 
She has also walked with 20 others. The D. spoke to K. 12 months ago 
abt. Her manner of going on and of a Divorce. K. reminded Him of 
His own infidelity in that respect & sd. He wd. only bring trouble upon 

* In " The Greville Memoirs " <c the Duchess is clever and well-informed ; she likes 
society and dislikes all form and ceremony, but in the midst of the most familiar intercourse 
always preserves a certain dignity of manner." At her death on August 6, 1820, Greville 
says, ** She is deeply regretted by her husband and her friends and her servants. Probably 
no person in such a situation was ever more really liked." 

t Charles Culling Smith was Parliamentary Under Secretary in the Grenville Govern- 
ment, and died in 1853. 

Lady Anne Culling Smith, daughter of Gurrell Wellesley, first Earl of Mornington, 
was born in 1768, and married m 1790 the Hon. Henry Fitzroy, after whose death in 1799 
she married Culling Smith, and died in 1844. Hoppner painted a beautiful portrait 
of her and her children by her first husband, Gcorgiana Frederica Fitzroy, who became 
Marchioness of Worcester, and Anne Caroline Fitzroy, who died unmarried in 1835. 


The Prince and Metcalfe 

September 25. Lord & Lady Thomond now concurred in saying 
that the Prince never oppresses His company by assuming importance 
but gives His countenance to those who stand most in need of it. It is 
only when He sees a disposition to intrusion, or improper familiarity 
.that He shews anything repulsive. Mr. Philip Metcalfe, member for 
Horsham,* felt the ill consequence of having made an inconsiderate 
remark. He was during His annual residence at Brighton for the Season, 
well reed, by the Prince, & was very often of the dinner parties ; and 
also of Mrs. Fitzherbert's parties. 

One day when at dinner with the Prince, He happened to sit next to 
Lord Petersham, who remarking to Him the magnificence of the enter- 
tainment, Metcalfe replied by quoting a Spanish proverb, signifying, 
" Luxury abounds, but who pays for it ? " The next day Metcalfe 
met the Prince accompanied by Lord Petersham. The Prince, as usual, 
spoke cheerfully to Metcalfe, but Lord Petersham did not notice Him, 
which the Prince observed, & after parting from Metcalfe asked Him 
why He did not speak to Metcalfe ? Because, replied His Lordship, 
I will not speak to any one who shows disrespect to your Royal Highness, 
& then told Him what passed the day before. The Prince from that 
time has never noticed, Metcalfe^ & to mark His disapprobation, on the 
following day invited to dinner a person who was on a visit to Metcalfe, 
without including Him. 

It was agreed that Metcalfe acted imprudently, Lord Petersham 
ungenerously or rather mischievously, and the Prince not with much 
dignity in regarding it. 

September 26. Mrs. Partingtonf sd. she has been told that Dr. 
Baillie, the Physician gets .9000 a year. She said His manner is coarse, 
& He has a Scottish Brogue, but has an honest mind. 

* See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

t Probably the wife of Partington, the fashionable dentist, referred to by J. T. Smith 
in '* Nollekens and His Times," and the Mr. Partington who, according to Lysons, owned 
the house at Barnes (? Twickenham) in which Henry Fielding resided. In 1811 Parting- 
ton's niece, widow of Admiral Stanton, was the proprietor of this house. 


6 The Faritigton Diary [1806 

Sir John Turner's we dined at. I had not seen Dr. Gretton since the 
year 1792.* We were In the Autumn of that year at the Duke of Mont- 
rose's in Scotland together. He proposed to me to ride with Him to- 

Public Schools 

Publick Schools were spoken of. Dr. Gretton keeps a private one 
at Taplow. He said the bane of the public schools Is that the parents 
of many of the Boys fill their pockets with Bank notes, & opportunity 
is allowed for the expenditure of it viciously. He described the Characters 
of three great Schools by saying that the youth at Eaton are dissipated 
gentlemen ; those at Westminster dissipated with a little of the Black 
guard ; and those at St. Pauls School the most depraved of all. He said 
Eaton at present Is upon a sad footing ; the Master, Dr. Goodall, having 
lost much of His Authority from want of resolution. He expelled a Boy 
some time since, which being opposed by the youth of the 6th (the highest) 
jorm, He gave way Sc recalled the Boy & of course in so yielding is subject 
to objections of that form. He said Rugby School is also upon a bad 
footing. In it are many of the Sons of Gentlemen, but more of those 
who are the Sons of Manufacturers at Birmingham, Wolverhampton &c. 
who having little sentiment of the disgrace of anything dishonorable 
act as their inclinations lead them. He said, in His school, no Boy, 
though some are 18 years of age, expends more while at School, than two 
guineas a year. He desires the parents not to give them more than one 
guinea & if they require more, He gives them a Shilling at a time. At 
Harrow also, He said, the Boys are gentlemen.- 

The Chaplain's Table 

He spoke of the abolition of the Chaplains table at St. James's, 
& sd. the allowance to each Chaplain, instead of the table, is ^30 a year : 
but though a gainer by it, as instead of being required to reside in London 
a fortnight in each year, He only goes to town one day in the year, and 
preaches, which is all the duty required from a Chaplain. A very large 
quantity of Plate has been accumulated it being the Custom for each 
Chaplain on being advanced in the Church so as to give up His Chapelancy 
to give a piece of Plate, with His name upon It. 

September 27. At Eleven oClock Lord & Lady Thornond & Mrs* 
Partington went upon the water on a fishing party having appointed 
to dine at the Spring. His Lordship lent me a Horse Sc Servant & I 
rode to Dr. Gretton' s at Hitcham House, one mile from Taplow. There 
I walked abt. the grounds with Mrs. Gretton who shewed me several 

* The Rev. George Gretton, D.D., nth Wrangler, and Fellow of Trinity College, 
Cambridge, was inducted rector of Hedsor Parish Church on October 29, 1803, on the 
presentation of Frederick, Lord Boston. He resigned and afterwards became chaplain to 
the King, and Dean of Hereford from 1809 to 1820, Dr. Gretton had a large family, and 
he and his wife Mary were buried at Hitcham, Bucks. 

1806] Not Proud but Sound 7 

of Her Children, Her eldest Son, a clergyman, aged 25, & Her youngest 
Child, a Boy, 3 years old. She said she had had 15 children. I then 
rode with Dr. Gretton through Burnham Wood, & by Dropmore till 2 
oClock. He spoke of His general good fortune in life, & told me that He 
was very happily circumstanced in respect of property. He set out in 
life without having anything & now could retire to a House in Notting- 
hamshire, near which He has a small estate, 8c coiild sit down possessed 
of ^700 a year. 

He said He has now 26 Boys under His Tuition. The vacations are 6 
weeks dated from the 2Oth. of July, and a month from the 2Oth. of 
December. He spoke of Lord St. A[saph], and said the world take Him 
to be proud but He does not think Him so. He sd. His Lordships under- 
standing is sound, & He knows no person to whose judgment He wd. 
sooner refer in a difficult case : But His Constitution is bilious & irritable, 
which makes Him very uncertain as to chearfulness or being reserved. 
He sd. Lady St. A[saph] is ill suited to Him ; she is rapid, intelligent ; 
but has little judgment ; She is quick, while He is ice. He has 5 Children 
by this marriage. His eldest Son by a former marriage is almost 21, & 
posesses a constitution like that of his father, bxit has not His mental 


Greater Rogue than Painter 

September 27. [Dr. Gretton] complained much of the great loss 
He had sustained by His Brother who was connected with Hodges 
[R.A.] in a Bank which they set up at Dartmouth.* He said His Brother 
had great abilities for His profession but had become drunken & depraved. 
After the death of Hodges He allowed His Brother 200 a year to main- 
tain Him so as to enable Him to proceed in His profession as an Attorney 
after the Bank had stopped but all His wishes were frustrated by the 
habits He had adopted, & He now allowed Him a pittance regardless 
of what may become of Him. He spoke of Hodges with great bitterness, 
saying that He had neither religion or principles : that he was a swindler 
& a cheat. He sd. His Brother unfortunately became acquainted with 
Hodges in the following manner. John Carr, brother [in law] to Mr. 
Hodges, had been placed with an Attorney in London of the name of 
Pugby who proved to be a flimsy man, & in other respects such, as to 
cause Hodges to be disatisfied with Him. At that time Dr. Gretton had 
a living at Dartmouth, & His Brother was established there as 
an Attorney. 

Deeds Not Worth Sixpence 

Hodges prevailed upon the Doctor to induce His Brother to take 
John Carr to be His clerk, which caused an intercourse between Hodges 
& Him, and the former made a proposal to the latter to set up a Bank 

* William Hodges, son of a blacksmith in Clare Market, Drury Lane, was born in 1744, 
and studied first at Shipley's Drawing School in the Strand, and afterwards "under Richard 
Wilson, the landscape painter. In 1772 he accompanied, as draughtsman, Captain Cook 
In his second voyage round the world, and his sketches were published in the narrative of 
the expedition. He was elected an Associate of the Academy in 1786, and a member 
in the following year. Hodges published in 1793 an account of his '* Travels in India," 
during 1780-3, and, settling at Dartmouth, in 1793, he opened the bank referred to in 
Dr. Gretton* s story of Hodges' s depredations, which is wholly new. 

Hodges was married first, on May n, 1776, to Miss Martha Nesbit, who died in child- 
bed within a year ; second, on October 16, 1784, to Miss Lydia Wright ; and third to 
Miss Carr, who was " much beloved and praised by Romney." By his third wife, who 
died shortly after her husband, he had five children. 


1806] Deeds Not Worth Sixpence 9 

at Dartmouth & shewed to the latter Deeds not worth sixpence to prove 
that He was worth 12,000, all of which He offered to lodge as a founda- 
tion to begin their Banking business upon. The matter was com- 
municated to Dr. Gretton who objected to it, but without the Doctor's 
knowledge an agreement was made & the Bank was established. At 
that time a Mr. Seal, a gentleman of good property, engaged with them, 
His name was 12 months in the firm, but He seeing something which 
He did not like, withdrew from it, and left Hodges, & Gretton the only 
partners. Gretton attending to his business as an Attorney left the 
Management of the Banking business to Hodges & a Clerk & looked at 
the books only occasionally. Thus matters wore on. Hodges went to 
London & called on Dr. Gretton and told Him that they had discounted 
some Newfoundland Bills to a considerable amount which had reduced 
their Cash, and desired the Doctor to accept two bills of 500 each payable 
in a few months, upon which Hodges could procure money, to suit their 
convenience till the Bills shd. become due. After some hesitation the 
Doctor consented but required to have the Bills as a security. Hodges 
sd. they were in the Country, but He wd. send them. Soon after Hodges 
informed Him that He shd. not require His acceptance of the Bills He 
had proposed to draw. 

Found Out 

The Doctor afterwards discovered that it was owing to Hodges's 
Banker refusing to give Cash for the Bills if drawn which they did because 
they suspected that ultimately the Doctor would be obliged to pay them & 
they wished to prevent His sustaining such a loss. He also discovered 
that no Newfoundland Bills had been discounted & it was all a fiction 
contrived for His private accomodation. The final blow up was occa- 
sioned as follows. Gretton looking into the Books one day discovered 
that Hodges had drawn bills in the space of one fortnight, to the amount 
of near 2000 for the purpose of paying His own debts incurred in London 
before He left that place. Among the rest was one to a Taylor for 
upwards of 300, the Taylors name something like Marcellus. Gretton 
immediately expressed His astonishment at the transaction, & instantly, 
Hodges present, gave a charge to the Clerk, never again to draw a Bill 
at the request of Hodges without his knowledge & consent, and other- 
ways expressed Himself strongly. Before they parted Hodges told 
Gretton privately, " That He might as well have put Him in His Coffin 
as said what He had done to & before the Clerk." The next day Gretton 
went to London & in a few days information was sent Him that Hodges 
was dead. 

And Poisons Himself 

Dr. Gretton then said, Hodges poisoned Himself. In the night before 
His death Mrs. Hodges noticed to Him that she perceived by His breath 
that He had been taking Laudanum. He was then a good deal con- 
vulsed, but said He had taken a little to relieve His stomach. He 

10 The Farington Diary [1806 

gradually became worse & died the next morning. It appeared that He 
had drank all the Laudanum that was in a bottle & that it was an Ounce. 
Dr. Gretton then spoke of His [Hodges] marriage with the niece of 
Mr. Whitehurst of Bolt Court. It seems she had been disappointed in 
love by a person of the name of Griesley, & it operated so upon Her 
spirits as to cause Her to have recourse to intoxication. She did not 
always drink brandy or other such spirits., but had recourse to drugs & 
spirits which produced that effect & lay in a small compass. Before 
Hodges went to India she refused to marry Him ; but when He was on 
the point of going He applied to Dr. Gretton to try whether He could 
not induce Her to give Him hopes on His return from India where He 
expected to make a fortune. A little time before Hodges sett off, Gretton 
conversed with Her and she at last permitted Him to give Hodges en- 
couragement, and Gretton proposed to go to Him early the next morning 
to inform Him of it, but at 5 oClock that morning the Doctor having slept 
at Her Uncles House, she knocked at His room door & dropping a note 
into His room, desired Him to read it before He went to Mr. Hodges. 

Induced to Marry Him 

In it she withdrew Her permission & further expressed that it wd. 
make Her miserable were she to marry Him. All these particulars the 
Doctor regrets that He did not mention them to Hodges, but merely 
stated that He had not been able to make the hoped for permission. 
From India Hodges frequently wrote to Her & after His return she was 
induced to marry Him. The Doctor performed the ceremony. It was 
settled that they shd, dine with Mr. Whitehurst, Her Uncle, in Bolt 
Court & that in the even'g she & Hodges shd. go to His House in Queen 
St. Mayfair. She was very low in spirits ; they dined at an early Hour, 
& the afternoon appearing long Hodges proposed to Gretton to go out 
upon some occasion, They returned to tea & the Doctor then perceived 
a great alteration in Her appearance & manner. Her Head seemed 
to be in a light, incoherent state & Her mind wandered strangely. The 
Hour of separation having arrived the Doctor led Her to a Hackney Coach, 
& on their way she said to Him " I have seen Griesley today." He replied 
He was sorry for it. He [Griesley] being a married man & she now 
[married] she ought not to have seen Him. She replied " I only saw Him 
as He passed, there " added she, " I see Him again ". I then, said the 
Doctor to me, saw that Her Head was affected, & immediately suspected 
for the first time, that she drank. 

She Died Next Morning 

This was in the month of October, & in the January following I 
happened to be again in London and met Hodges at Mr. Whitehursts. 
He then told me His wife was in a very bad way ; that she drank, & 
finding that the habit was inveterate in Her, He had given orders to sufply 
Her with as much liquor as she requested. This the Doctor disapproved. 

1806] She Died Next Morning 11 

& calling upon Hodges the next day had farther conversation with 
Him respecting it. On His conduct being condemned Hodges became 
warm & insisted that Gretton should see Her & He took Him to Her 
Bedside & addressing Her said " Lydia, do you know who this is ? " 
She took little notice, and only said " Umpgh " and then put Her hand 
to a pot & drank. This the Doctor said was Brandy which was supplied 
as often as wanted. The next morning she died. 

Of the last Mrs. Hodges, the 3rd. wife, the Doctor spoke in warm 
terms of regard, saying she was a pure and excellent woman. 

I asked the Doctor what He thought of the Understanding of Hodges. 
He said, He never could Understand Him so as to judge ; His far fetched, 
hard words, and His similitudes, had such an effect that He could form 
no conclusion as to His understanding. 

An Affected Coxcomb 

He said that after He fully discovered His Character, He talked of 
Him to Lord St. Asaph, who expressed much surprise that the Doctor 
should not sooner have seen through Him. His Lordship thought any 
one might have done it in half an Hour. For my part sd. His Lordship, 
I thought Him an affected Coxcomb in manner, and I found that in his 
dealing with respect to His prints of views in India, that He had no prin- 
ciple, and I soon discontinued the work. 

Such was the Doctors statement respecting Hodges, who in many 
respects acted wrong, & very improvidently, which reduced Him to a 
situation in which He certainly had neither wisdom, integrity or firmness 
enough to cause Him to do that which He ought to have done : but the 
knowledge I had of Him enables me to say that He had many good 
qualities & fell a sacrifice to a want of a better Head and to extravagant 
notions caused by pride & ostentatious liberality. 

Dr. Gretton gave me a sad acct. of Dr. Langford,* late one of the 
masters of Eaton, who absconded on acct. of Debts amounting, it is said, 
to 26,000. His income from Boarders & from Preferment was so large 
the Doctor said He ought to have been worth 100,000. It is now re- 
ported that He is in Nottinghamshire & passes under the assumed 
name of Doctor Loyd. 

Good Society 

Dr. Gretton spoke of the good Society they have in this neighboroud : 
but in respect of sumptuous living, He said the Commercial men " "bear 
the Sill" At Craufurd Bruce'st you dine of Plate, and Champagne, 

* William Langford, younger son of Edward Langf ord, of St. Albans, and Mary, his wife, 
landlady of the " White Hart " of that city, was a scholar of King's College, Cambridge, 
of which he was a fellow, D.D. (Lambeth), 1778, lower master at Eton, 1775-1803, and 
Canon of Windsor, 1787-1814. He died in 1814 at Sydenham. See Eton College Register 
and VolsL I. and III. of the Diary. 

t See Vol. III., pages 6-70. 

12 The Farington Diary [isoe 

Tokay, Hermitage, &c. are proposed to you in succession as soon as 
you have begun to eat. Pascoe Grenfell* still exceeds Bruce ; His Plate 
is gilt. He began the world without any fortune & is now supposed 
to be in the rect. of 20,000 a year, from His share & Concern in Copper 
works, being a partner with the Williams's. 

* See Vol. III., page loz and note. 


Sir John D'Oyly 

September 27. The Spring [on the Thames] we dined at. At 
Dusk we returned home, Lord Thomond & myself by water. At tea time 
we had conversation respecting Sir John D'oyley.* Mr. Partington 
was at school with [him] & their intimacy has continued. Sir John 
remitted from India through the hands of Child & Co. 80,000, and 
afterwards reed. 25,000 more : but all was wasted by a most expensive 
wife and hangers on of Her family. When Sir John first came to England 
He told Mr. Partington He wd. not expend more than 2000 a year, and 
indeed had Himself no inclination to expense. Mrs. P, said He is but 
a weak man, but has good intentions, Lord Wellesley just before His 
Lordship left Calcutta, appointed Him a Receiver in one of the Districts 
which brings Him in 4000 a year, & He will probably remain in India 
during the rest of His life. 

September 29. Being Michaelmas day we had Giblet Soup, & a 
Goose, with other things for dinner. The comfort of a small social party 
was acknowledged & Lord Thomond bid me remember that He engaged 
me for the next Michaelmas day. 

Maid to his Wife 

We had a bad account of the state of Mr. Penton who lives near.t 
He had three Physicians with Him & it was proposed to cut off His 
Hair & apply a Blister to His Head. He is 70 years of age ; has been a 
handsome man, with a fine head & Hair, of which He has always been 

* Sir John Hadley D'Oyly, sixth. Baronet, of Calcutta and D'Oyly Park, Hampshire 
born in 1754, was a Bengal merchant, Collector of Calcutta, M.P. for Ipswich, 1790-96, 
and intimate friend of Warren Hastings. In 1780 he married Diana, widow of William 
Cotes, of Calcutta, daughter of William Rochfort, niece of Robert Rochfort, first Earl of 
Belvidere, and granddaughter of George and Lady Elizabeth Rochfort, who was daughter 
of Henry Moore, third Earl of Drogheda. Sir John died at Calcutta in 1818, and was 
succeeded by his son, Sir Charles D'Oyly, who was a distinguished amateur artist. 

t Henry Penton (who gave his name to Pentonville) was M.P. for Winchester and 
a Lord of the Admiralty. He died in 1812. On his estate the first buildings of Penton 
Street were erected about 1773. 


14 The Farington Diary [1806 

careful ; so that Lord Thomond said in whatever state of health He might 
be He never appeared but with His Hair in nice order. His manners are 
very courteous & gentle. Lord Thomond spoke of the great sacrifice 
He had made by forming His present connexion with a Woman who was 
maid to His Wife which caused a separation. By this woman He has 
two daughters now grown up, who are in some degree noticed, but their 
mother is not seen by Ladies, Lord Thomond said, She is a fine woman, 
& that Mr. Penton has spoken warmly in Her praise for Her attention 
to Him. But it has caused Him, who was formerly much in the world, 
Member for Winchester, & a Lord of the Admiralty, to live many years 
In, comparatively, a secluded state, in which He has appeared to be 
obliged to those who called upon Him. 

The Prince of Orange 

After the Ladies retired, Lord Thomond talked of the late Prince of 
Orange, who, while He was in England, His Lordship was much acquainted 
with. He said the Prince was very plain in His person, (I haw often seen 
Him) and had a thickness in His pronunciation, but Hejhad a very good 
understanding, and most extensive Historical information having read 

much. His Lordship said that while the preparations were making for 

the Duke of Tork's expedition to Holland, He called upon the Prince 
at small lodgings which He had near the Chapel in Conduit St. ^ The 
Prince expressed Himself very strongly against the Plan of the Expedition, 
saying, That the Duke was going to land in that part of Holland which 
was filled with His (the Princes) enemies : That He had no friends at 
Amsterdam, or Rotterdam, &fc. and that it was in North Holland only 
where any success could be expected. The expedition notwithstanding 
made an attempt and as the Prince predicted wholly failed. 

They Plucked his Hair 

While the Prince was in England He was often treated with most 
disrespectful levity by the Prince of Wales and His Brothers. They 
wd. while He was sitting at table, when His Head was turned from 
them pluck His Hair, and on His moving His Head round, another would 
do the same on the other side making Him the sport of the Company. 
The King, on the contrary, always behaved to Him with kindness & 
respect. The Princess of Orange, Aunt to the King of Prussia, had great 
dignity. When after the Peace of Amiens, it was necessary^ for the 
Prince & Princess to go to Germany to take posession of their newly 
allot ed Teritory, they set off with much heaviness of Heart. The Princess, 
on leaving Hampton-Court, where they had resided, was so much dis- 
tressed that the blinds of the Carriage were drawn up to prevent Her 
from being seen. Their eldest Son was a fine, and accomplished young 
man. While He was in England He became desperately in love with 
the Princess Mary, but the King, under the circumstances in which the 
Orange family were, would not consent to their Union, & married a 

1800] They Plucked His Hair 15 

German Lady, but did not live long. The family, in the person of the 
Second Son, is now established in the posessions alotted to them at the 
peace of Amiens, & in the new Confederation of the Rhine, He is made 
the Head of the College of Princes. 

William III 

Lord Thomond spoke most warmly of the Character & great abilities 
of William the Third, who saved Holland & preserved the liberties of 
England. He said that however much William was attached to Holland, 
He never after He became King of England allowed those feelings to 
operate against the interests of this country. William suffered much 
mortification here. Those men who had been the cause of His coming 
over, afterwards turned against Him in opposing His measures. Lord 
Thomond sd. History does not produce another instance of three men of 
one family following each other in Succession, who posessed such great 
talents & other high qualities as William the third, His Father, & 

Lady D'Oyly's Bill 

At tea Mrs. Partington spoke of the great extravagance of Lady 
D'oyley. In one year Her Bill to Mrs. Beauvais the Dress-maker, 
amounted to 700. Mrs. Beauvais, to keep well with the waiting maid 
of so good a Customer, sent Her a present of a laced Cloak, but the 
maid did not think it of sufficient value & returned it. Another, was sent, 
but that wd. not do, and a third worth towards 20 guineas was presented 
and graciously accepted. Such is the way in which a good understanding 
is kept up between a dressmaker and the maid of an expensive Lady 
to induce Her to encourage that disposition. Sir John D'oyley, she sd. 
expended .20,000 to be returned Member for Ipswich, & only by that 
obtained a Seat for one parliament. With all their profusion of expence 
everything was so ill ordered that they never kept a good table. Mrs. 
Partington reminded Lady Thomond that at an entertainment Hashed 
Wood-cocks were sent up. For one entertainment, a Supper & Ball, 
given by Sir John at His House in Portland Place, He contracted with a 
person for the whole expence & paid 500. Rochford, Brother to Lady 
D'oyley, used Sir John's House as He wd. have done a Tavern, & when 
Sir John & Lady D'oyley were out of town, would invite His acquaintance 
& call for Champagne &c. witht. the least consideration. 

Sir John Neglected 

When Sir John had but little left of all that He brought from India, 
He was induced to enter into partnership in Dublin with a Mr. Spurling 
who married a Sister of Lady D'oyley, Gustavus Rochford, Her Cousin, 

and Granger, Her nephew. Their object first was to establish a 

great Distillery, but they overbuilt themselves at a vast expense, & the 
Union taking place and the advantages of Distilleries in Ireland having 

16 The Farington Diary [1806 

become thereby comparatively less, they found it necessary to convert 
their establishment into a Brewery. Sir John advanced .12,000, and on 
his leaving England to go to India settled with His Partners, That 
they shd. retain His .12,000 and pay Him no interest for Six years, but, 
if at that period the Concern shd. be prosperous He was to be paid 
interest and to have a share of the profits. He was not, however, to be 
bound beyond His .12,000 for any disappointments which might happen. 
Since the concern has failed; Sir John has lost His .12,000 & Mr. 
Spurling .70,000. 

Mrs. Partington said that it was painful to see how much Sir John 
was neglected, after His circumstances declined, by most of those who 
had courted Him while He was in affluence. Very few indeed appeared 
to notice Him. 


Coalition Against Bonaparte 

September 30. Breakfasted J past 10. We were much gratified 
to find in the newspapers that the Blockade has been taken ojf the Ports of 
Prussia, which gives hope that a strong Coalition may again be formed 
against Buonaparte's aim at Universal Controul. 

Sir John & Lady Turner I called upon. He had gone out in the 
Carriage. Yesterday He had the Gout in His Head & Stomach, but 
relieved Himself by taking TJsquebab. 

I sat sometime with Lady T. We talked abt. the G's. She said 
V.G.* was an odd man : That He is in his family suspicious, & locks up, 
& looks into matters which are quite out of His province, and such as a 
man should scarcely know. Mrs. Thurston, formerly Miss Alworthy, had 
been long known to Sir John Turner. She had one Boy & three girls by 
Mr. Thurston & has one Child by V.G. While Mr. Thurston lived she 
was humoured in the extreme, every attention being paid to Her, but 
in V G she finds one who will rule. She spoke most warmly of the great 
kindness she & Sir John receive from Lord & Lady Thomond, with whom 
they were made acquainted by Sir Wm. Scott, f on their first coming to 
Taplow. She said the open & chearful manner of Lord Thomond banishes 
reserve & makes every Society into which He goes pleasant : but she 
observed that His high rank which gave Him authority to address others 
as He does enabled Him to produce an effect which persons of less pre- 
tension cd. not with any propriety attempt. On my leaving Her she 
expressed a hope that I would dine with them on Monday next with Lord 
& Lady Thomond. Lord Thomond told Sir John this summer that He 
is 83 years of age. 

On my way back I met Lady Thomond and Mrs. Partington & she 
asked me to go with them to call upon Mr. & Mrs. Grenfell but they 
were not at Home. Mr. Grenfellf has two Sons & a daugr. by a former 

* Valentine Gardner (brother of Alan, first Lord Gardner), who married Frances, 
second daughter of Samuel Holworthy, of Elsworthy, and widow of Framington Thruston 
(formerly Willis), of the Middle Temple, barrister-at-law. 

t See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

See Vol. II L, page ioz. 

VOL. IV* I/ 2 

18 The Farington Diary [isoe 

marriage, & Six Children by His present Wife. Lady Thomond shewed 
me the eldest girl, an elegant child, but the lower part of Her face ap- 
peared as if the Skin was off from a Scald, or having been burnt. She 
sd. the Child was born without a Skin, and though all the other parts were 
now covered, the lower part of Her face remains in the state I have de- 

Pitt and God's Mercy 

We dined at 5 oClock. Lady Thomond had a Devonshire pie, made 
of mutton and apples. Lady Thomond spoke highly of the Bishop of 
Lincoln saying He is an excellent man. Mrs. Rose wife of Geo : Rose 
M.P. related many particulars respecting the death of Mr. Pitt which she 
had received from the Bishop's wife. It was at 3 oClock one morning 
that Sir Walter Farquhar* awoke the Bishop to inform Him that Mr. 
Pitt could not live. The Bishop immediately arose & said no time ought- 
then to be lost but that Mr. Pitt shd. be acquainted with His situation. 
After this was done The Bishop, when alone with Mr. Pitt spoke to Him 
respecting religion & prayers. Mr. Pitt in substance said to the Bishop 
" From my situation in life & public cares weighing heavily upon me I 
have not attended so much to those duties as I wished & desired, but 
you know my mind" He afterwards added " I rely entirely upon the 
infinite mercy of God, through the merits of my Saviour Jesus Christ." 

Lady Thomond spoke of the great disregard of religion in many 
fashionable persons. She said Sir Willoughby Aston happening to be at 
Taplow on a Sunday She asked Him to go to Church. He replied, He 
wd. go to oblige Her Ladyship, but He had never been at Church since 
He was married which was twenty years ago. She told [him] if He had 
no better motive than to oblige Her she wd. not desire Him to go, & He 
did not, 

Sir John D'Oyly 

October 1* Before breakfast I walked with Mrs. Partington Sc she 
spoke of the unhappy state of Sir John D'oyley during His residence in 
England. He brought from India .80,000 & 25,000 was afterwards 
remitted to Him, the whole of which was wasted so that He had not 
money sufficient to fit Him & His daugrs, out & to pay His expences when 
He returned to India. She, Lady Thomond, Sc Mrs. Boscawen, to save 

* Of whom it lias been^said : "A man whose memory is scarcely done justice to, 
though he was sought after, trusted, and courted in life. If ever there was a man, one 
who had the wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove that man was Sir 
Walter Farquhar." 

Sir Walter, born in October, 1738, was son of the Rev. Robert Farquhar, Minister of 
Garioch, Scotland. Educated at King's College, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, and Glasgow, he 
entered the Army Medical Service, and took part in Lord Howe's expedition to Belle Isle 
in 1761. Leaving the Army, he settled in London, where he became eminent as an apothe- 
cary and physician. He was created a Baronet in 1796, and appointed Physician in Ordinary 
to the Prince of Wales. Sir Walter died in London on March 30, 1819. Sir Henry 
Raeburn's third contribution to the Royal Academy (1798) was a portrait of Sir Walter, 
which was engraved by W. Sharp. 

1806] Sir John D'Oyly 19 

expence made use of deaths left by Lady D'oyley at Her death, and 
turned them to the best acct. they could in Clothing & decorating the 
two daugrs. who soon after their arrival in India were married,, one to a 
Son of Sir Walter Farquhar, the other to a Son of Sir Francis Baring ; 
they are both very amiable. Accounts from Bengal lately reed, from 
His relations state that Sir John who has a strong impression of religion 
on His mind, has become low in spirits, & they are apprehensive that it 
may proceed to something like religious melancholy. He declines 
Society, and, when He walks, which He does two or three Hours every 
day, He seeks to be alone, He wrote to Mrs. Partington that having 
seen His Children settled He felt that He had nothing more to do in this 
world & was resigned to leave it. 

His Unhappy Marriage 

All His misfortunes & Unhappiness proceeded from His unhappy 
marriage with a vain & weak woman. The weakness of Her mind 
rendering her incapable of rational conversation, He sought for it in 
others who might happen to be associated with them. x This created in 
Her a violent Jealousy, not of anything criminal, but of His preferring 
others to Herself. Mr. Johnson at Calcutta was employed in the Law 
& His Sister resided with Him. Having occasion to go to Moorshedabad, 
Lady D'oyley warmly requested that He would bring His sister with 
Him. This Miss Johnson wd* only agree to upon Condition that she & 
Her Brother shd. not stay more than a fortnight ; Lady D'oyley was so 
much delighted with Her that she wd. not allow Her to return to Calcutta, 
and the acquaintance having become established Miss Johnson was 
induced to return with them to England, where Sir John said He would 
be Her protector. During several years, except when upon occasional 
visits, she continued to reside with them, & in Her Sir John finding a 
rational companion, directed much of his conversation to Her, 

Lady D'Oyly's Jealousy 

This made Miss Johnson an object of Lady D'oyley's Jealousy on 
acct. of that notice & preference, it was also the same with respect to 
Others, & she made His life unhappy. She often bewailed the loss of Her 
first Husband, saying He shewed her more attention. She was not 
satisfied unless He was fondling & kissing Her in a manner disgusting 
to those who saw it. She once became so affected by passion in conse- 
quence of that jealousy as to cause a miscarriage, which Sir John felt so 
sensibly that He had resolved to separate from Her & to reside abroad, 
spying that passions carried to an excess as to cause such consequences 
was murder, & He was made in some degree a participator. At different 
times He resolved on separation, and His temper was sometimes so worked 
upon, that He wd. say very bitter things to Her. When He resolved to 
dispose of D'oyley park, He did not inform Her of it, and an advertise- 
ment appeared of which the first knowledge she had was from the Apothe- 
cary who attended the family who mentioned it concluding she knew of it. 
YQL. IV. 2* 

20 The Farington Diary [1806 

On the whole Mrs. Partington said Sir John is a very good kind of 
man & had He married a woman of better understanding & a different 
disposition He would [have] passed through [life] happily & respectably. 
Lady D'oyley died of a Dropsy. Her passion for dress continued to 
the last. Three weeks before Her death she ordered Hats to the amount 
of .30 when Sir John could scarcely raise 30 shillings ; that incon- 
siderateness which had ruined His fortunes continued to the last. 

Ill-suited Connections 

Lady D'oyley's Brother, Win. Rochford got an estate from Sir John 
valued at 7000 in an extraordinary manner & settled it upon Miss 
Spurting* of Essex, who He married. She had abt. .10,000. They lived 
very unhappily and ill usage broke His heart, after being long a slave 
to Commands. He might have married the daugr. of a rich farmer 
with .40,000. Her name was Lacey. She was a Roman Catholic. 
Such are the effects of ill-suited connexions, improvidence, folly & bad 

* Probably Miss Spelling, of Dynes Hall, Essex. 


Lord Thomond as Waiter 

October 1 . At breakfast Lady Thomond said that when the Queen 
dined with Her at Taplow, Lord Thomond stood the whole time behind 
Her Majesty with a Napkin under His Arm, & changed Her Majesty's 

The Prince of Wales, Father to the present King, resided at Cliefdon. 
He carried state very high in some respects, never admitting any persons 
of whatever rank to dine with Him & the Princess at Clujdon House> but 
when He chose to associate more familiarly, He went with the Princess 
as incog : to a small House where Craufurd Bruce now resides & there 
admitted a few to dine with them, 

Princess of Wales 

Lady Thomond does not think the Princess of Wales has much 
sensibility. She has been of that opinion from the time of Her being 
married, when she appeared to be so easy & unaffected during the cere- 
mony, more like one who was a spectator than one who was changing 
Her state in life, as to shew great want of feeling. We all agreed that 
the familiar manners of the Princess are not suited to Her station in 
this Country. She called one day at Mrs. Cholmondely's who resides 
at lodgings in Jermyn St. Mrs. C & her daugr.* were at dinner. The 
Princess bid them go & not mind Her, & sat down waiting till they had 
finished their meal, Sc then proceeded to conversation. -She calls at 
Houses in Her neighboroud at times when it is not convenient to them, 
<3c has when she has found them at dinner, said she would walk in the 
garden till they had finished ; in the meantime if persons who happened 
not to be of the family were at dinner they were obliged to go away. 

Lord Thomond passed a pleasant day at Mr. Cannings. Carp 
Turtle c. Hock, Claret, Madeira. The Turtle was dressed too high 
& His Lordship suffered inconvenience from it. 

* Sec entry under October 4. 

22 The Farington Diary [isoe 

Merry be our Hearts 

After the Ladies retired Lord Thomond, as usual, gave His first 
Toast " The Ladies," His last toast is always " Merry be our Hearts.'* 
He always has a toast to each round of the glass. He continues to drink 
Madeira or Port moderately, in all, barely a pint. He told us He went 
to Germany as an Officer in the year 1746 & carried the Colours of the 
Guards at the battle of Laffeldt in 1747. He said that at that battle the 
Corps to which He belonged would have been cut to pieces by a Corps of 
French Cavalry, which was within 50 yards of them, when most oppor- 
tunely the Scotch Greys dashed in upon the French and broke them 
That battle He sd. was lost owing to the misconduct of the Prince of 
Waldeck, who being jealous of the Duke of Cumberland having the Chief 
Command, kept back the German troops & left the English to be over- 

Mr. Penton's Sacrifice 

Lord Thomond & Sir John spoke of the great sacrifice in respect of 
Society which Mr. Penton had made in forming His present connexion. 
Miss Judd who lives with Him was Mrs. Penton' $ maid. After His separa- 
tion from Mrs. Penton in consequence of Her having discovered the con- 
nexion, He took Miss Judd to Italy, and had her taught Musick & 
languages. Her voice is fine, and she sung so well that Mr, Penton 
said 1500 a year was offered to Her if she wd. appear upon th^ Italian 
Stage. The offer was made at Rome. She is a fine woman, & now abt. 
43 years old. She sits at the head of His table, and is extremely civil & 
attentive, but Sir John observed that you perceive that she had not 
always been in the situation of a gentlewoman, in Her manner there is 
still something which expresses Her to be of a lower order, Lord 
Thomond & Sir John have often dined with Mrs. Penton when she has 
been at table. The daughters are very modest & pleasing. 

Cursed Stuff 

We dine at 5 and drink tea abt. 8 At tea Surkes book upon the 
French Revolution was spoken of, Lady Thomond said that admirable 
& Highly esteemed as that work now is, when it was first published Th e 
Prince of Wales asked Lord Thomond " How the Devil could your friend 
JBurke publish such a Farrago of Nonsense ? " Lord Thomond verified 
what Her Ladyship had said & repeated the words. -Fox also said a It 
was Cursed Stuff." Such is the effect of Party spirit, which suppresses 
truth & overpowers judgment, 

October 2. I went with Mrs. Partington to Sir John Turner's, and 
heard Lady Turner's relation of the conduct of Devillet the French 
Priest, who resided with them abt. 1 8 months. He first came to them in 
1796 having been recommended by Dr. Scott, Rector of Simonburn.^ 
Devillet was abt. 33 years old, 6c had officiated as a Priest at Evreaux in 
Normandy. After having resided with them 18 months, He persisted 
against all request & urging la remaining with them Be said He would do 

1806] Commercial Fortunes 28 

so till after the Revolution. They then resided at Swale House in 
Northumberland abt. 9 miles from Alnwick & 2 from Fenton. After 
having got rid of Him there with extreme difficulty, He entered their 
House in London repeatedly so as to oblige Sir John to apply to the 
Marlborough St. Magistrates, & three times He was taken away by 
Constables. The last year they did not see Him. 

We dined at 5 oClock. Lord Thomond spoke to me of the good 
neighboroud which they have at Taplow, and of the great commercial 
fortunes of some of them. I have sd, His Lordship one side Craufurd 
Bruce, & on the other Pascoe Grenfell, and am only a mile between them. 
But Your Lordship is at the top of the Hill, I replied, & He smiled. 

October 3. At breakfast Mrs. Partington read part of a letter front 
Mr. Partington mentioning that He had been informed the Prince of 
Wales during His present Tour has been much out of spirits ; has said 
little to anybody ; after eating 2 or 3 bits He has ordered His plate to be 
taken away ; & in return for the great preparations made for Him, He 
has expressed little acknowledgment, to those who have entertained Him. 
A medical gentleman who formerly attended Him has expressed much 
surprise at the great alteration in His appearance. 

A Romantic Story 

After breakfast I mentioned to Lady Thomond my intention to 
stay till Tuesday next, she sd. they shd. be glad if I wd. stay a month , 
and that I wd. come whenever it may suit me. 

We dined at 5. Four Servants wait at table every day. One out 
[of] Livery & 3 in Liver^. There are always two Courses & a Desert. 
When there is no company [Lord Thomond] does not drink at dinner 
more than two glasses of wine. 

Lady Thomond mentioned that at Lord Elliot's* in Cornwall the 
dining room is filled with family portraits. Among others an Ancestor 
of His Lordship who was a Colonel in the Service of Charles 1st. The 
Army in which He happened to be was defeated & He with others fled. 
Being close pursued He entered a House to which He was a stranger & 
running up stairs opened the door of the first room that was before Him. 
It was a Bedchamber in which two Ladies were in Bed. He told them 
that He had no chance of escaping from the enemy who were in pursuit 
of him but by being permitted to hide Himself in their bed. They 
granted it, & very soon some of the enemy entered the room & demanded 
the Colonel. The ladies denied having any knowledge of Him & exclaimed 
against the outrage of coming into their Bedroom. Every part of the 
room was however^ searched, but not finding Him they retired. When 
the Colonel could make His acknowledgments He did so, & told the Ladies 
who he was, that he could not marry both of them, but if either of them 
would accept Him He shd. be most happy. One of the Ladies accepted 
Him & they were married. 

* Edward Eliot Craggs, Lord Eliot, of St. Germans. 


Fear of the Ministry 

October 3. A note was brought from Mr. Grenfcll who was just 
arrived from London to inform His Lordship that 5 French frigates, 4 
of them full of troops, are taken. It is supposed they were destined for 
Buenos Ayres* Sir Saml. Hood lost an Arm in the engagement, but 
was doing well. This raised our Spirits, & I told Lord Thomond that / 
was afraid of nothing but our Ministry, who I arn still apprehensive retain 
too much of Mr. Fox's conceding disposition with respect to Buonaparte 
& France, from the unaccountable stay of Lord Lauderdale at Paris. 

It was said that the troops in the French frigates taken by Sir Saml. 
Hood consist of Brabant ers, Swiss &c. who express a great desire" to be 
employed in the English Service & seem very glad that they were 

A Dreadful Accident 

October 4. Sir Francis Hartwell, a Commissioner in the Navy came 
from town in one of the coaches to the Dumb Bell. At the conclusion 
of dinner He informed us of a dreadful accident which has happened. 
The Princess of Wales accompanied by Lady Sheffield & Miss Chol- 
mondely were going in a Barouche to Mr. Locks at Norbury Park Be having 
some where on the road taken Post Horses the Drivers at a turn near 
Leatherhead drove too close & the Barouche was overturned. The 
Princess was much bruised, Lady Sheffield was not hurt, but Miss 
Cholmondely pitching upon Her Head was killed on the spot. She only 
opened Her eyes once. 

Our party was much struck with this acct. but particularly Lady 
Thornond who had lived long in habits of intimacy with Miss Cholmondely, 
who was daugr. to the late Revd. Mr. Cholmondely, Uncle to Lord 
Cholmondely, & Sister to Lady Bellingham. Lord Thomond sd. Miss 
Cholmondely had long wished to be abt. the Princess of Wales's person 
before she was reed, by Her & that she had become a confidential friend 
to Her. The sad event which has happened shews how little we can 
foresee what our wishes may lead to. Lady Thomond was very low all 


1806] A Dreadful Accident 25 

die even'g. She seemed to pity Lady Bellingham most, as the survivor. 
Mrs. Cholmondely, the Mother, seemed to be thought by Lord T. & Sir 
Francis to be of a disposition not likely to feel very pungently. 

Political Intrigue 

After the Ladies withdrew Sir Francis informed us that when Lord 
Grenville proposed to Lord Howick to leave the Admiralty the latter 
urged that Lord St. Vincent should be appointed. Lord Grenville did 
not approve it, but after they parted Lord Howick with Lord Grenville' s 
permission drove to Windsor and proposed it to the King, who said " No, 
No, Lord Sir Vincent does very well at Sea, but is not so proper to be 
at the Admiralty." This step taken by Lord Howick it is supposed will 
not be very well thought of by Lord Grenville, as it was not with his 
inclination proposed, though He left it to Lord Howick. 

Sir Francis said, Lord Howick was not much attached to His situation 
at the Admiralty, to which He found Himself in many respects incom- 
petent. The unhandsome behaviour of the Ministry in refusing the 
thanks of Parliament to Sir Home Popham & Sir David Baird for taking 
the Cape of Good Hope was mentioned. It was ascribed entirely to 
Lord St. Vincent's dislike of Sir Home Popham & His influence with 
Lord Howick caused the thanks to be withheld. Lord Grenville signified 
that it was a determination of the Foxites, with which He had nothing 
to do. 

Whitbread is proposed to be Secretary at War, but insists upon a 
Seat in the Cabinet because Windham had one while He was in that 
situation. The opinion now given was that the Ministry is not formed 
of persons who will be very cordial. 

[Crauford] Bruce thought the capture of Buenos Ayres a great ac- 
quisition to commerce ; but He sd. the markets will at first be greatly 
overstocked for He believed the value of a million wd. be sent at the first 
burst. He sd. it would be attended with the good effect of disseminating 
our manufactures into every corner of South. America. That Country 
it was agreed can never again be held by Spain & the true policy to keep 
it out of the hands of the French wd. be to induce them to establish 
themselves, under our Naval protection, into a free, independent, govern- 
ment. It wd. require too many troops for England to undertake to 
attach it to Herself. Mrs. Bruce is a native of Rochdale in Lancashire, 
where she was much admired while Miss Polly Smith. 

Captured Frigates 

Sir Francis told me that captured Frigates are upon an average pur- 
chased at the rate of about .12000 each, but to render them fit for British 
service, in which the internal equipments are very different and much 
more compleat, it usually costs 1 2,000 more to make them fit for our 
service, so that the profit to the Country is little or nothing. The value 
of Captures is in depriving the Enemy of that force, & also of having 

26 The Farington Diary [1806 

vessels which may be much sooner prepared for service than others cd. 
be built. He sd. the French never equip their Ships as we do, Ours are 
often so equipped as to be enabled to keep the Sea for 4 or 6 months 
together witht. going into Port ; whereas the French are seldom able 
to remain out of Port more than 6- or 8 weeks. He said Linois, in the 
East Indies, was never more than 2 months witht. going to the Mauritius 
or the Cape of Good Hope. 

October 5. Sir Francis Hartwell remarked that while Lord Grenville 
acted with Mr. Pitt He appeared to be a very able man, but since He 
became first Lord of the Treasury He has done nothing that manifests 
great ability. 

Farington's Caution 

Lord Thoxnond informed me that Mr. Palmer, who is on a visit to 
Mr. Grenfell resides in Windsor Forest. A few months ago He married 
Lady Madelina Sinclair, a widow, daughter to the Duchess of Gordon.* 
We dined off Plate as yesterday. Champagne was carried round at dinner. 
After dinner Claret, Port, Madeira, & Sherry. Four Bottles of Claret 
were drunk. I drank Sherry & Port & Lord Thomond chiefly Madeira, 

Lord Thomond told me before dinner that we must touch upon the 
conduct of Administration delicately as Mr. Grenfell is attached to Lord 
Grenville. I told His Lordship that I never express my sentiments on 
that subject till I hear those of others. 

Sir Home Popham was spoken of Sc the great services He has rendered 
at the Cape of Good Hope & Buenos Ayres. Mr. Grenfell sd. it was to 
be hoped that He could show some authority for the expedition to Buenos 
Ayres, and that He had not undertaken it witht. orders, though it was a 
great advantage to this Country. A Precedent of His going upon His own 
judgment wd, le dangerous. Lord Thomond sd. Sir Home had done great 
things for the Country & the people felt it, and had expressed it by votes 
in London, at Manchester &c. He thought the thanks of Parliament 
having been witheld from Him after taking the Cape was very ungracious. 
Sir Francis said that the ill disposition of Administration against Him 
had been fully shew,n by one circumstance. It was not the intention 
of Ministers to fire the Tower Sc Park gun4 or to publish an Extraordinary 
Gazette, upon receiving information of the capture of Buenos Ayres. 
They actually sent to the Gazette Printer to have it put in the Common 

* Lady Madelina was a clever girl and was married first to Sir Robert Sinclair, a Scottish 
baronet. He died six fears afterward, and her mother falling to match her with the Earl 
of Aberdeen, Lady Madelina became the wife of Charles Fysshe Palmer of Luckley Park, 
Berks. She died in 1847 *&& i* buried at Finchampstead with her second husband. 

Constance, Lady Russell, in her " Three Generations of Beautiful Women," says 
that he was the aon of Henry Fish, of Ickwell, Bedfordshire, who assumed the name of 
Palmer on being left East Court, Finchampstead, by his kinsman, Charles Palmer. Sir 
John Gordon Sinclair succeeded to East Court at the death of his mother, Lady Madelina 
Fjsshe Palmer, but^old it shortly afterwards to Mn John Walter, of Bearwood, in whose 
family it now remains. 

1806] God Forbid! 27 

Luckily a friend of Sir Home Popharn happened to be there at the 
time & it being at a late Hour, He suggested to the Printer that if it was 
to be put into the Ordinary Gazette the Gazette wd. not be ready for the 
Mail Coach. This the Printer availed Himself of, & assigned it as a 
reason in a communication to Ministers, who then in that Dilemma 
ordered the Guns to be fired at 5 oClock in thtf afternoon, though they had 
reed, the information at 7 oClock in the morning. An Extraordinary 
Gazette was also then ordered. -The above fully shews how much Lord 
Howick &c. partake of the envy & Malignity which Lord St. Vincent is 
known to bear to Sir Home Popham. The desire of Lord Howick to 
have Lord St. Vincent again at the Admiralty was mentioned. Mr. 
Grenfell In this concurred with us by saying " God forbid."* 

* In the expedition against the Cape of Good Hope in 1806, Admiral Sir Home Riggs 
Popham (1762-1820) co-operated with, the land force under Sir David Baird, and the 
Colony surrendered on January 10. He then sailed for Buenos Ayres to liberate the 
inhabitrnts of that place and Monte Video, who, he was told, were '* groaning under 
the tyranny of their Government." Accordingly he, accompanied by a small English 
force, left Table Bay, and in the middle of June arrived in the Rio de la Plata. The Spanish 
troops offered little resistance, and, the Governor of Buenos Ayres having fled, the town 
surrendered on July 3, but was retaken a few days later, and some thirteen hundred British 
troops were made prisoners. Popham was helpless, apart from blockading the river, until 
October, when reinforcements arrived and enabled him to occupy the harbour 
of Maldonado. 

On January 5, 1807, Popham was superseded, and on his return to England he was 
arrested, tried by Court-martial, and " severely reprimanded," His action, however, 
was popular in the city, and business men holding that it was a brave attempt to secure 
new markets, presented him with a sword of honour. Popharn was afterwards promoted 
to the rank of Rear-Admiral, and was made a K.C.B. in 1815. Besides being a fine seaman^ 
he was also a student of the scientific phases of his profession. 


A Cornish Baronet 

October 5, Sir Francis & Mr. Grenfell spoke of Trelawny* a Cornish 
Baronet of an OH family. He was at School with Sir Francis. He 
was born in 1756. At 20 years of age He was a decided Methodist & 
was accustomed to preach publickly. Mr. Grenfell while a school 
boy, in 1776, Has heard Him preach in that character. He was after- 
wards ordained Deacon & Priest of the Protestant Church, but is now 
a Bigotud Roman Catholick. I asked whether there appeared to be abt. 
Him anything of insanity or flightiness, to which they said No. Sir 
Francis said He was a very handsome Boy & indicated nothing of what 
has since appeared in Him. At Truro, I think, Mr. Grenfell sd. He heard 

Built of his own Timber 

Mr. Palmer spoke of the Duke of Manchester having been employed 
during the last summer in superintending the building [of] a vessel of 
50 tons in Kimbolton Park, of Timber growing on His own estate. 
After the whole has been put together it is then to be taken to pieces, 
& conveyed by land & water carriage to Bermondsey. Upon the Plan 
upon which it is built He expects that it will be a prime sailor, but shd., 
it not answer, He proposes to sell it to be used as a Cod Smack. His 
passion for sailing induced Him to this attempt. Thus is life passed, 
some employ is necessary. 

Mr, Palmer told me that the Marquiss of Tavistock informed Him 
that the Duke of Bedford's anxiety abt. Mr. Fox was relieved after 
He had undergone the first operation by some of the Medical Men 
assuring His grace by letter that they entertained strong hopes of his 
doing well. Mr. Palmer mentioned the great strength of Coll. Vicars 
of the Horse Guards. He said the Coll. bore Him upon His Arm held 
out & moved His arm round with Him. He sd. the Coll. was a very 

* The Rev. Sir Harry Trelawny, bart, who married Anne, daughter of the Rev, 
James Browne, rector of Portishead and vicar of Kingston, Somerset. 


1806] A Dinner Party 29 

good natured man, had prevented many quarrels & never Himself got 
into any. 

October 6. It was said that today we are to have a large party 
to dinner at Sir John Turners. Lord Thomond said that Dr. Lawrence,* 
Grenfell, & Sir John, wd. have all the talk to themselves so that His 
Lordship, Lord Boston, Mr. Palmer & I might be silent. Lady 
Thomond wd. not agree to it saying that with His natural good spirits 
if His Lordship shd. be silent she shd. feel that He must be ill. I 
sd. that in so large a company I shd. be desirous to say little, as I never 
liked to Hear the sound of my own voice but in small parties of those 
with whom I was well acquainted. 

It was sd. that we are to have a fikt of 13 pounds weight. I sd. 
Dr. Lawrence having the reputation of being a large eater wd. make 
a figure at it. They sd. His appetite is prodigious. Sir Wm. Scott's 
wife says that if the Doctor dines where there are sweet things none wd. 
be left for the next day. The Doctor has always been a great Foxiu, 
and says Mr. Pitt was more obliged to Windham, than He to Pitt. 

After breakfast Lord Thomond shewed me His farming conveniences. 
He does all His farming business before breakfast, His Steward then 
attending with a report of the proceedings, & on a paper marked how 
the different farming men, & Artificers, are to be employed that day ; 
so that His Lordship knows where to find them. I spoke of the health- 
ful occupation and the advantage of having a motive for being in the 
open air. He said, at His time of life He cd. not go on witht. it. 

We dined at Sir John Turners at J past 5 oClock. We had two 
Courses and a desert. The dishes were silver, we dined off China. 
Four large Silver Vessels held wine at 4 corners of the table. Burgundy 
& Liquers were served round. Claret, Madeira, Port & Sherry were 
circulated. Lord Bostonf spoke to me of having met me before. 
Dr. Lawrence, also, of having met me at Lord Thomond' s & Sir Joshua 

Savages and Methodists 

Mr. Grenfell yesterday said Methodists abound in Cornwall and 
well it is so, He sd. as the people wd. otherways be Savages., many are 
situated far from a Church, & wd. have no religion but for the Methodist 
Preachers who on a Sunday evening draw them together, & engage 
them for that time which they wd. spend at the Ale-house. 

October 9. Brand,! the Secretary of the Antiquary Society died 
of an Appoplexy. He was 63 years old. He has left His property to an 
Aunt aged 86 and Superannuated, & under the management of a Servant. 
His living was abt. 300 a year. The Duke of Northumberland, & 

* See Vols. I. and III. 

t See Vol. III., page 104. 

I The Rev. John Brand. See Vol. III. 

30 The Farington Diary [1806 

St, Mary Hill parishioners, appoint a Minister alternately. His Salary, 
as Secretary, was abt. 90. a year, and an apartment, Coals, and Candles. 
His Books, & Prints are supposed to be worth between two & three 
thousand pounds. His Collection of Prints of Portraits is judged to 
be worth a thousand pounds. He was much mortified at Lawrence 
not having finished the picture of Mrs. Lysons & Mrs, Price which was 
begun in May 1801, 

Lawrence set off on Sunday last with Mr. Angerstein for Sir Francis 
Barings in Hampshire to paint three portraits. 

General Miranda 

October 10. Harker, a respectable man, came to cut my Hair. 
He told me that general Miranda* has at this time a House in Grafton 
St. Fitzroy Square, where a Lady who lived with him while He was in 
England, & Her Child, now reside. Harker dressed the Generals Hair 
more than two years, and said He is a stout man, about 5 feet il Inches 
high, and is towards 60 years of age. He speaks English so as to be 
perfectly understood. He frequently attended at Mr, Pitfs Office, 
and was for a considerable time doing business there, though it was so 
managed as not to be made public, He bore an inveterate hatred 
against Buonaparte & frequently sd. He had neither honor or principle. 
It is undoubted that Miranda is supported by this country in his 
attempt against South America, though it has been done secretly. He 
is a Spanish subject & for sometime served in the French Army. 

* Francesco Miranda (1750-1816), a Spanish-American General, served under Du~ 
rnouriez in Flanders, but, accused by the Jacobins of treason, was ultimately banished from 
France. In 1806 he went to Guatemala, where he had previously taken part in a revo- 
lutionary movement, but was arrested in 1812 and died in a dungeon at Cadiz four years 


Fox's Funeral 

October 10.- Mr. Fox's funeral took place to-day. I walked to 
Pallmall Sc saw that street lined with people, & the street gravelled ; but 
I did not [wait] to see the procession. 

Novels Not to be Seen 

October 13. Robert Smirke drank tea with me. Lady Oxford* 
shews the greatest attention to the education of Her children. She 
is constantly with them from ten oClock in the morning till one, during 
which time they receive instructions. Lady Jane, a child of 10 years 
old has made such advance in learning various things as to be remarkable. 
Lady Oxford never allows a book of any kind except such as she may 
have read and approved, to lay In a room to which the Children have 
access. Novels & such like are not permitted to be seen. Lady Oxford 
blames Her Brother for having introduced Arthur O'Connorf to them, 
of whose real character they had no Idea. 

Lord Oxford has .13000 a year, but at present pays .4000 a yr. 
out of It. His mother posesses an estate of 5000 a yr. adjoining His 
property. This will come to His Lordship at Her death. 

There is insanity in the family of Mr. [Uvedale] Price, His eldest, 22 or 3 years old, has been confined, but now visits with them. 
She is deformed & has many singularities. Price is answering [Payne] 
Knight's book. A decided coolness has subsisted between them. Lady 
Oxford was apprehensive of Knight remaining with them till Price & 
His family came, which she shd. have felt herself obliged to prevent 
by informing Knight of it had He continued with them till near the 
period. Lady O : sd. Knight is not liked In the country. 

Inflamed with Tears 

October 15. [Dr.] Hayes called. He was at Mr. Fox's funeral,* 
walking as a Member of the Whig Club. He sd. that at the grave Bi|f 

* See Vol. II., page 36. 

t Irish rebel, with whom Lady Oxford went about in. Paris in the autumn of 1802* 
See Index, Vol. II. 


32 The Farington Diary [isoe 

observed several who were greatly affected ; particularly, Lords Holland, 
Fitzwilliam, & Howick, also Mr. Whitbread, all of whom had their 
faces inflamed with tears. The Duke of Norfolk also appeared to be 
much impressed, also Lord Grenville & Lord Carlisle. Sheridan also, 
Hayes thinks Him [Sheridan] greatly altered & Has no doubt from 
His appearance that His Liver is much inflamed, & thinks it will ere 
long terminate in a Dropsy. 

Russell* died at Hull, aged 61. His habit of life had for sometime 
been very singular. Finding that if He eat a dinner at the usual time 
it made Him very heavy & incapable of application during the remainder 
of the evening, He was accustomed to eat His substantial meal in the 
morning at breakfast time. His professional application was very 
great, & to that & to His study of the appearance of the moon, He often 
devoted the Hours of the night till <z or 3 oClock in the morning. 

Architects* Fees 

October 16* Jeffery Wyatt called to mention his^ being upon the 
list of Candidates to be an Associate. On the back of his Direction Card 
He had put a list of Houses built for various persons to shew that He 
was a Regular Architect. He talked a good deal abt. His Uncle James 
Wyatt, now President of the Royal Academy. He sd. He had now been 
out of town 4 months witht. once having come to London. He has 
moved from Mr. Codringtonsf to Mr. Beckfordst & from thence to 
Lord Pembrokes the Marquiss of Hertfords, backwards & forwards, 
neglecting all his business in other places* For the distance He travels 
He charges Half a Crown a mile, but does not charge for time while 
travelling; but when stationary at any House He charges five ^ guineas 
a day. I, said Jeffery charges two shillings a mile^ for travelling., and 
three guineas a day while stationary. He said His Uncle is a very 
singular man. He will often employ Himself upon trifling professional 
matters which others could do, while business of importance is waiting 

for Him. When a Commission to build a house or to do other professional 

business is proposed to Him by a Nobleman or Gentleman by whom He 
has never before been employed,, He will eagerly attend to it till He has 
got all the instructions necessary for the commencement of the work, Jbut 
then He becomes indifferent to it & has lost many great commissions 
by such neglect they having after long delay been put into the hands 
of others. At times He will when at the House of an employer work very 
hard in making designs & will frequently leave the Company & bottle 
after dinner to go to His Clerk. Such is the irregularity of his habits. 

* See Index, Vok I., II. and III. 

t Christopher Codrington obtained the vast estates of his uncle. Sir William Codrmglon, 
second baronet, who disinherited his own son. The baronetcy, created in 1721, was in 
dispute for some years, but in 1876 a fresh baronetcy was conferred on Sir Gerald William 
Henry Codrington, of Dodington Park, Gloucestershire. 

t William Beckford. See Index, Vols. L, II. and III, 

1806] Beckford's Singularity 33 

Jeffery sd. that abt. 4 months ago He (JefEery) was at Fon thill & 
saw the Abbey which is so strictly forbidden to be shewn that His Uncle, 
who was then there, could not undertake to shew it to Him. He there- 
fore threw Himself in the way of Mr. Beckford who asked Him to go 
to, the Abbey where He dined & staid the night. The Miss Beckfords 
did not then reside at the Abbey or at the Old House at Fonthill, but 
at a House in a neighbouring village. Such is Beckfords singularity. 
Not long since Sir Richard Hoare of Stourhead* applied to Mr. Beckford 
to see the Abbey which Mr. B. granted and attended Sir Richard when 
He came for that purpose. These civilities which passed between them 
were reported to the neighbouring gentlemen who took such umbrage 
at it, as conceiving that Sir Richard was giving countenance to Mr. 
Beckford that a gentleman wrote to Sir Richard in His own name & 
in that of others to demand of Him an explanation o that proceeding 
as they meant to regulate themselves towards Him accordingly. Sir 
Richard applied to His friend the Marquiss of Bath upon it, & represented 
that He had no further desire but to see the Abbey Be the meeting with 
Mr. Beckford was accidental & to Him unexpected. Such is the 
determination of the Wiltshire gentlemen with respect to excluding 
Mr. B. from all gentlemanly intercourse. 

Sir Richard had No Taste 

Jeffery said that He concluded Mr. Beckford had heard something 
of what had passed, as at breakfast He said before Jeffery " He wondered 

how He could be such a d d fool as to allow Sir Richard to see the 

Abbey." With respect to the stain upon Mr. B*s character He seems 
to act like an innocent man & does not avoid a subject of that nature. 
Mr. Beckford sd. that Sir Richd. Hoare while looking over the 
Abbey made some good observations but He afterwards sd. " Sir 
Richard had no taste." 

James Wyatts sons have been very improvident. The eldest had 
He remained at Calcutta wd. have been appointed by Marquiss Wellesley, 
Secretary to the Governor General, a place of 10,000 a year. He com- 
plained of ill-health, but it was sd. to be only a Home fever, a desire 
to go Home. 

A Painting by Barry 

October 17. Carlisle, the Surgeon ? t called, & proposed to me to 
go with Him to Dr. FryersJ House in Newman St. to see Barry's picture 
of the " Birth of Pandora" A picture which had been his chief Study 
& Boast during 33 years at least. I went & saw it & found it to be 
such a production as I might have expected. Ingenuity in the Design, 

* See Index, Vol. II. 

t Sir Anthony Carlisle. See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

t Edward Fryer (1761-1826) studied in London, Edinburgh, and Leyden, graduating 
M.D, at the Dutch University town on January 29, 1785. He came to London in 1790, 
became Physician to thfi Duke of Sussex, and died in Upper Charlotte Street on January 9, 
1826. Dr. Fryer attended Barry in his last illness, and wrote the artist's life. 

VOL. IV. 3 

84 The Farington Diary [1806 

but nothing extraordinary & a great deal of Mythological circumstance 
attended to, but in respect of power of execution & colouring very 
deficient. Poorly & ill-drawn, disproportioned figures, and the colour- 
ing as bad as well could be. On the whole I told Carlisle that I thought 
it far short of anything extraordinary & very much indeed below those 
great works of the Old Masters, which Barry had attempted to rival. 
1 told Carlisle that in the hands of a man who had more power in the 
practise of the art the design would appear to much greater advantage 
& do Barry more credit, that Lawrence for instance would be able 
to make much of it. He admitted this. Carlisle told me that Barry 
died of an inflammation of ike Lungs, & named the^ species of the dis 
order, saying it was such as people who are advanced in years & asthmati 
catty 'inclined are subject to. Barry was in that state. ^ He sd. had 
Barry been bkd at an early period of his disorder He might probably 
have been saved. He sd. He was surrounded by Roman Catholics. 

We then talked of the character qualities of Barry & I found 
from the information I reed, from Carlisle that I had not been mistaken 
in the judgment I had formed of him. I had long been of opinion from 
the knowledge I had of his disposition, that He had saved money, although 
He allowed it to be reported that He was in a state of necessity, and 
permitted a Subscription to be opened for his benefit at the Society of 
Arts room in the Adelphi. Carlisle now told me that being one of those 
who have the management of his affairs He cd. inform me that Barry 
at his death, posessed 1500 in the American Funds, ,500 Bank Stock, 
and had ^400 at Wright, the Bankers in Henrietta St. Covent Garden, 
which had laid there 3 years. Yet in these circumstances & posessing 
such a misanthropical contempt of the world & the utmost independence 
of spirit, He anxiously encouraged the above Subscription, which was 
made as for one Destitute. His affectation of independence on mankind 
was carried to a ridiculous length. 

A Paying Guest 

When He has drank tea with Stubbs the painter, He wd. lay Six- 
pence upon the tea-board, because He wd. be under no obligation to 
Him but for his company. He wd. do the same at Houses where He 
occasionally dined. Carlisle said Barry wd. in the midst of his bluster- 
Ing of independence and disregard of mankind suddenly change His 
manner of Behaviour if a Person of some weight & authority came 
in & would then assume a courteous address. He was ^very 
unsteady in His resolutions, was easily impressed with an opinion, 
& as readily was converted to its opposite by the person He next met. 

He read Latin pretty well ; and from some papers ^found in His 

posession appeared to have been at the latter part of his life studying 
the Greek language. At the bottom He was of a timid disposition^ 
had no real reliance upon Himself. He dreaded a rival in ^his desire 
of acquiring fame; & only began to profess to adulate Sir Joshua 
Reynolds when that great Artist, from infirmities, ceased to practise. > 


A Doctor's Charges 

October 17. Carlisle told me that in his practise as a Surgeon 
when He goes out of town He charges at the rate of a guinea a mile ; 
and that for every day He might be detained at any place He should 
charge Ten guineas a day, or Seventy guineas a week ; which He observed 
was not too much as more than that might be lost to Him eventually 
owing to His being absent when persons might apply to Him & thereby 
losing their custom. 

Language and Insurance 

October 23. J. Offley's I dined at. Minet, who was born in Por- 
tugal,* told me that the affinity of the Portuguese to the Spanish language 
is such [that they] understand each other so far that the people of either 
country could travel in the other by the use of their respective languages, 
Or Lingo as He called. The Portuguese, however, wd. better understand 
the Spaniards than the latter wd. the former. It is by the ear they 
understand each other, making out the signification of the words. When 
written the languages are very different. Minet told me that an Officer 
ordered to go abroad and wanting money for His outfit &c. may insure 
His life at any one of the Public Offices of Insurance. That at 3 1 years 
of age He might insure His life on a policy for 7 years at the rate of 5 pr. 
[cent.] per annum viz : .50 a yr. for .1000 insured. The Policy thus 
obtained the Officer may obtain money upon [it] by offering it at the Stock 
Exchange or elsewhere, and wd. there probably obtain ^500 upon it. 
Not more because the person who might advance the .500 wd, have to 
pay annually the .50 premium till the Officers death to secure Himself. 

* Joseph Minet, wine merchant, was born in Lisbon, and baptised in St. Catherine's 
Church, in that city. His family were Huguenots, and two of its members came to England 
in 1686, Isaac (from whom comes Mr. William Minet, of Fountain Court, barrister, and 
author of the " Huguenot Family of Minet "), and Thomas, ancestor of Joseph. James, 
Joseph's father, went to the Azores, married Maria Dupont, and apparently must have 
reverted to the Roman Catholic faith, for his three children were all baptised Catholic. 
Joseph came early to England, and married a Huguenot lady, named Brissault, and his 
descendants live at Baling to-day. 

VOL. iv. 35 3* 

36 The Farington Diary [isoe 

In fact the Policy wd. be a security for 500 in case of the Officers death, 
who should He live to return home wd. be liable to be arrested for the 
^500 & the premium advanced to continue the insurance. 

October 24. Calcott called. He told me He was born at Kensing- 
ton gravel pits in the House in which He now resides. He sd. He has 
found an advantage in residing a little way from London as He is not now 
so liable to have His time invaded by Loungers who in London were 
accustomed to call upon Him to look over His Portfolios. 

Defeat of the Prussians 

October 27. J. Offley called and informed me that an acct. had been 
reed, from Lord Morpeth that the Center of the Prussian Army had been 
defeated by Buonaparte on the r4th of October ; that the Duke of Bruns- 
wick was wounded & carried to Magdeburgh, & the King of Prussia had 
two Horses shot under Him. 

Boaden* I met while walking before dinner. We talked of the defeat 
of the Prussians. " What else, sd. He, cd. be expected." The weaker 
are overpowered by the stronger. Were an Epic Poem to be written and 
Milton were on one side of you & Tom D'urfey on the other which wd. 
you expect most from ? He called Buonaparte an extraordinary man, 
that in using his power all proceeded from one head, His own. That 
all His operations agreed to a point. 

October 28. Calcott dined yesterday with Willis [F.S.A.] at Ken- 
sington. He has one Son & three daugrs. the eldest daugr. towards 30 
years of age, the second abt. 23 or 4 highly (Classically) educated. 
The Son is a Clergyman, Calcott supposes Willis to have places to the 
amount of near 2000 a yr. He seems a good deal altered in spirits & 
appearance since He lost a daugr. of 15 yrs. of age abt. 10 months ago. 
When He has company He passes the Bottle chearfully & will take Him- 
self towards a Bottle. He mentioned to Calcott His long acquaintance 
with me. It began in 1769 at Old Slaughters Coffee Youse, St. Martins 
Lane. Mrs. Willis sd. Willis is not 60 years old, but He must be in His 
6oth year at least. He is Coll. of the Kensington Corps of Volunteers 
is much respected. 

Sir Wm. Paxton now Member for Carmarthenshire made a fortune 
in the East Indies. He is Brother to Mr, Paxton, Wine Mercht. of 
Buckingham St. York Buildings & of the late Mr. Paxton, Portrait 
Painter, who died in India.f He is a partner with Cockerill &c. at a 
Banking House in Pallmall. 

October 30. To-day a confirmation of the defeat of the Prussians, 
by the French, at the battle of Averstadt, on the I4th of October, was 
reed, from Hamburgh. 

* James Boaden, Editor of the Orach. See Index, Vok I,, II. and IIL 
t John Paxton, who went to India about 1776 and died at Bombay in 1780. 

1806] Defeat of the Prussians 37 

[The Hamburgh paper of the 2ist inst. brought the Prussian account 
of the disastrous battle fought near Aversdat on the I4th. of October, 
on the High road between Navenbergh & Erfurt, the attack was made 
at 3 in the Morning by the French. The Conflict lasted till 5 in the 
afternoon, when according to the information reed. Marshal Ney's divi- 
sion of 10,000 men, coming up fresh, gave a decisive turn to the affair. 
It was the Center of both Armies which were particularly engaged, 
Buonaparte directed the whole of the French operations. The killed 
and wounded on both sides are generally estimated at 40,000 men. The 
strength of the Combined Armies united is computed at 200,000 men. 
On the receipt of the above account at Berlin a number of the following 
Bulletins were circulated : " The King has lost a Battle. The first duty 
of a Citizen is to be tranquil. This is what I, the Governor, demand of all 
the inhabitants of Berlin. The King and His Brother are living" Pre- 
vious to the above battle the battle of Schleitz, with which the Campaign 
opened, was fought, on the loth of October, in which Prince Louis 
Ferdinand, of Prussia, Cousin to the King, was killed. He was abt. 
35 years of age. On the nth of October an action also took place 
at Saalfield. The troops in both these actions, on the Prussian side were 
under the general orders of Prince Hohenhoe. From small note-book.] 

October 31 . Daniell mentioned the unhappy death of Button 
Sharpe who abt. three weeks ago was found drowned at the bottom of 
one of His Fats in His Brewery. He had been sometime in a state of 
low spirits. 

A Prototype of Colonel Lawrence 

November 1. Henry Salt,* formerly my Pupil, called. He landed 
on Sunday last at Portsmouth from the Neptune Man of War, in which 
He came with Lord Valentia a passenger from Gibraltar. He had ac- 
companied His Lordship in a very extensive tour in India. They left 
England in 1802 in the month of June. Salt was Six months in Abys- 
sinia, and met with several persons in that country who remembered 
the Traveller Bruce. He sd. much of what [James] Bruce published was 
authentic, but He also added a good deal of the fabulous. He described 

* Henry Salt (1780-1827), youngest son of a doctor, was born in Lichfield. Intending 
to be a portrait painter, he studied drawing under Glover, the water-colour painter, and, 
coming to London in 1797, he became a pupil of Farington, and, in 1800, entered the 
studio of John Hoppner. Drawings made by him illustrate '* Voyages and Travels to 
India," 1809, by Lord Valentia, in the same year. " Twenty-four Views in St. Helena and 
Egypt Jr were published by Salt himself, and in 1814 he published " A Voyage to Abyssinia/' 
for which he received ,800, with a share in the profits. In the following year he was 
appointed Consul-General in Egypt. During his period of office there he took a great 
interest in excavation, and formed for himself three large collections. The first was 
bought for the British Museum for 2,000 (Salt said it cost him ,3,000) ; the second 
went to the French Government for ,10,000, and the third was sold after his death at 
Sotheby's, and realized ,7,168 i8s. 6d. Salt, who was a man of strong physique and 
restless temperament, died from a disease of the spleen in Octpber, 1827, and was 

as The Farington Diary [isoe 

Abyssinia to be in a true Feudal state but very barbarous. Perpetual 
Hostility is kept up by what in Scotland wd. be called Clans who are 
constantly at War with each other. Axum, was the principal town which 
Salt visited, & there He found some antiquities which it is expected will 
throw some light upon a controverted point in History. He travelled 
in Abyssinia in an Arab-dress, but as an Englishman, and was well treated 
but suffered great privations & underwent many difficulties owing to 
the wretched & unprovided state of the country. The Christian religion 
is established in Abyssinia, it is a species of the Greek Church inclining 
to the Koptic. He mentioned a single stone erected at Amm> which is 
Safest high. Bruce gave a very imperfect drawing of it. 

Unarmed and Fearless 

Lord Wellesley provided every accomodation to enable Lord Valentia 
to accomplish the object of His voyage to the Red Sea after He left Cal- 
cutta by which means His Lordship had a very correct Survey made of a 
part of the Coast with which our Mariners were not before acquainted 
in consequence of which many vessels had been lost. It was now found 
that there are several excellent Harbours on that Coast where Ships in 
bad weather may find safety. An apprehension of danger from the natives 
had prevented any attempts from before being made, but Lord Valentin's 
party landed & presented themselves to the Natives unarmed and as 
having perfect confidence in them which had the desired effect, & soon 
created an equal degree of confidence on the part of the natives who wd. 
visit the Ship unarmed & fearless. 

Salt spoke of the many circumstances which had taken place during 
His absence. He had not heard from any of His friends in the last 
years. He saw in an English newspaper, an acct. of the death of His 
Brother Dr. Salt. On coming to London He met a person in the street 
who told him His Father had again married. He also had learnt that 
His Sister, widow of Dr. Hall, was married to Coll. De Visme & has two 
children, & that they make up .1000 a year between them. He sd. 
that He found in London that in four years & a Half Lads whom He 
knew had become men, Sc young girls Women. 

He Kept a Diary 

He sd. He had kept a regular Journal Sc Had the good fortune to 
preserve every drawing and all that He had written. Lord Valentia 
had also been very industrious in writing a Journal, & was now consulting 
proper persons as to the best mode of preparing for publication an acct. 
of the Tour. His Lordship did not go to visit Abyssinia, Salt sd. His 
Lordship had too great a stake in life <3c was of too much importance to 
have His life risqued by it, but for Himself it was comparatively of no 
consequence. He sd. He was to go this night in the Mail to Lichfield 
to see His Father. He was 26 years of age in June last.* 


Ships in Commission 

November 1. [The Naval returns, up to this day, state the number 
of Ships, In Commission to be 

Of the Line, 130. 

Fifties 12. 

Frigates 163* 

Sloops &c. 181. 

Gun Brigs & under 261. 

In Ordinary. 

Of the Line 5 2 - 

Fifties 13- 

Frigates 60. 

Sloops &c 46* 

Gun Brigs & under. 5' 

Building : 

Of the Line - 3$* 

Frigates 3* 

Sloops &c S 1 - 

Gun brigs & under 8. 

Total : 1051. 

From Small Note-book.] 

Lawrence and West 

November 3. Lawrence called having returned from Sir Francis 
Barings, Stratton Park, in Hampshire this morning, where He ^had 
been from the 5th. of October. He painted portraits of Sir Francis, 


40 The Farington Diary [1806 

His Brother, and His Son in Law & Partner, in one picture, each figure 
a half length. Before He came away Sir Francis desired to know what 
He was indebted to Him. Lawrence mentioned 260 guineas^ but Sir 
Francis sd. it shd. be 300 gs. which I think was the least He ought 
to have as His price in London is 80 guineas a half length, so that He 
was but moderately paid for loss of time & inconvenience. His portraits 
(the Heads being finished) have given great satisfaction, & the more so 
from being compared with those painted by West. Sir Francis asked 
Lawrence whether West ever took the opinion of any Artist upon His 
works ? adding that while West was painting for Him, He made a few 
observations but West paid no regard to them. 

Lawrence and Henry Hope 

Henry Hope* of Cavendish Square came on a visit and once before 
Lawrence spoke of the Royal Academy with more freedom than was 
becoming as a Member was present, but Lawrence very properly cut 
Him short. Hope sd. it wd. be adviseable to have for a President a 
person not professional, but a man of distinction, Sir George Beaumont 
He then named. 

November 5. Thomson [R.A.] called. He spoke of electing a 
President in the room of Wyatt, & sd. He wd. never vote for Him. 
I sd. the Academy now saw what they had done in causing Mr. West to 
resign the Chair. He asked whether He might not again be elected ? 
I replied that all I knew was, that Mr. West had expressed to me the 
comfort He had felt from having quitted that situation. He asked 
" Why might not the members have each two Balls to enable them 
each to have a power of nominating two persons." In which case a 
Member might vote for Himself and for another. I sd. I saw no good 
in that : but I saw that shd. any Painter except West be elected it wd, 
cause much Heart burning in others. 

Lysons & Lawrence dined with me. Lawrence told me that it was 
manifest to Him that Shee & Hoppner do not hold intercourse together.t 

* Henry Hope, wealthy merchant and art collector. 

t Mr. W. Roberts writes : In the Farington Diary, November 5, 1806, the Diarist 
says : " Lawrence told me that it was manifest to Him that Shee and Hoppner do not hold 
intercourse together." Of course, the troubles at the Royal Academy over the President- 
ship may have caused at least a temporary coolness among some of the members. I doubt, 
nevertheless, if Lawrence was justified in his observation. I have a copy of Hoppner' s 
" Oriental Tales, translated into English Verse," 1805, on the fly-leaf of which is written 
the following inscription to Shee : " June 7, 1805. My dear Shee, I request your accep- 
tance of this little volume in testimony of our mutual friendship, and as a humble tribute 
to your virtues and talents, which none can regard with greater admiration, nor cherish 
with more affectionate zeal than yours ever faithfully, J, Hoppner*" 

In the George Daniel Library there was a copy of Shee's *' Rhymes on Art," 1805, 
on the fly-leaf of which was written : " My dear Hoppner, In return for your elegant 
volume let me request you will accept this little work as a testimony of ardent esteem and 
friendship. While the two books remain they will prove that in a time of much pro- 
fessional jealousy there were two painters at least who could be emulous without being 

1806] Business is Business 41 

November 6. Mr. Packe & Revd. Mr. Whalley called. They spoke 

highly of Mr. Fawkes the new Member for Yorkshire,* saying that 
He is a man of great abilities & information ; a Scholar, acquainted with 
Arts & Sciences & likely to make an excellent member. He was sup- 
ported [by] the Duke of Norfolk & Lord Fitzwilliam. 

Belvoir Castle stands in Leicestershire, the Stables in Lincolnshire. 
The Duke [of Rutland] has caused His Brother to offer for Leicestershire. 
The Duke has a large estate in that County. Altogether His property 
is reckoned to be 40,000 a year & He is disposed to take care of it. 
He lays out money in building, but does not game, or squander His 
money idly. A subscription was made in the County for the Volunteers. 
The Duke subscribed 500, but He took for His Corps 800 from the 
general funds of .8000 & thereby saved His own pocket. It is remarkable 
that in that family it has been usual to portion the younger Brothers 
by giving to each an annuity only & that 500 a year, the rest to be done 
by the family interest. The Duke gave the Receivership of the County 
of Leicester to Mr. Mansfield a Banker in Leicester, it is worth 3000 
a year, but He conditioned that His Brother shd. be paid from it 1500 
a year, viz : one half. 

Sir G. & Lady Beaumont called having come to town yesterday. 
We talked a little abt. politics. He sd. He cd. scarcely bear to read the 
accts. from Germany. They were going to Wilkie's to see the picture 
painted by Him for Sir George " The Blind Fidler." Sir George had 
been a month at Lord Mulgrave's in Yorkshire where Wilkie & Jackson 
also were. Sir George said Wilkie painted well anything that He saw 
& understood to represent, " Cattle, more justly than Berghem, less of 
the Manufactory" 

The Blind Fiddler 

November 7. Being engaged to dine with Sir G. Beaumont He 
called upon me before dinner & we walked to Wilkie's in Soho row, 
No. 10, but did not find Him at home. We saw His picture of the 
" Blind Fidler " which He painted for Sir George. I was surprised at 
the merit of it viz : truth of expression, judicious arrangement, and 
agreeable tone of colouring. I had only two remarks to make viz : 

envious ; who could contend without enmity, and associate without suspicion. That 
this cordiality may long subsist between us is the sincere desire of, dear Hoppner, yours 
ever faithfully, Martin Archer Shee. Cavendish-square, December 7, 1805.'* 

I think it will be conceded that Lawrence was in all probability entirely mistaken in 
supposing that " Shee and Hoppner do not hold intercourse together." 

[Mr. Roberts will find in Vol. III., page 211, a reference to the Shee-Hoppner quarrel, 
and in the present volume, under February I, 1807, it is stated that Shee " has no longer 
intercourse with Hoppner," The probable cause of the estrangement also is given. ED.] 

* Charles James Packe, of Prestwold Hall, born 1726, High Sheriff Co. Leicester. He 
died in 1816, and was succeeded by his eldest son. His second daughter (by his first wife) 
was the mother of the first Lord Bateman. The Rev. T. Whalley, of Ecton, near Northamp- 
ton ; Mr. W. R. Fawkes, of Farnley Hall, Turner's great friend and patron. See Index' 
Vol. II, 

42 The Farington Diary [isoo 

that the colour of the ground was rather too grey? and that there was in 
some of the Hands a little of a mannered touch. Sir George told me 
that when He gave Wilkie the Commission He proposed 25 guineas to 
Wilkie, but when He met Wilkie., at Lord Mulgrave's in Yorkshire, 
being informed that the picture was finished and hearing from Lord 
Mulgrave how much it had been commended [by Holt] in " Bd?$ Weekly 
Messenger " He gave Wilkie 50 guineas for it. On our way from Wilkie's 
I told Sir George that I hoped Wilkie wd. be careful how He reed. Com- 
missions, that His pictures are gold, and He should reap all the ad- 
vantages He is entitled to. 

Sir George sd, that Jackson says Wilkie is very oeconomical, from which 
Sir George apprehends the greatest danger is that He may become fond 
of money. The hope that He may continue to practise as He does at 
present with care & attention, studying nature. Had West done so 
from the time He painted the Pylades 6f Orestes He wd. have produced 
extraordinary works & not have fallen into that Poly graphic like 
manufacturing mode of painting which He has adopted. 

Burns and Wordsworth 

At dinner Sir George spoke of Mr. Pitt & His shyness. When in 
company He seldom proposed a subject for conversation. After tea 
Lady Beaumont read some poetical compositions of Burn's & Words- 
worth. The latter is now with His family in Sir George's farm House 
at Cole-orton. Wordsworth's House at Grassmere is too small for his 
family & too cold in the winter. He is employed on a poem -the progress 
of His own Mindj viz : How He was affected by objects & circumstances 
as He advanced in life. This work He proposes to delay publishing till 
Fie shall have made Himself more important & [of] course what respects 
Him more interesting, by some production of a different kind. 


Hoppner's Jealousy 

Novembers. Hoppner called on me, on the state of the Academy. 
He sd. it was impossible to go on with Wyatt [P.R.A.] if the Academy 
shd. be left unsupported it must fall. He sd. difference of opinion in 
the Academy on certain points had prevailed but He always had a great 
respect for me. He sd. that He looked with a belief that it was my wish 
to have Lawrence elected President, but that not thinking it at present 
practicable I was willing to fix upon some one who wd. not interfere 
with Lawrence. He said it seemed extraordinary that a man of my 
Character shd. be so partial to one so different from me in His conduct 
as Lawrence was. I replied to Him that His notions were founded on 
Jealousy ; that I had while I held intercourse with Him seen more of 
Him than I did of Lawrence & never gave to the latter a preference. 
Our conversation on this point concluded with His agreeing to vote for 
West which I sd. wd. be the best thing possible to prevent Jealousy 8c 

Lawrence I called on. Kemble has informed Him that Stafford 
cost Sheridan rauch money. Every Election drained His purse. Each 
time not less than -8,000, 

Prussia had Fallen 

November 9. Went to St. James's Chapel, and while I was walking 
before the time of going into the Chapel Edwards [A.R.A.] came up 
being on His way to Hampstead. He told me His publication of the lives 
of the Painters is in great forwardness. , . He noticed the state of affairs 
in Europe owing to the overwhelming power of Buonaparte,, & said it 
must have an end ? ere long. That Prussia had fallen a sacrifice to Her 
want of a good principle & that if that Monarchy should be abolished it 
must be recollected that it was but a new one. 

Lysons called At Ralph Price's* yesterday He met the Editor of 

* Third son of Sir Charles Price, first Baronet, of Spring Grove, Richmond, Surrey. 


44 The Farington Diary [1806 

the Times.* Mr. Walter Junr, has the superintendance of that paper 
and has a very honorable mind & refuses to admit into it many things 
which other papers take. [The editor] said that Monday next being 
Lord Mayors Day He had in his posession 7 tickets. One of them was 
given to them, the other Six He purchased for 35 guineas. The money 
was paid from the Newspaper Fund, as the Tickets were to be presented 
to persons who assist them in obtaining information for their paper. 
Lysons understood that they are Foreigners ; Sc that paper is now allowed 
to have the best foreign intelligence. 

Dinner with Sir George 

Sir G. Beaumont's I dined at. The Revd, Sydney Smithf was^talked 
of. Sir George sd. that when Smith lectured at the British Institution 
there was a levity Be indifference in his manner that seemed but ill suited 
to the office, and He gave some instances of it. DavyJ who lectures 
there upon Chemistry, said that Smith is not reckoned to have much 
reading, or extensive information, but Has talent, & is now well reed, 
at Holland House, & may probably be a Bishop. 

When we went to tea, Wilkie not having come into the room, His 
picture of the Blind FUler lately painted for Sir George was spoken of. 
Dance said " It had all the discriminations of Hogarth, Sc was ten times 
better painted." . 

Wilkie told me that He was born in the County of Fife in Scotland, 
at a country place : that He was placed in Edinburgh for the purpose 
of improving Himself in drawing Sc attended the Drawing Academy 
established there for the purpose of improving Manufactures Sc en- 
couraging the Fisheries, four years ; during which time Graham, the 

* The term editor in 1806 was perhaps Jess definite than it is nowadays, and there may 
not have been a de facto editor of the Times in 1806. At that date young John Walter II. 
had recently come into the general directorship of the paper, and his chief adviser^ was 
William Combe, author of " Dr. Syntax/' who was living within the rules of the King's 
Bench, but was often allowed out, and visited Printing House Square. Crabb Robinson 
has an interesting reference to Combe in his Diary. " There is," he says, " another person 
belonging to this period (1809) who is a character worth writing^ about ; indeed, I have 
kaown few to be compared with him. It was on my first acquaintance with Walter [of 
the Times] that I used to notice in his parlour a remarkably fine old gentleman. He did 
not appear to work much with the pen, but was chiefly a consulting ^man. When^Walter 
was away he used to be more at the office, and to decide at the dernier ressort. His name 
was William Combe." Crabb Robinson, the Diarist, also was on the staff, and it may 
be him who is described by Lysons as " Editor of the Times^ ^ Had it been Combe, Lysons 
would doubtless not have forgotten his name, for the antiquary and Dr. Syntax were 
familiar, whereas Crabb Robinson was a newcomer. 

t See Index, Vol. III. 

I Sir Humphry Davy (1778-1829) was a native of Penzance. Papers on nitrous oxide 
secured for him the post of Assistant Lecturer on Chemistry to the Royal Institution, and 
shortly thereafter he was raised to the chief lectureship. In 181 5 he invented the miners* 
t afety lamp that bears his name, 

1806] Dinner with Sir George 45 

Painter, superintended the Students.* Wilkie came to London at the 
end of May or beginning of June 1805. He had while He was in Scotland 
painted the Village fair which I saw sometime ago. He was not under 
any Master while He was in Scotland. He spoke of Saunders the Miniatuie 
painter who He sd. was encouraged to come to London by Sir Walter 
Farquhar [the physician]. He sd. Saunders had great ability, and 
finding that miniature painting hurts His eyes proposes to practise in 

Wilkie & Haydon spoke of a Boy of 14 years of age of the name of 
Lennel, Son to a Carver & Gilder, who they said attends the Academy, 
& has shewn them scenes of Courts & Alleys, also a stump of a tree 
all painted with extraordinary fidelity, upon a small scale.f 

Opie's Ingratitude 

November 10. Hofpner spoke of Opie's ingratitude to Him. While 
He was striving to obtain the Professorship of Painting He was continually 
at Hoppner's, but having obtained it He came no more. 

The Middlesex Election commenced to-day when the show of hands 
was in favor of Sir F. Burdet, & Mr. Hellish, on which Mr. ByngJ 
demanded a Poll. S. Lysons was warm in his expressions against Burdet 
saying He was a Jacobine & wd. be willing to ruin His country. [Hellish 
and Byng were elected.] 

Sheridan Neglected 

November 11. He [Lawrence] expressed a great desire for Sheridan 
to be returned for Westminster, & said He had been much neglected ty 
the Fox party, who had never forgiven Him for not seceding from tie 
House of Commons when they did ; or for what He did at the time of 

* John Graham (1754-1817) was a painter of considerable ability, and while master of 
the Trustees Academy, in Edinburgh, his native city, he had as pupils Sir David Wilkie, 
Sir John Watson Gordon, and Sir William Allan. Graham lived and worked^in Lender, 
after having served his apprenticeship as a coach-painter, up to 1798.^ While in the south 
he met many eminent artists. Gainsborough praised the Donkeys in his picture of the 
" Disobedient Prophet/' Mulready sat for the young Solomon in one of his Biblical subject; , 
and two of Graham's historical paintings were engraved for Boy dell's Shakespeare. 

t John Linnell (1792-1882), landscape painter, whose pictures had a great vogue at one 
time, was a staunch friend of William Blake until the latter's death, and LinneH's possessions 
included Blake's plates and replicas of the drawings for the " Book of Job," the drawings 
for " Paradise Regained," and those for the Dante series and the plates from them, all 
the result of commissions from Linnell. 

In the Linnell sale in 1918 the 102 drawings for the " Divina Commedia "fetched 
7,300 guineas. The twelve for " Paradise Regained " 2,100, both lots were purchased 
by Mr. Frank Rinder on behalf of the Felton Bequest for the National Gallery, Mel- 
bourne. The 21 drawings for the " Book of Job " made 3,800 guineas. 

LinnelFs daughter married Samuel Palmer, the eminent water-colour uainter, and their 
son, Mr. A. H. Palmer, now seventy-two years of age, is engaged on a life of his grand- 
father, and has at his service a vast number of wholly unpublished documents relating to 
Linnell' s career, 

t See Index, Vol. II. 

46 The Farington Diary [isoe 

the Navy Mutiny to support the Administration by His speeches in the 
House of Commons. 

Sir Francis Baring spoke of Lord Castlereagh and sd. He had done 
business with Him & found Him a man with a very Clear Head, who at 
once saw into the marrow of a subject. That He is a man of a cool & 
equal temper & is not ruffled by speeches in the House of Commons 
or by any attacks upon Him, & does not aim at more than plain speaking. 
Sir Francis has much anecdote & is very communicative &^ Lawrence 
regretted that He had not at the time made minutes of many things which 
He said. 

Soane Cleaned the Shoes 

November 12. Dance shewed me a letter reed, by Him from Soane 
dated Oct. 4th. expressing the greatest regard for Him. The letter 
was forwarded to Dance at Sir G. Beaumonts to whom He shewed it. 
Dance did not reply to it, sd. He should not after what He had experi- 
enced from Soane ever again have any communication to Him. After 
tea He made Charles Dance write a Copy of it, which He gave me. Sir N. 
Dance sd. He well remembered Soane being a Servant in Dance's House 
when a youth & had himself been with Him often in the Kitchen while 
He was cleaning the Shoes &c.* 

* George Dance and Sir John Soane were architects and Royal Academicians* Sir 
Nathaniel Dance, George's nephew, was a commander in the service of the East India 
Company. See Vol. II., page 272 and note. 

Mr. Arthur T. Bolton, Curator of the Sir John Soane Museum, writes : Intrust that 
you will allow me, in the interests of historical students, to correct the very false impression 
that to-day's extract from Farington's Diary may give, as to the real relations of Dance 
and Soane. Tea-tahle gossip is notoriously unreliable, and artists are the first to laugh 
in cooler moments over the things they say about each other under the stress of party 
feelings. . . 

The relations between Soane and Dance, although on opposite sides in R.A. politics, 
remained intimate to the latter's death in 1825. I have read letters [of what date ?| 
from Dance to Soane, expressing his thanks in the warmest possible terms. The last 
acquisition of Sir John Soane was the Dance Cabinet. Sir N. Dance wrote to invite 
Soane to purchase it, frankly for the benefit of his family, and the veteran architect in 
his $3rd year travelled down to the country for that purpose. As to that version of the 
entry of Soane into Dance's office I regard it as a legend. I know of no evidence to that 
effect, but think that it was effected through James Peacock, Dance's senior assistant, who 
remained an intimate old friend of Soane's. 

[Mr. Bolton is, of course, entitled to his opinion as to what is legendary, but fact is an 
obstinate opponent. Our correspondent says, for example, that Sir Nathaniel ^ Dance 
does he mean Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland or his nephew r~~" wrote to invite Soane 
to purchase it [The Dance cabinet] . . . and the veteran architect [Soane, we assume] 
in his $3rd year travelled down to the country for that purpose." 

Now Soane was not 83 until 1836, whereas both Sir Nathaniels were dead long before 
that date. The one died in 1811, the other in 1827, so that neither could have written 
to Soane in 1836. 

F. M. O'Donohue says in the Dictionary of National Biography that Soane " was 
engaged as an errand boy by George Dance, the younger." It is surely to Soane's credit 
that he rose from being an " errand boy and cleaner of boots " to be a Royal Academician 
and a knight. ED.] 


Artists and Critics 

November 12. Sir George Beaumont & Mr. [Uvedale] Price called 
on Dance yesterday & requested Him to go with them to-day to call 
on Robert Smirke to see His design for the front of Lord Lowther's in- 
tended House at Lowther. This was in consequence of Price having told 
Sir George that He had seen a drawing of Robert Smirke's, a design for 
that House, which He did not approve, & Sir George being hastily affected 
by what Price sd. considered Himself to be called upon, having united 
with Dance in recommending Robt. Smirke to Lord Lowther, to prevent 
a design made in a bad taste from being executed while it was possible 
to do it. 

They accordingly went, and on Robert Smirke shewing them the 
drawing of the House, as it is intended to be executed, Price declared 
it to be quite another thing & professed to approve it much. Robt. 
Smirke also showed them several drawings of Greek antiquities to which 
He had put backgrounds in water colours. Dance sd. He was much 
disgusted on observing Sir George took no notice of the buildings, the 
objects which the drawings were made to represent, but employed all 
His attention to the tinting of the Skies & backgrounds, those secondary 
matters, which He criticised Sc recommended improvements of the effects 
in a way, that shewed Dance how much He was filled with an opinion 
of his own taste & judgment in such matters, a weakness which Dance 
was sorry to see. 

I told Dance that in this & such like ways Artists are seriously affected 
by these Critics, who run abt. & in many respects do much harm to the 
Professors. Dance said He thought Price had no taste or true feeling 
for works of art, that it was all assumed. 

John Linnell 

November 14. Sir George Beaumont called today. He came to 
town with an intention of remaining a month, but finds He cannot 
apply to anything & therefore proposes to go to His Mother at Dunmow. 
Yesterday He took Hearne to Wilkie's to see the "Blind Fidler," 


48 The Farington Diary [isoe 

which Hearne commended in the highest degree. But Sir George says 
there is not everywhere a disposition to approve what Wilkie may do. 
Sir George thinks the health of Wilkie not strong. He had a stomach 
complaint at Lord Mulgrave's. He has advised Wilkie to walk every 
day. He spoke of Haydon as being a very promising young artist, 
and also of the Boy [Linnell], whose paintings of Alley's &c. now at 
Wilkies are admirable. & the Skies blended with the other colours like 

Lawrence and the Princess 

November 15. Lawrence called to enquire abt. Academy matters. 
He is still apprehensive that a Maneouvre may be attempted to get 
Hoppner into the Presidency. He told me that Mr. Perceval, the late 
Attorney General,* came to Him on Wednesday the 24th. of Septr. 
with two Magistrates & He deposed on oath to the truth of the Declara- 
tion He had made respecting His attendance upon & intercourse with the 
Princess of Wales. Mr. Perceval told Him that after having given a 
deposition respecting His intercourse with the Princess Captn. Manby 
had added a general declaration of His innocence of any improper conduct 
with respect to Her Royal Highness & He wished Lawrence to do the 
same. Lawrence sd. that He thought that would be fully done by His 
stating that once only He was left alone with the Princess and that nothing 
took place but what all persons might properly have been witnesses to. 
The Conclusion of this business has been as follows. When all the 
examinations of persons had been gone through to oppose the evidence 
against the Princess given before the Commissioners, Lord Eldon, Mr. 
Perceval & I understood Mr. Plumert drew up an answer for the Princess 
which was carried to the King by Lord Eldon, who to His great surprise 
after what Had before passed between the King & Him on that subject 
refused to receive it, and said He could not receive anything but what 
came to Him through the hands of the Commissioners. Such is the timid 
state of His Majesty's mind, and so fearful is He of incurring difficulties ! 

West Anti-English 

November 16. [Smirke] mentioned that Hayes who has been much 
with West had spoken to Him of the excessive indiscretion of West, 
situated as He is with the King, in speaking in the manner He does of 
the state of Europe & His partiality to Buonaparte. He talks in such 
a way as cannot be agreeable to the feelings of Englishmen & He ought 
to be advised to the contrary. Smirke told Hayes that I was the most 

* Spencer Perceval (1762-1812), fourth son of the Earl of Egmont, was Attorney- 
General under Addington (Lord Sidmouth) and in Pitt's last Ministry and Chancellor of 
the Exchequer in the Portland Government. Premier in 1809, he carried the Regency 
Bill in 1811, and was shot the following year in the lobby of the House of Commons by 
BelHngharn > a Liverpool broker. 

t Afterwards Sir Thomas Plumer a Master of the Rolls. See Vol. III., page 218. 

From the Painting in the Victoria and Albert Museum 

\To face p. 48 

1806] West Anti-English 49 

proper person to speak to Him. I told Smirke that West certainly has 
not an English mind, & is kept to this country only by the Income He 
receives from the King, & by His Sons having married here, in this He 
fully agreed. 

[In the illustration of the Politics of Europe, in Bell's Weekly Messenger 
this day it was predicted " That if Russia come into Contact with France, 
that is to say, unless Russia make an immediate peace, Petersburgh 
will, in all probability, be in the hands of the French, and one of the 
House of Buonaparte become the Emperor of the North." From small 

November 18. Called on Smirke & sat with Him near three Hours 
during which time He was employed in toning two pictures with As$hal- 
tum mixed with Jafanners Gold Size to make it dry & a little Wax tojix 
it, and Prussian Blue. 

C. Offley's I dined at. Forrester* who is a native of Perth said that 
Paul the candidate for Westminsters Father is now a Taylor at Perth. 
Paul is now about 36 or 38 years old. His conduct, while He was a youth, 
was irregular, and He left Perth to go to India, having but an indifferent 
character at that time. About 6 years ago He returned from India & on 
His going to Perth was but indifferently reed, by respectable people, 
but He was generous to His Father on whom He also settled an Annuity, 
and established His Brothers in business, and for such acts was respected 
& acknowledged. He returned to India after that period & the last time 
came back supposed to be worth .80,000. 

Sheridan Wins 

Lawrence came to tea. Sheridan [three days ago] carried His election 
for Westminster with which they were much pleased. 

[The Election for Westminster terminated the I5th day. 

For [Admiral] Sir Saml. Hood 54?8 

Mr. Sheridan 475$ 

Mr. Paul 4481 

Majority for Mr. Sheridan 277. 
From small note-book.] 

R.A.'s Perplexed 

November 19. [Thomson, R.A.], sd. He is fully sensible of the 
dislike to Hoppner & that it has arisen from his own conduct, which has 
been intemperate & offensive to most of the Members. Lawrence, on 
the contrary, has not been complained of for calumniating the members 
or anything directly offensive, but His cold, distant, reserved manner 
has disgusted many. On the whole He should rather choose to vote 

* Edward Forrester or Forster, partner in the Offley firm of wine merchants. See 
Vol. III.j page 10. 

VOL. IV. 4 

50 The Farington Diary [1806 

for Hoppner however convinced of His feelings. He admitted that as 
the Academy is circumstanced it wd. be best to vote for West, though 
He did not like Him. I asked Him what it wd. be best to do in case 
West should decline the offer made to Him. He did not know. I gave 
it as my opinion that it wd. be most prudent then to vote for Danes. 
He sd. it had not occurred to Him but certainly as a man He shd. much 
prefer Dance to West, and however little disposed He might be to vote 
for an Architect as an example had already been set perhaps it might 
be best circumstanced as the Academy is. 

He said that while He was at Sir John Leicester's, in Cheshire, the Duke 
of Gloucester was there & talking of a new President for the Royal 
Academy He sd. He had in His mind thos6 members who were most 
likely to be elected. Sir John knowing who He meant said He differed 
from Him in opinion and a wager of five guineas was laid each to name 
His men. The Duke named Bourgeois, Beechey, & Loutberburgh. 
Sir John named Hoppner & Lawrence. The Duke indeed sd. that 
Bourgeois & Beechey had told Him that unless it was at the Kings 
request they would not accept the Office. Thomson laughed at their 
self importance. 

Hoppner Childish 

He acknowledged fully that no dependence can be placed on Hoppner. 
He may be led like a Child while you are with Him, but the next day 
may be outrageously of an opposite opinion. He said Hoppner had at 
all times expressed great respect for me notwithstanding He had acted 
towards me with so much hostility. He said that he had been told 
that Wyatt's party look for the reelection of West ; Cosway has expressed 
it, as being our intention. I sd. that must have arisen from the proba- 
bility the necessity for it, and not from any real information of our 
intention as it could not have been communicated to Him. 


The Hardwickes 

November 19. Lysoiis came to tea. He and His Brother were 
last week at Lord Hardwicks in Cambridgeshire and were much pleased 
with the family. The daugrs. 3 in number are from 17 to 20 years of 
age, and are very easy & pleasant in their manners & not at all aEected 
by their late situation in Ireland while their Father kept a Court being 
Lord Lieutenant. Lord Royston, the eldest son is now at Petersburgh. 

Lysons mentioned that it is now ascertained that the infant daughter 
of Mr. & Mrs. Richd. Price is totally blind*]* Mrs. Price attributes it to 
her having often seen at Church, during her pregnancy, a woman who in 
a remarkable manner perpetually rolled her eyes about. Mrs. Price 
in consequence made an observation before she was delivered " whether 
she might be affected by it." 

The Duke as Visitor 

After Lysons was gone we talked abt. the Academy Be I communi- 
cated to Him what had passed with West & that His answer had not 
yet been given. I told Him of the Duke of Gloucester having named 
Bourgeois for President. He said the Duke had been on a visit at 
Lord Crewe's in Cheshire & had made them very weary of Him by His 
fastidious pride and the trouble He gave. At table the Bottle is never 
passed by Him so that others wait till it has been returned from Him. 
The Prince of Wales, & His Brothers knowing His disposition, oppose 
it, & endeavour to get the better of his fastidious habits. At Crewe 
Hall, He did not relieve the family from the trouble of having Suppers, 
but a Hot Supper like a dinner was each night to be provided, Miss 
Crewe and Her young female friends would sometimes retire from the 
general apartment to another sitting room & there set down familiarly 
to work. The Duke wd. come into the room & they according to 
Etiquette wd. stand up, from which He would not relieve them, but after 
saying a word or two to them, would continue for a quarter of an Hour 
keeping them in that situation. 

* Richard Price, of The Lawn, South Lambeth, was fourth son of Sir Charles Price, 
and married on October 4, 1805, Elizabeth Nigel, daughter of Henry Heyman, Consulr 
General for the Hans Towns. 

The present baronet (the sixth) is Sir Charles Rugge-Price. 

VOL. IV. 51 4' 

52 The Farington Diary [1806 

Europe is Lost 

[November 23. In Bell's Weekly Messenger this day it^is stated, 
" That Europe is lost. Russia can only be saved by an immediate 
Peace, and England, as having no farther object in War, must from 
every motive of prudence be a party in the same general peace." From 
small note-book.] 

Falling Nations 

November 27. J. Offley's I dined at. Forrester brought us from 
the City an acct. of two of the Hamburgh Mails now due, having arrived, 
That the Duke of Brunswick is dead of his wounds, & that the City 
of Lubeck had been taken by storm. C. Offley's reflections were, that 
the storm gathering around we must expect it [to] break upon us, and 
that seeing the fall of other nations, the people of this country may 
possibly become reconciled to whatever may happen to them. 

[The following passage in a Proclamation addressed to His Soldiers 
was issued Oct. 26th. 1806 and signed Napoleon, from our Imperial 
Camp at Potsdam: "My whole people have risen, indignant at the 
unworthy capitulation which the Prussian Ministers, in their delirium, 
proposed to us. Our roads & frontier towns are full of conscripts, who 
burn to march in our footsteps. We will no longer [be] the sport of a 
treacherous peace, and we will not lay down our Arms until we have 
obliged the English, those eternal enemies of our nation, to renounce the 
scheme of disturbing the Continent, and the tyranny of the Seas" From 
small note-book.] 

November 29. C. & Mrs. C. Offley called to invite me to dinner. 
He brought an acct. of Hamburgh being taken possession of by Genl. 
Mortier for Napoleon. 

A Crust in Her Hand 

November 30. J. Offley's I went to dinner. Mrs. Thomson told 
us of Dr. Walsby a prebend of Canterbury having had 18 or .20,000 left 

Him abt. a year & Half ago by an old woman of the name of B , 

a remarkable character for penuriousness. She was accustomed to attend 
the Cathedral Service, & one day went up to Dr. Walsby & told Him 
she wd. leave Him ^100 in Her Will. From this time He kept up a 
communication with Her & for some years reed. Her at His table every 
Sunday at dinner, though she was so dirty as to be disgusting to the 
Servants. When the Doctor was informed of her Death it is said He 
went to Her House & shut Himself in it. She was found dead with a 
Crust in Her hand. Her penury was excessive & her character very 
bad having it is said, defrauded a relation of ^1500. She left the Doctor 
nearly Her Sole Heir. His view in His conduct to Her was evident & 
a very unfavourable opinion of Him has been since entertained, which 
Mrs. T. thinks has affected His spirits & His looks. He gave nothing 
to Her relations. 


Lawyer or Attorney 

December 1 . Lysons called. He told me the Revd. Mr. Dibdin* 
who solicits to be Secretary to the Antiquary Society, is nephew to 
Dibdin the Musical Composer. He was a Senator of St. John's College, 
Oxford, & was afterwards sometime at Worcester, where He issued notices 
that He wd. act as a Lawyer or Attorney at certain prices, for whoever 
might be disposed to employ Him. He was afterwards sometime at 
Gloucester where He had the management of a Sugar Baker concern. 
Willis [F.S.A.] of Kensington, is Dibdin's great friend in endeavouring 
to procure the Secretaryship. He has known Him. abt. 3 years. 

Lysons very much reprobated the manner in which the outside 
of the new Gothic Buildings near Westminster Abbey are completed. 
It is not with stone but with a Composition, not much cheaper than 
stone. It is said Wyatt has a concern in ike Patent & therefore urges 
the use of it. 

Sheridan's Talents 

Lawrence I called on, & saw His picture of Sir Francis Baring &c. 
We talked of the situation of public affairs. I observed that there 
is no one to whom we can look up with much feeling of confidence as 
posessing superior wisdom and abilities, In reckoning up the different 
political men He mentioned Sheridan as having the best talents. I 
agreed with Him that if the talents He has displayed in preserving 
considerable importance through a career of profligacy which wd. have 
overset any other man, had been prudently applied to politics He must 
have been at the head of affairs. He thought highly of Lord Castlereagh 
& sd. Canning is much to be reckoned upon, and is allowed to have 
great integrity. 

* Thomas Frognal Dibdin, D.D. (1776-1847), nephew of Charles Dibdin, the song- 
writer, was author of the popular " Bibliographical Decameron/* He was unsuccessful 
in his application for the secretaryship of the Antiquarian Society, 


54 The Farington Diary [1806 

West and the Presidency 

December 2. Mr. West called to speak finally respecting His again 
accepting the Chair of the Royal Academy. He said He had not heard 
anything from Windsor of the state of the King's mind with regard 
to the Academy & Wyatt. For a little time past the King has appeared 
to be rather hurried in his manner,, dresses Himself 3 or 4 times a day, 
& is on the whole in such a state as those abt. Him when they observe 
it do not like to address him upon any subject but what is absolutely 
necessary, but wait till He is more calm. That the Queen & Princess 
Elizabeth are very much disatisfied with Wyatt is certain, & West believes 
the Queen wd. be glad to hear of His [West] being again in the Academy 
Chair. He then went into the business of His series of pictures intended 
for the Chapel at Windsor, & sd. that His taking the Chair, ought to be 
followed by an Order to Him to complete that work. But He added, 
Wyatt had converted that part of the Castle intended for the Chapel 
into Cloisters. He sd. He considered the pictures in their present state 
as only prepared for finishing and said, that if they were put up it would 
reqxiire two years to enable Him to complete them to their proper effect. 
He added, " That time was now to Him becoming precious for in Three 
years (two years He shd. have sd.) He should be 70 years old." 

He then sd. that what He had experienced in the Academy & the 
abhorrence in which He held many of the members of it, rendered it 
hateful to Him, and that there was one on the spot (Richards) who had 
been a chief cause of all the troubles & who was a spy upon it, which 
increased His dislike to the place ; that His tranquil plan of life wd. 
be broken in upon by His again taking the Office upon Him, & that 
He could not think of holding it more that 12 months, but that as it 
wd. aiford the members an opportunity to make a proper representation 
of what had been experienced since Wyatt was in the Chair, & restore 
order, He wd. accept it. I replied to Him that it appeared to be that 
He might with propriety decline the Chair after the expiration of 12 
months, if He shd. then be so inclined, as at His period of life it was 
reasonable that He should consult His own comfort & convenience. I 
was now authorised to communicate His consent to accept the Chair 
& that I shd. give Him information of what might pass upon it. 

The Prince's Health 

December 4. Boydell spoke of the great interruption to Commerce 
which wd. be experienced by the taking of Hamburgh. It is also sd, 
in the City that [the] administration have sounded leading men in the 
City to know, whether a 20 per cent. Income Tax wd. go down. A 
report prevailed He sd. that the Prince of Wales is dead. It is certain 
added He that He cannot live, at least so says an Eminent Medical Man. 
That He can never recover from the state He is in. He has now the 
strongest tea made for Him, which stands till it is Cold & It is then iced 
before He drinks it to allay an internal heat, 

1806] The King and the Baronetcy 55 

He told me that a person who was Secretary to Lord Sidmouth 
while He was Speaker of the House of Commons had informed Him, 
that sometime since a long list of persons proposed to be made Baronets 
was laid before His Majesty, among whom the Foxites had put down 
Alderman Combe, Bate Dudley, Perry, Proprietor of the Morning 
Chronicle, & Dennis O'Brien. The King sd. He would consider abt. 
Combe & rejected the others perempterely.* 

Cheapness before Art 

Woodthorpe, the City Town Clerk, is indignant at the letter written 
to Him by Rossi, & reported it to be of a most scurrilous kind, Burch, 
the Common Council Man, also very much disapproved it. Boydell 
had not seen it. It will be read to the Committee of Common Council 
but not to the general Body* In deciding on the Models offered for 
Mr. Pitts monuments, cheapness was the first consideration. Bubb 
who has obtained it canvassed the Members of the Common Council 
and gave Cards on the back of which He put the mark which He had 
put on His model that it might be known. 

Paid Large Wagers 

Boydell sd. that Harvey Combe had been guilty of what might be 
called a swindling transaction in respect to obtaining a majority at 
His Election. He had laid large wagers that He wd. be at the head of the 
Poll 9 and to secure it privately canvassed & brought up Votes after He 
had with the other candidates disclaimed it, and while they in conse- 
quence were inactive. 

He desired me to ask West for the use of 5 of His drawings by Claude 
to make up with those belonging to Lord Spencer a set. He spoke 
with great indignation of a proposal made to Him by Schiavonetti the 
Engraver, for engraving a Plate from Devis's picture of the Death of 
Lord Nelson, Schiavonetti proposed to engrave it in three years, to have 
500 down upon receiving the Picture & Plate; 500 more when it 
should be half finished ; & S more when it should be completed, 
He also stated that having but indifferent Health, He should be allowed 
to take the picture y Plate with Him to France, & there to execute it. 
This unreasonable & unsafe proposal Boydell rejected, and has since 
entered into an agreement with Bromley, the Engraver, who is to under- 
take it, & to finish it in two years for 800. Woolet had only .250 or 
^300 for engraving the Death of General Wolfe, & this plate is to be the 
same size. 

* Harvey Christian Combe, brewer, Alderman of Aldgate Ward in 170,0, and Lord 
Mayor in 1799. The Combe Delafield Brewery, largely extended, still exists in Castle 
Street, Long Acre. He died at Margate on August 13, 1832. Bate-Dudley, first editor 
of the Morning Post and founder of the Morning Herald, was created a Baronet in 1813. 
Dennis O'Bryen (1755-1832), dramatist and political pamphleteer. Fox appointed him, 
in 1806, to the Patent Office of Martha! of the Admiralty at the Cape of Good Hope, at 
a salary a it was said, of 4,000 a year. 


Canova and Flaxman 

Decembers. [Flaxman, R.A.] said He had been informed that an 
offer had been made to Canova the Italian Sculptor, to execute a statue 
of Mr. Pitt for Cambridge, but that Canova had refused. He said Lord 
Elgin had told Him (Flaxman) that on His way from Greece, being at 
Rome, He shewed several articles of Greek Sculpture to Canova & proposed 
to Him to restore such parts as were wanting. Canova advised His Lord- 
ship to let them remain as they were, but added if you wish to have them 
restored there is one in England (Flaxman) who can do it as well as I 
should be able to perform such a task. 

Pitt always had the Word 

Dr. Hayes sd. that He had learnt among His Political friends that Mr. 
Fox always spoke highly of Mr. Pitt's powers. Jekyll, the Council 
saying one day before Mr. Fox, that He had well considered^ certain 
point of Law & had prepared Himself to speak upon it, &^ wished Mr. 
Pitt wd. afford Him an opportunity to meet Him upon it. Fox, in 
answer recommended to Jekyll first to try His powers against Pepper 
Arden* . . 

At another time Fox hearing some of the Company in which He 
happened to be extolling His great Command of words, observed to them 
that certainly He had a word but Mr. Pitt always had the word. It having 
been commonly observed that men eminent at the Bar as Pleaders do 
not make much figure in the House of Commons, it has been noticed that 
there is a manifest difference in this respect between the Pleaders in the 
Kings Bench & those in Chancery, the latter have frequently been dis- 
tinguished in the House of Commons, the former scarcely ever. The 
mind is narrowed by the habit of pleading upon the principle they do in 

* Pepper Arden (174^-1804) was Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and entered 
the House of Lords as Baron Alvanley 3 Cheshire. He was a great orator and ready wit, 
which made him a master in debate. He owed much to Pitt, but more to his learning 
and sound judgment. His two sons succeeded him as Barons ; William as second, Richard 
Pepper as third, at whose death the Peerage became extinct. 


1806] Pitt always had the Word 57 

the Kings Bench, while in Chancery the principle is more liberal & 

It was observed of Mr. Pitt that He never uttered a sentence un- 
grammatically. Person, the Greek Professor, said that every sentence 
uttered by Mr, Pitt was so regular & correct as to appear as if formed 
in His mind before it was expressed, on the contrary Mr. Fox often 
plunged into the middle of a sentence & found His way through it as well 
as He could. 

December 6, [Mr. Thornton, the late Minister at Hamburgh arrived 
& brought intelligence that all the British Merchants at Hamburgh had 
been declared by Buonaparte prisoners of War. That British property 
of every description is to be confiscated. England is declared to be in 
a state of Blockade. 

December 7* The proposal suggested of attacking foreign Property 
in the English Funds strongly f rote sted against in Bells Weekly Messenger, 
contending that with our Integrity we should lose our Liberty ; our 
character wd. be gone, our feelings debased. Honesty the best Policy. 
From small note-book.] 

Farington and Hoppner 

December 8. I had a good deal of conversation with Owen & 
went over many particulars of Hoppner's conduct to me, & told Him 
that though I had & should receive Hoppner frankly & civilly, I certainly 
should not while His mind continued to be what it has long been, go to 
His House & promote intercourse with Him, & that my communi- 
cations with respect to Mr. West had been made through Thomson. 
He said that Hoppner could not be depended upon. West out of the 
question (who was the most proper man to be President), Hoppner Sc 
Lawrence were the persons most proper for the situation. I spoke to 
Him of the unfounded Jealousy of Hoppner, of my having a great desire 
to make Lawrence, President, & declared to Him that I had never held 
conversation with Lawrence upon such a subject. 

West Elected 

December 10. A general meeting of the Royal Academicians was 
held. Mr. West was elected President. 


West 16 West 17 

Loutherburgh 4 Loutherburgh * 4 

Hoppner I 

Beechey I 

22 21 

I told Lawrence I had now fully experienced that Fuseli was in- 
capable of real attachment or gratitude & shd. act towards Him accord- 
ingly. We conversed abt. Him His manners, which have been 

58 The Farington Diary [isoe 

frequently such as to make His friends afraid to introduce Him into 
Company. Win, Locke took Him from the Annual Academy dinner to 
the Opera & introduced Him into Lady Templetowns Box, where He 
behaved so ill, & talked so improperly, that the next day the Ladies 
were all exclaiming against Him. 

December 11. Baker called. Had been sent to by Mrs. Edwards, 
& had been with Her, and given Her .5, sd. He wd. if Sir Wm. Blizzard 
wd. bear one half of the expence of the Funeral, pay the other Half : 
did not like [to think] that Poor Edwards* shd. be buried by Charity even 
from the Academy. I shewed Him that we must look to Mrs. Edwards, 
His Sister, & do what shd. be best for Her & might obtain from the 
Academy more than wd. be required for the funeral to enable Her to go 
on, & that a pension might be secured for Her. He agreed to this as 
being prudent, & went to an Undertaker, Mr. Edmonds, & with Him came 
back to me. It was then agreed that Edmonds shd. make an estimate 
of the expence & send it to me Be Baker shd, call on me in the even'g. 

Betty I sent to Mrs. Edwards, the acct. she brought was that abt. 
five weeks ago Her Brother was suddenly struck with a pain between 
His Shoulders which He believed to be Rhuematick. For a time He 
suffered a good deal of pain from it but it gradually subsided, but He bad 
a fixed uneasiness on his Breast & a shortness of Breath, such as He had 
never been accustomed to feel, unless when He had walked fast in Cold 
weather. Yesterday He was up, & walked abt. His room, and had 
dinner, but did not eat well, which caused His Sister to say as He had 
made a bad dinner He shd. have his tea early. His Bed was in the 
Front Parlour. Milbourne Junr. a young man, was sitting with Him 
in the other Parlour in conversation when abt. J past 4 oClock in the 
afternoon He suddenly complained & desired Milbourne to assist Him 
to the other room, who being alarmed called out & let Him slide to the 
ground ; & an old woman who was assisting Mrs. Edwards in washing 
being in the Back Parlour, came to them they placed Him on the bed 
where He died immediately. His sister said He had of late grown fat 
so as to be noticed for it, & His friends had remarked how well He 

Yesterday morning I reed, a note from Him with some proof Sheets 
of His Lives of the Painters, He complained of shortness of breath but 
hoped it wd. go off as He recovered strength. 

* Edward Edwards. A,R,A., author of " Anecdotes of Painters." See Index, Vok 
Land III. 


West and Wyatt 

December 11. West was very well pleased with all that had been 
done. He did not know how the King wd. take it, but sd. should His 
Majesty strike His pen through His name He shd. not be uneasy abt. 
it but leave it to the consideration of the people. He wished Dance to 
go up with the papers of Election, as the King had a high opinion of 
Dance and after what He had experienced from Wyatt there was no know- 
ing what effect it might have on His Majestys mind. He sd. that Wyatt 
owed His situation with the King, and the place of Surveyor General 
of the works, to the Queen & Princess Elizabeth, which was to make 
Him a compensation for the trouble & loss of time which He had suffered 
in attendance upon the Queen & the Princess, building Frogmore &c. 
&c., for which it is believed He never reed, any pecuniary recompence. 
Indeed Wyatt told a person with whom West is acquainted that His 
expenses & great loss of time, in attending upon the Royal Family had 
been the ruin of Him. 

Holt, a Political Writer 

West expressed a desire that / & Dance with Smirke wd. draw up 
some statement of what had passed at the Academy & the state of the 
Society. I told Him that might be best done by telling the facts simply 
to a person with whom He is acquainted & had a high opinion of viz : 
[Holt]* the Political Writer in Bell's Weekly Messenger. He imme- 
diately gave me the highest commendation of him ; said He is a very 
extraordinary man ; that He was born in Norfolk & is the Son of a 
Clergyman who has a living somewhere, He believes, near Holkham ; 
that He is not more than 25 or 26 years of age ; was educated at West- 
minster School & was in the same Class with Lord Henry Petty. That 
He is much patronised by Mr, Windham, & ere long will probably be in 
Parliament. I said the Political writing in Bell's Messenger had often 
been almost Prophetical. He replied that He has excellent information, 

* See Index, Vol. III. 

eo The Farington Diary [1806 

and is the Author of a Pamphlet which now makes a great noise " The State 
of the Negotiation of Lord Lauderdale" but it is not known that He wrote 
it. He said that Mr. Holt speaks of Mr. Windham with great admiration 
saying " He has a most elegant mind" but of His Judgment He smiles 
when He speaks. 

Holt thinks the Emperor of Russia acted a very bad part in His 
negotiation with France. D'Oubril* was certainly sent to Paris with 
unlimited powers, but the administration of Russia at that time was 
what is called the " Peace administration" During the negotiation 
another set of persons came into power and formed what was from their 
dispositions called " The War Administration" These induced the 
Emperor to disavow D'oubril's Treaty, which being known encouraged 
Prussia to present Herself; but Buonaparte did not allow time for a 
conjunction of their forces but destroyed by His quickness the power 
of Prussia singly, the Negotiation of Lord Lauderdale went on fairly 
& openly, till towards the conclusion when there was something not quite 

West then spoke of the able manner in which Holt had written Criti- 
cisms on the last Exhibition. He said that He first knew Holt through 
His son Ralph, and that Holt had said to Him, that It was His desire 
to obtain some knowledge of the Polite Arts of which He declared Himself 
to be quite ignorant. West recommended to Him to read the discourses 
of Sir Joshua Reynolds, & Vasari's lives of the Painters, &c. which He did 
& in Six months. 

Bonaparte's Blockade 

December 12. Baker called. We talked of Buonapartes Blockade 
of the British Islands. Bakerf sd. that finding the British power the 
only obstacle to His universal sway & that which prevents the fully 
establishing His usurpations, He has become desperate & will subject 
the Continent to any difficulties in order to distress us. Baker added 
that it will be to our interest never to make peace with Buonaparte while 
He holds His present position. He remarked on Fox and the great harm 
He had done His Country while in opposition. 

Prince and Lord Grenville 

December 15. This day I sat to Edridge who began a drawing 
of me for His Collection of Portraits of friends. He told me Charles 
Long is held in such respect by His friends that He had an offer of a Seat 
in Parliament from three different friends. He accepted that of Lord 
Lowther & is returned for Haslemere* Upon the formation of a Ministry 
after the death of Mr. Pitt, an offer was made to Mr. Long by Lord Gren- 
ville of such a place as might suit & be agreeable to Him. Mr. Long 
told this to Edridge. He declined the offer, as He could not, with pro- 
priety, quit the friends of Mr. Pitt viz : Lord Castlereagh, Canning &c. 

* See Index, Vol. III. 

t George Baker, print collector and lace merchant. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

1806] Prince and Lord Grenville 61 

There is certainly a difference subsisting between the Prince of Wales 
& Lord Grenville, sd. to be owing to Election arrangements. The 
Prince is not popular. In some companies a toast is given, " The Prince 
of Wales jor ever" 

C. Offley's I dined at. Wm. Burroughs told me there are now abt. 
260 Boys at Harrow School. The young Duke of Dorset is there. He is 
abt. 13 years old, is a good tempered Boy & well liked. He is called by 
the Boys, Dorset only*. Mr. Burroughs informed me that Hughes'f is 
made a Canon Residentiary of St. Paul's, in consequence of which He gives 
up all His other preferment. 

A Younger Brother 

December 16. Ant: Carlisle called to speak to me respecting His 
Brother [Nicholas] offering Himself for the Office of Secretary to the 
Antiquary Society. He sd. His Brother is younger than Himself & was 
born of a different mother, a second wife, sister to Captain Scottowe, 
formerly in the East India Company's service ; that He inherited a fortune 
of abt. 16,000, which unfortunately [he had] been induced to engage in 
Shipping speculations for the Slave trade, but the connexions He formed 
proved to be bad, & eventually He lost the whole of His property. He 

has since been engaged with Mr. R [ ], Secretary to the Speaker of 

the House of Commons, in estimating the population of Great Britain ; 
which has led Him on to Topographical studies & He has been assiduously 
employed in forming a Topographical Dictionary. He had a good school 
education, & is a very good Scholar. He had, said Carlisle, a great 
advantage over me in that respect. I was taken from School at the age 
of 14, but He remained there till He was near 19. He is unmarried, 
continued He, & having been kind to me when He had property & I had 
not, He now lives with me. I told Him that my vote had not been 
engaged & I desired to vote with those of my friends who are the best 
judges of what the Society requires ; that Lysons appeared to be inclined 
to His Brother, & that must have a great effect in His favor. That I 
understood His Brother's name is now hung to be balloted for to be a 
member & wd. be elected towards the end of January. Carlisle came in 
a handsome Chariot. 

[In the Herald this day it was stated, that John Carr, Author of " The 
Stranger in Ireland," on the loth inst. reed, the Honor of Knighthood at 
Dublin Castle from the Duke of Bedford, Lord Lieutenant. From small 

* Lord Byron, who was one of his school-fellows at Harrow, commemorated him 
n a set of verses, beginning, " Dorset, whose early steps with mine hare strayed." 
t Rer. Dr. Thomas Hughes. See Index, Vok L, II. and III. 


A Great Singer 

December 17. Madame Catalan!* the celebrated 0pera Singer 
made Her first appearance on the English Stage on Saturday last in a 
new Serious Opera called La S emir amide > [by Portogallo] she had before 
appeared and excited admiration at Madrid, Lisbon, Naples, and Paris. 

On December zi Farington wrote, I went to the Opera & he$rd 
Madame Catalani sing in the Opera of Semir amide. She has .2000 foy 
the Season, and a benefit. She is abt. 24 years of age, and is married. 
Des Hayes, Madame Des Hayes, & Parisotf danced. The Prince of 

Wales I saw with Lord and Lady Melbouine in their Box. Lady 

BelasisJ was also in it. 

Dr. Moss, Canon Residentiary of St. Paul's, is expected to be the 
new Bishop of Oxford. He is a Son to [Charles Moss] the late Bishop 

* Angelica Catalani was born on May 10, 1780, at Sinlgaglia, and when about twelve 
years of age her fine voice attracted the attention of the nuns at the Convent of Santa Lucia 
at Gubbio, a town famous for its pottery. In 1795 she made her first appearance on the 
stage at the Fenice, Venice, as Lodoiska in Mayr's opera of that name. Her fame soon 
spread, and, as Farington records, she made her debut in London on December 15 at a 
salary of z,ooo for the season, with 100 to cover the expenses of the journey to London, 
and " one Benefit Night free of expence in the month of March, at which a new opera 
would be performed." She received enormous sums while in England for example, 
200 guineas for singing *' God Save the King " and " Rule, Britannia," and at a single 
festival, 2,000. Catalani was a great singer. Her voice, we are told, was of " extra- 
ordinary purity, force, and compass . . . with a sweet, clear tone." She had faults, due 
mainly to careless training at the convent. She died of cholera at Paris on June 12, 1849. 

t Mile. Parisot, when dancing at the Opera in 1798, wore a dress which the Hon. 
Shute Bamngton, Bishop of Durham, denounced as indecent. In 1807 she married Mr, 
Hughes, of Golden Square. 

t Lady Anne Belasyse, daughter and co-heir of Henry, second and last Earl of Faucon- 
berg, by Charlotte, sister of Peniston, first Viscount Melbourne. She was married on 
July 19, 1791, to Sir George Wombwell, and died on July 7, 1808. Romney painted her 
portrait in 1791. 

Dr. Charles Moss was appointed Bishop of Oxford in 1807. He died in 1811. 


From a Print in the British Museum 

[To face p. 62 

1806] Peculiar Disposition 63 

of Bath & Wells, & posesses property to the amount of 3000 a year, so 
that He wants only Dignity. 

[Daniel] Gardner who painted in Crayons & lived in Bond Street 
formerly, died July 8th. 1805 of a Liver Complaint. He had been much 
accustomed to quack Himself & did not know his disorder. He was ill 
abt. Six months. He died posessed of 15 or 1600 a year, which His 
Son, an only Child inherits. He is abt. 29 years old, & is a Barrister. 
Gardner's disposition was peculiar. He was extremely parsimonious. 
His great delight was in arguing in which He occasionally brought upon 
Himself severe animadversions, which generally caused Him to be more 
respectful to His opponents afterwards. Hearne said He had experienced 

E. Edwards, A.R.A. 

Poor Edwards's funeral I was called upon to attend at two oClock by 
Mr. West, Hearne & Edridge. We found at the House several persons. 
Sir Willm. Blizzard, Cousin to Edwards, & an eminent Surgeon in the 
City, desired to read a paper, during which time Mrs. Edwards withdrew. 
It stated the character & merits of Edwards, & then proceeded to state 
the great comfort and assistance which He had derived from His Sister 
who had passed Her life in serving Him, and trusting that Her good 
qualities wd. render Her an object to be assisted by those of Her Brothers 
profession who had regard for Him. After He had finished Mr. West 
spoke His kind sentiments, & I told Him that tomorrow night a Council 
wd. be held at the Royal Academy for the purpose of taking Her situation 
into consideration. 

Sir Win. Blizzard, who is an eminent Surgeon, said, that the Body of 
Poor Edwards had been opened & some water was found in the Chest, 
which to a stronger constitution might not have caused much difficulty, 
but He had not [the] power to contend with its effects, at least that is 
probable. Sir William did not open Him but proper persons were em- 
ployed made that report to Him. I told Sir William privately that 
I hoped the Academy wd. give 50 to Mrs. Edwards at present, & put Her 
on the Donation list for .12. a year. 

Humphry called in the even'g having dined with Daniell & there 
[had] been first informed of the Death of Edwards. He sdL Edwards 
was as much a character as any man He had ever known, & proceeded 
to recapitulate several of His acts of Heroism & resolution, so dis- 
proportioned to His bodily distortion & weakness, & said it were to be 
wished that His excentricities & peculiarities could be recorded, they wd. 
make a History as entertaining as Don Quixotte. He sd. all things con- 
sidered He thought it was well that His life had thus terminated, as He 
had thereby been saved from any exposure to difficulties at an advanced 
period of life. 

December 18* Mrs. Edwards I called on & talked with abt. Her 

64 The Farington Diary [1806 

late Brother & His affairs in order to be piepared for the Academy 
Council to-night. She told me he owed as follows, viz : 


To Mr. Young, the Landlord of His House 1 14. 

To His Taylor, abt. *5- 

Half a Years Taxes. t 7- 

And sundry small debts, the whole not exceeding. 15. 


To pay this she had nothing but His Household furniture, Books, 
prints, pictures. I told Her I hoped to obtain .50 from the Council, 
which wd. defray the funeral expenceS & leave to Her near 30. That 
I felt assured she would next Summer be put upon the Donation List 
for 10 or 12 guineas a year, which wd. be continued to Her. That, I had 
no doubt of the intended publication of Walpole's lives of Painters & 
Engravers which Her Brother had prepared would produce profit, 
She said, His work on Perspective had not been profitable, but that was 
of a rery different nature & less likely to sell. She told me she was 59 
years old, Oct. iyth. last. - 

She told me her Brother set off for Italy in July 1775 and returned 
to England abt. the end of Septr. 1776. She sd. she had remarked a 
decrease of His bodily strength during the last 12 months. He could not 
walk long, or fast as before, witht. being fatigued, Abt. 3 months ago 
He said to Her, Sally, I should be sorry to go before you, as you would 
have difficulties to experience ; but it would also be bad for me were you 
to go first, for I should much want your assistance. It is abt. a month 
since He complained of a pain in one of His arms, which ascended to 
His shoulder, & afterwards to His back ; He thought it Rheumatism. 
He did not appear to be seriously alarmed at any period of his indisposi- 
tion. On the Monday even'g before He died, He had his bed warmed, 
but was so much fatigued with walking up two pair of stairs, that His 
sister, the next day, had his bed brought down & placed in the front parlour. 
He slept in it that night, & died the next day. She said she had been 
much struck with the appearance of His complexion, which had not a 
uniform gradually decreasing colour, but all appeared to be of a purity 
almost to white, except a circular spot of red on each cheek. 

Picture of Bonaparte 

After breakfast I called on Masquerier* & apologised for not 
attending Mr. Dibdins last Lecture at the British Institute. Masquerier 
told me that He had profited to the amount of ^jooo by His 
picture of Buonaparte. He had been enabled to purchase the House in 
which He now resides & after having accomodated Himself with painting 
rooms & others for Domestick purposes, had let the front of his house 

* A life of Masquerier was published by the Connoisseur in 192.2. See also Index, Vol. II. 

1806] Lady Worsley 65 

for 140 a year. He shewed me a portrait of Lady Worsley & Her 
present Husband who after the death of Sir Richd. Worsley,* she married 
several months ago. He had lived with Her before, & was a Musician ; 
His name is Hummel. Sir Richard having died witht. a Will, she came 
in for half His personalty, besides such a proportion of Her own fortune, 
which was .90,000 as to have an Income of 5 or .6000 a year, which, after 
the death of Her husband, on whom she has made a settlement, is entirely 
at her disposal ; which consideration is supposed to have caused a 
restoration of affection & intimacy between Her and Her Sister, Lady 
Harrington. She is towards 50 years of age. Her Husband is abt. 30. 

* Sir Richard Worsley, of Appuldercombe, Bart., M.P., F.S.A., F.R.S. (1751-1805), 
antiquary and traveller, married in 1775, Seymour Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Fleming, 
Bart., of Brompton Park, Middlesex. In Walpole's Letters (VIII.) are chronicled the story 
of her liaison with the Earl of Peterborough, who first met her at Sadler's Wells Theatre, 
and her amours with others. In 1782 Worsley claimed ^20,000 against George M. Bissett, 
of the Hampshire Militia, for crim. con. with his wife, but was awarded only one shilling 
damages on the ground of his connivance. Lady Worsley by royal Grant changed her name 
to that of Lady Fleming, and according to the Gentleman's Magazine for 1805, she was 
married a month after her husband's death, not to Hummel, but to J. Louis Couchet. 



Wars and Wealth 
December 18. [The following table is from a small note-book : 


No. of 


When Began. 

In What Reign. 

Beginning of 
Each War. 


of each 


France ...... 

May 7, 1680 

William III. . . 




7. Q. "\ 


France & Spain 

May 4,, 1 70 1 



7,700 OOO 

1 1 I o 9 



Dec. 16, 1718 

George I 



2. 5 28 



Oct. IQ. I71Q 

George II. . 


6.000 ooo 

8 1 1 TO 



May 18, 17^6 

George II.-III. 


7,000 OOO 

6. 8 21 



America .... 

April 19, 1775 
Feb. n, I7Q3 

George III 
George III. . . . 


1 1 ,000,000 
25,000 ooo 

8. 4.15 
o i 16 



March 9, 1803 

George III. . . . 



In the year 1664 a computation was made of the wealth of this nation 
by many able writers : Sir W. Petty,t esteemed the most correct, by 
which it appeared the total value of all property landed & personal, 
consisting of Houses, Lands, gold & Silver Coin, Plate, Shipping, wares, 
merchandise, Furniture &c. amounted to no more than 250,000,000, 
and the annual profits of the same to 15,000,000, which among 5,000,000 

* In this peace of nine years the Debt increased .26,000,000. 

t Sir William Petty (1623-1687), physician, mechanician, political economist, and 
Surveyor-General of Ireland. 



Wars and Wealth 

of people, the then population of England, amounted to 3 each person's 
clear yearly income, on a plan of equalization. 

In the year 1800 the yearly income amounted to 402,000,000 being the 
profits of the landed & personal, at 15 pr cent, arising from 2,700,000,000. 
viz : 1,250,000,000, landed property, and 1,450,000,000 personal of 
every denomination ; which among 15,000,000 of people, the present 
population of this nation, is abt. ^27 to each persons share, on the above 
plan, which is nine times more, at the present time, than 140 years ago. 
And, in order that each person may have as much income yearly as they 
enjoyed then, allow this 15,000,000, per year at that time to be 45,000,000, 
because the present population of this nation is 3 times greater now than 
at that period. There will then (when this 45,000,000 is taken from 
402,000,000, the present yearly income) remain 357,000,000 as the 
yearly income and clear profits over & above what we then enjoyed. 
Could the nation be prevailed on to contribute 12 months of that their 


When Ended. 

Where Ended 

By Whom. 

Debt Con- 
tracted in 
Each War. 

Total Debt 
at End of 
Each War. 


of Each 

Debt Paid Off 
During Each 


Feb. 10, 1697 

Earl Pembroke, at 

20,03 5)737 


4. 2.22 



Mar. 13, 1713 

Earl Strafford, at 



5- 9- 3 



June 13, 1721 

Duke of Somerset, 


* 56,000,000 

18. 4. 6 


at Madrid. 

Oct. 1 8, 1748 

Earl Sandwich, at 



7. 7. o 


Aix la Chapelle. 

Feb. 10, 1763 

Duke of Bedford, 



12. 2. 9 

1 1,000,000 

at Fontainbleu. 

Sept. 3, 1783 

Mr, Grenville, at 

1 10,000,000 


9- 5- 8 

From, the beneficial 


effects of the Sinking 

Mar. 27, 1802 

Marquess Corn- 



O.I I. II 

Fund there has been 

wallis, at Amiens. 

paid off since theyear 

To Feb. 1805, 


!783toFeb.i8o5 3 the 



sum of ji 10,000,000 

.605,000,000 the National Debt, Feb. , 1805. 

dear profits only, it wd. be sufficient to discharge the whole of the present 
National Debt ; which as .600,000,000, of Stock 400,000,000 sterling 
wd. nearly accomplish. This might be done by contributing the profits 
of one month in the year, for 12 years only, and this on nothing else but 
our clear profits only, all kinds of labour is entirely out of the question. 
If any should say we are paying our debts of our Ancestors, by paying 
the national debt, it may with truth & justice be said so we ought, for it is 
by their labour, since that period, that we have those extra riches which 
we now enjoy ; for before that time they were not in existence to be 

VOL. IV. 5* 

68 The Farington Diary [isoe 

enjoyed, but handed down gradually, since the above computation was 
made in 1664, Were this patriotic act to be accomplished, let us see how 
we shd. stand. Deduct the then total riches, .250,000,000 from the 
present property of the nation, .2,700,000,000 there will then remain 
the enormous Balance of 2,450,000,000. Here is a balance of above 6 
to I in our favour. It would be therefore equally ungrateful in us to 
refuse to contribute to discharge the debt as for a rich heir to a great estate 
refusing to pay a tradesmans bill of .10 contracted by his father, who had 
left him .120 to pay it with. 

Our present taxes are under .40,000,000 yearly, with all the burthens 
of the War, and our clear annual income, and profits .402,000,000, which 
is above 10 times this demand ; therefore, even the whole of our present 
taxes, National Debt included (if equitably laid) would only be a tenth 
part of our clear profits / and three fourths of this goes to pay the interest 
for the National Debt. Between the years 1664 and 1700 our annual 
taxes were abt. .3,000,000 on the average, and our yearly profits only 
.15,000,000, which is one fifth part. Thus our ancestors were paying a 
fifth and we only a tenth, with all our National Debt. From small note- 

Sir John Carr 

Sir John Carr* was mentioned to me by Westall. He returned from 
Ireland two or three days ago & dined with Westall yesterday. He 
went to Ireland abt. a month ago at the Solicitation of several persons 
of rank, and was introduced to the Duke of Bedford, & recommended 
to Him to receive some distinction, on which the Duke knighted Him y 
and used many very obliging expressions. It is probable He will 'ere 
long receive more solid advantages. Lady Dowager Moira told Him 
she expected His title wd. be followed by something more substantial. 
His favorable acct. of the Irish nation in His late publication " The 
Stranger in Ireland ", has made Him many friends in that Country, viz : 
The Ponsonby'st [Henry] Grattan, Lord Moira &c. &c. 

He told Westall an Anecdote yesterday. When He was in Prussia in 
1804 He visited the Palace at Potsdam, where He was shewn a very fine 
Chrystal valued at 3000, which made part of a Chandelier. On His 
admiring it, the person who shewed it said to Him very f gravely in French, 
" It will not be two years before this will be in Paris ". A remarkable 
proof of the known disposition of many in that Country. 

* See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

t Ancestors of the Earl of Bessborough. 


Lord Warwick and a Picture 

December 19. Battersbee [the banker] called Laving come to 
town for His daughter. He told me Lord Warwick does not reside 
at Warwick Castle & probably never will again. His affairs are in the 
hands of Trustees. His Son, Lord Brooke, on whom the estates are 
entailed will not do anything while His Father continues to employ 
Vancouver as His Agent, His Lordship pressed Battersbee much to lend 
Him 1000 but He had the prudence to decline doing it. His Lordship 
borrowed .1000 of a person with whom Battersbee is acquainted, and 
such is His inconsiderateness that though He borrowed it for family 
purposes, being in the greatest need, He that very day gave the whole 
of it for a picture. 

The Marquiss of Hertford* lives magnificently at Ragley, 9 miles 
from Stratford on Avon. When Battersbee has dined there with only 
His Lordship & Lady Hertford & the Chaplain, there has been two 
Jull courses & a desert, and 8 servants waiting. He has made Ragley 
a very fine place. There is so much wood that it is estimated He might 
cut down .30,000 worth but He will not touch a tree. He is considered 
near in what respects money notwithstanding, & frequently pays His 
Bills by drafts on Ransom & Morland at two months. He is very atten- 
tive & obliging & Lady Hertfordf particularly so witht. pride. 

December 25. In the even'g J. Offley [wine merchant] mentioned 
to me His intention of no longer keeping a Carriage & Horses. He 

* The second Marquess. His share in forming what is now known as the Wallace 
Collection was the "Nelly O'Brien'* by Reynolds, and Romney's "Mrs. Robinson 

t His second wife, who was the eldest daughter (and co-heir) of Charles Ingram 3 ninth 
Viscount Irvine (see Burke* s Extinct Peerage). 

The third Marquess was their son. When the latter was, in 1827, Envoy-Extraordinary, 
carrying the Order of the Garter to Nicholas I. of Russia, the magnificence displayed 
by him made a sensation even in a Court which outshines all in Europe and partakes of 
Asiatic splendour. It was, however, the fourth Marquess and his heir, Sir Richard 
Wallace, who collected the bulk of the treasures at Hertford House. 

6 9 

70 The Faiington Diary [1806-1807 

shewed me that the expence attending it amounted to .367 a year ; 
that as He had no House rent to pay, He could, without a carriage, 
continue to live as well as He now does for ^800 a year. He said, that 
He might retain the Carriage which wd. cost Him .10 a yr. for taxes, 
& have horses whenever He might require them. I strongly recom- 
mended to Him to adopt this Oeconomical Plan. 

Women and Art 

December 30. Hoppners preface to His poem in which He spoke 
freely of Madam Le Bran was mentioned. Mr. Pitt said He had often 
wondered that more women had not studied the Arts as it seemed to 
be a pursuit so well suited to their dispositions Edridge modestly 
observed that it had been proved by Michael Angelo & Raphael &c. 
that it was a study which required the greatest powers. Mr. Pitt 
mentioned Mrs. Darner Edridge said, little cd. be given to Her, & that 
Angelica who had done much better in a more difficult branch of art, 
was but weak compared with masculine exertions.* 

Mr. Pitt did not then drink more than a pint at & after dinner - 
drank Coffee & tea but in even'g there was always a fowl dressed of 
which He wd. eat a wing & afterwards drink two or three tumblers 
of strong port wine & water There was nothing assumed in His manner, 
& He conversed easily & talked a good deal but there was always 
something abt. Him that prevented familiar approach. 


January 2. Smirke called in the even'g, He did not like Edridge's 
drawing of me, saying it had a mean & peevish expression. He thought 
that by Dance much superior to it. He shd. not have known that by 

January 3. Smirke spoke with much approbation of my picture 
of " The Ouse Bridge" & said " I might leave that as my Monument." 
C. Offley said it did not look like a modern picture. 

January 8. Hoppner has established a kind of Conversazione 
every Wednesday even'g at His House. Tea, Whist, Sandwiches & 

Art Patrons 

Woodfordef told me He was born at a Village near Castle Carey 
in Wiltshire. That an Uncle of his, an Attorney, having business with 
the late Mr. Hoare of Stourhead, had carried some drawings which He 

* Madame Vigee Le Bran, eminent painter 5 Mrs, Darner, the sculptor ; and Angelica 
KaufFman are the women referred to. 

t S. Woodforde, R.A. See Index, Vols. II. and III, The D.N.B. says that Wood- 
forde was born at Castle Gary in Somerset 5 but Dr, Robert E, H, Woodforde states that 
the artist was born at Ansford in Somerset, and that he was a relative of the Rev. James 
Woodforde, extracts from whose diary were published in book form this year (1924), 

1807] Art Patrons 71 

had made, when between 16 & 17 years old, to Mr. Hoare, who im- 
mediately offered Him encouragement ; allowed Him to draw from 
pictures at Stourhead, & then sent Him to London to study at the 
Royal Academy. Mr. Hoare died in a few years, but the Father of 
the present Sir Richard Hoare, who was the head Partner of the Banking 
House, and the first Baronet of that name, on succeeding to the fortune 
of his Cousin, Mr. Hoare of Stourhead, offered to send Woodforde to 
Italy, and to allow Him ^100 a yr. for 3 years. Woodforde was then 
23 or 4 years of age. He went to Italy, & in 2 years His Patron died ; 
but His Son, the present Sir Richard Hoare coming to Rome abt. that 
period, promised to continue the allowance so long as He, Sir Richard, 
should remain in Italy, which He did till Woodforde had been absent 
from England abt. 6 years. He then returned with Sir Richard through 
Germany to England, & for sometime after the allowance was continued 
to Him, and until He told Sir Richard that He found Himself getting 
some money. In all He reed, from the Hoare family between ^1500 
& .(2000. 

Celebrated Banking House 

He told me He had been informed that the profits of the Banking 
House are estimated at .30,000 a year, and that it is a rule for the Head 
partner to have half of it, the second partner half of the remainder, and 
so on in proportion. Sir Richard has four Brothers all of whom are in 
the Banking House, and a Sister* married to the Honble. Mr. Fortescue. 
Sir Richard Hoare' s estate is estimated at between 9 & .10,000 a year. 
He is now in His 49th. year, & has only one Child, a Son [Henry, who 
died in 1836], abt. 22 years of age, who has been at Oxford, Sir Richard 
is now busily employed on a work on the Antiquities of England, including 
a very full acct. of the Druids, & Druidical monuments & vestiges. A 
work of great labour & expence, which, it is expected will not [be] sold 
at less than .20 a Copy when published, f 

The late Mr. Hoare, of Bath, portrait painter, was not a relation 
of this family but was much esteemed by the late Mr. Hoare of Stour- 
head. His eldest daughter married Mr. Hoare,J uncle to the present 
Sir Richard, who was called " fat Harry." He was a " Jovial liver " 
& died several years ago. His widow now resides at Beckenham in 
Kent, but has no family. 

* Henrietta Anne married first Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, secondly Captain the Hon. 
Matthew Fortescue, R.N. She died 1841. 

t Ancient History of North and South Wiltshire, 2 vols., royal folio, 1810-19, with 
97 plates, published at ^21 ; a large paper edition ^3 1 IDS. 

J Henry Hoare, second son of Sir Richard Hoare, Knight, married Mary ; daughter of 
William Hoare, R.A., of Bath. 



January 8. Yart, a pupil of mine before I went to Houghton 
[June, 1773] called. He told me he has had 14 Children, of which 7 
are now living, viz. : one Son who is named Joseph Fartngton, & is now 
in the Queens regiment of [ ] and 6 daughters, the eldest 25 

years old, & a governess at Lady Oxendon's* in Kent where she has 
80 guineas a year. He Has 3 other daughters situated in similar capa- 
cities. He had another Son, named after me, who was my God Son, 
but He died. He spoke much of what comes under his inspection as 
a drawing Master, and sd. the Art in this Country never will advance 
owing to the inundation of young men who throw themselves into it 
& practise superficially for a livelihood. He spoke naturally as the 
world appears to Him, judging from what He experiences in His pursuit 
& in His Circle. 

A School at Baling 

He has taught drawing at Dr. Nichols school at Ealing 13 years, & 
spoke very highly of the admirable manner in which the school &c. is 
regulated. There are now 186 Boys. Dr. Nichols is abt. 36 years old, 
& has 9 children. He said Dr. Nichols keeps an excellent table ; dines 
with the Boys & other Masters at 3 oClock, so that the weight of study 
is during the morning. Yart attends twice a week, and has several 
other schools. He taught drawing at Dr. Goodenough'st school but 

* Lady Oxendon's husband was Sir Henry Oxendon, Bart., whose family had resided 
at Dene in Kent from the time of Edward III. Sir Percy Dixwell Nowell Dixwell- 
Oxendon is the present representative of this ancient family. 

t Dr. Samuel Goodenough, D.C.L., 1743-1827, was in 1808 elevated to the Episcopal 
Bench as Bishop of Carlisle. Dr. Goodenough was married to Miss Elizabeth Ford, sister 
of Sir Richard Ford, who has been several times mentioned in the Diary. [See footnote, 
Vol. I. j page 174.] This lady was the great-great-aunt of Mr. R.Ford, who owns a superb 
collection of pictures and drawings by Richard Wilson. 

Mr. Ford sends the following rhyme about Dr. Goodenough on his preaching before 
the House of Lords : 

" 'Tig well enough that Goodenough before the Lords should preach, 
For sure enough, full bad enough were those he had to teach." 

It was William Goodenough, M.D., who married, on June 2, 1770, Anne, eldest daughter 
of Anthony Addington and sister to Henry Addington, first Viscount Sidmouth. She died 
June 12, 1806. 


1807] A School at Baling 73 

that was upon a different Plan. Only 15 Boys were taken & at 150 
guineas a year. Three or Four Sons of the Duke of Portland were 
educated there, but the Duke never paidjor them ; but He did eventually 
much better for Dr. Goodenough, by first presenting Him to a living 
of .400 a year value ; then obtaining for Him a Canonry of Windsor ; 
and lastly the Deanery oj Rochester ; the whole, amounting to between 
2 and ^3000 a year. He has retired from the school abt. 5 or 6 years 
& is abt. 67 years of age. A nephew, of his own name, married one of 
his daugrs. and now has the School. Quere, did not Dr. Goodenough 
marry a Sister of Lord Sidmouth Be obtain most of the preferment 
from Him ? 

January 11. Nollekens sat to day to Edridge for a drawing a 
Portrait of Him. He was to attend at Carleton House at 12 oClock to 
proceed in making a Model for a Bust of the Prince of Wales. The 
Prince had already sat once or twice to Him & has commenced great 
familiarity with Him, calling Him " His friend Nollekens ". 

Lord & Lady Lucan* are separated. She resides in Cheshire. 
There are 5 or 6 children of whom His Lordship is very fond, Her 
infidelity to Her first Husband, Mr. Howard, with His Lordship, renders 
the obtaining a divorce now impracticable. 

Professional versus Amateur 

January 12. [John] Landseer called in the even'g. He shewed me 
a copy sheet of printed Lectures, which were read at the Royal Institu- 
tion. He had proposed to publish them on his own account, but had 
now sold the first edition of 750 Copies to Longman & Co. of Paternoster 
Row.f He sd. He had written a Preface in which there was matter 
that might He had apprehended, be liable to action at Law, but He had 
put it into the hands of Sir SamL Romilly, the Solicitor Genl. who had 
returned it with an opinion that it might safely be published. He 
told me that the new proposed publication, to be called the Director, 
was first offered to Prince Hoare for Him to have the management of 
it. Hoare proposed that Projessional men should write in it, but to 
this Mr. Bernards who proposed the undertaking to Him objected, saying 
that what should be written ought to be by those who looked on rather 
than by those who practise. Hoare soon after went out of town, and 
in the Country reed, from Mr. Bernard a Prospectus of the work, & a 

* Lady Lucan was Elizabeth Belasyse, third daughter of the last Earl of Fauconberg. 
She was divorced by Act of Parliament in 1794. from Bernard Edward Howard, afterwards 
Duke of Norfolk. 

t " Lectures on the Art of Engraving delivered at the Royal Institution," published 
London, 1807, 6s. The notes accompanying this work severely commented on Josiah 
Boydell and on a pamphlet which Boydell had issued. The lectures at the R.I. were cut 
short by John Landseer's dismissal on the ground of disparaging allusion to Alderman 
John Boydell. John Landseer (A.R.A.) was the father of Sir Edwin Landseer, R.A. 

J Afterwards Sir Thomas Bernard. See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

74 The Farington Diary [1807 

signification that He (Bernard) should conduct it. Hoare upon this 
determined to publish a work of a similar nature, & had reed, assurances 
of support from Fuseli, Opie &c. and desired to be assisted by Landseer 
who agreed to it. 

Dr. Monro's* Second Son, a youth 15 years of age, now attends the 
Royal Academy regularly. It had been His Father's intention to educate 
him for the Navy, but the inclination of the Son prevailed. Dr. Monro 
has 5 Sons and one Daughter. 

* Dr. Monro was Turner's early patron, and his son, Henry Monro, who was born in 
1791, won a premium of 100 guineas at the British Institution. An artist of considerable 
promise, he died in 1814. 


Hoppner and Lawrence 

January 19. Lane called, was with Hoppner yesterday, who sd. 
did not before know that He had an engagement with Lawrence, but that 
He worked for Him occasionally, offered Him 20 guineas for 8 copies of 
Mr. Pitts portrait, & signified that He might further employ Him. Lane 
took time to consider the offer, but now I evidently saw He was inclined 
to leave Lawrence, having no hope that matters wd. go on better, said 
fretting abt. it caused His illness the last spring. I then told Him 
Lawrence ought to know what had passed. He said He wd. go to Him, 
He did & returned much heated, sd. that on his communicating to 
Lawrence that He had been with Hoppner, He bowed & left him. 

Lawrence I called on. He was much agitated abt. Lane's business. 
I told Him what Lane had said. He assured me that Lane declared 
He should leave Him, and that it was in consequence of that that 
He bowed & left Him. I represented to him how much the necessity of 
arrangement increased. 

Christian Humility 

January 20. Wilson* told me that He had frequently met Dr. 
Horsley, the late Bishop of St. Asaph,t at Mr. Palmer's., Brother to Mrs. 
Horsley the Bishop's second wife, & partner with Wilson in a House 
of India Agency. He always found the Bishop proud, holding commer- 
cial men at great distance, a man not to be approached by persons of 
that degree, carrying Himself very high no semblance of Christian 
Humility. The period at which He died was unlucky. He had insured 
His life for the benefit of His Creditors, being much in debt, and the 
Policy expired upon the day on which he was taken -ill, Tuesday., and He 
died on the Friday following, so that His Creditors derived no benefit 
from his insurance, but claiming upon His property left it is supposed 
there will be about 15 shillings in the pound for them. 

* Lestock P. Wilson, of 2, Frederick Place, Old Jewry, and Coopersale Grove, Epping, 
was fourth officer on the Calcutta (H.E.I. Co.) in 1771-72, and ended his seafaring career as 
captain of the Exeter in 1798-99. Afterwards he acted as an East India Agent, tendering 
for the Cambridge, 768 tons, on November 9, 1810, for example. See Vols. II. and III. 

t Dr. Samuel Horsley. See IndeXj Vols. I., II. and III. 



Lord Warwick's Protege 

January 23. [Thomson, R.A. spoke of] an Artist of the name 
of Wallis* a Landscape painter, who is lately returned from Italy. 
He at his outset reed, assistance from Lord Warwick. While at Rome 
when the French first took possession of it, He behaved to the English 
Artists who were there in an infamous manner, having acted as a Spy 
upon them, & given such reports of them to the French Commanders 
as were intended to bring them into difficulties. Duppa, Thomson, 
Head, &c. &c. were there at the time. Thomson wishing to proceed 
to Germany was desirous of obtaining a Passport from the French Com- 
mander in Chief, General St. Cyr, 8c at length obtained admission to Him. 
On his requesting the General's signature to a Passport, the General sd. 
it wd. not be required, the general order He had reed, to leave Rome wd. 
do ; but on Thomson repeating His request, saying it might prevent 
future difficulties, the General proceeded to sign it, & while looking at 
the paper, smiled, & asked " Do you know Mr. Wallis" Thomson ac- 
knowledged that He did, as much as He would know of such a man. 
The General continued smiling & said " A clever man " This hint of 
General St. Cyr perfectly corresponded with what the Artists had heard 
of Wallis's conduct. General St. Cyr was a man of fine appearance & 
elegant manners, quite a man of rank, abt. 35 years of age. 

Detestable Conduct 

In so great detestation was Wallis held, that one day coming into 
the English Coffee House at Rome, accompanied by Gandy rf all who were 

* John William Wallis was a Scottish landscape painter, who about 1812 became a 
picture dealer. Duppa and Head were artists. See Vols. II. and III. 

t Joseph Michael Gandy (1771-1843), who was a pupil of James Wyatt,the architect, 
won, in 1790, the gold medal at the Royal Academy Schools for a design of a triumphal 
arch, and while in Rome, was awarded the Pope's medal in the first class for architecture. 

Elected an A.R.A. in 1811, he became associated with Sir John Soane, and his brilliant 
talents were " chiefly employed on works for which Soane got the chief credit," says 
Lionel Cust in the Dictionary of National Biography. Gandy was of an impracticable 
nature, and his life, saddened by disappointment and poverty, ended in insanity, it is said. 
He died in December, 1843, leaving a son, Thomas Gandy, portrait painter. Joseph 
published two works, one in 1805, ** Designs for Cottages, Cottage Farms, &c.," and " The 
Rural Architect." Drawings by him are to be seen at the Soane Museum. 


rs The Farington Diary [isor 

present immediately rose retired from that room in which they were to 
another & ordered their Coffee to be brought to them. 

Wallis had married an English Woman who attended Him to Rome, 
where His ill behaviour to Her, it was believed, caused Her to lose Her 
senses. He availed Himself of the Code of Laws respecting Divorce 
at that time established by the French, & agreeable to it, took a Roman 
woman to Wife, having, in the French manner, repudiated His lawful 
w if e Thomson sd. that His conduct altogether had been such as to cause 
Him to be an object of execration to all that knew Him. 

At Hoppners a few nights ago He was spoken of as being returned to 
England and Reinagle Junr., who had known him at Rome, sd. He 
would inform the government of his Democratick conduct the danger 
of his principles in order to have him sent away, but this as He is an 
Englishman, it was shewn cannot be, but Hoppner sd. if some particulars 
were given to Him, he would take care they should be communicated 
where they ought to be. Thomson sd. He has ingenuity in His pro- 
fession, and a manner that may enable Him to introduce Himself to 
persons who ought to be guarded against Him & He hoped / others 
wd. be aware of Him. 

Wallis has got into acquaintance with Beechey. He is between 
40 & 50 years of age, 

Smirke calling in the even'g. A few days ago Wallis called upon Him 
sent up His name " Mr. Wallis from Italy." He was a stranger to 
Smirke, who found Him a talking man, who spoke of His Jriend Lord 
Mount Cashell, Sec. c.~ of Italy as the only country for an artist; 
England not a country to paint in ; seemed to hold British Art very 
cheap; sd. Architecture had been his particular study, that He 
had seen one specimen of Wyatt, which was so bad, that it [would] 
be difficult for an Architect of good taste to do anything so ill, though 
He were to attempt it with that view. Smirke sd. His aspect is of a 
very forbidding kind. 

Boydell and Business 

January 24, Boydell called & declined purchasing Lawrence's 
plate of the Bishop of Gloucester ; but offered to sell the prints from 
it upon a Commission of 20 pr. cent, and that Lawrence should receive 
80 guineas, the price He had paid for it, out of the first money reed, 
to that amount, the expenses of paper printing c. having been de- 
ducted ; and that after 80 guineas had been paid, the Plate shd. then be 
considered to be their joint property, for which Boydell wd. take upon 
Himself the printing & publishing ; but all expenses to be paid before 
any profits shd. be divided. He sd. He has established a communi- 
cation with ranscomb's and other principal Lottery Offices, by means 
of which He should be able very much to forward the sale of whatever 
He might publish* He gives to the Lottery Offices with which He 
engages Seven & a Half per cent, upon all they sell for Him. They in. 

1807] Russian Victory 79 

consequence are able to allow a profit to the Country Offices, for promoting 
the sale in every part of the Kingdom. 

J. Offley called in the evening & informed me that a letter was this day 
reed, by Sir Gilbert Heathcote while sitting as Chairman of a Committee 
of the House of Commons, from Lord Howick, informing Him that 
His Lordship had reed, a letter from Lord Hutchinson stating that the 
Russians had defeated the French, that the latter had lost 4,000 men. 
The Committee gave three cheers, & Mr. Parker, a member of it, carried 
the news into the City where it prodticed a great effect. All the News 
Offices, this evening, have the information in large Characters. J. 
Offley also met a Mr. Noble who told Him that Mr. Freemantle, a Lord of 
the Treasury, had just mentioned to Him, that the Austrians had declared 
War against the French.* 

January 26. Mr. Phippsf I dined at. The victory of the Russians 
was much talked of. West said " in forming His judgment on such reports 
He looked to dates, & to positions. As to Buonaparte returning to 
Warsaw from Osterniske [Ostrolenka], what wd. He have done had He 
defeated the Russians, He must go somewhere for Winter quarters & 
accomodation," inferring that He had did not prove that He had been 
beaten. Our byass is generally shewn by our manner of receiving 

[The Herald contained an Official Note which was on the 24th (Satur- 
day) transmitted by Lord Howick to the Lord Chancellor, the sitting 
Committee of the House of Commons and the merchants at Lloyds. 

Bulletein Jany. 24, 1807. 

" Lord Howick had just reed, intelligence, of the truth of which 
He has not the least doubt, that an action was fought between the 
Russians and French, on the 2jth of Deer, last, which continued three 
successive days, and on the last of which the French retreated, with 
the loss of 4,000 slain, & eighty pieces of Cannon. The Scene of action 
was at Osterniske [Ostrolenka], sixty or seventy miles from Warsaw. 
The enemy made this retreat to within eight miles of that place, and 
were also entrenching themselves at Magdeburgh " (Marienburg). Small 

A Great Project 

January 27. We looked at Hogarths Works. BoydellJ pays an 
annuity of ^250 a year for this property to a woman who is now upwards 
of 70 to whom, Mrs. Hogarth left the plates. This annuity has been 
paid upwards of 20 years. Boydell said that the work now sells very 

* Lord Howick, afterwards second Earl Grey. Lord Hutchinson, afterwards second 
Earl of Donoughmore. See entry under February yth, and Index, Vols. II, and III. 

t The Hon. Augustus Phipps. See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

J Josiah Boydell. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

Mrs. Mary Lewis, cousin*of Hogarth's wife, who was a daughter of Sir James Thornhill, 
the historical painter and Hogarth's master, and made a runaway marriage with Hogarth. 

so The Farington Diary [isor 

well, I understood Him on an average 40 sets in a year. He said that 
the Plates bad never been retoucbed. 

He read to me a grand plan for a most extensive publication which 
might be called, I said, " The History of the world exemplified." A 
Series of pictures to be painted of subjects commencing with the Old 
Testament, and proceeding in Classes, through the Histories of all nations, 
forming together a whole, & each part being a complete work of itself, 
this could be carried into execution by the use of Thirty or Forty 
Thousand pounds, and shd. Alexander Davidson,* wishing to distin- 
guish himself as a Patron of the arts be disposed to advance that sum & 
carry on the work in conjunction with him, He had no doubt that the 
sale of 400 sets wd. pay all expences. 

Life and Liberty Safeguarded 

He spoke of the manner in which Judicial business is carried on by 
the Judges, They do not wait till the Hour of trial comes on but the 
evening before have documents of the matter put into their hands for 
their consideration ; by which means they come into court fully prepared 
by a knowledge of the nature of each case. Lady Alvanley told Mrs. 
Boydell that the late Lord Alvanley,t Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, was occupied, in Term time, from soon after dinner till 12 oClock 
at night, in reading papers respecting what was to come on the following 
day ; also obliged to be up by Six oClock in the morning to prepare to go 
to the Court. The consequence of so much previous consideration is 
that the probability of the Issue of each trial is pretty well known before 
it comes on. 

Boydell sd. that the present Recorder of the City had told Him, That 
when [he] carries up a list of Convicts to the King in Council for final 
decision, the whole matter of a trial is gone into, being read by Him, 
& questions are asked sometimes by the King, & sometimes by the Lords 
of Council, such as whether such or such questions were put to Witnesses 
to throw more light upon the matter, Thus guarded is the life & liberty 
of a British subject. 

At a trial at the Old Bailey,an Alderman of London may put a question 
to a witness ; but He must do it through the Judge. Fielding^ the 
Council, might have made a more distinguished figure in the Law than 
He has done, having sufficient ability, but He is too indolent. Garrozv, 
at His outset, owed much to Fielding, who being too lazy to do the 
business which was offered to Him, turned it over to Garrow. 

* Alexander Davison. See Vol. III., page 295. 

t See Index, Vok Land III. 

William Fielding, oldest son of Henry Fielding, the novelist, was baptised on 
February 25, 1748. He practised on the Northern Circuit, but, as suggested by Boydell, 
had little business. He became a Magistrate for Westminster and died in 1820. Like 
his father, he had considerable conversational skill, could sing a good song, and tell stories 
to the taste of the younger barristers on circuit. Sir John Fielding, the notorious Bow 
Street Magistrate^ was hie uncle. 

1807] Military Defences si 

[January 28. Miss Lee's* new Play of " Assignation " performed 
the first time at Drury Lane Theatre and was dissaproved and with- 
drawn. From small note-book.] 

January 29. Lord Harcourt called, in one of the Royal Coaches, 
but I declined being at home, as I was busily engaged. 

J. Offley's I dined at. Captn. Thomson spoke of the vast expence 
incurred in forming Military defences at Dover & in its vicinity. The 
whole is under the direction of General Twiss, and 3 or 400 men, besides 
Officers are daily employed for that purpose, & as new ideas occur, works 
of great labour are done away and another plan adopted. It is also 
said it wd. require 40,000 men to defend the works, as they are very 
extensive. All that can be said is that the money laid out is among 
ourselves. After tea a Courier was purchased which raised our spirits 
by informing us that the 49th. or 5oth. Bulletien of the French Army had 
been reed, by our government, in which they allow that they had on the 
27th. of Deer. 7000 men killed and 19 Generals. 

* See Vol. III., page 767*. 



Shee and Hoppner 

February 1. Shee [R.A.] is separated from all parties in the 
Academy, He no longer has intercourse with Hoppner, & it is under- 
stood by Woodforde that it is founded upon Shee's objection to the 
conduct of Hoppner, who being a member of the Council sent many 
pictures for Exhibition in an unfinished state, & availing himself of 
having access to the Academy rooms, finished them there, which Shee 
says, is, virtually, as much against the meaning of the Law respecting 
the admission of Pictures intended for Exhibition, as it would be to 
keep them back beyond the time limited and then send them in. 

Sir Joshua and the Bishop 

February 2. West said He had examined the Books of the Academy, 
and also recollected circumstances respecting the Electing the late 
Bishop of Limerick, (then Dr. Barnard, Bishop of Killaloe) Chaplain 
to the Royal Academy. It was in October 1791 that Sir Joshua Reynolds 
wrote to West on the subject. Sir Joshua finding His Health declining, 
it being only four months before His death, thought proper to send a 
second letter of Resignation to the Royal Academy ; which He did on 
the loth, of November 1791 ; but previous to it wrote to West inform- 
ing Him that the Bishop of Killaloe would be glad to accept the Office 
of Chaplain to the Royal Academy, provided it could be previously 
[ascertained] by private application that it would be agreeable to His 
Majesty. Sir Joshua desired the Bishop to write to Him to that effect, 
which He did, & West /happening then to be at Windsor, Sir Joshua 
wrote to Him & enclosed the Bishop's letter, & desired Him to obtain 
His Majesty's sentiments upon it. West immediately carried both letters 
to the King, who entirely approved the proposal & added that " It would 
begin with an Irish Bishop ; but He might perhaps be followed by an 
English Bishop." West having signified to Sir Joshua, His Majesty's 
approbation, at a general meeting on the loth of November, the night 
on which Sir Joshuas letter of Resignation was read, Mr. West sat as 
Deputy President, at Sir Joshuas request, & proposed the Bishop of 


1807] Sir Joshua and the Bishop 83 

Killaloe to be Chaplain & He was immediately elected. The resignation 
of Sir Joshua was not accepted, & it-was the sense of the whole Academy 
thatJHe shd. be continued President & that a Deputy might act for 
Him when required. 

West said that He had now thought it most prudent to call a Council 
this evening at which he shd. propose the Bishop of Exeter to be Chaplain 
that notice of it might be included in the Summons for a general 
meeting tomorrow, I mentioned to Him that the Bishop when Elected 
ought to have Lecture Tickets sent to Him, for Himself toothers, as 
Academicians have, as it would add to His idea of the appointment & 
also probably bring an addition of respectable company on those 
occasions. He approved it. 

The Duke of Bronte 

[February 7. Yesterday, Earl Nelson was presented to His Majesty 
by Lord Grenville, upon His receiving the grant of a Pension and estate, 
and His Majestys permission to accept the title of Duke of Bronte, in 
Sicily, and also Viscount Trafalgar, (eldest Son of Earl Nelson) upon his 
assuming that title, instead of his former one of Viscount Merton. His 
Lordship, as a Knight of the order of St. Joachim, wore the Riband & 
Star of that Order, which lately adorned His Uncle, the immortal Nelson, 
the Hero of the Nile ; and the Sword presented by His Majesty the 
King of Naples, to that ever to be lamented Chief. We understand that 
the Diamonds in the mounting of the Sword are of many thousand 
pounds value, and that it is the most brilliant ever exhibited at this 
Court, having been a present from His most Catholic Majesty the King 
of Spain, to His Son, the King of Naples. 

Messrs. Barker & Dunnier arrived in town with dispatches for govern- 
ment from Russia. They left Petersburgh the 8th. of January, at which 
time great rejoicings prevailed there on account of the decissive victory 
gained by General Bennigsen over Buonaparte [in Poland, near Pultusk], 
on the Narew on the 26th. of December. The total loss of the^ French 
as stated in the account of the Russian Commander-in-Chief to his Court 
was 4,000 killed, 6000 prisoners, and Si pieces of cannon : that of 
the Russians from 1500 to 2000. A masked battery of the Russians 
swept away 3000 of the enemy. This was the battle in which the French 
in their 471x1 bulletein, stated that the Russians were so completely 
routed dispersed, that they could never again make head, as an Army, 
that therefore the French had nothing to do but to go into winter 
cantonments. From small note-book.] 

A Book Collector 

February 13. Waldron, the Shoemaker, who resided formerly in 
Basinghall Street died the last day of April last at the age of 65- He 
left a widow, one child only, a daugr. who is married, & has children. 
He died possessed of property which will produce near 1000 a year. 
His father had saved some money, which was inherited by Waldron 


84 The Farington Diary [1807 

& another Son, who also died & Waldron was His Heir. He married 
a woman who had abt. ^1500. She died, & He married Her Sister who 
had abt. the same Sum. His passion was for collecting Books & Prints, 
and the Collection He made is estimated at 3000 being a very choice 
one. It is now to be sold by King & Co. 

Captain Thomas Manby 

February 14. Lawrence I passed the day & evening with looking 

over accounts & preparing them. It was expected the P s wd. 

have gone to Court on Thursday last in consequence of what she had 

reed, from the Commissioners : but it now appears that the P has 

come forward upon the foundation of something which happened at 
High Cliff near Ramsgate or Broadstairs. It is said a Gardener has 
given evidence of having seen Captn. Manby* go into the House at 
unseasonable Hours. Lord St. Vincent was examined by the Commis- 
sioners & said He had, at the time the P s was at High Cliff, a letter 

stating that she understood [the] residence there wd. be insecure unless 
a Ship was stationed near that place, & she desired a frigate might be 
sent & named the Ajricane, Captn. Manby, which was accordingly 

ordered thither. The P s now speaks of Captn. Manby with great 

contempt, which some think is not prudent. 

Authors and Publishers 

February 15. Baker's I dined at.t Diippa complained much of 
the conduct of Robinsons, the Booksellers, in Pater-noster-row, on acct. 
of their conduct respecting the publication of " His jail of the Pa-pal 
Power"% The first edition was 500, and the books were sold at 55. 
for this edition they paid him 40. but a second edition was published, 
750, and for this they brought Him in Debtor 25 guineas. He remon- 
strated with them and they told Him that they had considered Him a 
gentleman & that He did not look for profit. 

A Mr. Beresford is the Author of a book intitled " The Miseries of 
human life " which has sold prodigiously, so as to produce to Beresford 
a profit of .iooo. 

* Afterwards Rear-Admiral Thomas Manby, See Vol. III., page 297 and note. 

t George Baker. See Vole. I., II. and HI. 

J Richard Duppa. See Vol. II., page 1 1 1. "A Journal of the most remarkable 
Occurrences that took place in Rome upon the subversion of the Ecclesiastical Govern- 
ment in 1798." 

James Beresford (1764-1840), miscellaneous writer, second son of Richard Beresford, 
was born at Upham, Hants. Educated at Charterhouse and Merton College, Oxford, he 
became rector of Kibworth Beauchamp, Leicestershire, in 1812, and died there on Septem- 
ber 29, 1840. The full title of the work was "The Miseries of Human Life 5 or, the 
Last Groans of Timothy Testy, and Samuel Sensitive, with a few supplementary Sighs 
of Mrs. Testy," London, 1806-7. It was praised by Sir Walter Scott, and ran through 
several editions, Beresford was author also of poetical translations and religious books. 

1807] Authors and Publishers 85 

Duppa dined a few days ago with P[rince] Hoare at Murray's the Book- 
seller, in Fleet Street. Cumberland, the Author was there & read a 
paper which He had written on Plays something in the manner of 
Johnson's lives of the Poets. It was very well written & Hoare urged 
Him to let it be published in His new periodical work, " The Artist." 
Hoare told Duppa that He had a very able paper on " Knight's principles 
of Taste ", (by Hoppner). 

It appeared at the time of Mr. Pitts death that several of his friends 
had advanced money to Him, viz : Lord Camden, C. Long, J. Smith, 
the Bishop of Lincoln, & two or three others 2000 each. After Mr. 
Pitts death the Bishop was the only one who claimed His money. 


Catalan! at the Opera 

February 16. Lawrence I dined with ; and we proceeded in the 
investigation of His business, [He was then in financial difficulties.] 
Comrie, an Attorney, called from Taylor of the Opera House, to desire 
Lawrence to paint; a picture of Madame Catalani.* She produces greater 
profits to the Opera House than were ever before known, the receipts 
of the House, exclusive of Boxes, is upon an average between 6 & ^700 
a night. These great receipts will enable Taylor & the other Proprietors 
to clear off their incumbrances. Catalani is engaged at .2000 for the 
Season. Mrs. Billington had 2500 but this was concealed from Her 
by Gould who engaged Her, and told Her that no Foreigner had reed, 
more than 2000, from which she concluded no person had reed, more 
than that Sum. She is very much attached to Her Husband, & cannot 
be approached by those who would offer temptations to Her. 

Lord Abercorn has been in Ireland, & so many estates let for a term 
of years have returned to Him that He has raised His estates 30,000 
a year, making His rent roll .60,000 a year. 


February 17. Dance I dined with. We had much conversation 
on Poetry. Smirke expressed Himself strongly on the great excellence 
of Wordsworths poetry, and said while reading some of his poetical pro- 
ductions He had been quite overcome. Dance also appeared to be much 
delighted with them. Both scouted mere versification, which is too often 
admired. Dance sd. that alone is true poetry, which expresses the strong 
feelings of the mind of the author so as to cause the heart of the reader 
to vibrate in unison with those feelings. He said that He had never 
been affected by the works oi'Dryden, so as to acknowledge Him to have 
been a great poet. 

Smirke on Sunday last dined in company with Roscoe, the Historian, 
& was much pleased with Him. He said Roscoe had the simplicity of a 

* Angelica Catalani. See entry under December 17, 1806, 


isor] Wordsworth 8T 

farmer, has much anecdote, no affectation. Roscoe spoke of Whit- 
breads speech on the late Negociation for Peace with France, with great 
admiration. He said Whitbread seemed while delivering it to be inspired. 
Roscoe seemed entirely to concur with Whitbread that the French 
government was really in earnest to make peace, & that it wd. have been 
prudent to have agreed to it. 

February 18. Gandy called to ask in what manner He could 
apply to the Royal Academy for the situation of teacher of perspective 
in the Royal Academy I told Him His application should be made by a 
letter addressed to the President & Council. He told me He practised 
perspective in a way different from that which had been hitherto taught. 
Instead^of working upon a strait line, He works upon a curve line by which 
He avoids the error of lengthening the lines falsely toward the ends of 
the pictures. 

Society of Antiquaries 

February 19. Society of Antiquaries I went to it being the night 
appointed for the Election of a Secretary in the room of the Revd. Mr. 
Brand. Lord Leicester, President, in the Chair. 
he Candidates were : 

Nicholas Carlisle Esqr. brother to the Surgeon. 

The Revd. Mr. Dibdin, Lecturer at the British Institution. 

The Revd. Thos. Cox. 

The room was extremely crowded. Mr. Ray of the Temple spoke before 
the ballotting began against the practise of having lists scored with the 
name of a Candidate prepared to be delivered to Members. Lord 
Leicester, rose, & said that, in the conduct of the business there was 
no favor or partiality ; but He avowed that He had espoused the opinion 
of those gentlemen in the Society who were desirous of placing as Secretary 
Mr. Carlisle, a gentleman perfectly competent to the duties of the Office, 
and this He did as He shd. ever be disposed to support the opinion of 
those gentlemen who had for Twenty Three years, given Him their 
support in the situation He now filled. Another person spoke and seemed 
to disapprove this open avowal of His Lordship. Lysons in a low tone 
sd. the custom of scoring lists for delivery was usual, & that unscored 
lists might be had* 

The Ballott was then begun, Scrutineers having been appointed. 
Each Member delivered a List of all the Members, having made a score 
under the name of His favorite candidate- And also a piece of paper 
on which He had written the same. The former (the List) was to make 
Him Secretary, the latter, to make Him a Member of the Council. 

I was among the first who voted & got home at 20 minutes past 8. 
The whole of the Council, except Willis, had publickly declared for 
N. Carlisle. I remained at home after returning from the Society before 
Eleven Daniell sent a note to me which He had just reed, from A. Carlisle 
stating that the Election was over, and the result as follows, viz. : 
N. Carlisle 125. Dibdin 72. Cox 25. 

88 The Farington Diary [iso7 

[Commodore Sir Home Popham* arrived in London on Tuesday 
even'g last from Weymouth. He sailed from the River Plate Deer. 27th. 
last, and made the quickest passage ever known from thence, viz : in 50 
days. Admiral Sterling, who superseded Him arrived there on the 22nd. 
of Deer, but witht. any troops or transports whatever. From small 

The Banker and Sir Joshua 

February 20. Lawrence called and informed me that He had reed. 
a letter from Mr. Coutts last night & this morning had seen Him and had 
desired I might call upon Him to day respecting His business, which Mr. 
Coutts agreed to. At 3 oClock having prepared a Statement and plan, I 
went to Mr. Coutts & sat with Him more than Half an Hour. I was 
much pleased with His manner. He wished success to the plan, & said 
He shd. do nothing to oppose it. He told me He was acquainted with 
Sir Joshua Reynolds while He was pupil to Hudson. He said when 
Sir Joshua began to get money He did not know what to do with it being 
totally ignorant of such matters, which having communicated^ to an 
acquaintance of His who resided in the Temple, this friend^ desired to 
have his money & He would settle it for Him in the public funds. 
Sometime passed before Mr. Coutts was informed by Sir Joshua how He 
was proceeding ; but having heard it, He desired Sir Joshua wd. ask His 
friend in what Fund the money had been placed. The answer Sir 
Joshua brought to Mr, Coutts was that it was in the Long Annuities. 
Upon this Mr. Coutts applied at the Bank to see how it stood, but was 
there told that no money was in that fund in the name of Sir Joshua. 
Mr. Coutts reported that to Sir Joshua & urged Him to ask His friend 
about it, who still persisted that the money was vested in the Long 
Annuities. Sir Joshua desired Him to converse with Mr. Coutts abt. it, 
& they met, & after some time his friend acknowledged that He had 
not laid the money out in the Funds, but had employed it in some specula- 
tions, but that made no difference as the money was safe. This unprin- 
cipled conduct gave cause of alarm, but by proper management the money 
was gradually recovered. 

Mr. Coutts's manner was remarkably soft & humane. He reminded 
me of Mr. Lock & of Gilpin [R.A.]. He said He had never known an 
instance of a person getting into difficulties about money matters 
witht. His principles being vitiated by His necessities : Indeed, He 
added, It originated in some want of principle, as those of strict prin- 
ciples are too guarded & prudent in their conduct not to keep clear of 
falling into such a situation.' I observed that Mr. Coutts read & wrote 
witht. spectacles, though He must be at least, from the above acct. near 
80 years of age. 

* See Index, Vol. III. 





Capture of Curacoa 

[February 23. An Extraordinary Gazette was published to day 
giving the leading particulars of the important capture of the Dutch 
Island of Curacoa, in the West Indies on the first of January last, by 
four frigates under the orders of Captn. Brisbane of the Afethusa. The 
other frigates, The Latona, Anson, and Fisguard. The Tower & Park 
guns were fired on Saturday afternoon. 

An Order of Council was issued that all British Vessels which have 
cleared out from any of the Ports of the United Kingdom to Buenos Ayres 
& the river Plate, may proceed to any Port in St. Domingo not occupied 
by the French or Spaniards, there to dispose of their cargoes, & to lade 
produce in return, or to tranship Cargoes to Neutral vessels, & to send the 
same for sale to any hostile Colony, & to bring back returns on board 
such Neutral Vessels to any port of the United Kingdom. 

Sir George Yonge appointed Governor of Tortola. From small 


February 25. Sir Francis Baring said it was very true that a 
whaggery was played off upon His friend the late Marquiss of Lansdowne. 
A letter written imitating Mr. Pitt's hand was sent to the Marquiss as 
from Mr. Pitt requesting an interview with His Lordship signifying that 
it was upon government business. To this His Lordship wrote an 
answer to Mr. Pitt expressing His readiness to wait upon him at such time 
as might best suit him, and adding a compliment that the weight of govern- 
ment at that time rested upon Him who was best able to bear it. On 
receiving this unexpected letter Mr. Pitt did not write an answer, but 
politely called on Lord Lansdowne, & on accosting Him, told His Lord- 
ship that some persons had endeavoured to make themselves merry at 
their expense. 

Lawrence told me that His Sister estimated the expences of Her 
Fathers family while he lived in Greek Street to be ^800 a year. 

February 28. Sheridan has promised Prince Hoare to furnish 
Him with an Essay on Novel writing which He wrote a long time since 

90 The Farington Diar [1807 

& intended to have prefixed it to an edition of his Mothers Novel of 
Sidney Biddulph* Northcote attended the two Lectures read by Opie 
at the Royal Academy on the i6th & 23rd inst. The introduction to 
the first Lecture Northcote thought to be much Qpie*s own & the ori- 
ginality which was in it made it more interesting than what followed, 
as in the after parts of His Lecture He treated of subjects which He could 
not do but by adopting the opinions of others. Boaden sd. " That He 
tore whole leaves out of Fuseli." The introduction seems to have run 
much upon the want of patronage in this Country. 

Commerce and Landed Interest 

March 1 . Sir Martin Folkes called after Church time. We talked 
of [Admiral] Sir Home Pophams case His trial being impending. t He 
noticed the impropriety of Sir Home in assuming the authority of a 
Secretary of State in writing letters to the principal Commercial towns 
after the Capture of Buenos Ayres. His" sentiments were not favorable 
to any possibility of Sir Home's case, unless He could shew that He 
had official orders. For his own part He sd., He could hardly wish that 
we should occupy the Spanish posessions in the South America ; He said 
that were they added to what is now posessed in India, it would be 
encreasing the weight of the Commercial interest to such a degree as to 
overwhelm the landed interest of this Country. 

He mentioned the great proportion of Commercial men who have now 
obtained Seats in the House of Commons, who with all their wealth, pay 
little of Taxes, in comparison with what falls upon Country gentlemen. 
He said they who had 4 or ^5000 a year, & who formerly experienced the 
comfort of independence & ease now go on with difficulty. Upon such 
the burden really falls. 

I mentioned Mr. Whitbreads plan for educating & maintaining the 
poor. He appeared to think it a doubtful matter ; but He said Mr. 
Whitbread had gone abt. in the most prudent way, by giving time, & 
by soliciting the opinions of the Magistrates throughout the Kingdom. 

Flaxman Fully Employed 

March 2. Flaxman I called on to see his model for Sir Joshua 
Reynolds's monument, which having modelled in Small, He is now 
modelling one half the size of the marble figure which is to be above 7 
feet. Metcalfe, Malone & Lady Thomond have finally approved this 
design. He told me that He had been in Competition with Bacon for a 

* Frances Chamberlaine, wife of Thomas Sheridan. Her novel, " Miss Sidney 
Bidulph,'^ was published by Richardson in 1761, and met with high approval. The second 
part was issued in 1767. 

t Sec entry under March 1 1. 

1807] Flaxmasi Fully Employed 91 

Monument to Lord Cornwallis* to be erected at Bombay by a subscription 
made at that place. The Commission was sent to Lord Teingmouth Sec. 
who referred the Models of Flaxman & Bacon to The Marquiss of Staf- 
ford Charles Long Lord Dartmouth Henry Bankes & R. Payne 
Knight, who have decided in favor of Bacon, saying it was a more 
magnificent design than Flaxman's. Flaxman is to have a compensation 
for the trouble He has taken & Lord Teingmouth Sec. have informed Him 
that He shall execute a Cenatopb. 

He expressed himself to be very easy about the matter, <3c shd. be so 
if He should not obtain one of the government monuments, saying that 
He was fully employed, and thought more abt. excelling in his art than 
of anything else. He sd. Bacon's designs for the public monuments were 
not to his taste, but He thought there were many ingenious parts in 
Westmacotts designs, & He also saw merit in those by Rossi. 

He told me the Students of the Academy felt under such obligation 
to Fuseli that they had resolved to present Him with a Silver Cup as a 
memorial of it, & had already subscribed .36 towards it meaning to 
make it .40. The subscription half a guinea each. Wilkie had called on 
him to request He wd. make a design for it, which He promised to do, 
and desired to be admitted to subscribe His guinea, as having been a 
Student, declining their offer to remunerate him for his trouble. He 
sd. Fuseli by his attention to the Students has extremely advanced 
them in drawing. 

Hogarth and Barry 

He regretted that Fuseli was not continued Professor of Painting 
& the more so from having heard Opie's ^nd* Lecture on Monday last, 
which He sd. had a Democratic spirit in it, & was charged with complaint 
of want of patronage, instancing Hogarth & Barry as great geniuses 
neglected. In the latter instance He observed " That the public wd. 
bury Him who they had starved" This He sd. was a false statement 
of the matter. The public by a subscription had acted generously 
to Barry & He by His offensive manners brought all the dislike upon 
Him which He experienced. Hogarth peevishly dedicated His print 
of the March to Finchley to the King of Prussia, because the picture had 
not been approved by the Monarch of his own country, but it was not 
likely to be so. How cd. the King be supposed to approve a picture 
which represented those troops who were going out to defend His Crown 

* Mr. S. M. Edwardes, The Indian Antiquary, Meraldene, Chislehurst, writes : It 
is of interest to recall the fact that Sir James Mackintosh, Recorder of Bombay, originally 
wrote to Flaxman, asking him to undertake the work. 

Bacon's statue, which is 6ft. sin. in height, was erected on the old Cotton Green, 
and now stands in the modern Elphinstone Circle Garden, opposite the Town Hall, Bombay. 
It has long been regarded with veneration by a section of the lower classes 5 and Hindu 
constables of the Bombay City Police, if summoned to the head police office for reprimand 
or punishment, are accustomed to worship the statue, offering it flowers and a cocoa-nut, 
in the hope of securing thereby a light punishment (see the " Bombay City Gazetteer," 
Vol. III.). 

92 The Farington Diary [isor 

against Rebellion, in so disgraceful a manner, licentious, disorderly & 
with obscenity.* 

* " The March of the Guards to Scotland in the year 1745," usually called " The March 
to Finchley." This famous painting is graphically described in Christopher Smart's 
" Student," also by Hogarth's friend, Justice Welch. George II. was incensed with Hogarth 
for burlesquing the " gentlemen of the Army," and, it is said, even hinted that he should 
be picketed for his offence. The artist, on his part, was so angry that he inscribed the 
print to the King of Prussia, as " an Encourager of Arts and Sciences" and the German 
Monarch, highly gratified by the honour bestowed on him, made fitting acknowledgment. 
When Hogarth sold his works by lottery in 1750, it was found that the " Fortunate Chance 
was Number 1941, which belongs to the said [Foundling] Hospital and that same Night 
(April 3 1) Mr. Hogarth delivered the Picture to the Governors." The painting still hangs 
in the Guilford Street institution. Sullivan's well-known print after it was published in 
December, 1750. 


Boxer and Duellist 

March 2. Carlisle sd. He was one of the Surgeons who attended 
Mr. Richardson who at the end of the last Summer [September 21, 1806] 
was wounded in a duel with Baron Hompesch.* He was shot through 
the body, the ball passing through the Liver, Lungs, & grasing some of the 
Vessels near the heart. On receiving the wound, He fell, and was con- 
vulsed, & for an hour appeared to be dying, but afterwards recovered 
His senses, & was brought to His lodgings in Parliament street & was 
able to walk from the carriage to an apartment on the ground floor, & 
to assist in undressing Himself. His constitution being very strong He 
was able to endure the vast evacuations that could alone save his life 
by preventing inflammation & fever, as had suppuration taken place 
His death wd. have been certain. In 13 days 236 ounces of blood were 
taken from his arm, besides 3 quarts of blood from his side. He was 
reduced to the lowest state possible witht. extinguishing life. For 
the 5 first days He had no sustenance allowed Him, & then only a piece 
of toasted bread which had been steeped in water. Some female friends 
at one period having observed Him to be very low, gave him \ a pint 
of milk porridge, which soon raised His pulse from 76 to 120 and it 
became necessary to bleed Him twice to prevent the worst consequences. 

At last He recovered & is now quite well & may live 30 years longer, 
but He is an intemperate man, and associating with Officers at Woolwich 
has since been twice drunk, & been as many times bled. He is a younger 
brother of a person of good fortune in Kent, & has an estate of His own. 
He is a Boxer ; and Hompescb is a Duellist. In the quarrel between 
them in a street in London He knocked Hompesch down once or twice, 

* Mr. Ernest Taylor writes : Various details of Baron Hompesch's extraordinary 
career and character are given in " The Taylor Papers," published by Longman several 
years ago. This duel is also referred to therein, and Sir Herbert (then Colonel) Taylor 
was one of the military authorities to whom Hompesch actually asked the question whether 
he ought not to challenge Richardson again, seeing that the latter had eventually recovered 
from his wound. Taylor's reply was that if he did challenge Richardson again he certainly 
deserved to be hanged. The etiquette of " gfaing satisfaction " in those days was indeed 
remarkable 1 


94 The Farington Diary [1807 

& as a blow given in Germany, cannot be expiated but by the death of 
one of the parties, Hompesch since Richardson's recovery has consulted 
military persons, " whether He ought not to challenge him again." 
Hompesch behaved very ill at the Duel, His pistol when fired a second 
or third time only flashed in the pan, but the second of Richardson attend- 
ing to what He considered to be the Laws of Duelling, instantly appealed 
to the Baron's Second, That He ought not to fire again before Richardson 
had pulled His trigger. While words were passing between them the 
Baron levelled His pistol & shot Richardson. He is said to be a paltry 


Wine and Brandy 

Carlisle does not drink wine. He found it did not agree with him & 
he left it off. He said persons who are in the habit of drinking wine if 
they pass through the period of from 40 to 50 may go on live to 70 or 
go : _but it is a cause of disorders frequently coming on at 60. He 
allowed that those who drink wine are less liable to infectious j ever s than 
those who abstain from it. In His opinion it is better to get drunk once 
a week than to drink a pint of wine every day. The Liver, He said, is 
disturbed by wine, He admitted that there are constitutions to which 
it is necessary & as such He occasionally prescribes it. 

Dr. Wolcot (Peter Pindar) was spoken [of] as being in a breaking up 
state. Carlisle & Mrs. Carlisle were at a House where in one day He 
drank a bottle of Brandy. He said, there were three things which wd. 
preserve a man. " Fire, Flannel, and Brandy," 

Home Tooke has been a drinker of Brandy. On one occasion He 
sat opposite to an Acquaintance, & they drank to each other glass for 
glass of pure Brandy, each encouraging the other to fill His glass. 

I Named Pitt 

The Rev. Mr. Burroughs was yesterday at the Annual Welch Feast at 
the Free Masons Tavern Sir Charles Morgan in the Chair. There were 
more than 400 persons present. The Prince of W ales' s health was drank 
in the Common way witht. any particular emotion, but the Health of the 
Princess of Wales was drank with long continued and singular applause, 
manifesting most forcibly the public feeling in her favour. 

Sir Robert Salusbury asked me who I thought was the greatest 
Orator I had ever heard. I named Mr. Pitt. He agreed with me, ^and 
sd. He saw, as through a perspective glass, to the end of every subject. 
In his speeches He preserved a regular flow of expression, clear & con- 
tinued, while on the contrary Mr. Fox often hurried on to perplexity & 
had to return & recover the thread of his argument, 

Lawrence's Financial Troubles 

March 4. After breakfast I called on [ ] Antrobus* 

and Coutts Trotter at the Banking House & was with them from Ten 

* Edmund Antrobus (c. 1750-1826), who was knighted in 

1807] Lawrence's Financial Troubles 95 

till Eleven oClock. Trotter produced a plan which He had formed in 
which in order to enforce a regular attention to business He proposed 
that Trustees should be appointed under a penalty of ^1000 to engage 
that L. shd. do what He proposed within a given time. I objected to the 
penalty ; He sd. such a responsibility cd. only be expected from one who 
had an interest in urging L. to apply, therefore it ought to be a Creditor. 
I told Him if the proposal shd. be made to Comrie [the solicitor] it might 
overset the whole plan, by His insisting upon having his money imme- 
diately. I expressed my hope that if 7 5? Lysons were appointed we shd. 
be able to do all that could be done, though we shd. not bind ourselves 
under a penalty. He sd. He had such experience of the difficulty of 
making L. attend to any promise that He wd. not again undertake it. 
Finally it seemed probable that / fe? Lysons shd. act as Trustees & 
that rects. & payments shd. be made in the books of their House, by 
which they wd, see how matters went on. Trotter sd. He wd. send me 
a Copy of his plan. 

Russian Victory at Eylau 

March 8. Lord Thomond's I dined at. Sir Francis Hartwell came 
to tea & brought an Extraordinary Gazette just published, stating that 
Genl. Bennigsen on the jth. and 8th. of Febry. at Eylau near Konnigs- 
bergh, repulsed & finally defeated the French Army under Buonaparte 
destroying upwards of 12000 of them the Russians lost 5 or 6000. 

His Lordship said that while Admiral Byng who was afterwards 
shot at Portsmouth, was in confinement at Greenwich previous to His 
being removed to Portsmouth to take His trial, His Lordship then an 
Officer in the Guards had for a time the care of the Admiral, who had not 
the least apprehension of what wd. be the sentence upon Him. The 
virulence of party against him was excessive. The windows of the rooms 
in which He was confined had Bars put before them, and the Chimney 
also to prevent His escaping. At the latter He was indignant, & asked 
whether they supposed He shd. become a Chimney Sweeper. He talked 
to Lord Thomond (then Captain O'brien) of his garden at Wrotham, & 
expressed a hope of seeing him there. He was a fine handsome looking 
man. The sentence upon him was Death for Cowardice. Lord Thomond 
reprobated the punishment as most unjust. 


Settled at Last 

March 11. Mr. Angerstein told [Lawrence] that He heard the long 
depending matter respecting the Princess of Wales had at last been settled 
to Her Royal Highness's satisfaction. From another quarter He had 
learnt that after the Commissioners had acquitted Her Royal Highness 
of the accusations brought against Her & recommended a prosecution 
of Lady Douglas for calumny, His Majesty signified that He would see 
Her Royal Highness & she proposed to go to Windsor. But it was 
signified to Her that His Majesty shd. first visit Her. This she was 
privately informed by some of the younger females of the Jamily was a 
-put off caused by the Prince of Wales who went to Windsor & had a long 
audience of His Majesty & seemed to be well pleased with the effect of it. 
Upon this the Princess wrote to the King expressing what was due to 
Her character & that she shd. if forced to the necessity, -publish all the 
proceedings, that the world might judge of Her conduct & that of those 
who were Her enemies. Some days passing witht. any answer being 
reed. Mr. Perceval the late Attorney General, gave directions by Command 
of Her Royal Highness to have them printed at a private press, & some 
part being finished, He wrote to the Marchioness 'Townshend Mistress of 
the Robes to Her Highness, to inform Her of it. 

Indiscretion of the Marchioness 

She imprudently & improperly witht. further communication went 
to Booth, a Bookseller & informed Him that such a publication was coming 
out. This He told to Cawthorne Printer & Bookseller, to Her Royal 
Highness, who being hurt at not being employed went to Mr. Perceval 
to speak abt. it. Mr. Perceval was surprised at the indiscretion of the 
Marchioness in this stage of the business, & informed Him that He, Caw- 
thorne, or others, had nothing to do with the matter nor had He anything 
to say to Him upon it, & dismissed Him. It is understood that the Prince 
of Wales had referred the whole matter to His own Council & it is now 
concluded that they have represented to Him that the publication might 
more affect Him than Her Royal Highness. 

1807] Sir Home Popham Cheered 9? 

Mrs, William Lock [the " beautiful Miss Jennings "] called upon 
Lawrence today & with Her came Her Father Mr. Jennings, a very sin- 
gular man. He dresses like a pauper, wears a Hat which He wore 
30 years ago ; and never has His shoes cleaned. He is supposed to be 75 
or 6 years old. He was formerly a Count in His appearance, dress 6c 

[The trial of Sir Home Popham terminated. The sentence of the 
Court Martial was in the following terms : " The Court is of opinion 
that the Charges have been, proved against the said Captain Sir Home 
Popham ; That the withdrawing, without orders so to do, the whole of 
any Naval Force from the place where it is directed to be employed, and 
the employing it in distant operations against the enemy, more especially 
if the success of such operations should be likely to prevent its speedy 
return, may be attended with the most serious inconvenience to the public 
service ; as the success of any plan formed by His Majesty's Ministers 
for operations against the enemy, in which such Naval force might be 
included, may, by such removal, be entirely prevented. And the Court 
is further of opinion, that the conduct of the said Captain Sir Home 
Popham, in the withdrawing the whole of the Naval Force under His 
Command from the Cape of Good Hope, the proceeding with it to Rio 
de la Plata, was highly censurable ; but in consideration of circum- 
stances, doth adjudge him to be only severely reprimanded, and He is 
accordingly severely reprimanded." His Sword was then delivered by 
the Provost Marshal to the President, Sir Win. Young, who directed 
Him to return it to Sir Home Popham, which He did with a respectful 

Upon Sir Home quitting the Ship, He was cheered with loud acclama- 
tions from a vast number of boats which waited the issue of the trial ; 
and also from an immense number of people assembled upon the Beach, 
who followed Him to the House of Captn, Madden. From small note- 

Pitt's Monument 

Westall [R.A.] called in consequence of Payne Knight & Charles 
Long having been with him to look at His design for Mr. Pitt's monu- 
ment. Long was pleased with it. Knight when alone with Westall 
told him He did not approve Westmacott's design for Mr. Pitts monu- 
ment & said " it consisted of a figure speaking what another figure was 
recording & two other figures sat like persons weary of hearing it." 
Knight doubted whether the Committee wd. allow Rossi to execute 
Westall's design as He had already one of the large Monuments given to 
Him, & asked whether Nollekens or Flaxman would not do it ? Westall 
replied " He believed not," and added that Rossi was empty of work, 
but the others were fully employed. Knight desired Westall to send His 
design to Him tomorrow, in order that it may be laid before the Committee 
of Taste on Saturday. 

VOL. IV. 7 

98 The Farington Diary [1807 

The Prince's Tailor 

[Joseph] Minet* I dined with. William Offley [wine merchant] 
employs Weston a Taylor in Bond Street, who also works for the Prince 
of Wales. West[on] told William a few days since that the Prince is 
extremely reduced in his size, so much so that Cloaths which He formerly 
wore hang like great coats upon Him, and are obliged to be taken in 
greatly .f He also said that the Prince looks very old & wrinkled, very 
much so considering his age. His Domestics speak of it with much 
concern fearing for their situations. He eats now at dinner only Fish 
y Salad, & drinks no wine. West[on] also observed that his temper 
is not so good as it was. He is hasty abt. trifles, about the placing of 
a button, and peevish. He goes to Mrs. Fitzherberts in the evening 
& remains with Her till two or three oClock in the morning when He 
goes to bed & lays till 12 or one oClock. Since the death of 
Mr. Fox He has worn Black Cloaths only, & since Christmas last has had 
only two suits, which is very little compared with what He had formerly. 
West[on] believes He has some hundred suits of Cloaths in his ward- 

A Proud Merchant 

Minet mentioned that George Barclay, member for Bridport, & a 
Merchant, having constantly voted with the Fox party, obtained the 
appointment of a Commissioner to decide upon Prussian Captures after 
war with that power commenced. Having been made a Bankrupt a 
few years ago, He paid 20 shillings in the pound, with interest, but being 
a man of excessive pride & overbearing haughtiness He never has shewn 
himself upon the Exchange since that period. On Friday the 28th. of 
February last in the morning He went to Blackwall where He passed the 
day, & in a House there drank a bottle of Brandy. It appears that He 
went out with an intention to destroy himself. He had pistols in His 
pocket, but does not seem to have had resolution to use them ; however 
in the evening He took a Boat at Blackwall & came town-[ wards] & soon 
after the Boat had passed London Bridge He threw Himself into the 

He was caught in the water by a man & struggled hard with him but 
was at last got out carried to a House apparently dead : but in abt. 
an Hour was recovered. From papers in his pocket it was found who He 

* See Vols. L, II. and III. 

t At the Old Coffee Mill, 3, St. James's Street, S.W., now occupied by Messrs. Berry 
Bros., the wine merchants, all the eminent people of the Kingdom were weighed from time 
to time and their names and weights were registered in books, which are still preserved, 
as are the huge scales then used, and indeed still so used to-day by Messrs. Berry. Here 
are some extracts showing the weight of the Prince of Wales at various dates : 

1797, Dec. 5th, I7t. 81b. Boots. 

1798, Jany. 2nd. i6st. 81b. After gout. 
1805, Jany. 21, nst. i2|lb. Boots. 
The Prince was not again weighed. 

A Proud Merchant 99 

was. He was desirous that his name should not be mentioned, so that in 
the Newspapers it was noticed witht. a name being given. He was 
taken to His House in Grafton Street, Bond Street. Minet remarked. 
That after His Bankruptcy He always passed Him (Minet) with an assumed 
look of haughtiness, as much as to say, " You won't look upon me as you 
did formerly, but I despise you." It is now fixed that He is to quit 
business which will be a happiness to His partners. He maintained His 
parliamentary interest at Bridport by professing to be a Dissenter. 

VOL. IV. 7 


A Committee of Taste 

March. 16. Westall called having been with Mr. Knight who informed 
Him that the Committee of Taste which consists of 15 persons, on Saturday 
last decided that Westmacott should have Mr. Pitts monument & that 
Flaxman should have Lord Nelson's. Mr. Knight mentioned the liberality 
of Westmacott who had permitted that Flaxman shd. adopt part of a 
design He had made for a monument to Lord Nelson. Wes tail's design 
for Mr. Pitts monument cd. not therefore be adopted, & Mr. Knight 
was desired to express to him the thanks of the Committee for the 
communication of His design* 

R.A. Generosity 

West I called on & found Him & Mrs. West together. He was 
painting a sort of Apotheosics of Lord Nelson, to be engraved for Clarke's* 
life of Lord Nelson. I spoke to Him abt. Nixon. He sd. the Academy 
had paid near ^700 in pensions, donations, &c., & applications were 
still coming in. 

Mrs. West mentioned the inconvenience of H coming to their house 
just before dinner time & said it could not be continued. West sd. it 
was an interruption to Him at present, as when He has begun a work, 
it so occupies His mind that both in the day & by candle light He per- 
severes in executing His thoughts. Besides He sd. the conversation is 
wholly uninteresting mostly in some way abt. Himself a sort of innocent 
insanity. At times Mrs. West sd. He talks of His possessing great 
property, at other times that He has not one guinea to rub against 

[At a meeting of the Council of the Royal Academy William Turner, 
R.A. offered himself, by letter, a candidate to fill the Office of Professor 
of Perspective. From small note-book.] 

* The Rev. James Stanier Clarke. See Vol. Ill,, page 159. 

isori] Sir John Leicester 101 

Sir John Leicester* has bought Turner's view of Sclaffbausen which 
was exhibited last year, the price 300 guineas. 

Calcott saw the Prince of Wales at the Opera on Saturday last & 
thought He looked thin & broken, and that His countenance was the 
reverse of chearful ; His brows Knit, & He did not seem to pay any 
attention to what was passing on the stage ; & went out of the Box & 
returned several times. Sir John Leicester, who is one of the Princes 
adherents says, that if the Princess does, as she has threatened, publish 
the report of the Commissioners, the Prince will publish everything 
relating to Her conduct. I asked what that could be ? I had no doubt 
that everything had been brought forward that could be adduced, as 
it had been evident how strong a desire there had been to criminate 
Her. He sd. the Prince had little to look upon with satisfaction, His 
conduct not having insured Him popularity or ground for agreeable 

Wilkie and Teniers 

We dined [at Mr. Phipps's] abt. \ past 6. After dinner Lord Mul- 
grave led the conversation to Painting, & little else was talked of before 
we went to Coffee. He described a picture which Wilkie is now painting 
for him " The Rent Day " 9 and sd. it wd. surpass that of the " Blind 
Fiddler " which He had painted for Sir George Beaumont. He sd. He 
believed Wilkie wd. go beyond Teniers, Ostade & all who had preceded 
Him, as He not only gave exquisitely the ordinary expressions of the 
human countenance but those of thought & abstraction. He sd. that 
He had made an agreement with Wilkie to have all his studies & sketches 
for whatever pictures He may hereafter paint, and will furnish a room 
with them at Mulgrave Castle, to preserve them & will endeavour to 
educate His Son to posess a proper taste for them. He sd. that Wilkie, 
Jackson, y Haydon, now associate together constantly, dine together 
somewhere for a shilling or eighteen pence & afterwards go to the Academy 
to study. Wilkie & Jackson both appear to have a high opinion of the 
ability and judgment of Haydon. 

* See Vols. II. and III. 


Lord Mulgrave 

March 24. Jackson* was brought to Lord Mulgravet by a Dissent- 
Ing Clergyman who frequently visits His Lordship. At that time, abt. 
5 years ago, Jackson was at Whitby 2 or 3 miles from Mulgrave Castle, 
where He painted miniatures very badly, but showed talent in sketching 
likenesses on paper. His Lordship finding something abt. Him that was 
agreeable became His Patron, & caused Him to come to London, & 
afterwards got permission from Lord Carlisle for him to copy pictures 
at Castle Howard where He was five months. He remarked that He 
is disposed to be indolent, but has still strong hopes that He will distin- 
guish Himself. He is of a very ingenuous nature, warm in speaking of 
the professional merit of his friends & quite free from jealousy, His praises 
having no qualifying alloy. 

Lord Mulgrave spoke of process[es] in painting and gave His opinion 
against a glazing system. He thought the true way would be to attain 
as much as possible of the effect Intended by what is called fair painting, 
and when that has been done to refine & add with glazing tints whatever 
may be wanting to make the effect complete. 

Political Matters 

At tea I sat next to Lord Mulgrave & had a great deal of conversation 
with him. Genl. Phipps came In from the House of Commons & some 
conversation took place respecting the present state of political matters, 
a new administration being now forming. I expressed to Lord Mulgrave 
my surprise at Lord Grenville having so risqued his situation, after the 
proof He had of the King's mind upon the Catholic question. He sd. 
that as Lord Grenville while in opposition had moved a question upon 
that subject, He supposed He now had wished to answer in some degree 
the expectation of the Catholics by introducing the proposal of enabling 
Catholics & Dissenters of every description to hold the highest situations 
in the army. He sd. the motion had been made by Lord Howick certainly 

* See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. t See Index, Vols. IL and III. 


1807] Political Matters 103 

without His Majesty's concurrence, & a strong declaration of the King 
against it, had caused the Ministers to agree to withdraw it, but His 
Majesty required from them a fledge that they wd. not again bring it 
forward ; this they refused to give ; and avowed to hold themselves 
at liberty to bring it forward whenever it might appear to them adviseable 
so to do. I told His Lordship that some people were of opinion, from the 
rashness of the measure, that Lord Grenville sought the occasion as it 
wd. cause His withdrawing from Office. He dissented from this opinion, 
& being satisfied that Lord Grenville had no such wish. 

The Ablest Man 

I noticed the great friendship which had subsisted between Lord 
Grenville and Lord Wdlesley, and asked how that would operate between 
them if the latter shd. now come into Office. He replied that there 
had been great friendship between them from their youth, but that 
Lord Grenville had not since Lord Wellesley's return from India, shewn 
a disposition to promote His being employed. Of the effect of a Change 
of Administration His Lordship seemed to have no unpleasant appre- 
hension. He said that as to ability that now forming would be stronger 
than the ex-administration. He sd. Mr. Perceval is the ablest man in 
the House of Commons. I asked Him what Mr. Canning wd. be. He sd. 
He had been mentioned as to be first Lord of the Admiralty. I asked 
what then wd. Lord Melville be appointed to ? He sd. He understood 
that Lord Melville is not to hold an Office at least at present, but that 
Mr. Dundass His Lordships Son, is to have an appointment. He thought 
it wd. have been better judged to appoint Lord Melville at once, as His 
experience & ability are well known, and that after such an acquittal 
as He had had, when the government influence was in the hands of 
those who moved the prosecution of him, there could be no sufficient 
reason for hesitating to appoint Him now to a situation of responsibility. 

Girtin the Artist 

Lord Mulgrave asked me to call upon Him to see a portrait which 
Jackson is painting of one of his Lordships daughters. His Lordship 
spoke much of His own delight in Landscape scenery, how great His 
pleasure is in passing through His walks and grounds, & opening & 
rendering more tasteful & perfect the various views & scenes at Mulgrave 
Castle. He never wishes to come to town & only does come [when] 
occasions require it. He spoke with much regard of the memory of 
Girtin the Artist,* who was with Him a little time at Mulgrave Castle. 
He thought Him a good natured open dispassioned man. He then 
laboured under Symptoms of an Asthma which not long afterwards killed 
Him. Girtin having a desire to carry to Paris a Panorama mew qf 
London with a view to exhibit it there, Lord Mulgrave procured Him a 

* See Index, Vols. I., IT. and III., and " Thomas Girtin's Water- Colours," "by Randall 

104 The Farington Diary [ISOT 

Passport ; but when He arrived at Paris He was not permitted to exhibit 

Coll. & Mrs. Welsh came in the evening. He is now a Candidate for 
the East India direction. I noticed to Lord Mulgrave the interesting 
expression of Mrs. Welsh's countenance ; which He said was beautiful 
& very remarkably interesting. She is sister to Lady Mulgrave. 
(ci-devant, Miss Makins). 

A Famous Editor 

March 25. Lawrence finds the general sentiment in favor of a 
change of Ministry. Perry,* of the Morning Chronicle has resigned His 
Office of Secretary to one of the Boards of Commissioners of accounts. 

The salary was ^600 a year. Lord Grenville signified to him that He 
might retain it ; meaning that appointments of that description wd. 
not be affected by a change of Ministry. But Perry felt the daily at- 
tendance from Eleven to four tedious, and also that He shd. be em- 
barassed in conducting His newspaper. His wife was also against His 
continuing in that situation. 

Art and Naval Matters 

March 28. Lord Mulgrave I called on at 10 oClock & found Captn. 
Moorsumt & Wilkie there. The former was writing, being appointed 
Private Secretary to His Lordship who on Thursday last was appointed 
First Lord of the Admiralty. Wilkie was examining Specimens of 
Gardening wanting a piece to paint from in His picture of " The Rent Day" 
Lord Mulgrave^hewed me a picture by Vanderneer, with which He was 
much delighted : a fine picture ; also one by Salvator Rosa, others. 
After looking at the pictures I got into conversation with Captn. 
Moorsum, while His Lordship transacted business in another room, 
meaning to go with us to His Brothers, Mr. Phipps, to see a picture 
painted for Him by Moysey.J Captn. Moorsum said something re- 
specting the change of Ministry, and we both expressed our surprise 
at the conduct of Lords Grenville & Howick. 

He told me that at Naval Courts Martial the decission is by a Majority 
of one or more. That when the Court retire to decide upon a trial a ques- 
tion is put whether the charge has been proved, beginning with the 
Junior Officer & proceeding to the others the Senior Officer being the last 
called upon. When a majority has decided, all the Officers sign it so 
that it appears to have been a unanimous decission, & must remain so, 
with out Parliament shd. require the Members to declare & explain. 

Sir George Beaumont called upon me in the afternoon being just 
come to town. He looked pretty well, but complained of debility through 

* See Index, Vols. I. and II. t See Index, Vol. III. 

t See Index, Vol. III. See Index, Vol. III. 

1807] Art and Naval Matters 105 

the Winter. He told me His Mother was born in 1718 & has only to 
complain of being a little deaf. He said there did not appear to be 
anything likely to prevent Her living till 1818. He had called at Willde's 
and saw His picture of " The Rent Day " & did not appear to me to be 
so much struck with it as with His former works, He asked me " whether 
Wilkie did not seem to be finishing very much " ; signifying by it, too 


Franco -Russian War 

March 29. Easter Sunday. Mr. Angerstein's I dined at, the party 
small. Mr. Angerstein talked a good deal abt. the War between the 
Russians & French. He said General Bennigsen who commanded 
the Russians against Buonaparte at the battle of Eylau, is a native of 
Hanover and abt. 63 years of age. He was Page to George 2nd. 
He remained on Horseback all night on the yth of February previous 
to the Battle of the 8th. though the weather was most inclement. On 
the evening of the 8th. after the Battle was over & the enemy repulsed 
everywhere. He with those about Him fell upon their knees & gave 
thanks to God for the Victory. 

The Cossacks have annoyed the French unremittingly. They were 
carried to the War with their minds inflamed against their enemy. Their 
General on his march through Russia bought as many prints of Buona- 
parte as He could obtain & distributed them among His Corps, telling 
them < That was the man He wanted." 

The Grand Duke Constantine is inveterate against the French ; but 
there is a French party in Petersburgh who endeavour to influence 
the Emperor through the Emperor's Mother, He gave them a proof 
of His feeling towards them by selecting their leader to be the Bearer 
of the Order of St. Andrew, the Highest Order of Russia, to General 
Bennigsen after the battle of Eylau. 

Mr. Angerstein told me that He was born at Petersburgh. He 
appeared to be very well pleased with the change of Administration, 
& assured us that He knew the Prince of Wales disapproved of the 
Catholic question having been brought forward. He said that He was 
well acquainted with Lord Nelson, and had heard him express a hope 
that He should die in battle. After tea He shewed us a large drawing 
made for Him by Havil with which He was much pleased. West said 
that a style of drawing had been practised in this Country such as had 
not been seen in any other, and that with Thomas Sandby it originated. 





g ft; 
& I 

1807] New Publications 107 

March 31 . The two first Numbers of Prince Hoare's* publication 
" The Artist " were not much, approved ; but Hoppner's letter in the 
jd. Number is thought better. Longman & Rees in Paternoster Row, 
have issued proposals for a publication of Prints from celebrated Pic- 
tures, the Prints to be coloured, & accompanied with Letter Press, the 
whole to be under the management of Ottley & Tresbam [R.A.] ; & 
it is sd. the former is to have 1000 guineas for His trouble, & the latter 
5<x>.t This work will militate against a publication of the same nature 
carrying on by Miller, the Bookseller of Bond St. & the Revd. Edwd. 
Foster.! Calcott has finished a Landscape, an evening, of which Thomson 
speaks highly, & recommended it to Sir John Leicester who has bought 

Princess Sophia's Kindness 

April 1. Mrs. Wheatley attends the Princess Sophia of Gloucester 
twice a week to teach Her drawing. They send a Sociable [carriage] 
for Her, & treat Her with great kindness. They are very charitable 
& considerate. The Princess Sophia last week noticed to Mrs. Wheatley 
the death of Her Mother & observed that she might be required to be 
at some expence upon the occasion & gave Her 10 on acct. They 
often employ Mrs. Wheatley to distribute charity for then, & always 
with a desire that it shd. not be known. They are greatly attached to 
the King, and are well pleased with the change of Administration, as 
they consider the new Ministers to be the King's friends. 

The Duke of Cambridge having lately on some occasion spoke in the 
House of Lords, it was observed in a newspaper that the Duke was 
always a supporter of the King. The Duchess[| upon reading it said 
" She did not know that the King wanted any support." They are 
attached to the Princess of Wales, & visit, & correspond with Her. The 
Prince still insists upon further investigation. 

Mr. Trowardf has sent all His pictures except His celebrated picture 
of Our Saviour by Leonardo da Vinci, to Philips to be sold. He gave 

* See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 

1* " British Gallery of Pictures," published 1818^ at ;i2 zas. Proofs on India paper, 
z$ 43. Coloured and mounted, 1 50 guineas. 

J " British Gallery of Engravings," London, 1807-13, 2 2s, each. Large paper, 
3 *3s* 6d. 

See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 
|[ The Duchess of Gloucester. 

f Troward, who lived in Pall Mall, like Buchanan, was regularly engaged in picture- 
dealing. The collection numbered only fourteen pictures, but they were of good quality, 
and some of them realised comparatively high prices. Lord Kinnaird paid ji>575 ^ or " ^ 
Bacchanalian," which was considered to be the finest Nicolas Poussin in the country. 
" The Son of God Creating the Universe," said to have been painted by Leonardo da Vinci 
for Francois Premier of France, and a portrait of Francois himself, also ascribed to Leonardo, 
fetched together i,6%o. The total was ^6,418 133. See Vol. IL, page 267 and note. 

108 The Farington Diary [1807 

3500 for 6 pictures, but expects much more for them. He disposes 
of them from a consideration of His family of 6 Children, but probably 
has a further motive from having engaged in a great Soap making scheme 
to be carried on at Fauxhall, which will require .200,000 to be laid out 
before anything can be gained. 

Canning " In the Sky " 

Lawrence also called. West was with him today to see His picture 
of Sir Francis Baring &c. & told Him he had made an advance in the Art. 
Sir Francis sat yesterday & spoke of the New Administration as being 
men of Ability. He thought is was probable that on acct. of His age, 
and habits of business, that Mr. Perceval wd. take the lead in the House 
of Commons. He sd. Canning is a man of talents, but " is sometimes 
in the Sky ". Mr. Wall, Sir Francis's son in law told Lawrence today 
that the government of Russia complained oj the coldness of our late govern- 
ment in respect oj assistance to carry on the War, and that Buonaparte 
wd. probably avail himself of that feeling & endeavour to make peace 
with them. 

Lord Howick is considered to be the principal cause of pressing 
the King on the Catholic business. 

Turner's Early Patron 

Machell sd. the opinion in their part of Yorkshire was that if Mr. 
Lascelles had stood the contest at the last Election Wilberforce wd. 
have been obliged to give way. Fawkes* had so distinguished himself 
by His Oratory at a former meeting at York that vast expectations were 
formed of him, that He wd. have equalled Pitt or Fox ; but Machell 
observed it might have been a speech prepared. 

Constable called to desire me to call to see 2 pictures prepared by 
Him for the Exhibition, in one of which He thought He had got some- 
thing original. He spoke again of Calcott's large Landscape & said it 
was apparently too much a work of art & labour, not an effusion. 
His smaller pictures He thought better in that respect. 

C. Offley came to desire me to call on Corboldt to see a picture 
" The Bard " from Gray, painted for Offley. The weather being bad 
I declined going out on which He went to Corbold who soon returned 
with Him & brought the picture which I was much pleased with. 
Corbold told me that He was a pupil of MarisZ resided with Him 
in Glanville Street, in the year 1773 in the House in which I at that 

* W. R. Fawkes, of Farnley, Turner's early patron. See Index a Vol. I. 

t Richard Corbould (175 7-1 831) painted in oil and water colours portraits, landscapes, 
and historical pictures, but was best known as a designer of books. Two of his family, 
Henry and George, also were artists. 

t R. Harris, who contributed landscapes to the Royal Academy between 1780 and 

1807] Arthur Devis 109 

time resided. Maris came from Lincolnshire, & was pupil to Arthur 
Devis* whose daughter he married. 

* Arthur William Devis (1763-1822), painter of portraits and historical subjects. 
While on a voyage as draughtsman in the service of the H.E.I. Coy., the Antelope (Captain 
Wilson) was wrecked off the Pelew Islands. The crew landed on one of the islands and 
built a small ship, and on the way to Macao Devis was shot at from the coast, one arrow 
entering his body, the other his cheek. The latter wound permanently injured his jaw. 
He exhibited sixty-five pictures at the Royal Academy between 1787 and 1821. After 
the Battle of Trafalgar he went on board the Victory and painted the " Death of Vice- 
Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson, K.B., in the Cockpit of H.M.S. Victory -, 2ist October, 
1805.'* This picture is in Greenwich Hospital. Devis is buried in St. Giles's Churchyard. 


Reynolds and Burke 


April 3. Lawrence I called on & sat with Him while He gave the last 
finishing touches to His picture. He told me Carlisle had called upon Him 
this morn'g & sd. it was all over with Opie : that He had first complaints 
which appeared to be Rheurnatick, but there now seemed to be a compli- 
cation of disorders, & that He had a complaint in His bladder. He sd. 
He hourly grew worse, & it must be a change of which there was no 
prospect, that could recover Him. He afterwards said, " He zvill die." 
Lawrence also sd. that Tijon the frame maker, had called on Him and sd. 
that He had seen Opie's servant, who sd. He did not believe His Master 
wd. recover, though the Physicians gave His mistress hopes. 

Lawrence I dined with, and saw His picture of Sir Francis Baring 
&c. nearly finished. He told me that Ralph Kirtley, Sir Joshua 
Reynolds's old servant, had informed him that from the time that 
Sir Joshua found He must die, He appeared to wish that no one should 
visit Him : but He could not refuse to see Mr. Burke. He lay whole 
nights seemingly witht. sleep, but silent, except that after a long in- 
terval in the night He wd. hastily call out Ralph as if to assure himself 
that He was not alone. 

Miss Lee,* late of Bath, Came in. She told me she & Her Sister 
have taken a House at St. A van's 2 miles from Chepstow, upon the heights 
near Piercefield : That Mr. Wells the present owner of that place is very 
kind as a neighbour and allows them free access to His Park. He gave 
.95,000 for that place. He has 2 Sons and a daughter. The daughter 
is as fair as Her Mother, but the eldest son Irown^ and the 2nd Son dark 
as his father.f 

* Miss Sophia Lee. See Index, Vol. III. 

t In a reference to Piercefield in September, 1803, Farington says that Mr. Wells 
" is a creole of very deep colour, but Miss Wells [his sister] is fair." Piercefield, which 
the Diarist characterised as " a specimen of very bad taste in architecture," was built by 
Humphry Morrice, passed to a Mr. Smith, who failed ; was bought by Colonel Wood and 
sold by him to Mr. Wells. That gentleman was very " exact about admission to see the 
grounds- Every person who goes for that purpose is required to write His or Her name, 
and the book is carried to him every Saturday night, from which He transcribes all the 
names into a book which He keeps in His own possession*" 


1807] On Speculation ill 

April 5. Northcote this day, in the Artist, published a letter witht. 
His Initials, upon the evil consequences of Persons becoming hasty 
Patrons to unproved abilities, thereby bringing forward young men 
whose early efforts end in disappointment. 

Payne Knight had seen his [Westall's] picture of the sleeping Nymph 
& advised Him to ask 300 guineas for it. Westall sd. He proposed to 
ask 200 gs. Knight sd. when an Artist painted a picture on specula- 
tion He had [the] right to ask a price different from what He made the 
rule for works ordered. If He made a lucky hit He had a fair claim to 
an extraordinary reward. Lord Oxford told Westall that Knight's 
income does not exceed .4000 a year, & Knight told Westall that He does 
not save anything. 

April 6. Lady Beaumont much disapproved of Hoppner's letter 
to Mr. Charles Greville* & thought the Fly Flap very well written 
Daniell did not concur with Her in sentiments. 

Marchant [R.A.] called to desire me to procure invitations to the 
Academy dinner for Mr. Rose & Mr. Bankes.t Mr. Bankes has had 
the misfortune to lose His eldest Son a fine young man 21 yrs. of age. 
His Father at His desire, had bought Him a Commission in the Army, 
& He was going to Sicily to join His regiment some months ago in the 
Blanche, Captn. Rankin, which Ship struck upon a rock & was lost. 
Many were saved & He was intreated to come into the boat but refused 
saying, He had considered it, & thought it most safe to remain in the 
Ship, The boat got safe to shore. Mr. Bankes has two other Sons 
& two or three daughters. He stood for the County of Dorset at the 

* The " Fly Flap," by C. F. G., consisted of a criticism of the first number of the 
Director, edited by T. F. Dibdin. Mr. Frank Rutter, editor of a little volume entitled 
" Essays on Art by John Hoppner, R.A." (1908), in re-publishing Hoppner's reply, 
suggests that C. F. G. was the Right Hon. Charles Grey, afterwards the second Earl 
Grey, whereas he was Charles Francis Greville, second son of the first Earl of Warwick. 
Greville died unmarried in 1809, aged 60 years. A Fellow of the Royal Society and 
F.A.S., he was acquainted with Hoppner. His collection of pictures and other works of 
art was sold in 1810 and realised fully j5,ooo. 

t George Rose, Vice-President of the Board of Trade in the Portland Ministry. Henry 
Bankes (1757-1834) was a politician and author, and grandson of Sir John Bankes, Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleas in the time of Charles I. From 1780 to 1826 he sat for 
the Close Borough of Corfe Castle. In the later year he was elected for the County of 
Dorset, which he represented until 1831, when he was defeated. He was a Trustee of 
the British Museum, and wrote " A Civil and Constitutional History of Rome, from 
the Foundation to the Age of Augustus." His third son, George Bankes (1788-1856), 
was the last of the Cursitor Barons of the Exchequer, and entered Parliament in 1816 as 
his father's colleague for the family Borough of Corfe Castle, which he represented until 
1823. He was the author of " The Story of Corfe Castle and of Many Who Have Lived 
There,* 7 and of *' Brave Dame Mary/' On the death of his elder brother, William John 
Bankes (in 1855), the traveller, he succeeded to the family estates. 

112 The Farington Diary [1807 

last Election against Mr. Portman,* but lost it, it is sd. owing to his not 
having declared Himself sooner. It cost Him ^7000 & Mr. Portman 
.10,000. Mr. Bankes was extremely affected by the loss of His Son ; 
it appeared to make a stronger impression on him than on Mrs. Bankes. 

* Edward Berkeley Portman, of Bryanston, and Orchard Portman, Dorset. His son 
(1799-1888) of the same name sat for Dorset from 1823 to 1832, and for Marylebone from 
December, 1832, to March, 1833. Four years later he was created Baron Portman of 
Orchard Portman, and in 1873 was advanced In the Peerage as Viscount Portman of 
Bryanston. Portman and Bryanston Squares and Orchard Street, Marylebone, get their 
names from this family. 


A Famous Painting by Turner 

April 7. Westall called. The pictures &c. sent for Exhibition were 
examined yesterday. Turner's large picture, a Sea piece* is inferior 
to His former productions, but a small picture of the inside of a Farrier's 
Shop, is a very clever picture. Calcott's large picture an Upright, 
an even'g, is of a better colour, but half of the Sky might be taken away 
& the picture wd. be better for it. Philips' pictures are very indifferent, a 
half length of Lord Thurlow is the best. Woodforde seems to improve. 
Some water colour drawings, & Sketches with black lead pencil, by 
Mrs. Charles Long, were much admired for their taste & freedom. 

An Inferior Performance 

A large picture by Manfredi^, an Italian Artist, containing several 
portraits as large as life, proved to be a miserable performance. This 
Artist, it seems, came to England with a high opinion of his powers. 
He was employed by a Mercht. to whom He had recommendations, to 
paint his family which He has thus done. He surprised the Mercht. 
by demanding 1000 guineas for it. The Mercht. sd. He wd. give the 
highest price given to our English Artists, but demurred at the demand 
made. On this Manfredi lowered His price to 500 gs. It is debated in 
Council whether to keep the picture or not, but after all that had been 
sd. of Him, it was judged most prudent to exhibit the picture ; but that 
the sanction of the Academy might not cause the Mercht. to be imposed 
on, it was resolved that a letter shd. be written to Him by the Secretary, 

* The " Sun Rising Through Vapour," which Is one of the best of the pictures in 
Turner's first transition stage, was exchanged with Sir John Leicester (Lord De Tabley) 
for No. 4.76, now in the Tate Gallery, and was bought back by Turner from Lord De Tabley 
and bequeathed by the artist to the nation on condition that it and " Dido Building Car- 
thage ** (498) were hung between Claude's " Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca J> (12) and 
" Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba " (14). The four pictures are placed in this order 
in the National Gallery. 

t The picture by B. Manfredi, who is not mentioned in Bryan's Dictionary, was 
" A Lady and Her Family " (307), Besides that group, his " Galatea " (142) also was 
hung in the 1807 Academy. 

VOL. IV. 113 

114 The Farington Diary [1807 

informing Him that the Council thought it a work of very inferior quality 
and were only induced to allow it to be exhibited, from a desire to show 
to Foreigners all the attention in their power. A letter to this effect was 
accordingly written by Westall at the desire of the Council to be copied 
by Richards. 

Opie|Read Every Book 

Williams said He met a gentleman & Lady at Bath who were natives 
of Cornwall, & had near the place where Opie was born*, a genteel House, 
in which they had a Library. While Opie was a youth they admitted 
Him to it & believe He read every book in it. He wd. read the whole 
days, frequently in fine weather lay upon the grass Hours together so 
employed. Williams has his family in town, but has hired rooms in 
Bond St, from Slade to paint in only, & pays 70 guineas a yr. for them, t 

Turner's Conceit 

Lawrence I called on & found Mr. West there. He told us that Calcott 
seemed to be in danger of falling into manner, wanted middle tint in 
his pictures which deficiency caused His large picture to appear by any 
other than broad day light a mass of dark upon a mass of light, wanting 
the sweetness and agreeableness of medium tints. His upright landscape 
was of a better colour. Turner has greatly fallen off in a large Sea piece, 
He seems to have run wild with conceit. 

Mr. and Mrs. West sent this morn'g to Opie's & were answered that 
He seemed to be better, from some symptoms. Lawrence having left 
the room, I asked West how [he] liked His picture of Sir Francis Bearing 
Sec. He replied in the warmest terms of approbation. I sd. that picture 
weuld not be rivalled. " Oh ! sd. He, That picture, & His Circular one 
exhibited last year, puts them all at a distance." 

Moral Virtue 

Mackintosh,! the present Chief Justice at Bombay, was mentioned by 
us. He sd. He seemed to have very little feeling of the beauty of moral 
virtue. At His outset at Edinburgh, He had made himself remarkable by 
His expressions of ridicule & contempt for revealed religion. He after- 
wards in His Lectures delivered in London, spoke with reverence on this 
subject, which drew upon [him} many reproaches from those who had 
formerly attended to His other opinions. During the French revolution, 
at least at the early part of it, He was supposed to be posessed with French 
principles, & was also a FoxiU : but His self interest, it was believed, 

* John Opie was born at St. Agnes a about seven miles from. Truro. See Index, Vbls* 
L, II. and III. 

t Solomon Williams was born in Dublin, where he studied at the Academy before going 
to Italy. He was a member of the Bologna Academy, an exhibitor at the Royal Academy 
and British Institution, and a foundation member of the Royal Hibernian Academy. 
He died on August 2, 1824. 

Sir James Mackintosh. See Index, Vols. L a II. and III. 

From a drawing by T, Phillip in the National Portrait Gallery 

{To face p. 114 

1807] Moral Virtue 115 

caused Him to abandon those prejudices, and He became an Advocate 
for the opposite opinions in politics. While a Foxite He had become 
intimate with Dr. Parr. Happening one day to dine at Sir Willm. Milners 
in company with the Doctor, Quigley the associate of Roger O Connor 
[Irish revolutionary], was spoken of & his punishment for Treason. 
Mackintosh said Quigley seemed to be a Character of the worst kind. 
Upon which the Doctor [Parr] replied, " No, Jemmy, not of the worst 
kind ; He was an Irishman, & might have been a Scotsman ; He was 
a Priest, & might have been a Lawyer ; He was true to His cause, & 
might have been an Apostate, Jemmy" Mackintosh in conversation 
disapproving the conduct of one of his acquaintance, did it upon the 
ground of its impolicy, as to the morality oj it that is nothing, said He. 
This being remarked to one of His acquaintance, He said, " That is 

Titian's Bacchus and Ariadne 

Lawrence called in the even'g in raptures on having seen a picture 
by Titian at Buchannan's* in Oxendon St. the subject Bacchus & 
Ariadne. f He described it to be the finest piece of colouring that He 
had ever beheld for splendour, force, & freshness. He said the Titians 
at the Marquiss of Staffords could not be mentioned with it. The colours 
of it Blue, Green, red and yellow. The landscape part being pushed to 
the extremity of colour in depth & feelings. In one corner Titian seems 
after He had otherways finished the picture, to have dashed a piece of 
bright yellow drapery, on which is a golden Vase, & this part alone by its 
effect proves it from the hand of Titian. The yellow colour used is such 
as we have not, Naples yellow wd. be weak to it. There are in parts of 
the trees evident marks of the touch of the Pallet Knife. Lord Kinnaird 
has bought the picture for 3000 guineas. 

Lawrence on his way to me called upon West & informed him of the 
picture. He told me He now saw He must discharge a colour from His 
Pallet, Terra di Siena, which He sd. is an impure colour, & has often led 
Him off from that purply freshness which shd. be attempted & caused 
him to fall into heavy & leathery colouring. He said that when He first 
saw His Circular picture in the Exhibition last year, He felt that it was 
too much upon the yellowish brown and was heavy. 

Giorgione's Feeling 

April 8. Buchannan's in Oxendon St. I went to with West & Law- 
rence & saw the picture of Bacchus & Ariadne by Titian. West said it 

* William Buchanan, celebrated picture dealer and author of " Memoirs of Painting." 
t Lord Kinnaird, who paid Buchanan, the dealer, 3,500 guineas for the " Bacchus 
and Ariadne," wanted 5,000 guineas for the picture. The National Gallery paid 3,000 
guineas for it, one-third of 9,000, which sum included the price given by the nation for 
** Christ Appearing to Peter '* by Annibale Caracci and the '* Bacchanalian Dance " by 
N. Poussin. 

VOL. IV. 8* 

116 The Farington Diary [isor 

was painted when Titian was abt. 50 years of age, & full of Giorgionis 
feeling of colour. At a later period Titian aimed more at grandeur & 
character, but at this period His mind was occupied by a desire to produce 
the utmost splendour of colouring. He traced out the ground on which 
it was painted, & shewed that it was upon a ground of bright yellow, 
glazed down to a tone to suit the intended colour of his picture. But 
the whole from the beginning was worked with thin colours^ through 
which the light within as He called it, proceeding from the first ground, 
gave the lustre which was so extraordinary. He said whoever should 
attempt to copy that picture, unless He proceeded in that way, would 
make nothing more than a heavy work of it. 

He said the picture was really in fine preservation, but it was morti- 
fying to see that Burch the picture cleaner had been putting colour upon 
it, in many parts. Upon the Sky with Ultramarine & had stippled colour 
upon parts of the flesh. He said if the picture was His He wd. take 
off the whole of that Bur ch had done, for He knew He was the person that 
had done it in order to make the picture appear more showy ; He knew 
His hand. He sd. it ought to bear a price like the fine Claudes, 4 or 
5000 guineas. 

The late Lord Kinnaird who was a man remarkable for an avaricious 
disposition, had the following lines put on the gateway of His Park 

Here's a Park witht. Deer, 
A Cellar without Beer 
A Kitchen without Cheer ; 
Lord Kinnaird lives here. 

Sir George [Beaumont] was full of Wilkie 3 s performance " The Blind 
Musician [Fiddler] " & hoped it wd. not be hung in the Exhibition near 
any " Boiled Lobsters " i.e. glaring pictures. He seemed to be disatis- 
fied with Owen's cold expressions abt. Wilkie. Owen had sd. that Wilkie 
imitated the Flemish masters, & signified that He ought to attempt 
something more. 


Death of Opie 

April 8. Opie's door I stopped at & met Prince Hoare, & the 
Apothecary, who said Opie's pulse was better this morn'g, but that He 
had yet no passage through Him, & was partly delirious, & partly dozing, 
He said He might continue to live 3 or 4 days, or might go off suddenly ; 
but did not appear to entertain any expectation of his recovery. Prince 
Hoare told me that it had not at last been ascertained what His complaint 
was. It was thought to be in the bladder, but was not so ; the physicians 
who first attended him judged it to be inflammatory, & bled him & purged 
him. Dr. Alderson, Mrs. Opie's father, came from Norwich gave a 
different opinion. He thought it arose out of a morbid habit & tended 
to putridity. Mrs. Opie [Amelia Opie, the poetess] distracted at this 
difference of opinion called in Dr. Vaughan, who agreed with those who 
first judged of the case, & Dr. Pitcairne & Dr. Bailie being also consulted 
differed from Dr. Alderson. Such was the sad uncertainty. 

April 9. At 9 oClock Thomson [R.A.] called looking very pale & 
distressed which I saw indicated the death of Poor Opie. This I signified 
& He began with a disposition to weeping to speak like one who blames 
himself on account of the coolness which had of late subsisted between 
him and Opie : but added, He trusted, that He had at this period done His 
duty by the attention He had paid to Opie. I comforted Him by speaking 
of the unreasonableness of his blaming Himself on account of a little mis- 
understanding, as it was what human nature is perpetually liable to, 
while our natural infirmities continue, and might also be founded upon a 
reasonable cause. At the same [time] I said it was a natural consequence 
(where real affection had subsisted) when a final separation takes place, 
for the Survivor to regret that any interruption shd. ever have happened 
to suspend kindness & intercourse. He then gave me the following 

On Friday the gth. of March, Opie was invited to dine with a Society 
called the Irish Society of which Harvey Combe is President [the Brewer 
and Lord Mayor]. It is held at a House in the City. Opie went there & 


118 The Farington Diary 

found the room in which, they dined large & cold, with a fire laid perhaps 
only an hour before the company came. He felt cold & uncomfortable 
during the entertainment & to warm himself probably drank a little 
more wine than He was accustomed to drink. The night proved very 
cold, with Snow, & He had to walk home ; & that evening felt unwell 
from it. The next & following days, He was still more indifferent, & 
complained of a pain in his back, & in a little time of a suppression of 
Urine. Carlisle, the Surgeon, was applied to, who by the use of a Catheter 
drew off the Urine, & it was at first thought a surgical but soon appeared 
to be a medical case. Dr. Ash, a friend of Opie's, Son to the late celebrated 
Dr. Ash was called in, & there now appeared great disorder in the vessels 
abt. the groin, with so violent a pulsation, that it was feared a rupture wd. 
take place. On this acct. He was blooded. He appeared still to grow 
worse, & was confined to His bed. To the pain in his back & suppression 
of Urine were added pains in His lower limbs, & these symptoms caused 
it to be reported that He had the Rheumatism. 

Doctors Differ 

On Thursday, April 2nd, Dr. Alderson, father to Mrs. Opie came 
from Norwich, and that afternoon told Thomson, that whatever might 
be said or done, Opie never wd. recover. He differed from Dr. Asjh in 
His opinion of the disorder, & considered it the effect of a morbid habit. 
Opie had been thought on the Thursday to be something better, but Dr. ' 
Alderson said that was nothing. Dr. Vaughan had before or was now 
called in, and agreed entirely with Dr. Ash as to the propriety of treating 
his case as had been done, and Doctors Pitcairne & Bailie also were 
added to the consultation and fully concurred in it. Their attention 
was great, they all visited him twice a day. He had been in a state of 
Delirium several days, with only slight intervals. His head was shaved 
& blistered, to relieve Him in that respect. There had been no passage 
through His bowels for a considerable time. Carlisle a few days ago 
felt the lower part of the bowels & found them in a torpid state, the indent 
of a pressure upon them remaining ; and they crackled like dry parchment. 

Carlisle had for many days told Thomson that Opie wd. not recover. 
He spoke highly of Dr. Ash & sd. He knew more of Physic than any of 
the Professors. Yesterday morning Opie's pulse was better, & Thomson 
calling upon Mrs. Opie, she smiled, & sd. " You do not know what I have 
heard of the consultation." Thomson knew that she was deceived in 
what she supposed. Dr. Ash told Thomson that it was not yet known 
where the real cause or seat of his disorder was ; it might be owing 
to an intense cold which had fallen upon the spinal marrow. Lately 
there had been an oozing from the back. Last night the Physicians 
decided that all hope was gone, all the bad symptoms having increased. 
At 10 oClock Dr. Vaughan tenderly communicated to Mrs. Opie that if 
nothing more cd. be done, she might be assured that He wd. continue 
to be without pain. At half an Hour past 4 oClock this morning He died. 

1807] Doctors Differ 119 

Thomson heard him sometime before to groan heavily, but Carlisle 
said He was insensible & felt nothing. 

Thomson said that on hearing Opie was seriously ill He wrote to Him, 
offering that in case any of his pictures intended for Exhibition shd. 
require to have some little matter done to them He shd. be happy to 
give His assistance. 

Blessed Him 

On receiving this letter Opie desired to see him. He found Opie in 
bed who put out his hand to him and blessed Him. He desired him to 
do something to a picture of the Duke of Gloucester which Thomson 
promised to do. On Friday last He took the picture into Opie's bed 
room & asked him what He wd. have done. Opie looked at it, but did 
not say anything & then turned and put out his hand & catched as if 
something was before him, and afterwards slided His hand under the 
pillow as if searching for something. He also spoke but in such a way as 
to shew Thomson that He was delirious. Thomson did what was neces- 
sary to the picture and on Saturday sent it to the Exhibition & says it is 
one of Opie's best pictures. Since that Time Thomson has been In con- 
stant attendance during- the night, & administered medicines till He cd. 
no longer bear to do it, from the pain of seeing Opies sad state & witnessing 
His delirium. He had occasionally momentary recollections, & recog- 
nised persons, but it was only for a moment. Sometimes the delirium 
operated so violently that He would start up suddenly in his bed, so 
as to oblige those abt. Him to hold Him down, and this at a time when 
his lower limbs were in such a state from the condition of his back &c. 
that He could not move witht, assistance. Finally this case has baffled 
the sagacity of the most eminent medical men & it will not be known 
till His body has been opened which is to be done by Carlisle to-morrow 
at Eleven oClock, what was the real nature of his disorder. 

A Gross Feeder 

Opie's mode of living was spoken of. He was very abstemious in 
respect of wine, but Dr. Alderson observed that He was a gross feeder ; 
eating of made dishes in preference to flam meat; and eating pickles 
& high sauces or whatever of that land was before him. Carlisle sd. that 
shd. Opie's case appear upon opening the body to be what He supposes, 
it is a very singular case, only one instance of the Mnd being upon record, 
and that given by a Physician at Rome. An inflammation of the spinal 
membrance above the Os Coxcygus \Coccy gis\ y which in its effect extended 
to the Brain and caused the Delirium. 


Cause of Opie's Death 

April 10. Carlisle came. He had this morning opened the body of 
Opie & found everything as He had expected it wd. be. An inflammation 
upon the spine above the Os Coxygus [Coccygis], an inflammation of the 
Brain, part of which was dissolved, and 5 ounces of water in the Brain, 
whereas there ought not to have been more than half an ounce. There 
was also inflammation in the bowels. The case was singular, & like 
that described by the Roman Physician. It was incurable from the 
first, but being inflammatory the principle which had been acted 
upon was right. Had it been possible for Opie to have recovered He 
wd. have been for the remainder of his life an Idiot. Carlisle sd. that His 
skull was both externally & internally of a singular form. 

Carlisle observed that weak minded people have generally small 
heads and thick skulls ; and that very few, if any, very strong minded 
persons, those who have strong common sense, ever become insane. 
Upon dissecting the heads of great numbers who have died insane, the 
foregoing observations have been made. 

Opie's Fortune 

April 11. Thomson I dined with. He told me that it was now 
ascertained that Opie died worth property to the amount of .12000, 
to the surprise of Mrs. Opie* who did not suppose Him to be worth more 
than ^3000. Yet He had repeatedly sd. to Thomson " That He shd. 
starve/' Yesterday in a dirty Cupboard a .50 & a .10 notes were found, 
& this morning among lumber in a Closet, an old rag in which there 
was 195 guineas in gold. The posession of this property did not expand 
his mind, but He rather became more covetous. He wd. only allow 
Mrs. Opie to keep one maid servant, and He had generally an Invalid 
Man servant at low wages. 

Dr. Alderson, Mrs. Opie's father was averse to Her marrying Him. 
In His first intercourse with Opie He formed an unfavourable opinion 
of Him. At dinner there was a dish which was very good, and the 

* See Vols. L, IL and III. 

1807] Mrs. Opie 121 

Doctor having tasted would have had more, but Opie witht. regarding 
others, emptied the whole dish into his own plate. This the Doctor 
decided to be a proof of gross selfishness. Mrs. Opie had at an early 
period of Her life somehow been impressed with a feeling that Opie was 
a very extraordinary man. At a subsequent period when she saw 
him His figure & manner so little corresponded with the image in Her 
mind that Her admiration was suspended. 

But after some intercourse His attention to Her & solicitation caused 
Her again to be influenced by His reputation for ability & she married 
Him. Her Father upon their marriage agreed to allow Him 200 guineas 
a year. She was 26 or 7 years of age. By Her Novels & poems she has 
also acquired money. The last year she reed. 400, and upon the rect. 
of this money Opie consented to have his House in part repaired & made 
more respectable. But Opie concealed from Her his real circumstances ; 
and was very parsimonious in His allowance to Her, & in all that related 
to Her expences. His mind had nothing liberal in it. He was sordid 
selfish. At a time when from the fortune He had made & by His 
professional practise, He had a considerable income, He gave in to the 
Commissioners of the Income Tax only 50 as professional income and 
150 a year as His funded property / and it was remarkable that the 
Commissioners admitted the report. 

Opie's Art 

Thomson [said] His professional power was [at] its greatest height 
about 14 years ago, Nine years ago He fell off ; but for sometime past 
has painted better pictures, though His conceptions have been common 
placed, and His taste of colouring much inferior to what it was at an 
earlier period of his life. He agreed with me in thinking that it did not 
seem probable that Opie wd. ever paint better than He had done & that 
as an Artist He had gone his full length. 

Thomson became pupil to Opie in August 1791 being at that period 
17 years old. He paid 100 guineas for that year ; and Opie lived then 
so pleasantly with Him, & on so equal a footing, as to make the time 
pass very agreeably. At the expiration of that year Opie told him that 
if He pleased He might remain another year witht. being at any expence. 
Thomson only went to Opie's to study. He also attended the Royal 
Academy & there became acquainted with several Students viz : Owen, 
Turner, Shee, Oliver &c. He had in the year 1788 obtained a premium 
at St. Omer's in France, for a drawing. Before He went to Opie it had 
been proposed to His Father to place Him with Graham, (now at Edin- 
burgh) who demanded 300 guineas. 

Thomson saw the present Emperor of Germany at Vienna. He 
is a little mean-looking man ; but is sd. to have a very good disposition. 
The Archduke is also a little & mean-looking man, but has abilities greatly 
superior to those of his Brother. 

122 The Farington Diary [isor 

The Blind Fiddler 

[Owen R.A.] sd. Wilkie's "Blind [Fiddler] Musician/' was vastly 
superior to His work of last year " The Village Politicians," and really 
justified even Sir George Beaumont's extravagant praise. 

April 12. Willde I met on my way home. He was much gratified 
on my telling Him His picture was placed upon the Chimney Board. 
I asked Him how He went on with His picture of " the Rent day " He 
sd. slowly. I sd. I concluded He wd. not now see much of Lord Mulgrave 
as He is first Lord of the Admiralty. But He told me His Lordship 
had been with him several times since He had that appointment & had 
not at all slackened in thinking abt. the arts. 


Vanity of Mrs. Opie 

April 12. Northcote I called on. He hoped the Council of the 
Academy wd. hear no more respecting Opie's Funeral. All that had 
been proposed arose out of the vanity of Mrs. Opie, which far exceeded 
even that of Mrs. Cosway, He remarked on the proposal of having 
Opie interred in St. Pauls, three days before He died, for such a wish 
Thomson had communicated to Owen at that time, but it originated 
with Mrs. Opie. It was surprising that it shd. have done so, as most 
persons cd. not have borne to think of his funeral while He was living. 
West now is upon His guard respecting it. He says that shd. any further 
application be made it will then be a matter for the Council to debate. 
Northcote did not think Opie posessed more than 200 a year. 

FuselPs Impatience 

Yesterday after dinner He had a contest with Fuseli who insisted 
that all modern artists, even Raphael, were weak in the power of giving 
expression to their figures. Northcote held a contrary opinion. He said 
the discriminations of character were better [given] by the moderns 
but by the ancients as far as we know of their work, little of that kind 
was to be seen. Fuseli mentioned the Laocoon. Northcote said, 
That was a man upon the Rack ; it was one in the extreme of bodily 
distress. Fuseli named the Niobe. Northcote sd. that was a similar 
instance. The Quoiter, He said, was one of the best instances of expression 
that was to be found in the Antique. Fuseli became impatient, & 
left the room. 


Sir George Beaumont told Hearne yesterday that having spoken to 
Payne Knight of Edwd. Coxe's Hobbima* which is to be sold this 
week, Knight said Hobbima was a fine painter,, but He did not now feel 

* This Hobbema was a "Wooded Landscape with. Cottages and Figures," Number zi 
in Smith's Catalogue Raisonn6. In Core's sale on April 23, 1807, it fetched 588. His 
fine collection of 70 pictures was sold by Peter Coxe, the auctioneer, who had been a 
collector for thirty years, and purchased from, the Calonne collection, the Orleantj Sir 
William Hamilton, Laborde, and others. 


124 The Farington Diary [1807 

so much interested abt. His works as formerly, as we lave now painters 
coming jorward in this country, who much surpass Hobbima. 

April 13. Thomson's I went to at J past 3 oCIock, & met Sir John 
St. Aubyn, Mr. Penwarne, & Prince Hoare. 

Opie's Origin 

Mr. Penwarne sd. that Opie was born at St. Agnes, a village in 
Cornwall, abt. 4 or 5 miles from Truro. That His Father was not in 
so low a situation as has been reported. That He was a Carpenter & Joiner 
in a decent situation of Life. Opie's education must have been very 
limited, as good schools were not established in that part, but He was 
taught to read & write. The first time that He shewed an inclination 
to drawing has been thus related by His Sister, He was acquainted with 
a young man of the name of Mark Gates who is now a Captn. of Artillery. 
Opie happened to call upon Him & saw a drawing of a Butterfly 
made by Him, was seized with a desire to attempt to make one like it. 
In this [he] succeeded so well as to become quite eager to make further 
attempts in drawing. His Father kept a Horse on which Opie rode 
to Truro & purchased some pencils Be colours. 

Penwarne told me that Opie's Sister had informed Him that Opie 
was at ten years of age a very good Arethmitician, & at that early age 
He set up a sort of school, & taught writing and accounts to many much 
older than Himself. Before He was twelve years of age He had for 
sometime been under the tuition of Dr. Wolcot so far as to receive advice 
& instruction in painting, the Doctor having much love for the art & 
a few pictures in His posession. He began to paint portraits at a very 
early period, and when not more than thirteen years of age went to 
Padstow a town at some distance where He remained three months, 
and at the end of that period returned to His Fathers dressed in a new 
suit of cloaths & having twenty or thirty guineas in his pocket. 

Prince Hoare spoke of the Jealousy which at one period subsisted 
between Opie & Northcote. Wolcot had been very much with. North- 
cote but was considered afterwards as urging Opie against him. Fuseli 
on this in allusion to a picture of the death of James, King of Scotland 
painted by Opie, in which Opie represented Wolcot & Himself as two of 
the Assassins, made the following Epigram, Northcote's name being 

Unhappy James ! What mercy can'st thou find, 
When Wolcot strikes before, & Opie stabs behind ? 

Westall I met. He told me Sandby had reported at the Academy 
that Sir George Beaumont had called upon Him yesterday to learn 
where His own & Wilkie's picture were placed in the Exhibition. 
Sir George said that " The Academy ought to set aside their laws upon 
this occasion & elect Wilkie an Academician at once, witht. requiring 
that He shd. first be an Associate." Sandby spoke of it as a very strange 

From a Print in the British Museum 

[To face p. 124 

1807] Lawrence's Financial Troubles 125 

proposal & Northcote remarked that if such a circumstance shd. ever 
happen it ought to be in a case where the performance should be in the 
highest & not the lowest department of art. 

April 14. At Eleven I went to Mr. Coutts and was an hour with 
Mr. Antrobus and Coutts Trotter upon Lawrences business. The King's 
pictures they considered to be quite distinct from, and as an Income 
over and above the 2700 a year mentioned as professional Income 
[earned by Lawrence]. The rects. for the King's pictures had been as- 
signed over to Mr. Coutts so that no other person could receive that 
money from Government. They appeared perfectly satisfied that it 
wd. be best to let the matters remain in my hands, & I told them I wd. 
from time to time inform them how everything goes on. 

April 15. Penwarne told me that He first knew Opie in the year 
1777. That in 1778 Lord Bateman was upon the Coast of Cornwall 
commanding a Regiment of Militia, & Opie painted a portrait of Himself 
for His Lordship. Opie was attentive to money in little matters, but 
He had liberal feelings. He gave support to His Father & Mother & 
Sister ; and wd. have had His nephew brought up to study the law, 
but His conduct was bad, & He is now a private Soldier in a regiment 
of Militia. 

Dardanelles Forced 

J. Offley's I dined at. Accounts were circulated today of Admiral 
Louis* having forced the passage of the Dardanelles, and brought 
the Turks to negotiate a peace & separate themselves from the 

On April i/th Farington entered in a small note-book : The News- 
papers today confirmed the report that on the i8tL of February the 
English Squadron consisting of the 

guns guns 

Royal George 100 Repulse 74 

Windsor Castle no Thunderer 74 

Canopus 74 Standard 64 
Pomp6e 74 

4 frigates & several Fire ships and Bomb-Vessels passed through the 
passage of the Dardanelles, overwhelming the Turkish fleet of one sail 
of the Line and Six frigates, & carne to anchor within gun shot of the 
Seraglio at Constantinople on the even'g of the 2Oth. 

* Sir Thomas Louis (1759-1807), Rear-Admiral, was a native of Exeter. In November, 
i8o6 } he was in command of a small squadron to examine the defences of the Dardanelles, 
as a preliminary to the forcing of the passage by Admiral Sir J. T. Duckworth in February 
1807. Louis* ship, the Canopus, was fired at by the Turks on its return through the Straits 
on March 3. She was considerably damaged, but only three men were wounded. Duck- 
worth's squadron afterwards went to the coast of Egypt, under the command of Louis 
who died on board Cano-pus on May 17, 1807. 

126 The Farington Diary [isor 

Imprudent Conduct 

April 16. Lawrence told us that Lord Whitworth yesterday men- 
tioned to Him the imprudent conduct of the Marquiss of Douglas at the 
Court of Petersburgh. The British merchants delivered to His^ Lordship 
a statement of certain grievances which they had to complain of and 
expressed strongly their sentiments of the government of Russia. His 
Lordship instead of considering this representation & forming from 
it such a statement as it might be proper to present, sent the pafer 
itseljj in which was language improper to be used when a government was 
to be addressed, & accordingly the Russian Government was so disatisfied 
with it that Lord Douglas wd. have been recalled if the late Change of 
Ministry had not taken place. Lord Lewison Gower has been ap- 
pointed in His place. Lord Whitworth sd. that when Lord Lewison was 
at Petersburgh in that capacity before He did not well accomodate 
himself to their habits. 

The Nobility dine at three or four oClock, have their routs &c. at early 
hours, & sup at Ten oClock & retire to rest soon after. Lord Lewispn 
on the contrary did not vary from his habits whilst in London, bat 
passed much of the day in bed, and sat up late. Lord Whitworth also 
mentioned that the Russian Ministers do their public business in a^manner 
different from those at other courts. They do [so] while standing at a 
fire, or riding out & seemingly when in easy & accidental intercourse with 
those from other courts. Lord Whitworth was Minister at Petersburgh 
several years. 

Mr. Angerstein mentioned the tardiness of the late Administration to 
grant money to Russia. The Ministers of that Court said " We can defend 
our Country, but if we advance from it we require pecuniary assistance." 
They desired to have a Loan raised in England to be repaid by Russia, 
but our late Ministry were more willing to give a specific Sum, than to 
adopt the other proposal. 


Hoare spoke of the raptures of Cumberland* upon reading " Sheis 
Rhymes on Art"-\ He had spoken lightly of Shee's poetry, which caused 
Hoare to ask Him whether He had ever read it. He sd. He had not. 
Hoare pressed Him to do it ; upon which He & Sir James Bland Burgess 
read " the Rhymes on Art," together ; and both were in such transports 
with it, that they immediately took a Coach & drove to Shee's and 
introduced themselves to Him, as strangers who were gratified in the 
highest degree by what He had written. This morning Hoare saw 
Cumberland at His lodgings, and heard him declare that " The Rhymes 

* Richard Cumberland (1732-1811), dramatist, who wrote an epic called the " Exodiad ** 
in conjunction with Sir John Bland Burges. See Index undex Cumberland, Vol. III. 
and under Burges, Vol. IL 3 page 2337*. 

t See Index, Vol. III. 

1807] Extravagance 127 

on Art " is the best poem ancient or modern in our language. Hoare 
mentioned Milton at which Cumberland hesitated a little, but declared 
that Dryden & Pope fell before it. 

April 19. Lysons called. He said that from ^500 a yr. the amount 
of his Salary as Keeper of the Records in the Tower, deductions are made 
for Land Tax, Income Tax, and Fees, which reduce it to 290. 



The Duke and Duchess 

April 20. Mrs. Stodart called & brought her Son & daugr. being 
on Her way to Walmer Castle Captn. Stodart* being appointed upon 
the Staff to Major Genl. Payne, which gives Him 300 a year additional 
Pay. He was a little while ago in that capacity to Genl. Lenox (now 
Duke of Richmond) who she says is a most friendly man & perfectly 
free from pride, but the Duchess is of an opposite disposition, being 
excessively proud, & disdainful of persons of inferior rank. They have 
13 Children. She is very jealous of Him. The Duke is a social man, & 
in Company will sit to the last, but if He happens to visit a man who only 
drinks water He will join Him in that, being perfectly accomodating. 
While in Camp, he lay in a small tent, wrapped a Cloak round Him, & 
made a Saddle His pillow. Since he became Duke, no change has taken 
place in Him. 

Barry and Titian 

April 21. At Eleven o'Clock I called on Sir Nathaniel Holland. 
We talked of the sale of Barry's pictures. He said Barry's " Birth of 
Pandora " was a very incompetent attempt to do something great. It 
was deficient both in design, in form, & in colouring. Jupiter was a Huge 

* Captain, afterwards Major, Stephen Stoddart (1763-1812), of the Sixth Dragoons, 
was married to Katherine Randal (1773-1824). He was thrown from his horse and 
killed near Limerick in 1812. 

His son, Charles Stoddart, born in 1806, was at first in the army, but, placed on half-pay 
in 1834, with the rank of captain, he became secretary to the Royal United Service Insti- 
tution and secretary to the Institute of Civil Engineers. In 1835 he went to Persia as 
Military Secretary to the future Sir Henry Ellis, and was in the Persian camp during the 
Siege of Herat by Mahomed Shah, until he left with John (afterwards Sir John) McNeil. 
In June, 1838, however, he was sent back with a message to the Shah, who was afraid of 
the threat of war and raised the siege. 

Shortly after the retirement of the Persian army Stoddart was more than once im- 
prisoned by the Ameer of Bokhara, whither he had gone on diplomatic business, and finally 
(on June 17, 1842), he and Arthur Conolly were by the Ameer's orders, beheaded in the 
public square in Bokhara city. Charles Stoddart was described as " a very clever, well- 
educated, and agreeable man,'* and Conolly said of him, " he is such a friend as a man would 
desire to have in adversity." 


1807] Barry and Titian 129 

figure in the upper parts but the lower limbs were so small in propor- 
tion that such a figure could not stand. It was the case with several other 
figures in that picture ; and many of the limbs appeared to have been 
executed in imitation of parts which He had looked at in the antique, 
but these limbs were not of the same character with the other parts of 
the figure to which He had attached them. What attempt there was 
at colouring was as bad as possible, He seemed to have no sense of it. 
On the whole He sd. Barry Had talked & bullied people into a belief of 
His being a great artist. He said His Venus rising from ike Sea was His 
best performance. In that He had the Venus of Medicis in his eye, & 
made something of it, but He had spoilt the picture by rubbing a brick 
dust colour over the upper part of the figure. 

He spoke of the Bacchus & Ariadne by Titian belonging to Lord 
Kinnaird. He said it was impossible that Titian could have left the Sky 
in the state it is, almost pure Ultramarine, like a Lapis Lazuli stone, 
while another part of the sky is quite Hot. He did not like the figure of 
Bacchus leaping from His Car, nor that of Ariadne. In some parts there 
is fine colour, but on the whole it is a picture more fit for an Artist to 
examine for the purpose of studying what is good in it, than desireable to 
hang up in a room for general admiration. He thought the picture 
had been in the hands of bungling picture menders. 

He mentioned Wilkie with great approbation, saying that His merit 
was of the right sort, so true in all respects. 

He complained of not having a good painting room at His House in 
the Country. He had no light good to paint by but what faced the South 
& He had been much embarassed by it. 

Wordsworth as Art Critic 

April 28. Sir George & Lady Beaumont & Wordsworth called, & 
I went with them to Grosvenor Square, & saw a picture by Wilson sent 
by Mr. Bowles to be disposed of. Rogers had seen it. Sir George 
proposed 100 guineas to be the price. Segar had looked at it, & thought 
the edges of some of the trees were painted by Carr. I told Sir George 
that the whole was by Wilson. 

Wordsworth said, He thought Historical subjects shd. never be 
introduced into Landscape but where the Landscape was to be subser- 
vient to them. Where the Landscape was intended principally to 
impress the mind, figures, other than such as are general, such as may a 
thousand times appear, and seem accidental, and not particularly to 
draw the attention, are injurious to the effect which the Landscape shd. 
produce as a scene founded on an observation of nature. He thought 
this picture by Wilson excellent, but objected to the foreground dark 
trees on the left hand which seemed to Him like a skreen, put before the 
more distant parts. Sir George shewed me a small landscape brought 
from Italy by Coleridge which I thought an indifferent picture witht. 
any appearance of original study. 


130 The Farington Diary [1807 

A Card and Apology 

May 2. At noon Mr. Malone called having just reed, a note from Mr 
Windham signifying that He had not, He supposed through mistake, 
reed, a Card to the Academy dinner and apprehending it might not be 
known to the Members, & that He might be supposed to have omitted 
to send an answer, desiring Mr. Malone to mention to the members 
that He had not reed, a card. I told Malone that this was another proof 
of the neglect of Richards [the Secretary], for that Mr. Windham, with 
other great political Characters, are always to be invited, & so it stands 
in the Invitation List. On this Malone sd. He wd. walk to Mr. Windham's 
in Pallmall & set all to right. 

The Academy I went to at f past I & told West & Owen what had 
happened. West expressed much mortification at the misconduct of 
Richards & desired me to do whatever might seem proper. I therefore 
wrote a note to Mr. Windham in the name of the President & Council, 
with a Card and apology, & Owen copied & sent it. 

I then returned home to dress & went back to the Academy | before^ 
& saw the Prince of Wales & the Duke of Kent looking at the pictures in 
the Library attended by West. I had conversation with many. Mr. 
Angerstein took me to the door of Richards's room to speak to me abt. 
Lawrence's [financial] affairs. He sd. what had been done was a last 
stake ; He noticed His having a right disposition but yielded to indolence 
with respect to His affairs. Mr. Angerstein did not remain to dinner, 
being affected by Jaundice & looked very yellow. He & everybody that 
mentioned the Prince noticed how very ill He looked. 

Too Near the Prince 

I had placed Lord Thomond's name next to the Prince of Wales's 
seat, but He desired me to remove it 2 seats from Him. I spoke to Mr. 
Windham abt. the Card not having been sent earlier, He replied very 
pleasantly " That the dinner to Him was so much an object, that He could 
not suffer the disappointment when it might have arisen from a mistake." 

Sir N. Holland sd. to me that when He contemplated the picture of 

Sir F. Baring by Lawrence, and thought of the period when Hudson was 
considered at the head of the Art it was surprising that such a progress 
should have been made, and authorised me to tell Lawrence so. He 
said that picture was of first-rate quality, in which opinion Geo : Dance 
joined him. Owen said to me " That He felt what Lawrence's picture 
was, That it was high art & quite His own : He added that He knew 
very well where He himself stood & was not deceiving Himself," meaning 
as much below that excellence. Mr. Bernard asked me "whether I 
did not think a premium for the best Historical picture of a subject from 
the English History for which Academicians only shd. be competitors 
might not be proper to propose from the British Institution." I ex- 
pressed doubt of the Members of the Academy being willing to be Com- 

1807] The Prince could be Gracious isi 

Hoppner told me that the Prince of Wales sat to Him abt. a fort- 
night tefore the pictures were sent to the Exhibition. As Hoppner had 
been several times disappointed by the Prince, He then said, He feared 
He shd. not be able to finish it in time, adding, that His bodily health 
did not enable [him] to make great exertions, upon which the Prince 
put His hands to Hoppner's cheeks and patting them said, " Oh, you have 
constitution enough to do anything." Hoppner said the Prince had at 
times a gracious manner that was most engaging subduing. The 
Prince then buckled on a belt which belonged to His Robes Be found it 
too wide by I o or 12 Inches, so much had He shrunk in size. He seemed 
sensible that His constitution was in a bad state. The Duke of Clarence 
being present told Him " He wd. not live three months." At dinner I 
observed He only eat Fish, & salad & a little pudding, & drank no wine : 
but He ate some Horse radishes at the end of the dinner. He had 
none of the joy and gaiety, & spirit of address which I had at other times 
seen in Him. Hoppner said He is supposed to have an Atrophy. 
That He does not abstain from meat & wing from their being forbidden 
by his Physicians, but from [the] nauseating [effect of] both. 

We began dinner abt. J past 6 and the Prince retired at \ past 8 
accompanied by the Duke of Kent. West had given " Health to the 
Prince of Wales," upon which there was much dapping, which expressed 
the general feeling that He wanted it. 

VOL. IV. 9 1 


Wordsworth's Opinion 

May 4. At noon went to the Exhibition, just opened. I there 
met many. Peter Coxe* thought Lawrences picture of Sir Francis 
Baring too gay in colour, & the draperies of Mr. John Baring & Mr. Wall 
fluttered. He said the flesh was also too purple. He admitted that the 
picture had great force and overpowered those of Owen and Thomson 
placed next to it. Boaden on the contrary thought the picture a noble 
piece of art, finely coloured & said Lawrence was a great creature. Words- 
worth & His wife or Sister I met. He thought it a poor exhibition, & 
she said it was the worst she had ever seen. [James] Ward I met, He 
thought Lawrences picture equal to the works of Vandyke or Rubens. 
He invited me to meet Lord Somerville & Mr. West at his House at dinner, 
on Saturday next, His Lordship being that day to stand Godfather to 
one of his children. 

Turner's Crude Blotches 

May 5. West I called on & found Ward colouring a print from West's 
King Lear*, which having been bought by Fulton [the American engineer 
and artist] is with His Ophelia, to be shipped for America next week. 
West said Calcott was falling off ; His trees were like fried parsley, 
He had been to Turner's gallery & was disgusted with what He found 
there ; views on the Thames, crude blotches, nothing could be more 
vicious. At best, He said, Turner was only copying himself. He said 
Lawrence was studying His art with energy, and was adopting the true 
mode of proceeding viz : to begin & finish what He may begin, Instead 

* Peter Coxe, who died in 1844, was a son of Dr. Coxe, physician to George IL's 
household, and brother of the Venerable William Coxe, Archdeacon of Wiltshire. Edu- 
cated at Charterhouse School, which he left at the age of fifteen, he later became an 
auctioneer and dispersed some important collections of pictures. Coxe, who made a 
fortune and retired from business, was the author of the poem which irritated Hoppner. 
Published anonymously in 1807, it was entitled *' Another Word or Two ; or Archi- 
tectural Hints in Lines to those Royal Academicians who are Painters, addressed to 
them on their re-election of Benjamin West, Esq., to the President's Chair." He also 
wrote " The Social Day : a Poem in Four Cantos," 1823. 

1807] West's Easy Temper 188 

of filling His House with, dead coloured pictures. I, said He, shd. be 
distracted to be in a House crowded with pictures begun. 

Mrs. West spoke to me of the little encouragement Mr. West had 
met with. She sd. any notion that Mr. West was rich was unfounded. 
That Mr. West never had a shilling in the funds in his life, & that sht could 
say more. She said His easy temper had caused Him to allow His sons 
to be brought up improvidently. They could contribute nothing to 
lessen His expenses. She said she had an intention of going to Bath 
on acct. of Her paralytic complaint, but Mr. West could not afford it. 

West walked with me to my House to see the Susannah, by Rembrant, 
and declared it to be on this examination, a work of the first quality of 
Rembrant, and agreed that it would be advisable for the Academy to 
purchase it. He sd. He shd. converse with Richards abt. giving up the 
duties of Secretary. I told Him I thought Tresham wd. try to obtain 
the office. He sd. if He got it, He (West) wd. soon quit the Presidency. 
He said Rigaud had not [the] temper for it. He knew only of One 
Man [? Farington] who was fit for it. 

Farington and Pitt's Portrait 

May 7. Passed the whole morning with Lawrence whilst He painted 
a portrait of Mr. Pitt from Mr. Angerstein's Bust of Him by Nollekins & 
from his remembrance of Mr. Pitt. I sat to Him to enable Him to judge 
of the colouring. He finished the head & I thought it an admirable 

Lawrence told me that whilst Lord Thurlow was sitting to Him 
for his portrait He said He had been out of luck when He sat to Hoppner, 
who had not " delivered Himself of the Archbishop of York "meaning 
that the Archbishop having lately sat to Him that impression was on 
his mind & caused Him to make a resemblance between them. 

May g. Meadows, the Engraver, called, & I gave Him a note of 
introduction to Lady Thomond. He said it took Him 2 years to engrave 
the whole length portrait of the Duke of Leeds from Lawrences picture 
& He had but 200 guineas for doing it. 

Turner and Wilkie 

Wilkie thinks his [own] picture wants richness of colour in some 
respects. Sir George thinks it might be improved by adding a rich 
colour to those abt. the Blind fidler, perhaps an Eastern vessel ; or^warrn 
reflected lights on the Chair might give it. He sd. Sir John Leicester 
had told him that He had asked Turner the price of His picture of a Forge. 
Turner answered that He understood Wilkie was to have 100 guineas 
for His Blind Fidler & He should not rate His picture at a less price. 
Rogers has given Sir George for Mr. Bowles 100 guineas for the picture 
of Villa Madame by [Richard] Wilson. It is a three-quarter size & the 
price Wilson had was 25 guineas. Sir George expressed high approbation 
of a half length portrait of Lord Buckinghamshire by Beechey now 

184 The Farington Diary [isor 

In the Exhibition, & thought it, next to Wilkie's picture, the best in the 
room. He mentioned that before the Academy dinner Hoppner had sd. 
to Lord St. Asaph " We shall have Sir G. Beaumont there carrying every- 
body up to Wilkie's picture, and not suffering any other to be looked at ; 
adding, Sir George does great harm to the Art." 

Jokes had passed with Beechey upon Lawrences picture of Sir F. 
Baring. Sir George remarked on Sir Francis turning his head from those 
He was listening to as if to hear Thunder ; Beechey sd. He turned His 
head from Mr. Wall as if the latter on looking on the Book before [him] 
announced a deficit of -100,000. 

A Chattering Display 

Sir George sd. Owen is improving much. He sd. he hoped [Payne] 
Knight had enough of what He liked in Westall, in his picture of Flora ; 
meaning the gaudiness of it. He remarked on West so strongly speaking 
of the merit of the water-colour drawings now exhibiting by that [the 
Water-Colour] Society, & sd. He wondered at it. For His own part 
when He went into the room there was such a want of harmony, such 
a chattering display, that it afforded him little pleasure. There were 
some effects of rays &c. that were ingenious, but no breadth or solidity. 
[Warwick] Smiths* view of the Colisseum was the best in the room. 

West had spoke of the state of the Arts. He said there was no en- 
couragement for the higher branches, not so much as there was 40 years 
ago. All the encouragement went for trifling works. 

Daniellst I dined at. Daniell told us of a conversation which Humphry 
reported to Him as having had with Sir G. Beaumont respecting Wilkie's 
picture. Sir George had spoken of it as being perfect, which fired 
Humphry, who opposed that opinion, sd. He had seen the School of 
Athens & other works of Raphael &c. &c. [in the Vatican] that Wilkie's 
picture was upon a wrong principle of perspective in composition, the 
smaller figures being in the front, & the larger behind, Sir George noticed 
this conversation to-day, & sd, Humphry appeared to be superannuated. 

* See Index, Vok I. and III. 

t Thomas Daniell, R.A. See Index, Vok I., II. <md III. 


A Rembrandt for 200 

May 12. Called on Westall. By a Law passed in 1801 moved by 
Flaxman & seconded by Daniell " not more than 50 in one year can be 
granted as assistance to any Academician, Associate or Other person 
witnt. the concurrence of a general Assembly & the sanction of the King," 
therefore the Council having already granted to Nixon [A.R.A.] 50 
guineas cannot do more than pay His pension for this year, & recom- 
mend to the Council of the next year to grant Him .50 after Christmas. 
A vote was passed to purchase the Susannah by Rembrant for 200 
It was unanimously agreed to.* 

May 13. This day I sat to Lawrence for the beginning of a Three 
quarter portrait. Lysons came there and thought Mr. Pitt's portrait 
wonderfully like. 


Lawrence was at Sotheby'st last night where Richd. Sharpet ex- 
pressed disapprobation of Wordsworths poems just published, saying He 
had carried His system of simplicity too far, and had proceeded to 
puerility. Sir George Beaumont after Sharpe was gone sd. to Lawrence 
that " He supposed the Blood Hounds would now be upon Words- 

May 14. The Princess of Wales went to Court after an absence cf 
two years. 

* The Royal Academy apparently never purchased the " Susanna.** According to 
Mr. Hofstede de Groot, this version of " Susanna " was in the collection of Edmund 
Burke (1769), sold in the sale of pictures of Sir Joshua Reynolds in 1795^ and afterwards 
passed, respectively, to Sir E. Lechmere, Charles Sedelmeyer, and the Kaiser Friedrich 
Museum, Berlin, where it was in 191 r. 

t William Sotheby, poet. See Index, Vol. II. 

I Richard (Conversation) Sharp (1759-1835) was a hatter who made a fortune and took 
a keen interest in politics and literature. His friends included Dr. Johnson, Burke, Samuel 
Rogers, Sydney Smith, and Wordsworth, who said that Sharp knew Italy better than 
anyone he had ever met. See Index, VoL I. 


136 The Farington Diary [isor 

May 15. Lawrence I called on. He had just reed, a letter from a Mr. 
Evans of Norwich requesting Him to paint a whole length portrait of 
Mr. Coke [of Norfolk].* 

May 17, Hoppner I called on & went with Him to Sir John Leices- 
ter's & saw the Collection of pictures by British Artists only. Hoppner 
told me that Sir G. Beaumont Be Sir A. Hume did not approve the 

Pictures by Turner. He sd. Sir George now begins to remark that Wilkie 
oes not imitate the surfaces of objects faithfully, but rather makes them 
all appear as of the same quality. He spoke of Lawrence's picture of 
Sir F. Baring &c. & sd. there was much in it which He could not do, 
but still He saw in Lawrences pictures something wanting which He could 
do ; meaning in the colour & general affect. He said Shee would never 
make a good painter : He had not an eye. 

May 19* Lawrence I dined with. He had yesterday had conversation 
with Sotheby respecting G.B. [Sir George Beaumont] & the latter ac- 
knowledged that He had not a strong mind, & could not bear to be pressed 
deeply upon any subject. Lawrence gave His own opinion fully. The 
other remarked that G.B. always had a novelty to support, but never 
Beemed to dwell upon the merits of those who were established. 

Wilkie Might Make 1,000 

Mrs. Phipps, while speaking of Wilkie, said " How much might He 
not make by exhibiting His pictures for his own advantage ? " Sir 
George [Beaumont] sd. He might make 1000. We were of one mind 
abt. it. He mentioned that He & Lord Mulgrave had each ordered two 
pictures from Him, & He shd. expect to have another in addition to that 
He had already, at sometime. He made some observations, " That 
Wilkie might acquire more transparency" He should not look any 
longer at the pictures of Teniers but those of Ostade, & Rembrant. 

The King's Navy 

May 23. Called on Lord Gardner at breakfast time at Mrs. Corn- 
wall's [a relative of Farington]. Lord Gardner told us that He had applied 
to the Admiralty to make William [Farington' s nephew] a Captain but 
had been refused, as it was said, " from an objection to opening the door 
to promotion." He therefore said William must have patience. He sd. 
He had thought the promotion might have been granted to Him on 
acct. of his having left Ireland. He said He had got William appointed 
to the Fille de Paris in which Ship He [Lord Gardner] was to Hoist His 
Flag, and all His officers were to be sent to Her. He saw the King 
on Wednesday last, who told Him the Ville de Paris was a better ship 
than the Hibernia as the latter carried Her lower ports too near the water. 
The Bang sd. alluding to administrations " that He did not like changes," 

* See Index, Vols. I., II. and IIL 

1807] The King's Navy 137 

to which His Lordship replied " that He hoped His Majesty wd. have 
no more changes." 

Blackwall I went to, where in Perry & Wells's Dock a 74 gun Ship 
was launched, named the Elizabeth. Lord Mulgrave [first Lord of the 
Admiralty] threw a Bottle at Her Bow & named Her when she began to 
move. There was a great concourse of people. The Launch took 
place at 35 minutes after 2, & at 3 a large Assembly was formed in one 
of the work Houses, where 5 tables were placed & covered with a Cold 
Collation of which I judge 500 persons partook. This lasted half an Hour. 
Toasts appropriate & cheers were given. 

Mr. Coke Talked 

May 26. Mr. Coke of Norfolk sat yesterday to Lawrence for a whole 
length portrait. He said that painted by Opie had not been approved. 
Lawrence said Mr. Coke talked incessantly, & so moved His head about, 
that it was very difficult to obtain a true view of his face. I recommended 
to Him to mention to Mr. Coke that He must for a time be steady in 
sitting or no faithful portrait of him could be given. 

May 27. Lawrence I dined with. We talked of his having parties 
at his house upon the Plan Sir Joshua Reynolds had, & He purposed 
to commence by inviting Wm. Spencer, Sharpe, Sotheby, & Kemble. 
Sharpe thinks highly of <c Knights enquiry into the principles of taste," 
says He had read it over three times & on the last reading thought 
more highly of it than before. Lawrence thinks Knight will be mortified 
by Hoppners remarks upon it.* Knight tells a story well, but while He 
endeavours to excite mirth in others laughs a good deal himself. On 
the contrary Sir Geo. Beaumont while He attempts to produce the same 
effect in those who listen preserves His gravity & that most when He 
comes to the point of ludicrous description. Lawrence thinks Sir George's 
manner on such occasions more artificial than that of Knight. Knights 
forte is discussion & description ; He has no talent for repartee. Bowles 
has something of poetry in what He writes : but has a good deal of folly 
about Him. 

* To the Artist^ Maj 23, 1807, Hoppner contributed a scathi: 
Knight's ** Inquiry into the Principles of Taste." 

ithing refiew of Pa/ne 


Coke of Norfolk 

May 28. Lawrence called in the evening. Mr. Coke of Norfolk 
sat to him today & read a letter He had just reed, from York expressing 
that if Lord Milton should not be able to make a successful effort at the 
election on the day following viz : the 27th inst. they should begin to 
despair. Mr. Coke acknowledged the abilities of Wilberforce, but signi^ 
fied that He had left those who when in Administration had carried 
through His measure of the abolition oj the Slave trade , & to whom He 
stood indebted for it. Lawrence replied that Mr. Wilberforce might 
have due sense of the value of their assistance & of their good conduct 
in that instance, but it did not lay him under an obligation to support 
them in other matters contrary to his judgment. At another time 
Mr. Coke said, It seemed odd that a man of Wilberforce' s narrow fortune 
with little property in the County, should oppose Himself to such families 
as those of Ld. Fitzwilliam & Lord Harewood. Thus showing His 
own feeling of the claims of Aristocratick power. He spoke of the 
Norfolk election & said " He had fought the County " He said the 
expences on both sides at the election in October last. He & Windham 
against ColL Wodehouse cost ,70,000. 

Dishonest Land Steward 

He said that He had no Land. Steward, but did all that business him- 
self & has done it during many years. There had been a strong lesson 
in his own family to induce Him to undertake it. A Boy of the name 
of Caldwell was recommended by a person at Norwich to the late Earl 
of Leicester, for some family purpose, & came to Holkham with half 
a guinea in his pocket. He was gradually advanced by the Earl & 
at last became Land Steward in which capacity He amassed .100,000. 
The following instance showed how He carried matters on. A Tenant 
of Lord Leicester being desirous to have his Lease renewed sent Caldwell 
a goose pye, & with it a letter in which He mentioned that Mr. Caldwell 
would find an gg 9 which He desired him to look into. It contained 
2000 with which Caldwell was so well satisfied that the Lease was soon 


From a Portrait by Gainsborough, the property of the Earl oj Leicester. 

cface p. 138 

1807] Dishonest Land Steward 139 

granted. When Mr. Coke took possession of the estate He was deter- 
mined to dismiss Caldwell but the latter insisted that under the will 
of Lord Leicester He could retain His office. Mr. Coke went into Chan- 
cery with him & in 3 years had a decission in His favour. The above 
story wd. have been brought forward had the Law suit been continued 
as the man who gave the 2000 acknowledged it. 

Business First 

Mr. Coke said that He does all His business in the morning between 
the Hours of 7 & 10 after which time He is at leisure to shoot or for any 
other amusement. He said that He makes it a rule to answer every 
letter the day he receives it. He told Lawrence that He is now 56 
years old. Lawrence said He looks like a man of 40 years old & not 
more. He spoke of Sir Francis Burdett & said He had seen a great deal 
of Him & thought Him sincere in His professions ; that He was a great 
Advocate for an Agrarian Law^ & declared that were it adopted He 
should willingly give up all beyond 50 a yr. & that mankind wd. 
be in a happier state, 

[William] Cobbett* was mentioned & Mr. Coke spoke of His being 
a strong though rough writer. Lawrence remarked that though He 
wrote strongly He had not yet been able to convince the people that 
Mr. Pitt was " a shallow-headed fellow." Mr. Coke sd. that in the whole 
length portrait Opie had painted of him he had totally failed. 

May 29. Wilson's I went to in the even'g & heard Mrs. Miles play 
on the Harpsichord She teaches the Princess Charlotte of Wales & 
has ^300, a year for it. 

Lawrence I saw in the afternoon. Charles Longt & Sir Abraham 
[Hume] had called to see the portrait of Mr. Pitt. Lawrence saw that 
Long did not approve the likeness ; but said it was a very fine picture, 
& like, & that the Coat was the best black He had ever seen painted. 
Sir Abraham seemed to think it more like than Long did. Mr. Dacre 
Adamst & Mr. Courtenay afterwards met them & Long said that the 
picture was not so like as that by Hofpner but was a better picture. This 
made no difference in the opinion of Adams & Courtenay. West I met 
at Lawrence ? s. He said the picture was as like as if Mr. Pitt had sat 
for it, and there were in it many circumstances expressed with all the 
care of nice attention to the individual. 

Unprincipled Politicians 

June 1 I had company to dinner. We dined in my great painting 
room in which & in the drawing room I had a fire. Lawrence told me 
that Mr, Coke sat to Him today, & while sitting reed, a letter from York 

* See Index, Vols. I. and II. 

t See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

J William Dacres Adams, Commissioner of Woods and Forests, 

John Courtney, M.P. See Vols. I. and III, 

140 The Farington Diary [1807 

stating that Lord Milton was behind Lascelles* as well as Wilberforce, 
Mr. Coke then said He gave up all hope of Lord Milton succeeding, as 
now Lascelles might put the long oath to Milton's voters which wd. 
delay the polling & prevent His bringing up a sufficient number. Coke 
added that He well knew the management of Elections what might 
be done to occasion delay. He told Lawrence that He dined with Lord 
Howick the day before, who told Him that they (the opposition) should 
number 240 in the House of Commons, & that very early after the meeting 
of parliament, they should bring on a question to try the strength of the 
two parties. He also sd. that it was understood that government meant 
to proceed against Sir Francis Burdet on account of His scandalous 
address to the Electors of Westminster, & that the Opposition meant to 
support Him. Such is the unprincipled disposition of a political party, 
which Condemning the act of Sir Francis, wd. support Him notwithstand- 
ing to create difficulty to the Ministry. 

An Expert Engraver 

Wm. Daniell [R.A.] told me that John Byrne finding no profits to 
arise from the publication of plates to accompany Lyson's Brittania, 
has declined having any further concern in it, as He cannot afford to 
wait for profits. Cadell & Davis applied to Wm. Daniell to make draw- 
ings for a continuation of the work & to superintend the engravings & 
to become a partner in it. He consulted me upon it this morning & 
I advised Him not to engage in it but upon specific terms tobepaidjor 
whatever He might do, He told me that He has become so expeditious 
in executing works in Aqua-tinta that He has been able to execute a 
plate for the publication of Animals in one day., & that He charged Ten 
guineas for each plate. He said that He had lately executed 20 plates 
for Sir John Carr'st Stranger in Holland, to be published by Philips, 
& that Philips paid Him .200 for them, & that He executed the whole 
of them in Six weeks. They were done from Sketches made by Carr, 
and Philips wished much to have his (Daniells) name to them^ as the 
engraver, but that He wd. not consent to, as He wd. not appear in that 
capacity but where He worked from his own drawings. He sd. the 
great facility which He had acquired in executing in Aqua-tinta was 
obtained by the most severe application for Seven years together after 
He arrived in England from India. He said He had worked from 6 
in the morning till 12 at night. 

June 2. March! [Sir Joshua Reynolds' Assistant] called. He 
had seen the Exhibition & spoke highly of Wilkiis picture of the Blind 
Fidler. He said it was so sober & solid & well managed as to put down 
all those that were near it. Wes tail's Flora appeared fiery & poor by 
it ; and burners Forge flimsy. He much disliked Northcote's portrait 
of the King on Horseback, said the Horse was hard & liny, & the back 
ground tame & without taste. 

* Edward Lascelles, afterwards first Earl of Harewood. See Vola. I. and III. 

f See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 


Bishop and Princess 

June 2. [The Rev. Mr.] Hughes called He told me the Average 
income of Seven years past, of a Canon Residentiary of St. Pauls^is 
1795 a year. That He shall be required to reside three months in the 
year unless prevented by illness or some other reasonable cause. 
He said He was just come from the Bishop of Salisbury (Dr. Fisher) 
and had found Him in a state of flurry of spirits in consequence of an 
interview with the Prince of Wales yesterday. The Bishop, as Preceptor 
to the Princess Charlotte of Wales, has felt much anxiety on account of 
the great negligence shewn in educating & attending the Princess. The 
arrangement in the first instance was likely to produce difficulty. 
The King appointed the men who were to superintend & give instruction 
to the young Princess, Sc the Prince of Wales appointed the Women* 
Difference of opinion & sentiment has accordingly prevailed among 
them, & the Bishop has complained of the bad mode of proceeding ; 
while on the contrary the women, viz : Lady Clifford* Sec. have prejudiced 
the Prince of Wales against the Bishop, who has been treated with great 
disrespect by His Royal Highness. He said He had written a letter 
to the Prince respecting the young Princess & no notice was taken of 
it. The Prince had passed Him> had looked at him toitbt. noticing Him. 

Royal Etiquette 

In this situation feeling it necessary to do something, about six 
weeks ago the Bishop went to Windsor & applied to the Princess Eliza- 
beth to obtain that He might speak to the Queen on the subject. A 
time was fixed and it caused a notification from the King for the Bishop 

* Lady Clifford or de Clifford was Princess Charlotte's governess, and, according to 
Lady Charlotte Bury, in the " Court of England under George I V.," Lady de Clifford seems 
to have been " a good natured, common-place person, and the young Princess appears to 
be attached to her, which is a good indication of her Ladyship's temper." The same 
diarist states that the ordinary Royal Family dinner party always weighed heavily on the 
Princess, whose mother thought that Lady de Clifford kept the Princess Charlotte too 
rigidly righteous. Lady de Clifford, however, assured the Princess of Wales that " Princess 
Charlotte has liberty enough with me." Lady de Clifford died in South Audley Street 
in August, 1828, aged eighty-five years. 


The Farington Diary [1807 

to come to Him the next morning.-The Bishop went to the King & 
was with His Majesty an Hour, but to His surprise and mortification 
the Kins, did not say one word, respecting the young Pnncess or those about 
tf,r.-The Etiquette with the King is that His Majesty must commence 
the conversation &T cloose His subject. Whether from the King at 
that [time] being troubled with the Political changes which were taking 
place whether from disinclination arising from a wish not to be troubled, 
the effect of blindness & old age coming upon Him, so it_was that nothing 
was said & the Bishop returned as He went.-Feelmg it however neces- 
sary that something shd. be done, He yesterday obtained an interview 
with the Prince of Wales & after a conversation of two hours left Him, 
as He thinks mutually disatisfied. 

In this state things cannot remain; either the Bishop must give 
up His situation or the Women must give way. The Bishop complains 
of most improper proceeding in respect of want of attention to the young 
Princess, both in what regards Her personally & to Her instruction - 
In the afternoon she is left solely in company with zjemale servant only, 
which, though she appears to be a well disposed young person the Bishop 
deems to be highly improper. Her manners are not attended to. _ As 
an instance the Bishop noticed that Her nose requmng to be mftd, 
she did not apply Her Handkerchief, but wiped Her nose with Her Sleeve 
as vulgar people do. - , . , 

The Bishoprick of Salisbury which the Bishop has very lately obtained 

is worth 4,000 a year. 

June 3. Lane* I called on at 41 Charing Cross & found him copying 
a portrait of Mr. Pitt for Hoppner. He desired to mention to me that 
Hoppner called upon him a week or 10 days since & after looking at 
the Copies making by Lane walked abt. the room & then said That 
Mr. Pitt being dead, people began to forget him, and He did not think 
that He should want more Copies." He then asked Lane how much^ Me 
paid for His lodgings & was informed by Lane that He paid a guinea 
and a Half a week & had taken them for Six months. Hoppner then 
said He wd. pay Lane what wd. be due for His Lodgings for the time 
He had engaged them Lane reminded Him that He had said that 
after He shd. have finished the copies of Mr. Pitts portrait which had 
been proposed Hoppner sd. He wd. find Him other employ. Nothing 
further passed of an explanatory kind ; but on Saturday last Hoppner 
sent to Him an order for another copy of Mr. Pitts portrait making the 
fifth ordered. From this I plainly saw that Hoppner was not satisfied 
with Lane's copies & wished to stop His proceeding to make more. 

Eggs and Spinach 

We [Steers and Farington] went to Sega^s\ the picture dealer. He 
told us that Barretts popularity was so great as a painter that 30 years 

* Samuel Lane. See Inde^ Vols. L, IL andJOL 
f David Seguier. See Vol. III., page 232. 

1807] Eggs and Spinach 143 

ago He was glad to get what He could from Him to sell again & paid 
Him high, prices. He said Barrett carried Himself very high, & spoke 
of Wilson as being deficient in finishing His pictures. This Segar told 
to Wilson, who replied " He complains of my not finishing my pictures 
& I see His eggs ? Sfinnage," alluding to Barretts green & yellow 

Segar told us that a Lady had advanced to Stubbs [the animal painter] 
a considerable sum of money & Had a Bond *of Security which gave Her 
a claim to His pictures &c. These were sold the last week & the prices 
were kept up by Her agents & many articles were bought in. It is 
understood that after Her Debt is paid there will be little left. 

A Rembrandt 

June 4. Lawrence I called on & went with Him to De Corfs* & 
with Him we went to De Lafontainef at Sablionaris in Leicester fields, 
where we saw several pictures lately imported by him ; viz : a Sea 
port landscape, even'g by Claude, of a very warm colour, & fine for which 
the price named was 3000 guineas, A picture of Boats by Rembrant, 
very good A picture called Corregio, very indifferent, for which 3000 
guineas was asked. An exquisite picture by Rembrant, " The Woman 
taken in Adultery," for this 5000 guineas was asked. Mr. Angerstein 
came and looked at the pictures & went away saying, " two things are 
wanting for such purchases, money & room to place them." 

De Cort told us that Lord Aylesford had said to Him that He had 
undertaken to learn many different things ; that it had been his rule 
to persist in applying to whatever He desired to learn for the space 
of three years, & if at the end of that time He should not have made 
sufficient progress He gave up the pursuit. He had studied drawing, 
& Painting & Architecture ; also had learnt to ride the Great Horse, 
and had become an expert Archer ; and other things. 

* Hendrick De Cort was born in Antwerp in 1742, and settling in England, became a 
regular contributor to the Royal Academy. His pictures, which represented architec- 
tural subjects, were painted in the Italian style of the period. He died in London in 18 10. 

f Lafontaine was a Paris dealer, and in his sale at Christie's in 1807, the Claude 
"Landscape and Seaport" fetched ^1,995, Correggio "Virgin and Child," ^3,1505 
Rembrandt's " The Woman taken in Adultery " was sold for 5,250 and is No. 45 in 
the National Gallery. [See entry and footnote under June 16.] The " Boats " may 
be No. 967^ in Hofstede de Groot's " Catalogue of Dutch Painters/' 


A Shameful Affront 

June 4. Lawrence told me that Mr. Coke yesterday related to Him 
the particulars of those proceedings at Norwich which caused a petition 
to be presented against Him and Mr. Windham.* It was owing to an 
affront offered to Mrs. Berney and Mrs. Atkins, who having rode through 
the streets of Norwich holding a Poll bearing the Colours of Coll. Wode- 
house the other Candidate, some of Coke & Windhams party placed two 
Prostitutes in a Barouche & drove them abt. in imitation of those ladies. 
Mr. Coke sd. that on hearing of it, He did what He could to prevent 
it, but found one of His Nephews at the Head of the mob, which He could 
not stop. Owing to this circumstance, the petition having been success- 
ful, Mr. Windham lost His Seat for Norfolk, which otherways He would 
probably have possessed during His life. At present Windham is doubt- 
ful whether He shall be able to secure a seat in Parliament, as shd. Lord 
Milton not succeed in Yorkshire, He must vacate the Seat given to Him 
by Lord Fitzwilliam for Higham Ferrers. 

Pocket Boroughs 

Government, Mr. Coke said, have bought up all the Boroughs they 
could and at high prices ; giving .6000 for a Seat. TJerney't' has been 
looking out for one, for which He would pay .4000, but has not suc- 

^ Lord Thanet has behaved very handsomely to Mr. Courtney, who 
being very poor, and tired of parliament, His Lordship who had before 
bought Appleby for Him, now gave Him leave to dispose of a Seat for 
that Borough, which accordingly Courtney has done to Mr. Cuthbert 
for ,4000. 

Mr. Coke spoke of Lord Howick, and sd. " Howick is the first man 
on his side in the House of Commons, but He is not popular. He is 

* William Windham. See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 
t George Tierne/, See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 


1807] Pocket Boroughs 145 

Hot & irritable, but He is sincere Be not ill-tempered." He said the 
Opposition now reckoned upon counting 196 members on their side. 

Mr. Coke sd. to Lawrence that Lord Fitzwilliam had sd. He wd. 
expend .150,000 to carry Yorkshire for his son Lord Milton, yet wd. 
probably lose it, from not carrying down the London voters at the com- 
mencement of the Poll which He might have done for 3000. 

Gainsborough Letters 

June 5. Downman called to request my interest to be elected an 
Academician & hinted that if not chosen He shd. resign His Diploma of 
Associate. I gave him only general answers, and said His residence not 
being in London might be an objection. He said that though He now 
lived at Exeter, He comes to London every year. He said He had 
married the daughter of the late Mr. Jackson, musician, of Exeter, the 
intimate acquaintance of Gainsborough. 

Mrs. Downman has in her posession a large Collection of letters* 
written by Gainsborough to Jackson, in a truly original & singular stile. 
Mr. [Thomas] Jackson who was Minister at [Turin] is now at Trieste, 
finding it difficult to get to England, as Buonaparte is desirous to seize 

Nollekens and the Elgin Marbles 

June 6. Nollekens had seen the works in Sculpture brought from 
Athens by Lord Elgin, & did not find anything fine amoung them. He 
could not believe them to be the work of Phidias ; but on Mostyn j speak- 
ing of their fine effect when upon the temples at Athens, He sd. Well, 
when they are all arranged, and put into such situations as to be properly 
seen, & the broken parts united we shall see more of them. Nollekens 
shewed us the Casts taken from the faces of Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, & the 
Duchess of Devonshire after their deaths. He sd. He had refused to 
make a Bust of the Duchess of Devonshire from the Cast, as He could 
not undertake to make it like what she appeared to be. In consequence 
Lady Besborough had taken away the first Cast which was taken. 

* Mention of these Gainsborough letters is of much interest. It is well known that 
considerable correspondence passed between the artist and William Jackson, whose music 
to an adaptation of " Lycldas " was favourably received at Covent Garden. In fact, 
twelve letters by Gainsborough to Jackson were purchased by the Royal Academy about 
forty years ago from a great-niece of Jackson's brother Thomas, to whom the musician 
left them. 

According to this story, it would seem that the " large '* collection of letters referred 
to by Farington was a separate batch bequeathed by William Jackson to his daughter, Mrs, 
Downman. If that is so, her letters may yet be awaiting discovery. Mrs. Downman 
had two sons and one daughter. 

t Probably the Mr. Mostyn who married Miss Cecilia Thrale, daughter of Mrs. Piozzi, 
who on April 4, 1820, wrote : " This moment brought me an agreeable letter from Mrs. 
Mostyn. She and her youngest son are very gay at Florence, acting English plays, &c. . . , 
All among Lord and Lady performers, of course." After Mrs. Mostyn's death in 1857 
a collection of relics of her mother were sold at Sillwood Lodge, Brighton, 

VOL. IV. 10 

146 The Farington Diary [1807 

Nollekens told us He shd. be 70 years old in August next, & Dance 
said He was 66 years old in April last. Nollekens told Him He looked 
as well as He did 30 years ago, & added " That He had always a laughing 
face," meaning that His good humour had preserved his health. 

Pitt's Bust and Portrait 

On our coming away Dance* told me that He thought the Bust of 
Mr. Pitt had much of his air & look, but it seemed to Him not to be true 
to the proportions of Mr. Pitts Head, the upper part of the head being 
too small, & the nose not the true form. He added that having con- 
versed with Mr. Pitt He had a full recollection of him & noticed that His 
look, the peculiar look of his eyes had something in it, when speaking 
upon business, that " had more of spirit than flesh in it" On the whole, 
however, He thought this Bust the best representation of him. He said 
having heard Hoppners portrait of Mr. Pitt much spoken of He went to 
the Exhibition to see it & was greatly disappointed. He sd. He should 
not have known it to have "been intended jor Mr. Pitt. 

Nollekens told us that He had 52 Busts of Mr. Pitt to execute in Marble. 
And had eight of Mr. Fox, of whom He had before executed Twenty 
one Busts. He has now 100 guineas for each Bust. 

Dance told me that He shd. surprise me by telling me that His Brother, 
Sir N. Holland, f is going to build a House in Piccadilly, & this at 72 
years of age. But it is with a view to make an agreeable residence for 
Lady Holland, who has great pleasure in associating with Her friends who 
are in high situations. He sd. He supposes Sir Nathaniel expends 
.5000 a year, & believes He has 30,000 a year, so that it wd. only be 
the expense of surplus income for one year. 

Nollekens told me that when Stubbs died there was no money in the 
House, but abt. 20 was owing to Him by a person. His House was 
mortgaged to a lady a friend of his, and He owed her money besides. 
His pictures & effects produced at the sale upwards of 4000, but the 
Lady had been ill-advised & bought in pictures for which high prices 
were bid; one in particular for which Mr. Thos. Hope bid upwards 
of 200, yet she wd. not let it go. 

Boswell called.J He said affairs looked so ill He was afraid to say 
"What News." He wished Wilberforce & Lascelles to succeed for 
Yorkshire. He was glad Lord Howick had lost Northumberland. He 
could not forget former circumstances, and that His Lordship, then Mr. 
Grey, was the only Member of the House of Commons who appeared in 
colours when the House was in mourning for the death of the King of 
France. His haughtiness has lost Him Northumberland : He would 
not condescend to ask for votes. 

* George Dance. See Index, Vok I., II. and III. 

f See Index, Vok I. and IL 

t James Boswell, the younger. See Index, Vok I., II. and III* 

1807] Lascelles and Pitt 147 

Boswell wished for Lascelles to succeed as He was the Member who 
moved for all the Honors voted to the memory of Mr. Pitt by the House 
of Commons. He spoke of the death of General Paoli [the Corsican 
soldier], His old friend. He died at the age of 82 of a suppression of 
Urine, to which He had been long subject. He had a Pension of .2000 
a year from our Government, but had many Corsican friends to assist 
for whom He had an open table. His figure had undergone a great 
change : from being very large & stout He had become very thin : but 
His spirits were good. 

Boswell spoke of the very great number of deaths which had happened 
during the last winter & spring, but particularly in the months of March 
& April. He lost two friends not older than Himself who were carried 
off by colds & fever. 




Wine, a Kind of Poison 

June 6. [George] Dance I dined with,. We dined a little before 5 
and had Port, Madeira, & Red Champaigne.* Drinking was spoken of. 
Dance told me I knew a person who never in his life was intoxicated ; it 
was Sir Nathl. Holland, His Brother. He added that Sir Nathl. always 
objected to wine ; and, when alone, He believed did not drink any ; 
but in company passes the bottle so as to keep up an appearance of 
drinking some wine. Sir Nathl. has a strong prejudice against wine & 
thinks it a kind of poison. To Tea He has no objection. 

Sleeping was a topick of conversation. Mostyn sd. that He sleeps 
8 or 9 hours witht. intermission, but on waking finds no disposition to 
rise suddenly, no elasticity, but rather an inclination to dozing. He 
seldom dreams, at least so as to have any impression remaining. Sir 
N. Dance on the contrary sd. that His sleep is short, not more than two 
hours at a time, & that in the morning He awakes rather debilitated than 
refreshed. He passes the night in a state of dreaming & irritation which 
were He to refrain from wine He said, would probably not be the case, 

* Mr. H. Warner Allen writes : The red " champaigne " to which Farington refers 
is presumably^ still wine. Henry VIIL owned a vineyard in Champagne, but he drank 
nothing from it but still wine, since Champagne was only invented in the late Seventeenth 
Century. It must be remembered that both Burgundy and Champagne are produced 
from the pino t grap e. Re d still champagne, unfortunately, will no t travel, but it still stands 
m high repute in its own country, and M. PaiUard, of Bouzy, has offered the writer a 
really delightful Bouzy of 1893. Professor Saintsbury, in his " Notes on a Cellar Book," 
speaks with great affection of a red Verzenay of i868 3 and the wine-lover in old days found 
at the Haute Mere Dieu Hdtel of Chalons-sur-Marne a fine choice of this fascinating wine. 
AproposQi the remarks of Mr. H. Warner Allen concerning the still red "champaigne" 
referred to in the delightful Farington Diary, it may interest its readers to hear of a few 
more varieties of that classical beverage, says another correspondent. 

*JI was present on the gth December, 1903, at a luncheon, when the following rare 
specimens of red non-mousseux champagne were sampled, specially shipped by Messrs. 
Moet and Chandon, of Epernay, for the jubilee of one of their friends in this country : 

1865 Bouzy, 1874 Verzenay. 

1865 Verzenay. 1870 Ay. 

1874 Bouzy. ^70 Bouzy. 

1874 Ay. !87o Verzenay/' 


isor] Wine, a Kind of Poison 149 

but He has not yet had resolution to do so. Dance sd. that He con- 
sidered 7 Hours sleeping quite sufficient. If He goes to bed at Eleven 
He wakes at 4, and generally rises at 6 or means to do it, 

Too Much Talk about Art 

After dinner the I3th. number of the Artist was brought in, & Dance 
read it through. The writers in this number were P. Hoare, Hoppner 
Be Cumberland. At the conclusion Dance expressed to the purpose 
" That there was much sound & little sense." Northcote had exposed 
himself by undervaluing Nicolo Poussin. Of Shee He said, That from 
what He had seen of Him He was convinced that He would never do much ; 
He had undertaken to write upon His art before He understood it. He 
said it appeared generally that those who knew most of their art were 
least disposed to talk much about it. He spoke of the bad taste of the 
buildings now erecting & those which have been erected near Westminster 
Hall, & Abbey, of which Groves has the direction. He sd. He had been 
applied to to make designs for a continuation of those buildings but had 
not taken any notice of it. 

Dwellings calculated for comfort were spoken of. Mostyn sd. Windsor 
Castle & such like were not suited to it. Dance thought that in great 
buildings comfort might be had, but that certainly magnificence was an 
incumbrance upon it. 

English Integrity 

Mostyn travelled to Russia & has been at Petersburgh & at Moscow. 
The English people are much respected in that country for their in- 
tegrity* It was frequently said to Him " I must believe you, for you are 
an Englishman." Many persons in Russia speak English, but among 
the higher order French is spoken so generally as to seem among them a 
native language. At Petersburgh the higher orders are all Courtiers^ 
at Moscow their manners are more simple and natural. Hospitality 
abounds among them, so far as feeding those who go to their Houses ; 
but it is not attended with much social pleasure. At Moscow the dinner 
may be at one, two, or three oClock, when large parties assemble, but the 
conversation does not extend beyond those who sit on the right & left 
of each of the party. At Moscow, & in other parts of Russia, the opinion 
of the English is that they are all powerful by Sea, but nothing on land : 
but their notions are all general : they have no knowledge of circum- 
stances. I asked Mostyn whether He kept a Diary when he travelled. 
He said, " No, only made memorandums, which no other person wd* 

Wilkie and Sir Joshua 

June 7 The Academy I went to at 2 oClock & met Lady Thomond, 
Mr. & Miss Metcalf e, & Mr. Henry Hope, who haoT a private view of the 
Exhibition through my means. Wilkie's picture engaged their particular 

150 The Farington Diary [isor 

attention. " What would my Uncle, Sir Joshua, have said Had he seen 
this picture," said Lady Thomond to me, adding " It is worth as much 
money as a picture can be worth/' Only one head in the picture appeared 
to her to be deficient, that of the Blind Fidler's wife. 

[The following paragraph appeared in iht Morning Herald of July 
8th : " A correspondent expresses much astonishment at reading in the 
newspapers that a monument is proposed to be erected to the memory 
of the late Sir Joshua Reynolds, by Subscription. The proposer of such 
a Plan must surely have forgotten that the neice of that celebrated Artist 
inherited nearly 100,000 from Him, which created Her Marchioness of 
Thomond, and that a Monument by subscription must therefore prove 
to that Lady of exalted rank a monument of disgrace." From small 
note-book.] , XT , 

Sale of Qpie's pictures It produced .1386. Clothing the Naked 
by Opie Sold for 136.10. Laughing Girl by Sir Joshua a f for 151. 
10.0. bought by Lord Lowther, 

A Rembrandt Masterpiece 

June 10- West had been today at Christies Auction room to look 
again at the picture of " The Woman taken in Adultery " which is to 
be put up to sale on Saturday next with other pictures belonging to the 
Frenchman who has brought them over. He then expressed Himself 
in the strongest manner of the merit of the picture & declared it to be 
in its way the finest piece of Art in the world. He said He had examined 
it carefully & saw that it was painted upon a ground originally white, 
& that passed over with a wash of Burnt "Umber to which was added some 
yellow colour to make it more luminous. Upon this rich toned ground 
the whole subject was washed in with Black only^ the ground giving 
warmth sufficient to that cool colour. The next proceeding was to wash 
in with thin colours the colour of each object and gradually to encrease 
the colour of the light farts till the whole effect was produced. I recom- 
mended to Him to paint a subject in the same manner while these observa- 
tions were fresh in His mind. He said He intended to do so, & had 
fixed upon His sketch of the Institution of the Order of the Garter, which 
would afford Him an opportunity to introduce much in imitation of the 
Altar in Rembrant's picture. 

He then spoke in his peculiar way of the extraordinary effect the 
picture by Rembrant had on the spectators. They were struck with 
reverence of it, & all who approached it pulled off their Hats, He 
said the first time He saw such an effect produced by a picture was wlien 
His picture of the death of Lord Nelson was exhibited in His room. By 
an instinctive motion the hand accompanied the mind, & when the picture 
was approached the Hat was taken off. He then shewed me an etching 
by Heath from His picture of the death of Lord Nelson which He had this 
day reed, and tomorrow was to pay the first ^200, 

1807] Imagination and Fact 151 

He said He had seen the picture of the death, of Lord Nelson by 
Devis, which, had much merit, but it had more convinced Him that there 
was no other way of representing the death of a Hero but by an Epic 
representation of it. It must exhibit the event in a way to excite awe, 
& veneration & that which may be required to give superior interest to 
the representation must be introduced, all that can shew the importance 
of the Hero. Wolfe must not die like a common Soldier under a Bush ; 
neither should Nelson be represented dying in the gloomy hold of a Ship, 
like a sick man in a Prison Hole. To move the mind there should be a 
spectacle presented to raise Be warm the mind, & all shd. be proportioned 
to the highest idea conceived of the Hero. No Boy, sd. West, wd. be 
animated by a representation of Nelson dying like an ordinary man, His 
feelings must be roused & His mind inflamed by a scene great & extra- 
ordinary. A mere matter of fact will never produce this effect. 

West expressed a strong wish that Wilkie shd. see the picture by 
Rembrant, as it wd. at once shew Him what He wanted & He wd. feel 
it. If to the truth of expression, & nice imitation of objects He could 
add the transparency of Rembrant His pictures wd. be such works as were 
never yet seen. Four thousand pounds has been offered for the Rem- 



June 12. After breakfast went with. [Dr.] Hayes to Lawrence's & 
shewed Him the portrait of Mr. Pitt. Instantly on seeing it He said 
" That's the Man " He made only one remark, which was that the 
chin was too round. Christies I went to & found many persons assembled 
to see the picture of the Woman taken in Adultery by Rembrant. 
Northcote told me He wd. much rather have the Susannah by Rem- 
brant [now in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin] ; that this picture 
was beautifully coloured & harmonised ; but there was in other respects 
so much misery in the picture, the figures were so petite & mean that 
He would not give twopence for it. [Charles] Towne said He did not 
believe the picture to have been painted by Rembrant, but by another 
artist whose name he did not remember. He thought it a fine picture. 

Dance I drank tea with. He thought the picture at Christie's by 
Rembrant enchanting in the colouring, but so defficient in other respects 
that it was out of all bounds to ask 4 or .5000 for it. Sir N. Holland did 
not think it was painted by Rembrant, it was too smooth, too polished ; 
but, added Dance, He knows the quality of a picture better than who 
painted it. Sir Francis Baring said " That He should prove those to be 
mistaken who imagined that He should give for it such a Sum as had 
been asked." 


June 13. After breakfast called on Lawrence & went with Him to 
Christies & again saw the picture by Rembrant. We called on Hearne 
who concurred with us in thinking it the finest picture of that master 
that had ever been brought into this country. He said that a man of 
large fortune ought not to regard giving .1000 more than He might 
first intend for a work of such perfection. He said notwithstanding 
the acknowledged excellence of the picture there were persons who had 
pretended to doubt its originality. Landseer had expressed a doubt, 
but on finding Himself likely to suffer from appearing to entertain 
such an opinion, said Cosway was the person who had declared against 


1807] Perfection 153 

the originality of it. After we left Hearne Lawrence took a Chaise & 
set off to Mr. Angerstein at Woodlands to induce Him to bid largely for 
the picture. 

Bought in 

Christies I went to at 2 oClock & found the room crowded. Andrew 
Fountaine, was there, Lord Grosvenor, Lord Suffolk, and many 
other Amateurs & many picture dealers were there. At 20 minutes before 
3 the Rembrant was put up for sale, it being the last lot. It was knocked 
down for 5000 guineas ; but it soon appeared to have been bought in. 
On leaving the room I met Lawrence in Pallmall, coming to Christies, 
with an Authority, as He told me, from Mr. Angerstein -to bid 4000 
guineas for the Rembrant. We went to Christie who told us that the 
picture was bought in, & would not be sold for less than 5000 guineas. 
If that sum should not be obtained it would be taken abroad & offered 
to the French Museum, or kept by the Proprietors as a Corner Stone 
to support the credit of their future sales. 

Turner I called on at His gallery, it being the last day of His Exhibi- 
tion of His own works. I also saw the first number of His publication 
of prints etched & acqua-tinted, from His designs, which was published 
on Thursday last. * 

Clergymen's Duty 

June 14. H. Hone [the artist] called. He looked ill, & spoke 
of having been unwell, & something that dropped from Him signified 
that professional disappointment contributed to it. He sd. that could 
He again go over the last 20 years He wd. pursue a different course 
from that He had done, & added that we make ourselves slaves to study 
for Landlords & taxgatherers, He mentioned an anecdote of the Revd. 
Mr. Andrews, Minister of St. James's. A poor woman some weeks since 
applied at the Vestry of St* James's Church & requested that one of 
the clergymen, there being two present, would go to Her Mother, who 
was then dying, and earnestly wished to have a clergyman to attend 
Her for a short time. These Clergymen both declared that they were 
so circumstanced they could not go at that Hour. The woman then 
resolved to knock at the door of the Rector, Mr. Andrews, which she did, 

* Mr. A. J. Finberg in his admirable " History of Turner's Liber Studiorunx," recently 
published by Messrs. Ernest Benn Limited (^5 $s. net), writes : " As the first five plates 
bear no date in the publication-line, it was long a matter of dispute as to when Part I. 
was issued. Fortunately, the matter has now been cleared up by the publication in the 
Morning Post on January 10, 1923, of the following entry in Farington's Diary : 

" c June 13, 1807. Turner I called on at His gallery, it being the last day of His Exhi- 
bition of His own works. I also saw the first number of His publication of prints etched 
and acqua- tinted, from His designs, which was published on Thursday last.' 

" In spite of the fact that Farington mistook the mezzotints for aquatints, and that he 
was not sufficiently interested in the engravings to mention the name of the publication, 
I think there can be no reasonable doubt that the first number of Turner's Liber Stttdiorttm 
is here referred to, and that the entry establishes the date of publication as June u, 1807 
the 1 3th having been a Saturday." 

154 The Farington Diary [1807 

and communicated Her wish to a Servant who told Her she must go to 
the Vestry. Mr. Andrews hearing a conversation, came forward & to 
Him the Woman told what had passed. Mr. Andrews then lifted up his 
eyes and sd. " Vengeance may surely be expected to fall upon a Country 
where the Clergymen will not do their duty/' He then went with the 
woman to Her Mother & remained with Her more than an Hour, & in 
Half an [hour] after He left Her the Mother died. 


Lawrence called in the even'g. Mr. Angerstein was with Him this 
morning, and went to De Cort's where He met De Lafontaine & purchased 
the " Woman taken in Adultery " by Rembrant from Him. He told 
Lawrence that De Lafontaine had desired Him not to mention the 
price that He gave. At noon the picture was carried to Mr. Angerstein's. 
Lawrence conjectured that Mr. A. gave 4000 pounds or guineas for it. 
The Marquiss of Abercorn on Friday saw Lawrence's portrait of Mr. 
Pitt & thought it very like and wished to have it, & on finding it was 
painted for Mr. Angerstein, desired to have a Copy. He thought the 
mouth too severe. 

June 16. Daniell called after which I was alone, but dined at Mr. 
Angerstein's at 5 oClock. We looked at the picture of " The Woman 
taken in Adultery " by Rembrant, and our admiration of it encreased. 
While at dinner a person called to whom Mr. Angerstein went out and 
on returning said He had paid to that person the money for the Rem- 
brant. He afterwards had a letter delivered to Him which having 
read He gave it to Lawrence to read & afterwards to me. It was from 
Walsh Porter congratulating Him upon the posession of the Rembrant, 
and supposing He might not wish to retain His other picture, " The 
Nativity " by Rembrant, offered to exchange for it the Sea piece by 
Rembrant which He had bought of De Lafontaine, but found it too large 
for the place intended. Mr. Angerstein asked me Yes or No to the pro- 
posal. I said No, and afterwards united with Lawrence in recommending 
on no acct. to part with the Nativity as it wd. shew fine as it was, the vast 
superiority of the other picture when compared with any of Rembrant's 
other works. * 

Party Spirit 

Mr. Boucheretf told me that whilst He was member of Great Grimsby 
He did for a considerable time vote with Mr. Fox & His party against 

_ * Sir Charles J. Holmes should be interested in the various opinions expressed in the 
Diary about Rembrandt's " Woman taken in Adultery," which is under his care at the 
National Gallery. He will note that it was not bought by " Clifford " for Mr. Angerstein, 
but " bought in " for Lafontaine, its owner. 

Again, the Director of the National Gallery will be*glad to know, for catalogue purposes, 
that^the Nation might have lost the " Nativity" (" The Adoration of the Shepherds") 
had it not been for Farington and Sir Thomas Lawrence. 

t Ayscough Boucheret or Boucherette. See Index, Vol. Ill, 

1807] Party Spirit 155 

Mr. Pitt, but He became disgusted on observing how much they did 
from a pure spirit of opposition & to raise a clamour against the Minister. 
He related an instance, one of many, wherein Mr. Fox brought forward 
a charge upon a vague report, without taking any trouble to enquire 
into the truth of it. Mr. Pitt declared He never heard of the circum- 
stance ; but Serjeant Adair, who was of Fox's party, arose and declared 
that He had been applied to professionally, to prosecute the proprietors 
of a newspaper for publishing what Mr. Fox had made a charge, as it 
was an unfounded calumny. It was stated to be a transaction which 
happened in Ireland. 


Sir Joshua's Relatives 

June 19. I called on Saunders the Collector of the Income Tax. 
He told me the profits arising to him by a percentage upon what He 
receives in the district to which He is appointed including Charlotte 
Street &c. do not amount to .50 a year. He finds great backwardness 
in many & in those who ought to make handsome returns. He told me 
that He was born at Great Torrington in Devonshire, & when a Boy 
was playfellow with Lady Thomond and Her Brothers : also with the 
present Countess Nelson who was Miss Young. The father of Lady Tho- 
mond was Mr. Palmer an attorney at Great Torrington who had three 
Sons and two daughters, by a Sister of Sir Joshua Reynolds. The 
second Son had a Hair Up which when He was an infant was sewed 
up by a travelling quack Doctor. Sir Joshua Reynolds obtained a 
Deanry for Him in Ireland, but at the commencement of the late Rebellion 
in that Country He brought His family to England & resides in Devon- 
shire. He was a lad of dull parts. The second daughter married Mr. 
Gwatkin* of Cornwall. 

* Miss Theophila Palmer, who was referred to in the Diary on January i ith, 1923, was 
a niece of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the "My dear Offy " of his letter, dated January 3oth, 1781, 
in which he wished that she and Mr. Robert Lovell Gwatkin, of Kellrow, Truro, Cornwall, 
her future husband, " may be as happy as both deserve . . . and you will be the happiest 
couple in England. So God bless you ! " 

Fanny Burney, in a description of a meeting at Sir Joshua Reynolds's house in Leicester 
Square, refers to young Gwatkin, the Cornish squire, maHng sheep's eyes at Ofry, whose 
uncle, Sir Joshua, was very fond of her. 

" I never was," he wrote to Offy, u a great friend to the efficacy of precept, nor a great 
professor of love and affection, and therefore I never told you how much I loved you for 
fear you should grow saucy upon it." 

Dr. Johnson did not congratulate Ofly on her marriage, because, as she told B. R. 
Haydon long afterwards, she had offended him when, at one of her uncle's parties, she 
(then a girl) had changed her dress before Johnson, the last guest to go, had departed. He 
was angry with her for showing less respect to him than to the people who had already left. 

Mr. Gwatkin, her husband, was chief mourner at Sir Joshua's funeral. It may be added 
that QfFy was the original of the charming *' Strawberry Girl," which is one of the most 
popular pictures by Reynolds in the Wallace Collection. 


1807] Sir Joshua's Relatives 157 

Mr. Johnson who married another Sister of Sir Joshua Reynolds 
was a Woolen Draper at Great Torrington. His conduct in many 
respects was very improper and ultimately caused Mrs. Johnson to live 
separate from Him. Sir Joshua Reynolds obtained an appointment in 
India for Mr. Johnson's eldest Son, & Richard, the second son, also went 
to Bengal. The eldest died many years ago. 

A gentleman of the name of Toung was at that time Minister of Great 
Torrington. He had several Children. One of them, a Son, is Mr. 
Young, Archdeacon of Norfolk. He married one of Mr. Johnson's 
daughters, a very beautiful woman. They now reside at SwafEham in 
Norfolk. One of Mr. Young's daughters being with Her Brother, the 
Archdeacon, became acquainted with the Revd. James Nelson, Brother 

A correspondent sends the following interesting notes about Sir Joshua Reynolds, Offy 
Palmer (his niece), and her husband : 

Robert Lovell Gwatkin, of Kellrow, Cornwall, was at St. John's College, Cambridge, 
and thirteenth Wrangler, Sheriff of Cornwall 1789, and married Theophila Palmer, the 
** OfHe " of Reynolds and Johnson, daughter of John Palmer, of Torrington, Devon, who 
married Sir Joshua's sister. " OfEVs " elder sister, Mary, married the Marquess of Tho- 
mond, and died without issue. She lived at one time at Taplow Court, about 1810. Of 
Mr. and Mrs. R. L. Gwatkin's children the eldest son, Edward, Major-General H.E.I.C.S., 
M.A. of St. John's College, Cambridge, married Hetty Elizabeth, daughter of Major Peter 
Gascoigne, and spent all his life in India, dying on his way home in April, 1855, and buried 
at sea. He was Superintendent of the Government Stud for providing remounts for the 
Indian Cavalry. His eldest son, John Reynolds Gwatkin, of Nonsuch, Wilts, married 
Emma Amelia, daughter of Lieutenant-General William Broome Salmon, H.E.I.C.S., 
Bengal Native Infantry. Of his children, the eldest surviving son, Joshua Reynolds 
Gascoigne Gwatkin, of the Manor House, Potterne, Devizes, is the only representative of 
this branch, in whose possession are the original portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds of Mr. 
and Mrs. R. L. Gwatkin, Lady Thomond, and two portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds of 
himself as a young and as an old man. The well-known picture of '* Simplicity " bv 
Reynolds was taken from Theophila Gwatkin, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. L. GwatHn, 
known affectionately as " The " to distinguish her from her mother ; she afterwards 
became Mrs. Lowther. This picture is no longer in the possession of the family. 

" Offie " Palmer was Sir Joshua's favourite niece, who lived with him and saw to his 
comforts until her marriage. Her name Theophila was divided into the pet name of 
" The " and " Offie." Sir Joshua's playful verse on her names, it can be imagined, was 
used when she was superintending his breakfast table. 

When I'm drinking my tea I am thinking of " The," 
When I'm drinking my coffee I am thinking of " Offie," 
So whether I'm drinking my tea or my coffee, 
I always am thinking of thee, my " Th^-Offie." 

Other interesting articles which belonged to Sir Joshua in possession of the present Mr, 
Gwatkin include a vellum sketch book containing crayon drawings, some of which were 
ideas for his pictures and some studies made by him in Italy, a notable example being the 
rough sketch for the celebrated portrait of Mrs. Siddons as " The Tragic Muse," in which 
she is represented seated and clad in a flowing robe with an ornamental border. In the 
same ownership are Sir Joshua Reynolds' s paint-box, colours, palette and brushes, and an 
early Sheraton looking-glass on feet, which he used to place at such an angle as to reflect 
the portrait he was painting and so keep his sitter amused and interested. The paint-box 
also contains original letters from Reynolds and Burke congratulating " Offie '* on her 
engagement, and also letters from Fanny Burney, David Garrick, Johnson, and Oliver 

158 The Farington Diary [isor 

to Lord Nelson. Thus two peeresses come from two private families, 
both of whom owe their advancement to the extraordinary abilities 
& merit of two distinguished men. Lady Thomond inherited from 
Her Uncle [Sir Joshua Reynolds] the bulk of his fortune, & having by 
Him been introduced into the best Society after His death married the 
Earl of Inchiquin, now Marquiss of Thomond. Miss Young participates 
in the Honour bestowed as a reward for the great services of Her Husbands 
Brother Lord Nelson & is now a Countess. Saunders said that Lady 
Thomond must be 57 or 8 years of age. 

Young the Actor 

June 20. Westall called to desire me to go to the Haymarket 
Theatre on Monday next to see Mr. Young,* Son of a Surgeon in the City, 
make His first appearance on a London Stage in the Character of Hamlet, 
He is abt. 27 years old, & has been Manager of the Theatre at Manchester 
by which concern He lost money. His Father intended Him to be a 
Merchant & gave Him a suitable education. He speaks German fluently 
but His inclination to the Stage could not be surmounted. 

June 21. Campion [the wine merchant] told me that Coll. Sergisson, 
the late Candidate for Sussex, has abt. .4000 a year in that County. His 
Father died while the Coll. was young, & His Mother managed His 
estate very iinprovidently & the Coll. has also accumulated debts. He 
was Lieutenant Colonel of the Blues, which rank was given to Him by 
the King expressly against the wish of the Duke of York. He is con- 
sidered a man of but moderate abilities. It is supposed the contest for 
Sussex has cost Him & Fuller His opponent 10 or 12000 each. Fuller 
was chiefly supported by the lower order of Freeholders who were jealous 
of an Aristocratick monopoly being intended, to which, Lord Sheffield, 
by an imprudent expression, implying that the great men of the County 
had determined who should be members, gave rise. Lord Sheffield has 
abt. 4000 a year in Sussex which He purchased from the Delawar 
Jamily. It is not known that Coll. Sergisson would oppose the present 
administration, but the contrary is rather expected. 

Mrs. Campion had seen a person from Yorkshire who had supported 
Mr. Wilberforce. He said that Mr. Wilberforce was becoming daily 
more unpopular, & that had the election been continued 3 or 4 days 
longer he would have lost it. He is spoken of as an Hypocrite in his 
profession of Religion, for whilst He calls himself a member of the Church 
of England, He is building or encourages the building of Chapels & 
Conventicles for Sectaries. She added that it was said that He will 
never again be returned for Yorkshire such are the floating opinions. 


Lord Sheffield is a Yorkshire man.t His original name was Baker, 
to which He added that of Holrayd. From His own connexions of some 

* Charles Mayne Young. f See Index, Vols. I. and IL 

1807] Origins 159 

kind He inherited a considerable fortune, for though He has been married 
two or three times He did not obtain much with either of His wives. 
It is said He was originally a Clothier, but that must have been in early 
youth. The present Lady Sheffield was a daughter of the late Lord 
North (Guilford) the Prime Minister. 

Campion spoke of the great change in Mr. Angerstein's circumstances. 
At one period He was a Bankrupt ; and the late Mr. Offley partner in 
Underwriting with Campion, when He wrote policies to Mr. Angerstein 
who acted as a Broker, whenever there was a balance due to Him at a 
settlement took the money, being unwilling to risk it by allowing it to 
stand against risks not determined. 

An Ignorant Alderman 

June 22. Westall's I dined at. Dr. Smith is eminent for his know- 
ledge of Botany. He resides at Norwich, but annually reads Lectures 
on Botany at the Royal Institution. He told me that He is habitually 
temperate scarcely drinking any wine, as a few glasses have an in- 
flammatory effect upon His constitution, in which the Lungs are easily 
effected. He finds great refreshment from drinking green tea, at any 
hour, but Bohea tea has a contrary effect, making him heavy. He 
spoke of Alderman Herring of Norwich, who has by perseverance obtained 
a Bill for paving & lighting that City, but is in respect of education a 
remarkably ignorant man. Being deputed to wait upon the King 
with an Address, His Majesty observed to Him that " Norwich is an ancient 
Chy " to which the Alderman replied " Please your Majesty It Has 
been a very ancient City." He reed, a letter signed anonymous, and 
on being told by a person that He heard He had reed, an anonymous 
letter, He replied cc Yes, very anonymous." 


Dramatic Criticism 

June 22. The Haymarket Theatre I went to to see Mr. Young 
in Hamlet it being His first appearance upon a London Stage. Lawrence 
was there & with Him I came away. I was much pleased with Young's 
performance & Lawrence said He was the best Actor next to Kemble, 
being superior to Pope or Elliston, but He did not think He would ever 
be a great actor : His voice superior to all others. 

[" The Tragedy of Hamlet was revived, at this theatre, last night, 
for the purpose of introducing Mr. Young, a gentleman of considerable 
provincial celebrity, in the arduous part of Hamlet, to a London audience. 
He was greeted, on his entre^ with repeated plaudits. Mr. Young is 
middle-sized, and about thirty years of age, his figure is good, his action 
easy and graceful, his features are flexible and expressive, his voice is 
powerful and clear, and his under tones modulated to the expression of 
the most fascinating tenderness. He was completely master of his 
business, and displayed the judgment of a veteran in the execution. 
In the first and second act, there was much to applaud ; but the scene 
with Ophelia, in the third act, and every subsequent scene, displayed 
such energy, and elicted such beauties, as called forth the most un- 
bounded admiration of the audience. In the closet scene he was ad- 
mirably supported by Mrs. Lichfield* his attitude, the expression of 
his countenance, when he says " Is it the King ? " the conflict between 
tenderness for his mother, and indignation for his father's wrongs, dis- 
played extraordinary powers of discrimination, and excited a tumult 
of applause. The audience, indeed, were not prepared for such excel- 
lence. They were taken by surprise, and an enthusiasm seemed to 
pervade the whole house, of which there are few instances. When the 
tragedy was announced for repetition, the house rang with acclamations. 
It was crowded with a brilliant audience." From small note-book.] 

June 23. After breakfast I called on Mrs. Wheatley at Her Lodgings 
Nor. 8 Duke St. Portland Place. She told me she was to be married 

* Harriet Hay. She was married in 1794 to John Litchfield, of the Privy Council Office. 



Dramatic Criticism 


on Thursday next June 25th. and to set off that day with Mr. Pope 

ghe actor], Her Husband for Ireland. She told me she had paid all Her 
ills and did not owe Sixpence. When I left Her she expressed much 
gratitude for my kindness to Her. 

Kemble and Young 

Lawrence I dined with & He having the freedom of both play Houses, 
procured an order for me from Kemble & we went to see Kemble in 

Hamlet Kemble. 

Polonius Munden. 

Ghost . Pope. 

King Creswell. 

Laertes Brunton. 

Horatio Murray. 

Queen .Mrs. St. Leger. 

Ophelia Miss Belton. 

Having seen Young last night in the Character of Hamlet, Lawrence 
was desirous that I should see Kemble in it. The impression it made 
upon me was, that Kemble had more deeply studied the various dis- 
criminations and I thought He performed with more ease & less manner 
than formerly ; but it forcibly struck me that He wanted constitutional 
power to go through the part with the vigour that Young last night 
posessed, & He looked Old in the Character. Lawrence told me that 
Kemble has left oil drinking wine by advice of His Medical friends & 
has more strength & better spirits since He left off that habit. He 
however takes medicine. 

Mother Goose was the entertainment this even'g, in which Grimaldi 
Junr. was very entertaining. It was now performed the gznd. time 
this Season ; but we were kept till a late hour. I did not get home 
till near one oClock. 

I saw Sir N. Holland there with a Young Lady who resides with Lady 
Holland. Grattan of Ireland sat near me. Lawrence often meets Him 
& His family at Mrs. Crewe's & has remarked the affectionate amiable 
intercourse they have with each other. Grattan laughs at the rout 
Lord Howick is making against the present administration.* 

Politicians and Great Men 

June 26. Hoppner I called on in consequence of His having called 
on me, but the Duchess of Athol was sitting to Him.t The Duke & 2 
of His daughts. came into the Show room, where were several copies of 
Mr. Pitts portrait. Lord Thomond I called upon but He was out. The 

* See Index of previous volumes for names in the last paragraph. 

t In the catalogue of Hoppner's works, Mr. W. Roberts records portraits of the Duke 
and Duchess of Atholl and their son, Lord Charles Murrayj but does not give the dates " 
of the pictures. 


162 The Farington Diary [180T 

Butler told me that His Lordship did not mean to attend parliament 
this session but had taken His Seat tff given His Proxy. 

Smirke's I dined at. Marchant* told us that He had lately much 
conversation with Mr. Coke of Norfolk upon political matters. Mr. Coke 
said it wd. have been well for this Country ij Mr. Pitt had never been 
I rn. Marchant talked with Mr. Dudley Northt about the late change 
of Administration. Mr. North said that had Mr. Fox lived things wd. 
not have gone as they had done ; that the late Ministry being possessed 
of power used it with too much confidence. Lord DowneJ told Marchant 
that the loss of great men was now felt. The Political Men all want to 
be Masters. 

Robert Smirke told me that Lord Oxford had informed Him that 
He last night signified to the Grenvillis & Howicks, that He should no 
longer act with them. He told Robert that they had no feeling but for 
power & influence & He saw no reason why He shd. forsake the Portland 
connexion which to him was a near relationship, for such purposes. 
Lady Oxford strongly supports Him in this, & both dwell upon the im- 
proper conduct in their private lives of Lords Lander dale, Howick 

[Died June 6th. Dr. John Wasdale in New St. Spring gardens, aged 
76, formerly of Carlisle ; private Secretary to the Duke of Norfolk. At 
the Coronation of his present Majesty He went from Carlisle to London 
on Horseback in 28 Hours, & returned in 30 Hours, after an absence of 
five nights three of which He slept in London. 

On the 24th inst. Lady Abercorn gave a grand Masquerade . Lawrence 
was there in the Character of Anhalt ; and Hoppner in a Domino. From 
small note-book.] 

To Marry an Heiress 

June 27* The young Duke of Newcastle is sitting to Lawrence. 
He is soon to be married to Miss Munday an Heiress with .7000 a year, 
which He stands in need of not having, it is said more than 3 or 4000 
pounds a year. His grandfather, the late Duke, had a strong prejudice 

* Nathaniel Marchant, R.A. See Index, Vols, I., II. and III. 

f Dudley Long North (1748-1829) was second son of Charles Long, who married Mary, 
second daughter and co-heiress of Dudley North, of Little Glemham, Suffolk, and grand- 
daughter of Sir Dudley North, financier and economist (1651-1691), whose views anticipated 
those of Adam Smith and Locke. 

In 1789 Dudley Long assumed the name of North, in compliance with his aunt Anne's 
will. He was one of Fox's most intimate friends, and the Whig party owed much to his 
famous dinners. North was a manager in the Warren Hastings Trial, closely associated 
with Sir Joshua Reynolds, Edmund Burke, Gibbon, Dr. Johnson, and Mrs, Thrale, and was 
a generous supporter of Crabbe, the poet. He sat in Parliament for many years. 

t Fifth Viscount, was created Baron Dawnay of Cowick, co. York. See Index of 
previous volumes for other names in this entry, 

The fourth Duke of Newcastle was married on July 18, 1807, to Georgiana Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Edward Miller Mundy, of Shipley, Derbyshire. The Duke died in 1851, 
the Duche&s in 1822, 

1807] To Marry an Heiress 163 

against the present Duke's Father & Mother who was of the Harrington 
family, & left away from the present Duke all that He could, even to 
the old plate. 

After tea we walked & were joined by [Dr.] Carlisle, who said much 
against the use of wine, Sc that flesh meat should be eaten abstemiously : 
but vegetables He strongly recommended. He thought half a pint of 
wine a day too much. Sir Joseph Bankes never eats flesh meat or drinks 
wine or spirits. He lives upon Pudding & Vegetables only, and his 
fits of the gout have since been more moderate. 



Jerningham and Fox 

June 28. Lawrence dined with me to-day. Lord Aberdeen went 
with him today to see the Rembrant at Mr. Angerstein's, with which He 
was highly delighted, & said it appeared to Him like a real scene looked 
at through the small end of a Telescope. His Lordship ordered a copy 
of the Portrait of Mr. Pitt painted by Lawrence, Lady Chatham was 
again with Lawrence today & said finally " That His portrait of Mr. Pitt 
was beyond comparison the most like of anything that had been done." 

Lawrence dined at Lord Hampdens lately. Mr. Edwd. Jerningham* 
was there & told several anecdotes of Charles Fox. One was, That Charles 
Sc His Brother Stephen having one day pressed their Father Lord Holland 
to give them money, at last. His lordship sd. " Let me have no more appli- 
cations There is a draft for ^500 for you." With this they retired, but 
instead of obtaining the money & dividing it, they sat down to gaming 
for the whole of it. 

June 29. Lord Gardner told me He was in the House of Lords on 
Friday night till the Divission at 3 in the morning & that His legs were 
then much swelled with sitting so long. He told me again that He had 
spoken to Lord Mulgrave to make William [Farington's nephew] a 
Commander, and that His Lordship had put His name down, but at 
present was afraid to open the door to promotion, But said His Lordship 
when He is made a Captain, He will not be able to get a Skip, so many 
are the applications. I replied that we were thankful for all that through 
His Lordships kindness had been done for Him, and should patiently 
wait for what might in time be obtained. 

A Scandal Monger 

DanielPs I dined at. Richd. Smirke told me that lately at the 

* Edward Jerningliam (1727-1812), poet and dramatist, a friend of Lords Chesterfield 
and Carlisle, and Horace Walpole, who referred to him as *' The charming man." See 
Vols. I., IL and III. 


1807] A Scandal Monger 165 

Literary Club at the Chapter Coffee House* He was present when Tuffin 
was there an invited guest, and occupied the attention of the meeting 

a long time by recapitulating the evidence produced against the P s 

before the Commissioners, and Her reply to the several charges. The 
Commissioners acquitted Her of the criminal fart of the charges, but 
declared Her conduct to have been very reprehensible. Tuffin seemed to 
think that enough was given in evidence to give full reason to believe Her 
unfaithful. The names mentioned by Tuffin of persons who had been in 
situations to be suspected with Her were, Sir Sydney Smith ; Captn. 
Hood ; Captn. Manby & Lawrence. One evidence stated that the 

p s had been seen dressing in Sir Sydney Smith's Clothes, while He 

had only a Chemise and Bedgown on & that they were dancing together. 
It was also attempted to be proved that she had been delivered of a 
Child, a Boy, which was brought up in the House. Many other circum- 
stances He related. He had read a stolen Copy of the report. 

I told Richd. Smirke that whatever might be the impression on Mr. 
Tuffins mind the evidence did not produce such on the minds of Lord 
Eldon & Mr. Perceval as with their concurrence^ I had been informed, 
she intended to publish it in Her own vindication, but forbore from doing 
it it being the wish of K. that she should not. 

Richd. Smirke sd. He noticed the characteristic remarks made [by] 
several who were present while Tuffin related what He had read. At 
the conclusion of it Home Tooke said, upon that part of the defense of 
P. which stated that the male child which was in the House under Her 
protection had been taken from people in a low situation from a chari- 
table motive, cc Aye, the Old story oj Moses in the Bullrushes being jound 
by Pharaohs Daughter" Frend, said " Well who cares whether she is 
guilty or not" Porson (the Greek scholar) began to compare these pro- 
ceedings with what had taken place in the Courts of Charles 2nd. & James 
2nd. & became absorbed in recollecting many curious particulars which 
He had met with in manuscripts. He thought the present better times 
than those in respect of morality. 

William Etty 

July 2 . Lawrence called. His new pupil, the nephew of Mr. Etty,t 
Banker, is come to Him this morning, & is to pay 100 guineas for instruc- 
tion for one year. 

I talked with Lawrence this morn'g abt. raising His f rices. I told 
Him it appeared to me decidedly that Hoppner's mode of painting is so 
much more slight than His, that Hoppner could paint at least 3 pictures 
in the time that He could paint two. He admitted it, 

* This coffee-house stood at the corner of Chapterhouse Court, on the south^ side of 
Paternoster Row, and was a resort of literary men. It was closed as a coffee-house in 1854 
and altered to a tavern. 

t William Etty, afterwards a Royal Academician. 

166 The Farington Diary [1807 

[On July 1 6th It was announced that Lawrence had raised His prices 
for pictures as follows : 

Gs. Gs. 

A Three quarter from 40 to 50. 

A Kit Kat from 5 7- 

A Half length from 80 100. 

A Bishops Half-length from 100 120. 

A Whole length from 160 200. 

From small note-book.] 

Eminent Statesmen 

The Honble. Wm. Lambe,* who is in parliament & with [the] Opposi- 
tion, called upon Him this morn'g. Lawrence asked Him who is the best 
speaker in the House of Commons, After a pause, He said, Canning is 
the best speaker ; He has more genius, more wit, more eloquence than 
any other. Perceval at business is a very clever fellow. They beat us, 
said He, in the House of Commons. 

July 3. Lawrence came to tea. Lord Kenyont is a sensible young 
man. He made yesterday some remarks on Lord Grenvilles speaking 
in the House of Lords, said He spoke with great ability & dextrously, 
having the art to slur over or to avoid such matters as He cannot well 
answer. This when discovered, is, however, as His Lordship observed, 
a disadvantage to Him, as He weakens the confidence of those who are 
inclined to trust in what He says. Lord Kenyon now supports the 
Government against Lord Grenville. 

Lord Minto J is a very sensible man in conversation calm & eloquent. 
He spoke of the abilities of Fox, and said He was great in discussion 
in the House of Commons, but His Lordship thought little of Him beyond 
that. He spoke of Pitt, Burke & Fox. After allowing everything 
of genius, imagination, and talent to Burke & speaking of the nature 
of such qualities, He finally said, That Judgment is the first quality of the 
human mind, being that, which, seeing the whole, appreciates and decides 
upon it, and in justly so doing bears more affinity to omnipotence than 
is expressed by any other effort of the mind. 

Willm. Lambe said Lord Castlereagh in debate expresses His thoughts 
in ordinary language, but there is generally a great [deal] of substantial 
matter in what He says, In this opinion Mr. Lambe agreed with Sir 
Francis Baring. 

* William Lamb (1779*1848), who became second Viscount Melbourne, entered Parlia- 
ment in 1 803 as a supporter of Fox, Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1827, he, on succeeding 
to the peerage, was made Home Secretary under Earl Grey from 1830 to 1834, and was 
twice Prime Minister. 

t George, second Lord Kenyon, See Index, Vol. III. 

I See IndeXjfVok I.,|II. and III. 


A Famous Architect 

July 4. Robert Smirke called & shewed me a letter which He had 
this day received from Lord Lonsdale. It was reed, by His Lordship 
from Lord Bathurst promising to His Lordship the appointment of 
Architect of the Mint to Robert Smirke.* 

[July 5. Died, recently, at Ford in Northumberland, aged 85, 
Mr. Robert Saunderson, who served as Ordinary Surgeon to General 
Wolfe, at the Memorable attack on Quebec, and was the person repre- 
sented as supporting the British General after He had got his fatal wound. 
He often boasted that He was the person who shot General Montcalm, 
the French Commander at that place. From small note-book.] 

Constable Declines 

July 6. Constable I met & He mentioned that Stothard had spoke 
to Him abt. putting down His name to be an Associate & He wished 
to have my opinion. I gave Him to understand that it was not probable 
that He wd. be elected, but He might put down His name to make it 
familiar to the members if He thought proper ; at the same time it was 
to be recollected that the true impression was to be made by works 
of merit to be distinguished. He sd. He should decline for the present. 

[In the Sheriffs Court Mr, Thomas Sheridanf had a verdict against 
him Damages ^1500 for Crim. Con : with Mrs. Campbell wife of Mr. 
Campbell the Son of a gentleman of large property in the West Indies. 
Mr. Campbell is abt. 39 years of age & Mrs. Campbell abt. 33 years old. 
The Crime proved took place above 3 years ago, February 1804 at Edin- 
burgh. No defense was made. From small note-book.] 

* Smirke (1780-1867), who received the appointment, was the eldest son of Robert 
Smirke, the painter, and architect of the British Museum, the General Post Office, the 
College of Physicians, and other public buildings. Elected A,R,A. in 1808, he became 
R.A. in 1811 and was knighted in 1832. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

t Tom Sheridan, elder son of R. B. Sheridan, and father of three daughters famous 
for their beauty and talent. The eldest became Countess of Gifford, the second Lady 
Stirling-Maxwell of Keir, and the youngest Duchess of Somerset. 


168 The Farington Diary [isor 

Ignorance and Acid 

July 7. Rogers* at Sir F. Baring's to-day proved His ignorance of 
pictures & art. He took a picture by Wouvermans to have been painted 
by Wilson, the most opposite practise that can be. 

At Willm. Spencerst afterwards Sir Henry Englefield said that 
[Payne] Knight has declared that the picture by Rembrant of the Woman 
taken in Adultery is a damaged picture ; that the head of our Saviour 
has been rubbed almost to extinction. This caused a cry against Knights 
judgment, & Rogers sd. plain speaking was best, that Knight knew 
nothing of pictures, & was becoming an Old Woman. The approbation 
He gave to Westalls Flora was considered an additional proof of his 
bad taste. 

Opie was spoken off, & His penurious disposition was remarked upon. 
It was mentioned that a person happened by mistake to take Opie's 
great-coat & found in one of the pockets pieces of crust of bread, & 
meat &c. such as might have been expected in that of a Beggar. 
Sydney Smith who was present said " The very scrapings of penury." 
Smith observed " That Opie sometimes said hard things," meaning 
of strong sense & observation. 

In the course of conversation acrimony of disposition was noticed 
as prevailing in certain persons, on which Smith said, " Oh for the true 
Acid, give me the pure vinegar of Hoppner." 

Sheridan and Athol Brose 

C. Offley's I dined at. SandemanJ told us that when Sheridan 
was in Scotland two or three years ago, He drank very hard. He was 
hospitably entertained by the Duke of Athol, which made a strong 
impression on him, & caused Him to support the Duke's claim to further 
remuneration for what He had sold to government in the Isle of Man. 
Sheridan was particularly fond of a liquor prepared for Him by order 
of the Duke called " Athol Brogue " [Brose] a mixture of Whiskey & 
Honey, which He drank in larger quantities. Afterwards in London 

* Samuel Rogers. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

t William Robert Spencer (1769-1834), a well-known poet and wit. See Vol. L, page 

J Mr. Sandeman, wine merchant, 20, St. S within* s Lane, Lombard Street. 

Dr. Charles Mackay says that Athol brose was composed of Whisky and Honey 
[some authorities add oatmeal] taken as a morning drop ; a powerful and indigestive mix- 
ture, that no one but a Highlander out in the open air and in active exercise during the 
whole day can safely indulge in. Why it is named from the district of Athol in preference 
to any other part of the Highlands is neither known nor perhaps discoverable. 

Sir Walter Scott, in the " Heart of Midlothian " speaks of a " morning draught of Athole 
brose." And Neil Gow sang 

** An* aye since he wore Tartan trews, 
He dearly lo'ed the Athole brose, 
And wae was he, you may suppose. 
To pky farewell to whisky," 

1807] Sheridan and Athol Brose 169 

while He was supporting the Duke in His claim. He was frequently 
with the Duke's agent Mr. Frazer of Lincolns Inn. One morning He told 
Frazer He was dry & asked him what He could give him. Frazer took 
him to a House in Serle St. belonging to Frazer & there began to prepare 
for him some whiskey & Honey, but while He was so employed, Sheridan 
on looking round had found a Bottle of Shrub, & before Frazer had made 
the Atbol Brogue [Brose] Sheridan had drank all the Shrub.* 

Sandeman sd. He had a few days ago dined with Mr. Maltby who rents 
a House belonging to the late Mr. Thelusson who made the extraordinary 
WilL He said He had seen an acct. of the profits of the year 1795 gained 
by Thelusson amounting to 83,000. He left 700,000 to accumulate 
till His Great, Great Grandson should be of age. To His widow He left 
2000 a year & the House in which Maltby resides. It is doubted 
whether Lord Rendlesham His Son has a large fortune : He has no con- 
cern in business. t 

Mrs. Offley told me that the Revd. Mr. Simeont had mentioned to 
Her that in composing, writing & preaching the matter of 5 volumes of 
subjects for and Skeletons of Sermons He had employed 7000 Hours* 
He appears to live by rule, noting the manner in which He passes His 

* Shrub was a drink made with the juice of orange or^lemon"(or other acid fruit) 
sugar, rum, or other spirit. 

f See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

I The Rev. Charles Simeon, See Index, Vol. III. 


A Romantic Story 

July 8. MX. West called on me in the evening, & informed me 
that Mr. Desenfans* died this afternoon, of which He had been informed 
by a note from Mr. Morris, nephew of Mrs. Desenfans [after a long illness 
occasioned by bursting a blood vessel. aged 61.] West remarked that 
no man could appear to sutler greater anxiety & distress of mind than 
Desenfans did when He saw & from what He heard of him, proceeding 
from reflecting upon His own conduct. West then told me that when 
the Cardinal of Poland brother to the late King of Poland was in England 
Desenfans paid very great attention to him & Bourgeois was always 
at his service. The Cardinal went away impressed with their kindness 
& caused the King of Poland to appoint Desenfans Consul General 
for that Country, & to give the Order of Knighthood to Bourgeois,! 
which was confirmed to Him here by His Majesty acknowledging his 
title when Bourgeois was introduced to him by the late Duke of Leeds, 
then Secretary of State, who had been induced by Desenfans so to do. 

The Cardinal's Gasket 

When the troubles in Poland rose to such a heigth as to break up 
the government of that country, the Cardinal sent a casket to Desenfans., 
in which he inclosed jewels & property belonging to Himself & the Bang 
his brother, to be taken care of by Desenfans. This Desenfans told 
to West, but said the Casket had been robbed of the treasure it contained 
before it came to his hands. It was not long after when both the Cardinal 
and the King died. West said that before this period Desenfans was 
rather a needy man, but then set up a carriage & lived rather expen- 
sively, & had since undoubtedly a command of money which some of 
our nobility had proved by obtaining assistance from Him. West 

* Noel Joseph Desenfans, a Frenchman, was born at Doual in 1745. The Desenfans 
pictures and other possessions left to Bourgeois were bequeathed by him to found the 
Dulwich Art Gallery. See Index, Vok I., II. and III. 

t Sir Francis Bourgeois. See Index, Vols. I., II, and III. 


1807] The Cardinal's Casket m 

said Desenfans certainly never made the money which enabled Him to 
proceed as He had done but by other means than picture dealing only. 
Some years ago, He requested West to be a Trustee for His affairs, He 
being at that time apprehensive that He should die ; and this He alluded 
to when West went to him to be reconciled to Him & signified " That 
West wd. find He had not j or got that kindness" In this last illness He 
had declared that West had been his best friend by countenancing & 
recommending Him in -His dealings in pictures, & by bringing the King 
to see His collection exhibited in Pallmall, which raised His name in 
that capacity. West said that Desenfans had expressed His opinion 
of Bourgeois " That He had a good disposition, but a weak head." 

Boaden* told Fuseli that Bourgeois has reported that Desenfans had 
.8000 a yr. in the Funds, bedes a collection of pictures worth 
40,000. , 

C. Whitefordef told me that Desenfans' death was caused by a total 
breaking up of his Constitution, and that the effusion of blood at one 
time, was an effect of it. He left Bourgeois all His pictures ; & His 
two Houses ; and one half of His other property, amounting, it Is 
understood to .20,000. He left one legacy viz : to Kemble 100. The 
Will was made about four years ago. Mrs. Desenfans is to have the other 
half of the property not devised to Bourgeois. 

Napoleon Defeats the Russians 

West then spoke of the affairs of the Continent, and of the defeat 
of the Russians at Fredericks t a dt on the 24th of June, manifestly owing 
to their having been out-genet -ailed. He said the schemes of Buonaparte 
are vast & prospective. He sd. the Persian Ambassador had been 
with Him in His Camp, & had returned to Persia attended by 25 or 30 
French Officers, for the purpose of [instructing] them in the European 
art of War; evidently with a view of attacking the English power in 

July 9. Marchant [R.A.] spoke of Beechey'sJ behaviour at Mr. 
Penns having dined with him there three times. Each time He slept 
after dinner; and shewed His vulgarity & improper familiarity, by 
addressing Mr. Penn with " my good Fellow." 

He spoke with great contempt of the publication called the Artist 
& sd. He had never heard it mentioned by any one. Prince Hoare 
the Editor, is water gruel witht. Salt. He has the power of meeting 
the Types; His work is still born. Northcote wrote in it & makes 
an Artist first a Puppy, next an Ass, and then a Horse. He read 
only 3 or 4 of the numbers & has thrown the others aside. 

Mr. Angerstein called on Fuseli the day after He had purchased the 

* James Boaden, editor of the Oracle, See Vols. I., II. and III. 

t See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

t Sir William Beechey, R.A. See Index, Vok. I., II. and III 

172 The Farington Diary [isor 

picture by Rembrant, & smiling said He (Lawrence) will ruin me. 
Fuseli dined with him that day : & now said of the picture that the 
Background is the finest part of it, and the whole very fine ; but the 
figure of our Saviour is diffident in Expression, the arm ought to be 
extended to accompany the words " Let Him that is witht. Sin, throw 
the first stone." Rembrant has in general in this picture, unlike Him- 
self, failed in expression. 

Professional Wits 

July 11 Lawrence I dined with. He dined with Rogers on Thurs- 
day last where He met Lady & Miss Crew, the Hon : Mr. Lyttleton* 
& the Hon : Wm. Spencer, and Mr. [Francis] Hornerf &c. He remarked 
on the laborious task which a professed wit has to perform, as He has 
always to keep up a Character for saying brilliant things, & to Whip 
spur His jaded Hack, however otherwise disposed. It was evinced 
on that occasion by Wm. Spencer in a contest with Lyttleton for 
superiority, which was unsuccessfully carried on between them & often 
coarseness for wit, till Spencer was wearied. The subject was " Jonah 
in the Whale's belly," Lady Crew sd. when they had finished, " She 
hoped they had had enough on that subject." Sydney Smith, Lawrence 
thinks, has an advantage over all these wits. It flows from Him more 
easily & naturally than from any of them. He noticed this to Rogers, 
who admitted that He had great readiness & of thought, but a bad 
manner, that is, not an elegant deportment. 

* Probably William Henry Lyttleton, afterwards third Lord Lyttleton (1828). In 
1813 lie married Lady Sarah Spencer, eldest daughter of the second Earl Spencer. Of 
him Creevy said in 1833, " Lyttleton having married, and being very poor, could not 
afford to continue in Parliament, and tho* he wanted little to enable him to do so, the mean- 
ness of Lord Spencer would not supply him with it, and he has been an exile almost ever 
since, Tho* grown very grey for his age (he was born in 1782), he is as lively and charming 
a companion as the town can produce, and they are said to be the happiest couple in the 

f Francis Horner (1778-1817), born in Edinburgh, was a politician, and joined the 
leading Whigs in founding the Edinburgh Review. A portrait of him by Raeburn hangs 
in the National Portrait Gallery. 


Style, Profligacy and Speaking 

July 11. Yesterday Lawrence dined with Sir H. Englefield where 
he met Mrs. Win. Spencer, Sotheby, Rogers and [Francis] Homer 
Style of writing in the English language was conversed upon, and after 
much had been said, it was allowed by all present that Sir Joshua Rey- 
nolds, in His Lectures, wrote with more purity & simplicity than any 
other modern writer, & might for the excellence of His style in that re- 
spect be compared with Addison ; having clearness, ease, and no 

Horner resides in the Temple, & writes in the Edinburgh Review, 
Lawrence thinks Him a man of very good understanding & principles 
with much information. 

Sheridan was spoken of and many instances related of His profligacy 
with respect to women were mentioned ; and his having seduced several 
who were in degrees related to Him & attempted others. At one period 
it was dangerous for a woman of character to be left in a room alone with 
Him as He often succeeded by their terror of being discovered when He 
made a sudden & desperate attack upon them.* 

* Mr. A. Brinsley Sheridan, Frampton Court, Dorchester, Dorset, writing on Jan. 
23, 1923, says : Having read in the Morning Post of January xyth an attack on my illus- 
trious ancestor, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, by Farington in his Diary, I feel that I must 
be allowed to say a few words in hie defence. 

It seems to me to be a great pity that, after all these years, his memory should he thus 
maligned, and that he should not be allowed to rest in peace. Anyone who has read 
VachelTs life of Richard Brinsley Sheridan would know what a very gallant gentleman he 
was, and how courteous to the fair sex, and any statement to the contrary is fake and a 
calumny. In those days political jealousy knew no bounds, and it is to this that I attribute 
Farington' s attack. 

Supposing Sheridan to be aH that the virtuous Farington makes him out to be, is it 
possible that he should have been a personal friend of the King's, and would it be likely 
that his second wife should have been a daughter of the Dean of Westminster ? 

would such a roue as he is described have been buried in Westminster Abbey or 


174 The Farington Diary [isor 

Lawrence noticed a day or two since to the Hon : Win. Lamb, 
How muck it is the object of many, at present to obtain reputation for 
fine speaking in private Society ; in so much, that it has almost become 
a theatrical passion. Oh ! sd. Larnbe, you mean Sharpe, Really 
added Lawrence these fine talkers now speak of the manner in which 
another has acquitted Himself in conversation as if- they were speaking 
of a public performance. When a new man comes among them & 
expresses Himself with good effect, Sharpe afterwards noticing it has 
said, " Very well, we must hear him again " meaning a further trial. 


[This morning, at 3 oCIock, Mr. Pearson started from Pimlico to go on 
foot to Datchet Bridge near Windsor for a wager of 100 guineas, & to 
return to Pimlico, the distance which He had to perform was upwards 
of 37 miles. Mr. P. started on a shuffling walk, and arrived at Hounslow 
(ten miles) at a quarter past 4 oCIock, where He took some light refresh- 
ment, and halted again at Colnbrooke (17 miles) at 25 minutes past 

5 oCIock, the half of the distance having been performed in 2 Hours 

6 40 minutes. Half the time had expired within a few minutes and bets 
ran two to one and three to one against the performance. The Pedes- 
trian quickened his pace back, and arrived at Hounslow at 5 minutes 
past 7 oCIock, a good deal fatigued. He had an hour and 25 minutes 
to perform the last 10 miles, and by great exertion He did this in three 
minutes less than the given time. He was a good deal fatigued, and 
the performance was considered wonderful at this season of the year. 
From small note-book.] 

R.A. Domestic Troubles 

July 13. West I called on. He spoke of Mrs. Hardy, the House 
Keeper at the Royal Academy having resigned that situation. He 
said the Academy was all in disorder. Fuseli attended to the students 
better than any former Keeper had done, but totally disregarded every- 

have Had such touching lines written on his death by Moore " Mourn, England, mourn," 
&c. ? 

It is hardly possible also that he would have been chosen by the men of Stafford to 
represent them in the House of Commons if all Farington says of him had been true. 

If Sheridan were alive to-day he certainly would have changed the name of Sir Ben- 
jamin Backbite in his " School for Scandal " to Sir Farington Backbite. 

Let Honour live where Honour is due. 

[We gladly publish Mr. Brinsley Sheridan's letter. In justice to Farington, however, 
it should ^be said that he was merely recording what Sir Thomas Lawrence told him of a 
conversation which took place at a dinner given by Sir Henry Englefield to some friends, 
including Mrs. William Spencer, wife of the poet and wit, William Sotheby, a well-known 
author, Samuel Rogers, the poet, and Francis Homer, one of the founders of the Edinburgh 

1807] R.A. Domestic Troubles 175 

thing else. Richards [the secretary] & He, though under the same roof 
had not seen each' other since Opie's funeral. Mrs. Fuseli is said to be of 
a fierce temper. He sd. no person will suit the place of Housekeeper 
there but one of the degree of a menial servant. 

Remarkable Prediction 

July 14. [From Vienna accts. were reed, that on the 24th of May, 
at Constantinople, The Mujti y at the Head of the Malcontents, repaired 
with 300 Janissaries to the Seraglio, and read to the unhappy Sultan 
a list of his pretended Offences, recited passages from the Koran, which 
declared Him on acct. of those offences, unworthy of the Throne and 
ordered Him to sign a renunciation of it. Selim did, & begged His 
life. The mufti promised to intercede for Him. His person was then 
secured, & 14 of His Ministers were put to death. Couriers were sent 
to the Camp & the Dardanelles to arrest and strangle the Grand Vizier 
& the Captain Pasha. On the 25 th. of May, a Proclamation was published 
in Constantinople, to announce to the people that the Sultan had been 
dethroned, and to make known His offences, & the passages of the Koran 
which condemned these offences. On the 26th. Mustapha, the Son 
of Achmet, was proclaimed Grand Signior. On the 27th. He sent an 
Order to Selim to take poison. Selim obeyed, and died in a short time. 
During the whole of this revolution but few disorders were committed. 
The Mass of the people took no part at all ; so that this Catastrophe is 
attributed to some chiefs of parties yet unknown to the Janissaries. All 
foreigners were ordered to be respected. It is assured, that the Grand 
Vizier made no resistance to the order sent Him & was strangled. Of 
the Captain Pasha nothing is known. The Grand Vizier had gained some 
successes before He died : He passed the Danube at Ismael, & forced 
General Michaelson to retire from Wallachia to Focsany & Reinnick. 
The new Administration is entirely composed of persons devoted to the 

The discontent, occasioned among the people by the scarcity of 
provisions, and among the Janissaries by the European exercise and 
discipline, furnished the enemies of government with an occasion to 
excite an insurrection which cost the unhappy Sultan his Throne & His 
life. From small note-book.] 

[Dr. Carlisle] mentioned a remarkable prediction in Moores Almanack 
published in Deer, last for the year 1807. In the predictions for the month 
of Afril it is stated, 

" Near this time the Turkish Emperor dies, or it may be He hides His 
Head, His People are tumultuous ; if He can save His life, let Him, 1 
give Him fair warning of it." 

Now it has happened that on the 24th. of May, which may be called 
near the time viz : the end of April^ Selim, the Turkish Emperor was 
dethroned and imprisoned. 

176 The Farington Diary [iso? 

July 15. We talked of filling the 2 vacancies of Academicians. We 
agreed that Howard ought to be one ; and that Calcott wd. be a more 
agreeable member than Philips if the Academy shd. be disposed to it. 
I noticed Westmacotts deficiency of execution which He assented to. 
He [Thomson] admitted that [James] Ward had a claim to be an Asso- 
ciate ; but that He is a vulgar man of abrupt manners ; but there is no 
objection to Him on any moral principle. 


A Successful Portrait Painter 

July 15. The Lease of Opies House in Berners Street was sold to 
Lonsdale, a Portrait Painter, for ^1250, there being abt. 55 years un- 
expired.* At the sale of Opie's effects everything went for High prices. 

Pordent said a Picture cleaning tribe of dealers in old pictures have 
at present prejudiced Lord Grosvenor's mind so far against the merit 
of modern art as to interrupt His design of making a Collection of modern 
pictures ; but in time this prejudice will be done away. 

A Clever Family 

Clarke, who is now writing the History of Lord Nelson in conjunction 
with Me Arthur is a native of Suffolk, and Son of a Clergyman. His 
elder Brother is Dr. Clarke, who reads Lectures at Cambridge ; He is 
abt. 38 years of age, is of a very vivacious disposition ; in company 
a great talker ; Has travelled far to the North ; & is now married to a 
young Woman, daugr. of Sir Willm. Rush, & had 1 0,000 with Her. 
The youngest of these Brothers was Captain Clarke of the Navy, who 
unhappily, abt. two years ago was drowned in the River Thames while 
on a pleasure party, while attempting to save a friend, the Son of a 

July 16. Lysons called being returned from Gloucestershire. He 
found much antiquity in Devonshire while on his late tour. The 
country is all Hills cultivated and Enclosed to the top ; not picturesque ; 
but the Rivers and mouths of Rivers very fine. Dartmouth the finest, 
most picturesque [in] appearance He ever saw. He went down the 

* James Lonsdale, born in Lancashire in 1777, studied under Romney and at the Royal 
Academy. He was one of the Founders of the (now Royal) Society of British Artists, and 
an exhibitor at the Royal Academy. He died at the Berners Street house in 1839. By 
him in the National Portrait Gallery are portraits of Sir Philip Francis (Junius), Lord 
Brougham, Nollekens, Queen Caroline, and others. 

t William Porden, architect. See Vols. I., H. and III. 

% John McArthur, LL.D. 

VOL. IV. 177 12 

ITS The Farington Diary [isor 

River Dart from Totness to Dartmouth, a distance of 1 3 miles, & returned 
with the ensuing tide : left Totness at 9 in the morning & returned 
abt. 8 oClock at night. The Revd. Mr. Froude, Rector of Dartington, 
2 miles from Totness accompanied them. He married Miss Peggy 

Life in Old Quebec 

Mrs. Brooke called accompanied by Her eldest daugr. She brought 
me a sketch of Rome made by Wilson, which I lent Her Husband, & 
now gave to Her as she has Wilson's picture of this view. She told me 
Her friend the Bishop of Quebect has not settled the business of His 
Church establishment with government and must remain Here another 
season. He likes the Climate & Country of Canada ; the air is pure, & 
everything is upon a great scale. Though born in Norfolk, & a strong 
man ; and though He did not leave England till He was towards forty 
years of age, He now finds the air of his native Country does not agree 
with Him. Since He came from Canada, He has constantly had an irrita- 
tion from the Uvula down to His breast, with something of soreness & 
a slight cough. Mrs. Mountain, His wife, an Englishwoman, does not 
perceive any difference in Herself ; but she complains of suffering more 
from Cold here than when at Quebec owing to the defense against cold 
not being here so general <$c well contrived. At Quebec they have flues 
in the walls of their Houses, which give an equal warmth to the whole 
House. What they chiefly complain of in Canada is, the great length 
of their Winter, 8 months, with Snow upon the ground during at least 
5 months of that period. After the Ice breaks in the Spring the arrival 
of the first Ship from England causes much agitation among them ; a 
mixture of desire of information Be apprehension of what it may be. 
Sometimes an overland dispatch from New York arrives in the Winter 
at Quebec, but it is attended with great expence : a letter may cost 
2 or 3 guineas. 

The Bishop lives upon very friendly terms with the principal Roman 
Catholic Families established at Quebec ; but feels that the Protestant 
Religion is not properly supported there. The Roman Catholics have 

* Robert Hurrell Froude (1771-1859) was the father of James Anthony Froude (1818- 
1894), the eminent historian and man of letters. The elder Froude graduated B.A. from 
Oriel College, Oxford, in 17925 and M.A. in 1795. He was rector of Denbury from 1798 
and of Darlington from 1799, and Archdeacon of Totnes from 1820 until his death. He 
married Margaret Spedding, of Mirehouse, Cumberland, and she died on February 16, 
i8zi, aged forty-six years. Their daughter Margaret, who married William Mallock, 
became the mother of Mr. W* H. Mallock, author of the much-discussed work, " The 
New Republic." J. A. Froude said of his father that he " had a moderate fortune of his 
own, consisting chiefly in land, and he belonged, therefore, to the * landed interest/ . . . 
His children knew him as a continually busy, useful man of the world, a learned and cul- 
tivated antiquarian, and an accomplished artist. Some of his pencil drawings were highly 
praised by Ruskin. . - . About doctrine, evangelical or catholic, I do not think in my 
early boyhood I ever heard a single word, in church or out of it." 

t The Rev. Jacob Mountain, See Index, Vol. III. 

1807] Life in "Old Quebec 179 

their processions &c. & much to impose upon the minds of the people 
& to draw them into that persuasion. His object, in England is to 
induce our government to make the Episcopal establishment at Quebec 
compleat, which, in his opinion, wd. have a sensible effect in favour of 
our Religion. 

Landseer's Father 

I dined & was the evening alone, except John Byrne calling to inform 
me of his change of residence from 79 Tichfield St. to 54 John St. He 
has a Lease for 21 years, at a rent of .47. His eldest Sister paints 
Flowers ; Letitia, his second Sister at home, is employed in etching 
views for a Mr. Amsinch, of Tunbridge ; and His youngest Sister, etches 
& engraves. They keep only one Servant. John Byrne is employed 
in engraving views for Cadell & Davis to accompany Lysons's work ; 
but has now no share in it. Mrs. Byrne lodges in Cleveland Street. 
He spoke of the passion which Landseer* always had for writing. 
While pupil to J. Byrne's father, when any difference arose between them 
He would not, though they worked together in the same room, express 
by words anything He might have to say, but would write a letter, and 
lay [it] upon His masters table, who was impatient at His losing so much 
time for such a purpose. 

[The Committee of the House of Commons on the Petition of the 
British Museum, have reported that ^4,925, is a reasonable price for the 
Lansdowne Manuscripts, which it is intended to purchase deposit 
in the British Museum. From small note-book.] 

* John Landseer, A.R.A., engraver, father of Sir Edwin Landseer, R.A. See Vols. 
II. and III. 

VOL. IV. 12* 


Angerstein and a Rembrandt 

July 20. March! called. Had been 3 weeks at Taplow, Lord 
Thomond out of spirits respecting Continental affairs. On hearing 
of Mr. Angerstein's purchase of the Rembrant, as said, for 5000 guineas, 
" Two Hundred & fifty pounds a year to look at a picture daily." He 
added " the French will come & take it back." 

Dance called to settle abt. dining today with Marchant. Palmer's 
Post office case is expected to come on today in the House of Commons.* 
The report of the Committee is very favourable for Him. Mr. Leth- 
bridge, Sir John Newport &c. are warm for Him. Mr. Long, on His 
examination before the Committee was gentlemanlike & not Hostile to 
Palmer. Rose & Wm. Dundass are decidedly against Him. He hoped 
to obtain arrears to the amount of .60,000, & to have .10,000 a year 
for his life. Mrs. Palmer, His late wife, had something of insanity abt. 
Her. One of His Sons, intended for the Church, was very extravagant, 
& Shot himself. 

Fusell and Pitt 

Fuseli while looking at Mr. Pitts Bust said " It wd. have been well 
for this Country if He had not been born in it. He brought us into the 
state we are now in. Had He left the French to themselves, in all the 
matter of their Revolution^ England wd. now have given Law to the 
World. He shd. have done as other powers did during our Civil Wars, 
who when they saw a King beheaded & Cromwell rise still did not inter- 

* John Palmer (1742-1818) was a successful brewer and tallow-chandler and a member 
of an old Bath family. He succeeded his father also as a theatrical proprietor in Bath, and 
there introduced Henderson, King, EUiston, Mrs. Siddons, and others. Palmer's business 
led him far afield, and in his journeying he noted the slow service of the State Post. In 
1782 he projected a scheme for conveying the mails by stage coaches, and after much opposi- 
tion it was tried in 1784 and finally became successful. Two years later he was appointed 
Comptroller-General of the Post Office. Subsequently Palmer was dismissed, and Pitt in 
1793 granted him a pension of ,3,000. He, however, claimed remuneration for his services 
beyond his pension, but it was not until 1813 that Parliament paid him ,50,000 without 
affecting his pension. Palmer's struggle with the various Governments cost him i3>ooo. 
He died at Brighton on August 16, 1818. 


1807] Fusel! and Pitt 181 

fere." I asked Him, as He is a great advocate for Physiognomy, what 
He thought of Mr. Pitt's Bust [by Nollekens], He said there was great 
power expressed in it abt. the j or eh e ad ; and Haughtiness in the mouth ; 
that fer 'severance & obstinacy^ were strongly manifested. 

Grattan and Perceval 

July 21. Lawrence I dined with. He was at Lady Crew's* party 
at Paddington on Friday last. Grattan, Sharpe, Rogers, Horner &c. 
&c. were there. He noticed Sharpe's vanity, who had come from 
the House of Commons & sd. He had " vexed the treasury Bench cursedly " 
by ironically noticing the Sincerity of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
(Perceval) & the Veracity of the Secretary oj the Treasury, (Stourges 
Bourn e).*f Lawrence saw that Grattan did not approve this, & a little 
while after Grattan spoke of Perceval & said, " He is a Bigot in Religion, 
which is to be disapproved, but there is Sincerity in what He does, 
and upon such a subject, when that is the case, allowance is to be made." 
He also spoke of His talents in such a way, as made it manifest that 
He thought well of Him, & was in contradiction of Sharp e, who made 
use of another vulgar expression, saying " The Ministry must be licked 
up." Grattan did not support Him in this manner of talking. He did 
not know that much good wd. be done by " licking a ministry up," and as 
to sincerity allowance must be made for all Men in office. He could 
say of Himself that when He was in a situation to have interest, He had 
been applied to [by] one whom He had known, who wished for an appoint- 
ment & to save trouble named one of ^2000 a year. To this impudent 
proposal I ought in sincerity to have told Him. that He was foolish & 
unreasonable ; but I was not sincere with Him > and replied that I was 
sorry I could not comply with His request. 

Grattan sd. He condemned another kind of Bigotry more than that 
of Perceval. Forster,J the Irish Chancellor of the Exchequer, He sd. 
was a Bigot in Politics which is a very bad quality. 

Poet and Actor 

Kemble returning home one evening having drunk much was in a 
carriage with Sharpe, Rogers, & Lawrence. He spoke of Rogers poem 
" The pleasures of Memory," & told Rogers that It was faint, & a little 
womanish ; but there were many very good lines in it : but added, after 
having written that How could you think of publishing yr. " Epistle to 
ajriend " (Sharpe) one of the most wretched things that ever was written. 

* Frances, daughter of Fulke Greville, wife of the first Baron Crewe of Crewe. See 
Vol. II., page 96. 

t William Sturges-Bourne (1769-1845), politician, was the only son of the Rev. John 
Sturges, Chancellor of the diocese of Winchester. On the death of his uncle, Francis 
Bourne (who took the name of Page), the bulk of his fortune came to Sturges, who assumed 
the name of Bourne. 

t John Foster, Baron Oriel See Vol. L, page 250. 

182 The Farington Diary [isor 

The next morning Kemble recollected what He had sd, and has 
never since been invited by Rogers to His House. 

[The Sums expended from the 1st. of June, 1803, to the 1st. of January 
1805, for the Volunteer Service, amounts to the Sum of " One million 
eight hundred and thirty four thousand, three hundred and eighteen 
pounds Sixteen Shillings." The total [number] of Recruits enlisted in 
England & Ireland in 1806 was 10,783 ; in the present year 9,194, have 
been enlisted in England alone, From small note-book.] 

Greeks Ignorant of Anatomy 

July 22* [Dr.] Carlisle called, and talked of a Plan of making 
the public exercises of the Pugilists, a school of study for artists who 
study the Human figure. He repeated what He had asserted in His 
Essay published in the Artist, that the Greeks had little or no knowledge 
of anatomy; so little had they discriminated the parts which compose 
the human body, that they had but one word, to express muscle, fibre, 
Nerve, &c. He referred His opinion to Payne Knight who has studied 
the Greek authors deeply, & He agreed with him, That the Greeks had 
Utth or no knowledge of Anatomy. It was from constantly contemplating 
the form & action of the finest human figures in their public exercises 
that the Greek Artists conceived that abstract idea of sublime & pure 
form which we see in their statues. He said that the study of anatomy 
in the manner in which many modern artists have done it has frequently 
produced an affected & false display of their knowledge of it, so as almost 
to skin their figures most unnaturally. Le Page, who had been bred a 
Surgeon was a strong instance of this false representation of the human 
figure. He said Barry had studied Anatomy with great attention, more 
than many Surgeons do ; yet it did little for Him as an Artist, He 
drew but indifferently, His figures were ill put together. He suggested 
one mode of studying the Human figure; to draw a line marking the 
forms of the principal muscles on a figure standing witht. motion ; & 
then observing the shifting of these muscles in any action into which- 
the figure might be thrown. In a school for study such as He wd. 
propose, the figures shd. of course exercise naked; and to Pugilists, 
He wd. add Tumblers &c. to obtain as great a variety as possible. 

W. Wells I dined with. We dined a little after 6. Mrs. Wells, 
Senr. told me she was acquainted with the first Mrs. Angerstein, whose 
first Husband, Mr. Crokatt shot Himself, but the Ball lodged under His 
ear, & did not kill him, but He died of a Locked Jaw. Mrs. Crokatt had 
a fortune of 5(20,000, which was settled upon Her & went to Her Children, 


Ague and Arsenic 

July 23. Thomson 8c Owen dined with. me. Thomson while He 
was in Italy was much afflicted with fever. He also had the Ague^ 
at Naples, for which He took Bark witht. it having the least effect, which 
caused a Neapolitan Physician to give Him two Pills which He took upon 
the symptoms of the ague jit commencing ; and in a very short time He 
felt a warmth throughout, and the fit repelled & from that period He has 
never had a return of it. The Physician afterwards told Him it was 
Arsenick which He had given Him. ^This remedy is known to our Phy- 
sicians, but must be used with very great caution ; 8c like other violent 
stimulants, may eventually bring on Paralysis. 

Cosway's extravagance in conversation was mentioned. Owen sd. 
that at the Council, on Monday night, it being noticed to Cosway that 
He was not at the Academy dinner on the Kings Birthday, He sd. " I 
was there & witnessed all that -passed" meaning to have it understood 
that He was there but invisible^ being then in a spiritual capacity. 
He rejoiced extremely at the Victories of Buonaparte, 

[The effective force of the Volunteers, in Great Britain, by the last 
returns amounted to Three Hundred and Twenty nine Thousand Three 
Hundred and forty-six men. From small note-book.] 

Peace with America 

July 24. Caleb Whiteforde told me that He had lived in habits 
of intimacy with Dr* Franklin Twenty-five years, during which period 
they lived next door neighbours in Craven Street, Strand. It was on 
acct. of this known intimacy between them, that He was selected by our 
Government to go to Paris to obtain confidential answers from Dr. Frank- 
lin, to prepare the way for terms of peace being concluded upon with 
America. Whiteforde obtained from Franklin all the information 
required, & by so doing prevented another year of War y which would 
have otherwise been so much longer continued, He said, it was not the 
wish of many of the American Leaders to separate from this country, 
but after national animosity had arisen to a high pitch, they were obliged 


184 The Farington Diary [1807 

to go with the stream. The Federalists in America, are the people of 
respectability & Property, and are well disposed towards Great Britain 
& inclined to draw the Union of the two countries as close as they can. 
With these was Washington ; so is Adams ; but Jefferson, the present 
President of the United States, is wholly inclined to France, in which 
country He had long resided, & He is supported by the Democrats & 

[July 25. Shipping. The number of British Ships employed in 
the trade of Great Britain in the last year, was 

Ships. Tons. Men. 

Inwards 12,448 1,482,664 88,988 

Outwards 12,251 1,486,302 94>337 


Ships. Tons. Men. 

Inwards 3793 642,994 31,554 

Outwards 3459 5 6 $>*7 G 2 9> 6 3* 

From small note-book.] 

A River Party 

July 27. At | past 3 today I went with Lawrence & General Camp- 
bell to Mr. J. Wolff's at Sherwood* near Battersea we proceeded by 
water, where we arrived a little before 5 oClock, & found a Tent made of 
Colours, placed upon a carpet spread upon the Lawn before the River. 
In this a little before 6 we dined. We had Turtle., with 2 courses, 
Champaigne, Claret, Madeira, Port, & Punch for the Turtle. 
A Desert of Fruit with Ices, everything very handsome. Abt. 7 
oClock the Annual Sailing Boat race for a Silver Cup given by Mr. Barrett 
of Vauxhall, passed in our view, & was saluted with Cannon by Mr. Wolff. 
In a pleasure Boat was Mr. Barrett with several Ladies, also Palmer of 
the Post Office, and Topham.-f About 9 oClock we went into the Salon 
to tea & about 10 oClock the party broke up & I was taken in Mr. Gold- 
smids Coach to Vauxhall Gardens gate, & there parting with them pro- 
ceeded home, where I found Lawrence waiting for me. Mr. Goldsmidt 
I found a very civil man, not having the least appearance of being a 
Jew, but Mrs. Goldsmid and Six Children of theirs, had all of them the 
look of their people. 

Freedom of the Seas 

[The Journal in Paris announces that at the dinner at Tilsit, at which 
the Emperor of Russia & Buonaparte were present, the following Toast 

* Jens Wolff, Danish Consul in London* See Vol. III., page 97. 

f John Topham. See Vol. III., page 50. 

Abraham Goldsmid, of Morden House, "was a stockbroker, who was joint contractor, 
with the house of Sir Francis Baring, for a loan of fourteen millions. Owing to financial 
difficulties he committed suicide on September 28, 1810. See Annual Register for that 

1807] Freedom of the Seas 185 

was given " The Freedom of the Seas" Also that Guillet, the person 
who went to Mr. Fox to propose to Him to assassinate Buonaparte, and 
who was taken up on his arrival on the Continent, died a few days ago 
(dated July gth) at the Bicetre, where He was confined. 

On Friday night last, or Saturday morning Lady Frederick Campbell 
was burnt to death in Her Bed at Coombank, owing to the Curtains of 
Her Bed having taken fire, caused by Her falling asleep while reading 
in bed. She was abt. 70 years of age, & was the daugr. of Amos Mere- 
dith Esqr. and Sister of Sir Wm. Meredith Bart. In 1752 she was married 
to Earl Ferrers, the unfortunate Nobleman who was executed at Tyburn, 
in 1760, for the wilful murder of Mr. Johnson, his Steward ; she was 
divorced* from Him by act of parliament & after His death, in 1769, 
married Lord Frederick Campbell brother to the Duke of Argyll. 

In the debate in the House of Commons yesterday upon the Defense 
Bill, Mr. Canning said, That the Conscription established by the Rulers 
of France was not an absolute personal Conscription. Substitutes were 
allowed to be provided, although certainly they were not to be pro- 
vided at so cheap a rate as in this Country, for He happened to have the 
opportunity of knowing, that about two months ago, the price of a 
Substitute in France was 200 guineas. 

July 29. This day (Wednesday 29th) Mr. Perceval, Chancellor of 
the Exchequer moved that 10,000 be granted to His Majesty to remun- 
erate Dr. Edward Jenner, as a further reward for promulgating His dis- 
covery of Vaccine Innoculation : to be pd. witht. any deduction. Mr, 
Morris moved an Amendment, That 20,000 be inserted instead of 
10,000, Seconded by Sir John Sebright. 

For Mr. Morris' amendment 60 
Against it 47 

Mr. Perceval persisted in his proposal to give only 10,000. From 

small note-book.] 

* Constance Lady Russell writes: Mr. Farington is quoted as writing that Lady 
Frederick Campbell " was divorced,* 7 which was not the case. On the contrary, this lady 
obtained on June 20, 1758, an Act of Parliament for separation (not divorce) from her first 
husband, Lord Ferrers, " for the cruelty of the said Earl." In February, 1758, Horace 
Walpole writes to Sir Horace Mann as follows : "A frantic Earl of Ferrers has for this 
twelve month supplied conversation, by attempting to murder his wife, a pretty, harmless 
young woman having broken the peace to which the House of Lords tied him last year^ 
the cause was tried again there on Friday last." 


Lord Thurlow 

August 5. Lawrence I dined with. He mentioned the opinion given 
of the late Lord Thurlow by Mr. Smith, Judge Advocate in India, who 
knew Him well & said That Lord Thurlow's was anything but a straight- 
forward " Judicial Understanding **, that He doubted, & cavilled at 
everything Sc decided nothing. 

August 6. W. Wells* I dined with. Mr. Hallet spoke of several 
persons who from a low beginning had made great fortunes. He men- 
tioned a Leather Breeches maker, of the name of White, who formerly 
resided at Tarperley in Cheshire Sc made Leather Breeches for the gentle- 
men of that Hunt. Being recommended by them He came to London 
& settled in St. Albans St. & now resides in Bond Street, & is said to be 
worth 150,000. 

Lawrence called on me in the even'g. The wife of a Colonel now at 
Stralsund with Lord Cathcart, has reed, a letter from the Colonel in which 
He gave a very unfavourable acct. of the King of Sweden. That He is 
a kind of Madman but witht. the strong determination of one upon the 
point which posesses the mind ; on the contrary He is irresolute & chang- 
ing incessantly ; has shown great anxiety for His own personal safety ; 
and in all that respects Himself is very fastidious, requiring all possible 
parade in approaching His person. Lord Cathcart & the Officers are 
disgusted Sc disappointed, & wish themselves elsewhere. 

Sheridan Spoke Well 

August 8. Lawrence came to breakfast. He was last night at the 
House of Commons, and remarked on the great inferiority of the speaking 
compared with what He had formerly heard. Canning was the best. 
Sheridan was drunk, but spoke well Wilberforce spoke well. Windham 
with little effect. His action & His voice (changing His tones) all are 
expressive of His vanity. Perceval indifferent, & Lord Castlereagh 

* Of Redleaf , collector of pictures. 

1807] Sheridan Spoke Well 

worse. I went with Him to Brown's, the Colourman, with whom He 
opened an account, 

August 9. [This day [the gth] a Proclamation, by Thomas Jefferson, 
President of the United States, appeared, dated Washington, July 1st, 
1807. " Requiring all armed Vessells bearing Commissions under the 
government of Great Britain, immediately & witht. delay to depart from 
the harbours and waters of the United States ; and that should any of 
them fail to do so, or shd. hereafter enter, all supplies & intercourse 
is prohibited with them, Unless Vessells forced in by distress by the 
dangers of the Sea, or by the pursuit of an enemy, or with dispatches 
from their government, in which cases supplies shall be had." From 
small note-book.] 

August 11. Daniell [R.A.] called. His tour to Wales with Davis 
& Wm. Daniell, cost them abt. 45 pounds each. They were out a month, 
took a Chaise from London, & had Post Horses. Their rule was to have 
a Bottle of wine at dinner, & they dined late having no Supper. 


August 12. Lawrence I dined with. He mentioned a marriage 
which had produced little happiness to the female. She a woman of 
elegant mind, taste, much sensibility : the Husband a man of narrow 
understanding, without pursuit or employ; neither seeking for know- 
ledge or rational amusement ; lolling on a Sofa till 2 oClock ; then riding 
a while before dressing for dinner. 

In addition to this he was jealous of other friends being desired by 
His wife ; and not polite in obliging Her. Of another Lady he sd, that 
Her Father in Law, said of Her " That she was a single page " What she 
is you see at once ; & nothing is produced by more acquaintance with 
Her mind. 

Lawrence sd. He had occasionally been much struck by the force of 
certain expressions. He never has forgot what a woman once said when 
He was present, a Everything must have its results." 

[On the 4th Inst. a poor woman residing at Lahinch near Enniskillen, 
in the County of Clare, was safely delivered of 5 children, 3 sons and 2 
daugrs. who with the mother are in a thriving way. 

Note : Mr. Hayes* told me that several instances have been known 
of 5 children being produced at one labour, but never more, and in all 
the instances of 5 Children being thus born, none have lived beyond a 
short time. From small note-book.] 

* Sir John Macnamara Hayes, M.D. See Index, Voli. II. and III. 


A Reynolds Sale 

August 14. Lady Thomond I called upon at Eleven previous to 
the Sale of the pictures left at Sir Joshua's late House in Leicester fields 
to be disposed of. At 2 oClock I went to the Sale & found in the room 
few but Picture dealers & Brokers. Lord Mulgrave just looked in, and 
S. Rogers came, & bought 2 landscapes by Bolognese* much touched upon 
by Sir Joshua & on this acct. Rogers valued them highly. Snell was the 

The Pictures bought in were knocked down at .426 6 o 

The Pictures sold were knocked down at. 297 3 6 

723 9 6 

Sampson & Dalilah, a Copy from Vandyke, but bought by Sir 
Joshua, unseen, at the recommendation of Caleb Whiteforde 
for 300 guineas sold for 68 5 o 

Theory, the original design & picture from which the picture 
by Him, in the Cieling of the Library in Somerset Place, 
Royal Academy was painted *......... 63 o o 

A very bad imitation of Rubens, viz : Diana and Her Nymphs, 

for which Lord Thomond at a Sale gave 22 guineas, sold for. 48 6 o 

S. Rogers bought the 2 landscapes touched upon by Sir 

Joshua for 21 i o 6 


August 15. Constable called. He told me that Young Reinaglef 
lost a great deal of money by His Panorama Speculation in the Strand 

* Giovanni Francesco Grimaldi (1606-1680). 

t Ramsay Richard Reinagle, son of Philip Reinagle, R,A, Ramsay, also an Acade- 
mician, had to resign his diploma owing to having exhibited as his own work a picture, 
by J. W. Yarnold, which he bought at a broker's shop and slightly altered before sending 
it to the Academy. See Vol. Ill,, page 255, and the D.N.B. 


1807] Constable 189 

in which He engaged with One of the Son's of Barker, proprietor of the 
Leicester Square Panorama. Reinagle now teaches drawing & in conse- 
quence of the great success of Glover in selling His drawings of views of 
the Lakes is gone to that Country accompanied by Havil to store them- 
selves with subjects for drawings. Two or three of Old Reinagles 
daughters are now copying farts of pictures (the whole of any picture is 
not allowed to be copied but by express permission) by old Masters lent 
for this season to the British Institution ; They told Constable that in 
painting these copies they begin with water colours only upon a raw 
canvass., over which they pass lightly some oil to fix the colours & make 
them bear out, & then touch upon such parts as may require it with oil 
colours. This, they said, their Father declared to be the only way of 
copying the pictures of Old Masters successfully. They work very 
quick, & said, " Picture painted one day, sold the next, money spent 
the third. 55 * 

The Best Man in the World 

Lady Thomond I drank tea with, & found Her tolerably well satisfied 
with the result of the Sale. She told me that Fulk, the owner of their 
late House (Sir Joshua's) in Leicester Square [now Put tick and Simpson's 
auction rooms], asks 300 a year rent for it, also that the property tax 
upon that shall be paid by the tenant ; also that 500 shall be laid out 
in repairing the House at present ; and that it shall be painted through- 
out once in every 2 years or 2 years and a half. 

She spoke of Lord Thomond, who is at Taplow, in the highest terms. 
She said, There is not such another man in the world : He is the best 
man in it. In trifles He is irritable in the extreme but in everything 
of moment calm & firm ; bearing whatever may happen with fortitude. 
She spoke of His strong & just sense of Religion ; of His generosity ; 
& His universal kindness, & while she did it, it was with tears. She 
spoke of His fine constitution, saying, " it Had the purity of that of a 
Child." His wounds heal without care, The fever which had nearly 
carried Him off in August 1804 was owing to His riding to Taplow on 
an excessively hot day. It was a Coup fSolfil. His servant was affected 
by it. When He got to Taplow, He did not take care of Himself, but 
immediately rode abt. His grounds ; but on returning home & dismount- 
ing from His Horse, he fell back against some paling quite overcome. 
Dr. Ferris of [B ] happening to come there, & was much alarmed, 

& urged His Lordship to take a Chaise & return to London, not trusting 
to have His Lordship's case in His hands. The next day His Lordship 
did so, & came to Lady Thomond in Leicester Square very ill. The fever 
continued upon Him 27 days, & He was often delirious. 

His life was sared by Sir Francis Milman. His Pulse was 120, and 
Sir George Baker, the other Physician, pleaded for the old practise, 
that of lowering Him. Sir Francis, on the contrary urged that the 

* See previous volumes for Old (Philip) Reinagle, John Glover and William HavelL 

190 The Faringtoti Diary [1807 

Constitution slid, be supported & insisted upon three large glasses of 
Madeira being given to His Lordship every day ; saying, if we once 
lower Hirrij we shall never be able to raise Him again, & He will sink & 
die : but we can at any time lower Him if circumstances shd. require it. 
His Lordship had great repugnance to taking the wine, it felt to Him, 
like oil on fire : & He had some how understood that Sir G. Baker 
disapproved it. The wine, however, He was induced to take & He 

A Saintly Bishop 

Lady Thomond spoke of Dr. Moss, the present Bishop of Oxford. 
A friend of His died & left Him .10,000. Dr. Moss having learnt that 
He had two Maiden Sisters not very well provided for, gave up to them 
the whole of what had been bequeathed to Him. He also gave up 
a living of .800 a yr. to a friend in the Church who was unprovided for. 

Mr. Metcalfe is at Brighton much recovered ; but has lost the sight 
of one of His eyes. His acquaintance there attend at His good dinners, 
& He has not been induced by the coldness of the Prince [of Wales] 
to quit that place.* 

Sir William Scott, Judge of the High Court of Admiralty is very rich, 
He gave in His Income sometime since at ^17,000 a year. He has 
one Son & one daughter : the latter is told by Her parents that she 
is not to expect to have a large fortune : all their minds is upon their 
Son in this respect. They are remarkable Oeconomists. 

* PhlEp Metcalfe, F.R.S., F.S.A., who was a friend and one of the executors of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds, had offended the Prince. Metcalfe, who was very wealthy, gave ^500 
to his niece Frederica, " to buy her cloaths/* on the morning of her marriage in 1790 
she was born in 1763 to James Muir or Mure (as the family spell the name), second son 
of Baron Mure of Caldwell, in Ayrshire, a well-known Scots family dating from 1329. 
Fred erica's granddaughter, Mrs. Charles King, owns a copy of a miniature of her grand- 
mother by John Downman, See Vol. L, pages 95 and 273, and Index of Vols. II. and III. 


Gossip at Lady Tliomond^s 

August 18, Lady Tliomond I drank tea with. Slie had been to 
visit Her aunt, Mrs. Reynolds, who is ill of a fever. She told me that 

Mrs. Fitzherbert has lost Her influence over the P. . He is now 

devoted to the M ss of H d / to whom while they were in London, 

He constantly went every day & staid from three oClock till 5. He now 
complains that Brighton is too cold for Him, & is going to Cheltenham, 
which is only 15 miles from Ragley in Warwickshire, the seat of the 

M s> I remarked that the M ss is not young ; she replied that 

notwithstanding she is an extraordinary fine woman, a Juno* It is 

supposed the P got the Garter for the M s, and is to make Him a 


The P is inveterate against the P s & she is so much upon 

His mind, that He lately introduced the subject unexpectedly to a Gentle- 
man who mentioned it to Lord T [homond]. The P sd. He had formed 

an unchangeable resolution never to set His foot in a House in which 
she dwells. He believes everything to be true that has been alledged 
or insinuated against Her. 

Of the Sons of the Royal Family, Lady T[homond] believes the Duke 
of Cumberland to be the best. He now goes to Church regularly, & has 
left off swearing. The Duke of Cambridge is thought to be the next 
best. The daughters of the Royal Family are the comfort of the King, 
and His Majesty is very fond of them. 

Lord Thomond is now out of favour with the Prince of Wales, which 
may be owing to His Lordship holding intercourse with, & inviting to 
dinner, the Duke of Cumberland. The Prince does not now notice His 
Lordship when He meets Him in Company. The Prince expresses His 
dislike of the Duke of Cumberland in an extraordinary manner : having 
forbid the young Princess, His daugr. to speak to the Duke, when she 
sees Him. The Prince appears to be recovering His Health. 

A Great Project 

August 19. Dance told me that RmnieJ* the Engineer, has been 
consulted by government abt. insulating a projecting point of land a little 

* John Rennie, of Waterloo Bridge fame. 


192 The Farington Diary [1807 

above Gravesend, by cutting a channel across the land where It projects, 
& on this Island, when made such, to form a Depot, as a substitute for 
Woolwich, which by being accessible by Ships, & not easily attacked 
by land wd. be a more secure Depot. The calculation of expences to do 
this seemed to be immense. Ten millions was the estimate reported. 

[The value of property Insured In the different Fire Offices in Great 
Britain, in 1806, was about ^2OO,ooo 3 ooo, and in the United Kingdom 
about ^270,000,000. 

Yesterday the price of Bread was lid. J the quartern Loaf Wheaten, 
and lod. Household. 

Advertisement In a newspaper. " The Proprietor of the two wonderful 
Siboya Serpents, now exhibiting at the large rooms No. 22 Piccadilly, 
begs leave to Inform the Nobility & Gentry, and others, that from the 
numerous applications he has received of Noblemen & gentlemen to 
see those extraordinary Reptiles devour their Prey, they will have a 
public dinner on live Rabbits this day, at 3 oCIock, which is expected 
to be attended with a numerous assemblage of Ladles & Gentlemen. 
Admittance each person 2 shillings." From small note-book.] 

He Knew Piranesi 

August 20. Lewis* told me that He went to Italy in 1770, and re- 
turned in Deer. 1772. At the time He left England He was 19 years 
old. He knew Piranesi\ well and sd. He was extremely vain of His works 
and was sensible in the extreme to flattery. 

Lewis kept a Diary or Journal while He was abroad, but lately de- 
stroyed it, He wrote it In Italian, and being conscious it was written 
very Incorrectly, as He wrote in that langage as an exercise in it, He 
became unwilling that it should fall Into the hands of those who might 
remark upon it. Had he had a Son, brought up to His own profession 
He wd. have preserved them. He spoke of Sir Robert Taylor,! the 
Architect, & sd. He was a very early riser, & did His business in the 
fore part of the day, & in the evening reed, in His night gown & slippers 
those who called upon Him. 

Lewis sd. that Soane had pulled down parts of the Bank, particularly 
the Rotunda, which was designed by Sir Robt. Taylor, & has built in 
the room of It one In a much worse taste. Cockerell remarked upon It, 
That Soane In this had displayed some understanding, as by pulling 
down that which Sir Robert had built, it could no longer be a reproach 
to Him by Its contrast to all the bad taste which He, Soane, had manifested 
In every other part. 

August 23. Lysons called, dined with Sir J. Banks yesterday 

* James Lewis was an architect, 
t Famous architectural draughtsman. 
I See Index, Vols. L and II. 
See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

1807] Mr. Angerstein's Habits 193 

at Spring-grove, near Hounslow. Champalgne & Burgundy on the table 
with other wines. Sir Joseph never takes either flesh meat or wine. 
Lysons reckoned that He has an income of ^14,000. His Lincolnshire 
estate 8000. His Derbyshire estate ^3000 ; and Lady Bank's estate 
in Kent ^3000. She was Miss Higginson, coheiress with one of the 
wives of Sir Edward KnatchbulL* In the evening the company went 
to inspect a quantity of bones found at a depth of twelve feet at or near 
Hounslow Mammoth Elephant no human. 

August 24. Lawrence & Lysons called & with them & Fuseli I went 
to Mr. Angerstein' s at Woodlands [Blackheath] to dinner, We dined 
at 6 oClock. We remained at Woodlands till near II oClock. Six 
Pines upon the table, 2 Cut. Other fruit. Claret, Madeira, Port, 
Hock, White Port. We saw Lawrences picture of 4 Children of Mr. & 
Mrs. J . Angerstein which He began the week before last at Woodlands. 
Mr. Angerstein told me that the estate He has bought in Norfolk or Suffolk, 
formerly belonging to Lord Mountrath,f contains 6000 acres of land, 
poor land which He is endeavouring to cultivate, but wd. not live there 
if it were given to Him upon that condition. He told me his habit 
now is to ride every morning before breakfast from \ past 7 for an Hour 
and a half to two hours, breakfast at 10, go to London to City 
business abt. ir and return a little after 5. In October He annually 
goes for 2 months or so, to Mr. BoucheresJ in Lincolnshire, abt. 160 
miles from London, & there He hunts almost daily, beginning with 2 or 
3 hours, & increasing to 4 or 5 hours : but His Hunting is for air & 
exercise & not to perform feats. 

[Effective strength of the British Army on the ist of June last, 

Cavalry, British 23,295. Foreign, 3020 Total 26,315. 

Infantry, British 129,263. Foreign 27298. Total 156,561. 

Militia, British 53,810. Foreign 24180. Total 77,99. 

Grand Total : .... 260,866. 

* See Index, Vol. II. 

t Charles Henry Coote, seventh Earl of Mountrath, died at Strawberry Hill, 
Devonshire, on March 2, 1802, and the Earldom became extinct. Lord Mountrath' s 
dread of small-pox was so great that he had relays at five houses between his seat in 
Norfolk and his home in Devon, in order to prevent the possibility of infection. He 
would not sleep at an inn, and ordinarily led the life of a recluse. Rarely seeing 
anyone, except on business, he was found to be on these occasions always most friendly, 
polite in manner, and refined. 

All his estates, real and personal, with trifling reservations in England, were be- 
queathed in fee to Lord Bradford, his maternal relation. He left 6,000 for charitable 

t See note. Vol. III., page 258, 

VOL. IV. 13 

194 The Farington Diary [1807 

The public Revenue of England was, in 

noo. 100,000. 1500. 400,000. 

1200. 100,000. 1600. 500,000, 

1300. 100,000, 1700. 4,000,000. 

1400. 100,000. 1800. 30,000,000, 

From small note-book.] 



A Famous Banker and Actress 

August 27. Called on Fuseli. We talked of raising Ms Salary to 
,150 a year. He dines at Mr. Coutts. the Banker, every Sunday when 
Mr. Coutts is in town. The party consists of Mr. & Mrs. Coutts, Lady 
Guilford & Lady Burdett. Mr. Coutts keeps a very handsome table ; 
& Champaigne, & Burgundy, are put on the table with other wines to be 
drank at pleasure, Mr. Coutts is 74 years old. He has Shakespere by 
heart ; & can repeat the following line to almost any that can be quoted. 

Sir Francis Burdett dines with Home Tooke* every Sunday & some- 
times sleeps there on that night for a month together. Excepting his 
intercourse with Tooke He is almost always at Home, being very domestic. 
Bosville^ is one of the party at Tooke's. 

Mr. Coutts assured Fuseli He had nothing to do with Sir Francis 
Burdetts last Election, having told Him that in other things He might 
command Him, but in that matter He should take no part whatever. 

The paragraphs in Newspapers, insinuating that Mr. Coutts has an 
Amour with Miss Mellon, the actress, are most unfounded, He being 
a most domestic man & attached to His old wife.J Fuseli thinks His 
spirits lately have not been so good as usual, which possibly may be 
owing to these squibs in the papers. 

Great Banking Firm 

Coutts Trotter I went to & waited some time. The Old Porter told 

* See Index, Vok. I. and II. 

t William Bosville (1745-1813), celebrated bon vivant. See the D.N.B. 

$ Thomas Coutts, banker, said to be " the richest man in London." ^His long intimacy 
with Harriot Mellon was consummated, after his first wife's death, by his marriage to the 
famous actress in 1815, he then being eighty years old. Coutts died in 1822, and she was 
married on June 16, 1827, to the ninth Duke of St. Albans. Scott, whom she visited at 
Abbotsford, thought her a kind woman, " without either affectation or insolence in the 
display of her wealth." She was handsome, generous, and vivacious to quick temper. 
Born in London about 1777, the Duchess died in 1837. 

Coutts Trotter, of Beraers Street, was married at Hendon on June 12, 1802, to 
Margaret Gordon, youngest daughter of Lord RockviUe, brother of the third Earl of 
Aberdeen. He was created a Baronet in September, 1821, and died in 1837. 

VOL. IV. 195 13* 

196 The Farington Diary [180T 

me that Mr. Coutts has now 26 Clerks ; including 3 Cashiers, & 4 Clerks 
who go out daily, one to Somerset House, 2 to the City, & one to the 
West end of the town. Formerly there was only one Cashier. 

Mr. Coutts has now 3 partners ; viz : Mr. Antrobus,* who is a native 
of Congleton in Cheshire & was formerly a Stock Broker, & resided in 
Bank Buildings. He has been with Mr. Coutts 27 years. Coutts Trotter, 
on His coming from Scotland, was first a Clerk in the Navy Pay Office, 
under His Brother Alexander Trotter, Deputy Paymaster under Lord 
Melville. Coutts Trotter has been a partner with Mr. Coutts about 10 
years. The third partner is Mr. Majoribanks, brother to Captn, Majori- 
banks the India Director. He has been with Mr. Coutts abt. a year 
& a half & is abt. 28 or 30 years old. 

Fuseli remarked to day that Mr. & Mrs. Coutts visit the Marquiss 
of Bute, their Son in Law, both at Petersham & Luton> but said Fuseli, 
** The Marquiss is a Satrap ; He never visits them" 

Lord Rivers had two Sisters ; one of them married to Peter Beckford, 
whose son, Horace Beckford, the nephew of His Lordship, will be His 
Heir. Horace lost ,30,000 in gaming. Mr. Coutts, Messrs. Farrer 
& Co. Solicitors, advised His Lordship not to pay the debt, but an arrange- 
ment has been made for that purpose. 

Fuseli and the Princess 

Lord Rivers has brought the Princess of Wales, twice or three times 
to see Fuseli, and she has expressed an intention to purchase pictures 
from Him when she has money. He said Her manner is so familiar, too 
familiar for Her station, that it is difficult not to be led by it into some 
degree of forgetfulness of what is due to Her high rank & station. 

Daniell I dined with. Smirke told us that Opie's first wife, the 
daugr. of Mr. Bunn, a Pawnbroker in the City, had 2 natural Children, 
a Son & a daughter, before she was married to Opie. The Son was 
apprenticed to a watch-maker, but being imprudent got into difficulties, 
& being in a state of necessity stole a watch, which being proved against 
Him He was sentenced to death and was seen in Newgate in that state 
lately. He related to an acquaintance of Smirke His progress in life, 
& said that from Newgate He had written to His Mother, having through 
His Sister discovered who she was, and reed, an answer from Her ex- 
pressing surprise at the discovery but conjuring Him never to apply to 
Her again unless He meant to be the cause of Her death. He did not 
apply to Her again. The theft being His first known ojfence it is supposed 
He will only be transported. 

* Edmund Antrobus, who was created a baronet on May 22, 1815, and died unmarried 
in 1826, Sir Cosmo Gordon Antrobus, fifth baronet, is the present representative of the 

1807] Unrecorded Sale 197 

Fonthill Sale, which, concluded on Monday last the 24th inst.* 
being the 7th day of Sale. The amount of the Sale must exceed .20,000. 

Turner's 5th plague of Egypt, 155 gs. 

Two pictures by Vernet, bought Elwin 550 gs. 

The Poussins by Mr. Jeffries 370 

The Raphaels Welsh Porter 100 gs. 

The Gipsy, by Romney Mr. Kemneys 200 

The Loggia of the Vatican, Mr. Paul. 661 

The Cabinets with Hamilton's paintings purchased 

by Mr. Oakley. 

The China produced enormous prices. 

The mirrors produced near 5000. Three of them sold for 400 gs. 
each. The modern pictures sold high. 

De Cort's view of Salisbury Cathedral 80 gs. 

view of Exeter Cathedral to Jeffery .... 20 

Cannaletto, view of Venice to Soane, 150 gs. 

August 29. Lysons I dined with. Ralph Pricet sd. that all the 
wool grown in Spain does not exceed annually 50,000 Bags, while that 
in England amounts to 600,000 Bags. The Spanish wool makes cloth of 
a very fine quality, but the English is the best for Cloth which is close 
& warm, not porous, but fitted for the Northern Countries, 

September 3. Caleb Whiteforde was at the Gallery. He was at 
Fonthill with Nollekens during two days of the Sale. By taking down 
the House & selling the furniture Mr. Beckford will be relieved from an 
annual expense of 3000 to keep it up & probably receive 25,000 for 
what is sold. 

* The above sale Is not recorded in Redford, Graves, or any such compilation known 
to us. The following account is taken from a newspaper of the period : 

" This attractive auction closed with the pictures and porcelain, after lasting seven 
days, attended throughout by all the rank and opulence of the adjacent counties. The sale 
was conducted in the Grand Hall, and displayed every day arx assemblage of the most 
beautiful females, each seeming to vie with the other In the display of their taste in dress. 
The crowd was great, and such was the scarcity of beds that cottagers let their hovels for 
one and two guineas a night. The Park and Lake offorded every day an enchanting scene. 
The company in group es bestrewed themselves over the verdant hills of the former, to 
enjoy their cold collations, and the barges crowded to the shady retreats of the banks of 
the lake, the quarry and the woods. The auction was conducted in a very excellent and 
quiet manner. Competition was general, and much spirit and pleasing opposition occurred 
to excite the risible faculties, which the auctioneer did not lose the opportunity to improve. 

" This distinguished edifice is now dismantled of all its Interior elegance, and is to 
experience demoHtion next month, being advertised for sale In detail, and is supposed not 
likely to produce more than 20,000, though erected by the kte Alderman Beckford at 
an expense exceeding .130,000." 

t Son of Sir Charles Price, a former Lord Mayor. 


Protection in Heaven 

September 5. Called on C. Offley. He told me Mr. Simeon had 
expressed His reliance not on the strength of our Fleets or our Armies, 
but that the people of this country, in these revolutionary times, would 
find their protection in the favor of Heaven from their posessing more 
religious & moral worth than in this sinful age is to be found elsewhere. 

September 7. [Wedderburne Webster, a young Officer, for a wager 
of 1000 guineas, this morning rode His Horse Buzzard from Ipswich to 
London, 70 miles in four hours & 50 minutes. He was to perform it in 
5 Hours. Small note-book.] 


September 8* Lawrence I dined with. He mentioned more par- 
ticulars given of Mr. Pitt by Lord Mulgrave. Mr. Pitt had the greatest 
veneration for His father, & seemed to have adopted many of his opinions. 
He thought, with Lord Chatham, very highly of Lord BoHngbroke 
as a writer & as an Orator. Mr, Pitt thought Lord BoHngbroke superior 
to Burke that He had a more pure taste. Mr. Pitt sometimes repeated 
a Parody of Dryden's Alexander* s jeast y written by Lord Chatham the 
subject of it George 2nd. ridiculed, but He wd. not give a copy of them, 
Mr, Pitt was a warm admirer of Milton, in this differing Jrom Mr. Fox 
who Lawrence has heard give a preference to Tasso & Ariosto, & to 
Spencer our Poet. The subject of Milton's poem relating to religion might 
cause Fox to feel prejudiced against it, 

September 15. I sat to Lawrence the whole day, He having drawn 
the outline began to paint & laid the picture in. I dined with him.-x- 

Teeth and Eyes 

September 17. Went to Elms [the dentist in Leicester Square] who 
set in a new front tooth. I paid Him two guineas & J for what He 
had done to my teeth & for powder & liquid. 

September 19. At | past one called upon Mr. Watkin Phipps, 
Oculist, in Cork Street, Burlington Gardens, who examined my eyes, & 


1807] Teeth and Eyes 199 

told me that my complaint was seated in the Eye lids, which from, having 
been over exerted had lost their tone, & did not properly supply moisture 
for their functions. He recommended to me to apply a large Sponge, 
steeped in Water as Hot as I could "bear it to my Eye lids for the space 
of 6 or 7 minutes 4 or 5 times a day, & to call upon Him again on Monday 
next, when He shd. better be able to determine what to do. I dined 
alone. His hours for receiving patients from half past one till 4 every 
day except Sundays. I gave Him one guinea. 

September 21. Passed the day with Lawrence sitting for my picture 
6 Hours. 2nd sitting for painting. Watkin Phipps I went to who applied 
a sharp stimulus to my eyes. Directed an ointment to be touched to 
the edges & corners of my eyes for a minute the last thing at night, 
and then to be wiped off with a soft Handkerchief. The bathing the 
eyes to be continued as often as I please. He sd. He shd. soon put my 
eyes to right. 

September 22. Sat to Lawrence to-day & he finished my portrait 
& the picture of a Three quarter size. I have sat once for the outline & 
Three days for the painting, abt. 6 Hours each day. Lawrence decided 
it to be His best picture & that it shamed his other pictures. 

Taylor and Lawrence dined with me. Taylor mentioned that Pope 
[the Actor], who has married Mrs* Wheatley, yesterday expressed himself 
warmly of my kindness to Mrs. Wheatley under Her difficulties. 

Not Calm Enough 

September 24. Lawrence came in the even'g. He sd. He should 
paint over my portrait again, it wanted a finer pulp of colour, a mellower 
Hue, & the expression is not what it shd. be, not calm enough. 

September 25. Watkin Phipps I went to. He gave me a caustic 
waxy preparation inserted in a quill & shewed me how it was to be applied, 
The size of a pin's Head to be taken on the point of a small camel Hair 
pencil, dissolved by passing it through the flame of a candle or holding 
it to the heat of a Candle or a fire, & then drawing the point of the pencil 
upon the lid of the eye, between the eye lash &? the eye, of the upper & lower 
lid of each eye. The eye not to be touched, though no injury wd. ensue 
jrom it* He directed me to continue the use of the warm water atb y & 
the eye water, but recommended the Caustic application to be applied 
every morning rather than at night, as it would be better seen how to do it. 

Attack upon Denmark 

[This day a Declaration was published by Ministers justifying the 
attack upon Denmark, The following passage appears in it " His 
Majesty has reed, the most positive information of the determination of 
the present Ruler of France to occupy, with a military Force, the territory 
of Holstein, for the purpose of excluding Great Britain from all Her 
accustomed Channels of communication with the Continent ; of inducing 

200 The Farington Diary [1807 

or compelling the Court of Denmark to close the passage of the Sound, 
against the British commerce & navigation and of availing himself of the 
aid of the Danish Marine for the invasion of Great Britain and of Ireland." 

Organ Playing Condemned 

September 27 In Bells Messenger it was stated, " That a Grand 
Organ, lately erected in St. Andrews Church, Glasgow, was opened on 
Sunday the 6th inst. and accompanied the Psalmody during Divine 
Service, with the unanimous consent of the whole congregation. This 
is the first instance of instrumental music being admitted in the worship 
of God in any Presbyterian Church in Scotland." 

On October i/fth the Presbytery of Glasgow, who have had meetings 
on the subject of introducing an Organ into one of the Churches of Glasgow 
came to the following resolution, viz. : " That the Presbytery are of 
opinion that the use of Organs in the public worship of God is contrary 
to the Law of the Land, and to the Law and Constitution of the Established 
Church, & therefore prohibit it in all the Churches & Chapels within 
their bounds ; and with respect to the Conduct of the Clergyman in this 
matter, they are satisfied with his judicial declaration, that He would 
not again use the organ in the public worship of God, without the 
authority of the Church." From small note-book.] 


Public Institutions 

[September 28. Public Institutions. In the Bills of Mortality there 
are 502 places of public worship. Three thousand and fifty seminaries 
for education including 237 parish Charity Schools, Eight Societies for 
the express purpose of promoting good morals. Ten Societies for pro- 
moting the learned, the useful, and the polite arts. One hundred & 
twenty-two asylums and Almshouses for the helpless & indigent, in- 
cluding the Philanthropic Society. Thirty Hospitals & Dispensatories 
for Sick & Lame, and for delivering poor pregnant women. Seven 
hundred & four friendly or benefit Societies, and institutions for charitable 
& humane purposes which several institutions are supported at the 
almost incredible Sum of 750,000 per annum. From small note-book.] 

England Invincible by Sea 

October 2. Landseer called, on the subject of obtaining the rank 
of Academicians for 3 or 4 Engravers & also to have a Professorship 
established in the Royal Academy for Lectures on the subject of En- 
graving. Paul Sandby is friendly to the proposal. Cosway also seems 
to be so & had spoken to Wyatt upon the subject, who said the proposal 
should first be made known to the King. Landseer had delivered to me 
a printed address and letter, and intended to send one to each Acade- 
mician for His consideration. 

Lawrence came in the even'g, having dined at Kemblis who told Him 
that the late Lord Nelson had said to Him, " that in the present circum- 
stances of the world, Great Britain would never have a secure & honorable 
peace till she had been at War with all the powers under Buonaparte's 
controuly and made Him fc? them jeel the inmncibh power of this country 
by Sea." 

A Good Landlord 

October 5. Revd. Mr. Martin Junr. called [at the Rev. H. 
Hamond's,* Weasenham, in Norfolk]. He informed me that the decline 

* See Index, Vols. I., II. and IIL 

202 The Farington Diary [1807 

of the late Marquiss Townshend was very gradual ; that on the day 
[September 14] before He died He was at Fakenham, 3 miles from 
Rainham, in His carriage. His death was not expected when it 
happened. He was urged to take a glass of wine which he rather 
declined, but on being told that the Gentlemen who were below stairs 
at dinner were drinking the Kings Health, He took the glass, & said 
" Her is the King's Health, God bless Him, it is the last time I shall drink 
it" and soon after, In the course of that evening He expired without it 
being observed till He was perceived to be dead. He was a good Land- 
lord to His tenants, and good to the poor ; as was also the Marchioness. 
Mr. Blake, a Solicitor from London, came down on business for the 
present Marquiss, & observed that He never before saw so many melan- 
choly faces, as in that House & neighboured. The present Marquis 
since the death of His Father has /ranked His Letters Leicester, &? 
Townshend. He is believed to Have a great objection to the title of 
^Townshend, being very proud of His Barony of De Ferrars & His Earldom 
of Leicester, He has had all His daughters christened with the addition of 
Ferrars to that of Anne or Mary or whatever they might be first named. 
[Curley, the Brighton Shepherd, run I mile in a few seconds less than 
4 minutes. He was to perform the mile at 4 starts in the space of three 
hours. He went the first quarter in a minute, and after taking some 
rest, He performed alternately the other quarters in less than 3 minutes. 
He reserved a few seconds for the last quarter of a mile, having done the 
third with astonishing speed. It took place this day on Clapham Com- 
mon for a wager of 20 guineas. From small note-book.] 

A Norfolk Family 

October 10. At 2 oClock I called on the Hon : & Revd. Wm. 
Wodehouse at Little Massingham with H, Hamond & saw Him & Mrs. 
Wodehouse & Miss Hussey. Mr. Wodehouse sd. it is reported that the 
measure of seizing the Danish Ships was suggested by the Marquiss of 
WeUesley. Mr* Wodehouse is between 25 or 6 years old, Mrs. Wode- 
house 29. They were married in February last. She had , 10,000 made 
up by a legacy from the late Lady Walpole, Her grandmother, from 
others. He has 2 small livings, & their income is made up [to] ^900 a 
year, They have a carriage, but do not keep Horses. Lord Wodehouse 
has 3 other Sons, viz : Hon : Coll. Wodehouse of West Norfolk 
Militia, Hon : Captn. Wodehouse of the Navy, Hon : The Revd. 
Armine Wodehouse, Rector of Litcham, .600 a year. We returned home 
& dined witht. company. 

Barclay of Urie 

October 12. [A Pedestrian race took place this day at Newmarket, 
for 600 guineas. Wood, a Lancashire man, against Captain Barclay of 
Urie. The wager was which should go farthest in 24 Hours, Wood giving 
Captn. Barclay 20 miles. They started at 8 oClock in the morning. 

1807] Barclay of Urie 203 

Wood having gone 40 miles in 6 Hours and 20 minutes resigned the Con- 
test. The following is an accurate acct. of the progress made by each. 

Wood. Barclay. 

Hours. Miles. Hours. Miles. 

1. 8. i. 6. 

2. 7. 2. 6. 

3- 7- 3- 6. 

4. 6|. 4. 6. 

5. 6. 5. 6. 

6. 5 J. 6. 6. 

Captn. Barclay stopped, & took some warm fowl after having gone 18 
miles, & He stopped again after having gone the other 18 miles, & it was 
then while He was taking other refreshments that Wood resigned the 
contest. The Captn,, however, run four miles to decide some bets, and 
He did 40 miles in 6 Hours & 20 minutes.* From small note-book.] 

October 13. This morning I began to draw for the first time that 
I have attempted it since my eyes were affected, & was able to apply 
near 2 Hours. 

How to Live Long 

October 15. The Revd. Mr. Spurgeon came after dinner. He told 
me His father, Mr. Spurgeon of Yarmouth [an attorney], is still living 
and in His goth. year, but within the last year has nearly totally lost His 
mental faculties, having no consciousness of any person or thing but for 
a very short time together. Knows His Son for a few moments & then 
wanders off to something that happened 30 years ago. He is confined 
to His room & cannot walk witht. placing his hand on a table or Chair, 
His appetite continues. Such is the decay of old age. His wife is also 
living in the 8jrd. year of Her age. Mr. Spurgeon' s mode of life has been 
as follows, but not according to any rule laid down by Himself. 

the year round. 

His Hour of rising has been J past 8. 

Breakfast at 9. 

Dinner at 3, 

Tea at 6. 

light supper, at 9. 

To bed, at II. 

From breakfast till dinner time He has been occupied professionally. 

* Robert Barcky Alkrdlce, commonly known as Captain Barcky, tlie pedestrian. His 
most extraordinary feat was walking at Newmarket one mile in each of 1,000 successive 
hours, which performance ksted from June i to July 12, 1809* Yet he was so little ex- 
hausted that he joined the Walcheren Expedition on July 17 as aide-de-camp to the Mar 
quess of Huntly. 

Three days before his death from paralysis on May 8, 1854, he was injured by a kick 
from a horse. 

204 The Farington Diary [1807 

From tea till Supper time He always reserved to Himself & passed that 
time in Ms Study in reading & chiefly History ; and if not incommoded 
wd. again have His Book after Supper. Till He was 60 years of age He 
only drank White Wine as He found that Port Wine prevented digestion. 
At 60 He was advised to drink Port wine, but He did not long continue 
to do so. His usual quantity was 2 glasses of White wine, which by 
filling only Half glasses He made into 4. He was always indifferent as 
to what food was provided, and did not eat much. His Health continues, 
but His mental faculties are gone within a year or two. His memory 
had been remarkably good. He was of the Tory interest in Norfolk. 

Mr. Spurgeon occasionally visits Lord Cholmondely at Houghton. 
His Lordship neither Hunts, Shoots, or rides. His outdoor amusement 
is to walk out with His Steward & mark a tree to be cut down, & He 
also attends to the planting of young trees. He seems to be very fond of 
the conversation of foreigner *s* The Duke of Clarence is at Houghton, 
at present & stays till Sunday next. He went with Lord Cholmondely 
to Lynn on Tuesday last ; and was reed, at the Mayor's, Mr. Scarlet 
Everard's, & afterwards, at the Town Hall, was complimented with the 
Freedom of Lynn. H. Hamond was told by the Post Master at Rougham, 
that the Duke writes to Mrs. Jordan every day. 

Roughed into Manhood 

Lord Malpas, son of Lord Cholmondely,* a boy of 15, seems to be a 
lad of little promise, & to be bred up in a trifling way, Spurgeon sd. at 
His Mother's apron string. He goes to Eaton School, but there has a 
private Tutor, and is not likely to be roughed into manhood by intercourse 
with other Boys. 

Lord Cholmondely was desirous to sell Houghton Hall and the estate 
but Lord Chancellor Eldon set His face against any attempt to annul 
the entail. The House is in a dirty state, no part being properly 
clean except the Kitchen. 

* George Horatio Cholmondeley was born in Paris on January 16, 1792, and was styled 
Lord Malpas. In 1817-21 he sat as Tory M.P. for Castle Rising under the name of Earl 
of Rocksavage, and on January 5, 1822, he was called to the House of Lords in his father's 
Barony as Lord Newburgh. He was Joint Great Chamberlain of England, and from 1858 
Constable of Castle Rising until his death on May 8, 1870. He succeeded his father in 
1827 as second Marquess of Cholmondeley. 

The first Lord ToUemache said : " If all Englishmen were like Lord Cholmondeley 
(*.., the Lord Malpas referred to above) they would be religious and delightful men, but 
the French would soon come and take London." 


The Duke of Clarence 

October 18. H. Hamond returned from Lynn to breakfast. The 
Duke of Clarence reed, the freedom of that town on Tuesday last & took 
the usual oaths, He afterwards partook of a Collation at Mr. Scarlet 
Everard's, the Mayor, where a Chair was placed for Him at the Head 
of the table, according to Etiquette, but on his sitting down He sd. 
He would not part man & wife Sc He desired Mr. & Mrs. Everard to sit 
near Him. 

October 19. Tom Bagge* told me He dined with the gentlemen 
from Lynn at Lord Cholmondely's at Houghton on Friday last, Abt. 
40 sat down to dinner in the Hall, abt. 6 oClock. The Duke of Clarence 
sat at the middle of the table with His back to the Fire and took the 
lead in everything. He proposed Six bumper toasts Sc prefaced each by 
a speech. He said the Whigs had brought His family to the Throne 
of this Country & He would always give His support to them. He 
spoke of Sir Robt. Walpole as being instrumental in effecting that object. 
He drank, Mr. Bagge supposed, 2 Bottles of wine, & kept the Company 
at the table till 9 oClock, a thing very unusual at Houghton as Lord 
Cholmondely generally goes to the Ladies in half an Hour after they 
retire. He attended to the glasses of several to see that they filled 
bumpers. He drank Lord Spencers Health & prefaced it by recapitulating 
the names of the great Naval Officers employed by Him while first Lord 
of the Admiralty, viz. : Lord St. Vincent, Lord Nelson &c. Lord 
Spencer sat next to the Duke. Mr. Coke was there. 

* Thomas Philip Bagge (1771-1827), of Stradsett Hall and Islington Hall, Norfolk, 
J.P., D.L n was married on April 28, 1808, to Grace, youngest daughter of Richard Salus- 
bury, of Castle Park^ Lancaster. He was succeeded by his second son, William (the eldest 
died in 1816), M.P. for West Norfolk, who was created a Baronet on April 13, 1867. Tom 
Bagge's father lost his second wife on August 15, 1807, and the shock affected him so much 
that he died four days after her. 

The present Baronet is Sir Alfred William Francis Bagge, B.A., LL.B,, barrister, and 
captain of the 4th Battalion Norfolk Regiment. The family dates back to the fifteenth 

206 The Farington Diary [1807 

October 24. In the evening of this day I saw the Comet with its 
tail, at 9 oClock very distinctly with the naked eye. 

October 30. At noon I left Massingham & H. Hamond drove me 
to Wesenham where I waited with Him till J past 2 for the Fakenham 
Coach which had been delayed an Hour & \ waiting for game from Mr. 
Coke's at Holkham, the consequence was we did not get to Cambridge 
till \ past 2 the next morning. I slept at the Bull Inn. 

Jackson the Bruiser 

October 31 , At 8 oClock left Cambridge in the Telegraph Coach 
& got to Fetter Lane J before 4 oClock. Jackson the bruiser, was an 
outside Passenger. He had been to Cambridge to instruct the Marquiss 
of Tavistock & other young men of rank, who take Him much into 
their association. He has a room in the Albany building, Piccadilly 
where He gives lessons in Pugilism, & is supposed to make 4 or 500 a 

A Glutton 

November 1. Oliver called to speak abt. the Election of Associates. 
He has been much employed by the Duke of Norfolk, & much with 
Him at Arundel Castle. When the Duke has only a few friends who are 
domesticated with Him, He does not drink more, rather less than a pint 
of wine a day : but perhaps once in a week or so, He had a party to dinner 
& will then drink 2 or 3 bottles. He has an uncommonly great appetite, 
but makes it a rule never to eat anything between breakfast & dinner. 
He says no man ought to be called a Glutton but He who eats more than 
He can digest. He is fond of Discussion over His wine as subjects may 

November 2. Thomson's I dined at, Owen there who has lately 
been at Sir Willm. Heathcote y s in Hampshire, 3 miles from Sir N. 
Holland's* House, Sir Nathl. is said to posess .24,000 a year, but does 
not expend more than ^5000 a year. He lives very handsomely however, 
both in His House & equipage ; Has a man Cook, & when He gives dinners 
they are sumptuous. He is extremely fond of a young girl, the daughter 
of His Butler , and just emerging from Childhood. She sits at His table 
while Her father waits at it. ... and is taken by them [Sir Nathaniel 
& Lady Holland] when they pay visits, which causes some difficulty in 
others to know how to receive her. He makes sketches & occasionally 
paints, but complained of His eyes when speaking to Owen. Though 
He is considered a singular man in His manner, He is on the whole very 
well liked by the neighbouring gentry. 

The Navy 

[On Saturday Oct. 31, the Gazette contained Admiral Gamblers acct. 
of the evacuation of Copenhagen & the Island of Zealand also Lord 
Cat-hearts acct. 

* See Index, Vols. Land II. 

1807] The Navy 207 

Present state of the British Navy 

100 Ships of the line at Sea. 
ii from 50 to 44. 
14 frigates. 
175 Sloops &c. 

175 Gun brigs & smaller vessels. 

Adding to which those in Commission & under repair, including the 
guard ships give 146 of the line, 21 from 50 to 44 ; 180 frigates ; 219 
Sloops &c ; 220 gun brigs &c., making a total of 790 Ships of war. 

44 Sail of the line are building. 

45 in ordinary making together 235 sail of the line, independent of 

the Danish fleet. From small note-book.] 



Louis XVIII. in England 

[November 2. Louis iSth. under the title of Compte de Lille, ac- 
companied by the Duke De Berri, and suite landed at Yarmouth on 
Monday 2nd. inst,, & [after breakfast with Admiral Douglas] set out 
for Gosfield Park, Essex. He was attended by Monsieurs, the Prince 
of Conde, Due de Bourbon, Due d'Angouleme, Due de Grammont & 
suite. On their arrival [on the 3rd] at the 3 Cups, Colchester, a great con- 
course of people had assembled at the Inn to see the illustrious strangers. 
The people were of all ranks. The elegant large new room being thrown 
open for the reception of the Royal Guests, it was permitted that 
their wishes might be fully gratified, & they were admitted into the 
room without the least restraint. The Royal Stranger expressed much 
satisfaction at the good wishes evidently expressed in the countenances 
of those whom curiosity had excited to appear in his presence. From 
small note-book.] 

Sir Joshua's Sister 

November 4. March! called to inform me of the death of Mrs- 
Reynolds, sister to Sir Joshua Reynolds, on Sunday last, aged 73. 
She came to London to reside with Her Brother in 1753.* 

* Frances Reynolds, Sir Joshua's elder sister, kept house for him when he, on Lord 
Edgcumbe's advice, took rooms in St. Martin's Lane, then a neighbourhood much fre- 
quented by artists. But she was not a success in that capacity. Frances was evidently of 
a highly nervous disposition, little things worried her, and her brother's orderliness and 
exactitude were, doubtless, the cause of great trouble between the two._ Unrequited love 
is said to have added to her torments, as certainly did her failure as a painter of miniatures 
and copies of Sir Joshua's pictures, which made him cry and other people laugh. In the 
end the ill-matched pair separated, she going back, with a pension, to Devonshire, where 
she passed most of her time in painting. She was in Paris in 1768, and later lodged with 
Dr. Hoole, translator of Ariosto. Tom Taylor's Life of Reynolds gives sadly interesting 
extracts from her own notes and drafts of letters never posted, and in Farington's Diary 
(Vol. I., page 26z) we read : 

" Miss Reynolds, speaking of Him [Sir Joshua] since His death, said she saw nothing 
in him as a man but a gloomy tyrant. So far resentment in all probability from not having 
been more particularly noticed in his will (He left Her only 100 a year) influenced Her 
mind. Malone joined me in saying that during the time Miss R. lived with Sir Joshua, 
she rendered him uncomfortable by Her capricious temper, which obliged him to cause 
Her to fix on another residence." 


180T] Lawrence's Palette 209 

[His Majesty has recently bestowed a Pension of 2000 a year upon 
the Comptesse of Albany, widow of Charles Stuart, commonly called 
the Pretender. She is a Princess [Louise] of the House of Stolberg 
& lived at Brussells when she was married. From small note-book.] 

November 5. Lawrence called, preparing to go to day to Sir Francis 
Baring's at Stratton in Hants to paint portraits in one picture, of Mr. 
Baring, & Mrs. Wall, eldest Son & daugr. of Sir Francis & a Son of each 
of them ; also of the late Lady Baring from a miniature. 

Lawrence told me that to make His colours dry, He has a little of 
the Essence of Asphaltum mixed with the following colours when His 
pallet is set, viz : Black, yellow Lake, Lake, Brown Pink, and [ ] 

to which He also adds a little Sacrum Saturnae to avoid using too much 
of the asphaltum. When thus prepared He uses no other vehicle ^but 
Linseed Oil. He never uses drying oil or Macgilp which latter He thinks 
changes & makes colours horny. Lawrence buys [the Esssence of 
Asphaltum] from the Shop where Gainsborough purchased it, Strahan 
& Strong Long-acre. 

[On Tuesday Oct. 27, at a meeting of the Governors of the Hospital 
at Exeter, the Revd. Jonas Dennis stated to the honor of the County, 
that the first discovery of vaccination was made abt. 40 years ago, by a 
Mr. Bragge of Axminster, who ascertained that the Cow Pox was not 
only a preventative of the Small Pox but also that it might be communi- 
cated by means of innoculation. Dr. Jenner* however had the merit 
& been the means of the happy instrument of extending its practise, 
but it proved that vaccination was not so novel as some had imagined. 
From small note-book.] 

Claude and Dutch Painters 

November 6. I had company to dinner. A contest of opinion 
took place on the powers of Claude Lorrain compared with the Dutch 
Masters. Dance said the works of Claude had such perfection as was 
seen in the Greek Sculpture, & that the Dutch Masters in attempting 
to represent the hues & effects seen in nature were inferior to Him a 
thousand degrees. Daniell supported by Smirke contended that Claude 
cd. not draw, could not make such forms of Clouds, as are seen in the 
best Dutch masters, & that Claude was limited to one land of Sky, and 
could not have done what the Dutch masters executed. He instanced 
a picture of De Vleiger which He had lately seen. 

[Mr. Watson, a manufacturer at Preston in Lancashire, failed lately 
for between 4 and 500,000. His own acct. stated deficiencies to up- 
wards of 300,000. Two Mr. Barton's of Manchester, married His 
daughters, & by false representations He has taken them in for near 
50,000. For this Sum they have in part security, but their loss will 
be heavy. Thornton's (Russia House) 50,000, Lord Derby 6 or 
7000 advanced to pay Election Bills. 300,000 in Bills are running 

* See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 
VOL, IV. I 4 

210 The Farington Diary [1807 

& will produce much private distress & public inconvenience. From 
small note-book,] 

Lord Winchelsea 

November 7. Woodforde called. He was in September last 3 weeks 
at Burleigh on the Hill in Rutlandshire, Lord Winchelsea's* seat, where 
He began to paint a portrait of His Lordship a whole length. It is a 
very large & noble House & was built abt. 100 years ago. Lord Win- 
chelsea does not reside there much as it wd. be too expensive for His 
circumstances, but lives in a high state when He is there. He is a 
Bachelor, abt. 56 years of age, is 6 feet I Inch high, & very agreeable 
in His manners. Many people of distinction, gentlemen & Ladies came, 
& the Hon. Miss Finch, His Lordships sister, was there. Dinner was 
usually served at 7 oClock, & took up abt. z hours before the gentlemen 
went to Coffee with the Ladies. His Lordship drank His wine chiefly 
during dinner, taking a glass with most or all of the gentlemen, & then 
also with the Ladies. After the Ladies retired the gentlemen soon 
adjourned to them. His Lordship visits a Lady, Mrs. Thomson, who 
resides at Brompton at a beautiful Villa built by the late Earl of Bute, 
& designed by Adam, but always returns at night to his House in South 
St. He has a Son, 13 years of age, who is called Finch, or Thomson, 
& was with Him at Burleigh. Lord Winchelsea is at present Groom of 
the State, 4000 a yr. 

* The ninth Earl and fourth Earl of Nottingham. He was unmarried (1752-1826). 


War against Denmark 

November 7. [The Gazette contained a Declaration of War against 
Denmark, in consequence of the King of Denmark having declared 
War against England. 

The Gazette contained an order for general reprisals against the Ships, 
goods & inhabitants of the territories & ports of Tuscany, the Kingdom 
of Naples, the port & territory of Ragusa, and the Islands lately composing 
the Republic of the Swiss Islands, in Consequence of their antient govern- 
ments having been subverted by France, & new governments under Her 
influence are aiding in her hostile designs against the property, commerce 
& navigation of his Majestys subjects. 

Portuguese Proclamation, dated Oct. 20, 1807 published in the 
papers to-day, Extract : " It being impossible to preserve any longer 
neutrality during the present war, I have judged it proper to accede to 
the Cause of the Continent by uniting myself to His Majesty the Emperor 
of the French & King of Italy, and to his Catholic Majesty, in order to 
contribute as far as may be in my power, to the acceleration of a mari- 
time peace; wherefore I am pleased to order, that the Ports of this 
Kingdom shall be immediately shut against the entry of Ships of War and 
Merchant vessels belonging to Great Britain. 7 * by order of the Prince 
Regent. Lisbon Octr. 22, 1807. From small note-book.] 

Beauties of Bath 

November 10, Mr. West having returned from Bath with Mrs. 
West on Saturday last, called on me this afternoon. He sd. Mrs. West 
suffered from bathing, but was benefitted by drinking the Bath waters, 
& on the whole was better, & he thought wd. weather the winter. I 
was struck with the strong marks of age in his countenance, but He ap- 
peared to be welL He spoke of Bath & its vicinity with rapture as 
abounding with picturesque Scenery. Take Bath & ^20 miles round 
it He sd. & there is not in the world anything superior to it. Rocks 
of the finest forms for a painter that He had ever seen, large, square 
forms. Quarry's worked out, now most picturesque & romantic. Wyck, 

VOL. IV. 211 *4* 

212 The Farington Diary [180T 

& Hampton rocks, Chedder Cliffs, most picturesque, distances the 
most beautiful, roads with occasional pools & streams of water falling 
from the Hills & Cattle & figures such as Berghem never saw. Take 
Tivoli away & Rome & its vicinity of 20 miles not to be compared with 
Bath & its neighboroud, 

Artists at Bath 

Artists much encouraged at Bath. The two Barkers* very ingenious, 
the eldest indeed lives upon the reputation of His Woodman but His 
portfolio is stored with subjects of Peasantry &c. landscape admirably 
drawn with Chalk on stained paper, for truth of expression excellent, 
unrivalled. West told Him if He wd. put them on Canvass they wd. 
be captivating. Benjamin, the younger Brother, is the better Landscape 
painter. Shaw, a landscape painter,t told West that He had Com- 
missions which wd. occupy Him more than a year and a half. has 40 
guineas for a picture abt. Kitcat size takes in orders for pictures & 
finishes His Commissions in rotation. Employed by gentlemen^ of the 
West of England to decorate their Houses viz : for Chimney pieces, 
over doors &c. If time to spare His pictures wd. be taken by 2 picture 
dealers at Bristol to sell again. 

Exhibition to be opened at Bath the next Spring, upon a plan for 
a Society which West recommended shd. be formed as much as cd. 
be on that of the Royal Academy. Drawing masters at Bath make 

West had the carriage at Bath in which He & Mrs. West & Mrs. 
Banks went from London, & He used it in all His excursions, hiring 2 or 4 
Horses as the distance might require. He employed His mornings in 
making sketches, & made a design of " the discovery of the good qualities 
of the Bath waters." Drawings do not sell at Bath, as He was told by 
the Artists ; oil paintings are the works in request. 

* Richard Barker, of Bath, and his younger brother, Benjamin. 

t Joshua Shaw was a native of Bellingborough, in Lincolnshire, in 1776. Left an 
orphan at an early age, he was apprenticed to a provincial sign painter, and after his time 
expired he became a painter of landscapes and flower pieces. He was also employed, both 
in England and America, to make copies of pictures by men such as Berchem^and Gains- 
borough, which were sold as originals. According to Bryan the date of his death is unknown. 
He contributed irregularly to the Royal Academy from 1802 until 1814, and lived in Wells 
Road, Bath, up to 1810. 

[Mr, Basil S. Long, The Nook, North Road, Berkhamsted, writes s You refer in a 
footnote to Farington's Diary to Joshua Shaw, the artist. The following facts, com- 
municated a few years ago by the late Mr. Charles Henry Hart, of Philadelphia, are not 
generally known in this country. Shaw went to America in 1817 on the same ship that 
carried West's picture of " Christ Healing the Sick/* He first exhibited at the Pennsyl- 
vania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1819. He taught drawing for many years and published 
"A New and Original Drawing Book," oblong folio, at Philadelphia in 1819. He sub- 
sequently became an inventor, and his improvements in fire-arms were adopted by the 
United States and by Russia. He died at Btirlington, New Jersey, 8th September, 1860, 
in his eighty-third year.] 

1807] Not Art 213 

November 15* W. Wells called on me, & shewed me a letter 
from Wilkie, who is so full of commissions that it may be long before 
He can paint a picture for Wells, but will put Him down in His list, & 
approves His subject viz : " A Blacksmith listening to a Taylor's news, " 
vide Shakesperes Play, King John Wells sd. that in some of the 
pictures by Claude Lorrain & in some by Wilson, there has appeared to 
Him something of an artificial light upon parts of them, a sort of Candle 
light, an artificial warmth. 

I dined with Baker, & walked there with Edridge who noticed the 
free manner in which Hoppner speaks of Artists & their works. He had 
always lived well with Hoppner, but lately when Edridge' s works were 
spoken of favorably, Hoppner said, " Aye, very well, but we do not call 
that Art." Edridge sd. He had always given to Hoppner the Palm, as 
being the painter who comes nearest to His great Prototype Sir Joshua 
Reynolds, but He added that there were others who certainly had more 


Hanbury of Kelmarsh 

November 15. Duppa told me that Mr. Hanbury of Northampton- 
shire is now at His seat at Shobdon Court in Herefordshire, & in a dying 
state. Mr, Stone, a medical man who attends Him daily from Leominster 
told Duppa that he was a week ago supported only by raw meat given 
Him in the shape of pills. Mr. Stone attended Him every night. The 
estate attached to Shobdon Court is estimated at .8000 a year. Lord 
Bateman left it to Mr. Hanbury who was related to Him by a female 
line in preference to a male relationship.* 

Gerard spoke of the death of the Revd. Mr. Booth. He was abt. 42 
years of age, & died of a Palsy, which was attributed to the effect which 
the coming into posession of His Fathers large property had upon his 
mind. While His Fatherf lived He had been kept in very limited circum- 
stances. His Father left 30,000 as appeared by His accounts besides 
very considerable estates near Ludlow, & it has lately been found that 
He had a considerable Sum in Long annuities. 

Constable and Mulready Students 

November 16. Constable called. He attends the Life Academy 
every evening, and has for 3 months past been employed by Lord Dysart 
in copying pictures & painting original portraits. The Dowager Lady 
Dysart spoke to Him of the fine Head Lawrence is painting of me. 
Rigaud is the present Visitor at the Life Academy & is one of the best 
Visitors that the Academy affords & sets very good figures. Tresham 
who was the last Visitor, said that He never saw so many good drawings 

* For William Hanbury and Lord Bateman see Vol. IL, page 166, and Index, Vol. III. 

t Benjamin Booth, a director of the East India Company, was a friend of Sir Joshua 
Reynolds, who painted an excellent portrait of him. He was also a patron of Richard 
Wilson, the great landscape painter, and formed the splendid collection of his pictures 
and drawings which was exhibited by Captain R. Ford, his great-great-grandson, at the 
Brighton Art Gallery in 1920. See Vol. I., page 174, of the Diary, and entry under 
January 3, 1808. 


1807] Constable and Mulready Students 215 

in the Academy at one time before. Mulready* a young man Twenty 
one or two years of age is reckoned to draw the best, but sets Himself 
high upon it as if He had done His business. He was a pupil of Varleyt 
& married His Sister. Hilton,* another student draws very well. He 
is abt. 25 or 6 years old. 

Hoppner Snubs a Lady 

Constable gave a trait of Hoppner, which He had from a Frame 
Maker. This man happened to be in Hoppner' s showroom when a Lady 
of Fashion came in, & looking at the pictures desired to speak with 
Hoppner. The Servant sd. He was then engaged, but she bid Him tell 
Her name, accordingly Hoppner came to Her, and she began to make 
remarks upon the Copies she saw of Mr. Pitts portrait, observing that the 
nose was too long. Hoppner impatient at the interruption He had 
suffered asked Her whether she desired to have a Copy, she replied un- 
determined, but said she possibly might. " Well then, sd. Hoppner, 
when you order a copy you shall have either a long nose or a short one 
as you may choose " & left Her. Constable observed that Hoppner 
abuses the people of Fashion, & they Him, but they go to Him. Con- 
stable sd. He had now the comfort of feeling Himself completely settled 
in His profession, and to know that His Father, finding that He is getting 
on and employed is reconciled to it. 

We talked of the late election of Associates. He sd. He thought 
the Academy had done very well in electing respectable men, whose 
manners wd. not disgrace the Academy. He sd. Drummond is the 
King of a Pot-House, and has such low habits & notions, that He seemed 
unfit to be associated with men of rank at the Academy dinner. 

Lord Egremont 

Philips|l called upon me to speak abt. the ensuing election of two 
Academicians. I told Him that it was a subject not yet taken up, but 
that as far as my opinion cd. go it was that He might feel comfortable 
in the fair prospect of success as it appeared to me. I sd. that His moral 
character had never been objected to, & He knew how He stood as to His 
professional abilities. He was well satisfied with what I said. 

He told me He was going for a month to Petworth, Lord Egremont's.fF 
He said Company from 10 to 20 or 30 sat down to dinner there every 
day, His Lordship living magnificently. Dinner at 6 oClock, but He 
added, that He was always glad to return to town to His own private 

* William Mulready, afterwards R.A* 

t John Varley. See Index, VoL II. 

t William Hilton, afterwards R.A, 

Samuel Drummond was elected A.R.A. in 1808. See VoL II, 3 page 248. 

II Thomas Phillips, A.R.A., afterwards R.A. 

f See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

216 The Farington Diary [1807 

repast, being soon tired of living in so much company. Lord Egremont 
does not what is called quiz : any of His guests, but He is fond of seeing 
others carry on that sort of Humour. Humphry was sadly quizzed in 
consequence of His boasting of His ancestry. He was laughed at, 
told He was descended from a Jew Pedlar. Philips sd. Lord Egremont 
has behaved very kindly to Humphry, having taken a portrait from Him 
said to be painted by Raphael for which He has settled upon Him an 
annuity of .100,* His Lordship having understood from Humphry 
that His circumstances were very limited. 

Lady Louisa Manners 

Lord Dysart is abt. 68 years of age. He is a very shy man, & comes 
into a room sideways or almost backwards. He is a very good man & 
kind to all who are dependent upon Him, He has more than 30,000 
a year, and being a widower witht. children will leave ^30,000 a year 
to Sir Wm. Manners, Son of the late Jack Manners, the Usurer, who 
has already 30,000 a yr, He being Lord Dysart's nephew^ Lady 
Louisa Mannerst the Mother of Sir Wm. is His Lordship's Sister. 
The title will be extinct, The present Lord Dysart & His Brother, the 
late Lord, married two Sisters of a Mr. Lewis of Warwickshire. Lord 
Dysart amuses Himself with painting & applies more or less most days. 
He was much acquainted with Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

French Ports Blockaded 

[A Proclamation was issued by the King in Council, directing a strict 
Blockade of all the French Sea Ports, and of all Sea Ports belonging to 
Countries tinder the Dominion & influence of France, and that all trade 
in the produce of such countries Colonies, shall be deemed unlawful, 

* In his " Life of Ozias Humphry, R.A.," Dr. G. C. Williamson says : " Humphry 
persuaded the Ear! of Egremont to buy a copy of a portrait of Francesco Maria deUa Rovere 
which he had made in Italy. He asked 600 guineas for it 5 Lord Egremont said it was 
'overvalued/ and eventually in Midsummer, 1805, he agreed to give Humphry for it 
j^ioo a year for his life. The artist therefore received ^450 for the painting, as he died 
four and a half years after the arrangement had been made." See Index, Vols. I., II. and 

t The Earl of Dysart died in 182 1 and was succeeded by his sister, Lady Louisa Manners, 
as Countess of Dysart, She, however, with her sons John and Charles, and her daughter 
Laura, took only the surname and arms of Tollemache. Hoppner painted Lady Louisa's 
portrait, and in 1901, at Robinson and Fisher's, it was sold for 14,050 guineas, at that 
time the highest price ever paid for a portrait in England. 

In March, 1807, Lady Louisa's own copy of C. Turner's mezzotint after Hoppner s 
early masterpiece was exhibited at the Leicester Galleries, London. On the margin of 
the print was attached an envelope addressed to " Lady Louisa Manners, Pall Mall," aa 
well as a verse written to her by Tom Moore, which runs : 

" Thou art still so lovely to me, 

I would sooner, thou beautiful mother. 
Repose in the sunset of thee 
Than bask in the morn of another." 

From a Print in the British Museum 

[To face p, 21 fi 

1807] French Ports Blockaded 217 

and every vessel trading to the said countries laden with such produce 
or manufactures shall be lawful prize. Neutrals, however, will still be 
allowed to furnish themselves with enemy's Colonial produce, for their 
own consumption ; and for this purpose such trade may be carried on 
directly with the ports of his majesty's dominions, or his allies under 
certain restrictions. America, for instance, may import the produce 
of the West India Islands, direct into an American port, for her own 
use, but she cannot export it again to a French port, & thus the order 
entirely cuts off the neutral carrying trade between the enemy's colonies 
& the Mother country. The Second order permits universally the im- 
portation into Great Britain of the growth & manufacture of countries 
at war with his Majesty, in the vessels of any country in friendship or 
alliance with England, upon the same terms as they may have been 
hitherto imported into Great Britain, in British Vessels ; and with regard 
to such articles, as are prohibited by law, they are to be reported for 
exportation to any country in alliance or amity with His Majesty. 

Warning to Neutrals 

The articles so imported into any port of the United Kingdom or of 
Malta & Gibraltar, except Sugar, Coffee, wine, brandy, Snuff and tobacco 
may be exported to any country whatever ; and with respect to these 
articles, they also may be exported under certain conditions ; By the 
operation of this regulation, no neutral power can supply France with any 
article whatever, nor the growth & manufacture of such neutral Country, 
unless through the medium of some Port belonging to Great Britain, 
so that France cannot obtain a single ounce of sugar, coffee &c. which 
are the peculiar growth of the French West India Colonies unless in- 
directly through a British Port & upon such terms as His Majesty may 
think fit. The third order recites that a great part of the Shipping of 
France, & Her Allies has been protected from capture by transfers, or 
pretended transfers, to neutrals, & directs that in future the sale to a 
neutral of any vessel belonging to His Majesty's enemies shall not be 
deemed to be legal, & all such vessels shall be captured, & adjudged 
lawful prize to the Captors. From small note-book,] 



November 18. Devis*called being very desirous to bring Mr.Graharn, 
the Magistrate, to me to confute the calumnies uttered against His 
character. He spoke muck of what Beecheyt had sd. of the prejudice 
against Him among the Academicians. He sd. Beechey asked Him, 
" Whether He was married to the person who passed for His wife, & 
who died sometime ago ? " He replied that He was married to Her, 
that she was a French woman, and that He was married to Her by 
a Roman Catholic Priest according to their form. That He had after- 
wards asked a Doctor of Civil Law & others whether the marriage was 
valid, & was assured by them that it was so. He sd. she died in France. 
He added that He thought it very odd that Beechey shd. put such 
a ^question ; He who had lived with the present Lady Beechey whilst 
His first wife was living & introduced Her into company at that time 
as His wife. I repeated what I had before sd. to Him that His conduct 
had been reported to be irregular, which had operated against His being 
elected an Associate of the Royal Academy, I declined receiving Mr. 
Graham, telling Him that my conversation with Him rendered that 

Catalan! T s Salary 

_ [Madame Catalani's engagement for the ensuing season, at the 
King's Theatre, says the Morning Herald, was finally settled on Satur- 
day last. She is to have 7500 guineas, & two clear benefits, and is 
to suffer no deduction of salary in consequence of any indisposition. 
Madame Catalani, the celebrated Singer published a letter in the 
Morning Herald [on November 28] stating that she had cancelled an 
engagement _with Mr. Taylor of the Opera House. She was to have 
had 5000 guineas for the season, but on condition that she shd. perform 
alternately in the first serious & first comic characters, thus binding 
Herself to exert Herself " twice the number of nights that dhe did the 

* Arthur William Devis. See Vol. III., pages 128 and i$%n. 
t Sir William Beechey, R,A. See Vols. I., II. and III. 


1807] Catalani's Salary 219 

last Season." Her only motive for wishing to renounce the engage- 
ment was the great fatigue it would have imposed upon her. 

A Curious Case 

On Monday last, Novr. 16, Sir Wm. Scott gave judgment at Doctor's 
Commons in the Case of Wakefield versus Mackay, alias Wakefield. 
It appeared that Mr. Wakefield, a Student of one of the Inns, had 
married Mrs. Wakefield by banns, published under the name of Isabella 
Jackson, and that she was the illegitimate daughr. of John & Ann 
Mackay ; that in the year 1800, she went by the name of Lascelles, and 
afterwards by the name of Sharpe. It further appeared that the Lady 
in question had been baptised by the name of Isabella Jackson, which 
ceremony was performed by a Catholic Priest, her parents being Roman 
Catholics. It was contended by Mr. Wakefield's Council that the 
marriage was null & void inasmuch as the banns were published in a 
wrong name ;* and further it was contended that Mrs. Wakefield having 
proved to be an illegitimate child, was not entitled to any name, except 
that she acquired by reputation. On the part of Mrs. Wakefield, it was 
contended, that she was, from the evidence produced in the cause, 
clearly entitled to the name of Jackson, and that the banns were properly 
published. The Court, after minutely stating the evidence on both 
sides and making several judicious observations concluded by confirming 
the validity of the marriage. From small note-book.] 

White Wine and Red 

November 19. J. Offley told me He had been this day to consult 
Dr. Reynoldst who recommended to Him to Go to a surgeon, Mr. Fordt 
of Golden Square, who ascertained the cause of disagreeable symptoms. 
Dr. Reynblds lately told Him, that He, the Doctor, had for sometime 
been troubled with Cramps in His legs, and could not acct. for the 
cause, but finding that for some days He had been free from this 
complaint, He reflected that He had during that period drank only 
White Wine, owing to the Key of His Cellar having been mislaid. To 
be certain of this being the cause of the relief He had felt, He again 
drank Port Wine & the Cramp returned. He again desisted & those 
pains left Him. He repeated this experiment again with the same 
effect & then remained convinced that there is a quality in Port Wine 
which so operated upon His constitution. 

* This case was, of course, before the statute of George IV. maEng null and void a 
marriage in names known by both parties to be false* A case of this Hnd came before 
Sir Henry Duke, President of the Divorce Court, on the 1 8th January, 1923. 

The parties concerned were married at St. Alban's Church, Great Ilf ord, Essex. Their 
names were given as John Harry Small and Mary Taylor, whereas his real name was John 
Henry Smallwood, and the Judge pronounced for the dissolution of the marriage on the 
ground that the ceremony was rendered void by the banns having been put up in the 
petitioner's false names. 

f Henry ReveU Reynolds, eminent doctor. See Vole. II. and III. 

J See footnote. Vol. I., page 174. 

220 The Farington Diary [1807 

November 20. At 12 I called on Win. Wells at the East India 
Dock Office, Lime St. Square, & went with. Him to Mr. Brickwood's* 
Lime St. Square & saw two large Landscapes by Wilsonf which were 
painted by Him for Sir Patrick Blake, whose son has sold them to Mr. 
Brickwood for 400. Sir Patrick paid Wilson 160 guineas for them. 
They were painted in 1765 & in His best manner. I told Mr. Brick- 
wood they would make His House famous. These pictures I saw 
[at an earlier date] with Henry Bunbury at Mr. Manning's in the City. 
After we left Mr. Brickwoods, W. Wells told me He would give me one 
of His pictures by Brooking^ 

A Successor to Burke 

November 21, [Dr.] Hayes called Mr. John Adolphus of War- 
ren St. was yesterday admitted a Barrister of the Inner Temple. He 
was immediately employed, reed. His first jee 5 guineas from Cooper 
the Attorney, & got 40 guineas in the first week. He is 41 years old, 
is married, & has two children, one of them & Son aged 12 has made 
an extraordinary proficiency in learning languages. reads French & 
Latin & Greek & is learning Hebrew. Mr. Adolphus is the writer of the 
political article in the Annual Register which was formerly written by 
Mr. Burke & afterwards by Dr. Lawrence.\\ Adolphus says what Dr. 
Lawrence wrote upon the French Revolution was very ably done. 
Adolphus also wrote Memoirs of the French Revolutionists, in 2 vols. 
He is of German extraction but was born in London. He has Chambers 
in Pump court, Temple, & much is expected from his talents, & eloquence. 
He has fixed to go to the Home Circuit^ & to practise at the Old Bailey. 
He is a strong Government Man, opposing the conduct of the Whigs 
as they call themselves. 

A Cambridge Librarian 

November 23. I was at Home all day, the weather dull wet, 
Lysonsfl dined with me. He returned from Cambridge today where 

* Wine merchant. 

t Richard Wilson, R.A. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

I Charles Brooking. See Vol. III., page 206. 

According to the D.N.B., John Adolphus was born in 1768, of German parentage, 
his grandfather having been domestic physician to Frederick the Great, and author of a 
romance, " Histoire des Diables Modernes," wrongly ascribed in Watts' a " Bibliotheca " 
to John Leycester Adolphus, his son, who was a barrister and author of " Letters to Richard 
Heber, Esq.," in which he sought to prove that Scott was the author of '* Waverley." 
In 1793 John Adolphus married Miss Leycester, a lady " of good family and little fortune." 
He wrote several Histories, including " Bibliographical Memoirs of the French Revolu* 
tion" (1799) and the "Political State of the British Empire" (1824). His first notable 
success on the home circuit was his defence in 1820 of the Cato Street conspirators. Adol- 
phus died on July 16, 1845. 

|| Dr. French Lawrence, writer for the " Rolliad." See Index, Vols. I. and III. 
fl Samuel Lysons, historian. See Vols. I., II. and III. 

2"^o drawings by Farington from pictures by his master, Richard Wilso- 

[To face p. 220 

180T] A Cambridge Librarian 221 

He collected what remained to be acquired respecting that County for 
the Magna Brittannia. He was with Kerrick* who is Librarian at 
Cambridge & resides entirely there & is a great admirer of the Works 
of Rubens. Lysons speaking to Him of introducing Mr. Pitts name into 
the Magna Brittannia asked what epithet shd. be given Him ? Kerrick 
replied in the negative, adding " Would you place an epithet before the 
name of Rubens ? " 

* Thomas Kerrich (1748-1828) was an accomplished painter, draughtsman and 
etcher. The Academy of Painting at Antwerp awarded him. with a silver medal for the 
best drawing. To the British Museum he left a valuable collection of manuscripts and 
drawings of ancient costumes, and his son bequeathed seven pictures, a number of books 
and many portfolios of early prints. 


A Total Abstainer 

November 23. Sir Joseph Banks was at the Royal Society Club 
on Thursday last. He continues to abstain wholly from Fish or Flesh 
meat, & has done so for 4 years, and also from wine & spirits. He finds 
Himself much better for it. He eats only vegetable diet, including 
puddings. and drinks milk or water only. Whether He is in or out 
of town there is every morning throughout the year a breakfast prepared 
in His Library for His friends at 10 oClock. Sir Joseph Lady & Miss 
Banks are of the party when in town. 

A Gloomy Room 

The Prince of Wales on his late visit to Lord Berkley* at Berkley 
Castle made those who received Him glad when it was over. Previous 
to His coming one of His pages arrived to prepare everything for Him. 
On being shewn the room in which the Prince was to sleep He exclaimed 
" This the room, a gloomy room like this, it will not do." The Chief 
Servant of Lord Berkley observed, that Berkley is an ancient not a 
modern building & the room they were in had been considered the best 
in it. The Page however demanded to see another and was shewn 
into an adjoining apartment, which had been intended for Him. 
" This scL He, shall be the room for the Prince & I will sleep in the 
other," which accordingly was settled. 

One day the Prince having dined there at six oClock Lady Berkley 
did not ask Him to fix an Hour the following day but ordered the dinner 
to be ready at Six, & at that Hour the Prince was informed that dinner 
was ready. He sent word that He could not then dine, and the dinner 
was taken off the table, & they waited till eight oClock before He made 
His appearance. He was there on a Sunday & Lady Berkley asked 
Him whether He proposed to go to Church ? To which he answered 
" That if she desired it, or it wd. oblige Her He would go." To this 

* Frederick Augustus, fifth Earl of Berkeley. See Vol. L 3 page 273 and note, 


1807] Maintain our Resolution 223 

she made no reply & He did not go. At Bristol, at Gloucester, & wherever 
He went the people were disatisfied with His behaviour. 

[Died on Saturday morning last, the 2ist. inst. Abraham Newland 
Esqr. late Chief Cashier at the Bank of England, aged 77. He was 
elected a Clerk in the Bank in the year 1747, appointed Chief Cashier 
on the 8th of Jany. 1778. On resigning that situation a short time 
since He refused an annuity of 500. A piece of plate of the value of 
.4000 was voted Him. He declined gradually & died witht. pain, leaving 
.7000 a year to distant relatives. 

November 24, Dr. Jenner has lately had a remittance of ^4000 
from India a gift for His invaluable discovery. From small note- 

November 25. Lysons I dined with. He had seen Davis* who 
was much pleased with what He communicated respecting my supply- 
ing drawings for the Magna Brittannia. Ralph Price came to tea. 
He told us that money was abundant in the City, & no despondency 
in consequence of our Proclamation of Blockade of French &c. Ports. 
He only feared that Ministers wd. give way & not adhere to their resolu- 
tion. English goods cannot be kept out of France. He is now shipping 
70 tons of oil for France, which are to be sent in Casks made in, imitation 
of French Casks. Should America be induced to go to War with us, 
a Civil war wd. take place in that country. In short we are upon high 
ground, though the times are critical, but all we require is to maintain 
our resolution. 

He Wore Pink Ribbons 

Lysons told me that a dispute subsists between Lord Chartley Son 
of the Marquiss Townshend (Earl of Leicester) & His Father. Lord 
Chartley insists upon being called Earl of Leicester as being now the 
second title of the Family, which His Father objects to as being a title 
granted to Himself. It was referred by Lord Chartley to [ ] 

of the Heralds College who decided that Lord Chartley had a right to 
the title of Leicester, but Sir Isaac Heard, Garter King at arms, & 
Townshend the Herald, have since decided against the claim of Lord 
Chartley ; which has caused a reference to the Duke of Norfolk, Earl 
Marshal, who has given it in favor of Lord Chartley's claim, saying 
that a similar instance happened in His own family where the claim 
was allowed. While this question is depending both Lord Chartley 
& His Father refuse to sign an instrument of importance to both, 
Lord Chartley is a very effeminate young man, sometime He wore 
pink ribbons to His Shoes, & having married a young Lady only a 
few months ago, He is said to be upon the point of separation from Her. 
In Italy, while on His travels, some circumstances were observed 
in Him that gave an unfavourable opinion of Him. 

* Of Cadell and Davis, publishers. See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 

224 The Farington Diary [isor 

November 27 . J. Byrne called to settle with, me for my share of 
money reed, from Mr. Crossthwaite of Keswick for prints of views of 
the Lakes. He told me His Father provided drawings for prints^ to 
be made of views in Counties to accompany Lysons's work, charging 
to the work only 3 guineas for each drawing, by which He was a great 
loser. He paid Alexander 8 guineas each for 7 drawings, & to Nash an 
architectural draughtsman, 25 guineas for a drawing of Kings College 
Chapel, Cambridge. For engraving the plates He had 25 guineas for 
each plate. 

Ward is Grateful 

November 28. Ward came to tea ; and spoke to me abt. inviting 
to dinner those Academicians who had supported His election, and shewed 
me a list of the Members of the Academy, & marked the names of those 
who I thought might, if He shd. make two dinners, be invited so as to 
make each party agreeable to each other. He told me the Students 
who attended the British Institution last Season gave a dinner on 
Monday last at the Thatched House Tavern, to Valentine Green* the 
Keeper, and Mr. West was invited, & was the only Member of the Academy 

present. The Tickets one guinea each, and abt. 50 attended. We Agreed 

upon the impropriety of the students giving such an entertainment 
& of Mr. West attending it. . . 

Valentine Green has now a Salary of 150 a year from the British 
Institution [as its Keeper], but complains of want of remuneration 
for His trouble. A few weeks ago He signified to Ward that as the 
Direction of the British Institution will have nothing to do with the 
payment of any pictures sold there, whatever money He receives & 
pays to the Artist is an act of His own for which He is wholly responsible. 
For this He signified that He ought to be remunerated by the Artists 
by a percentage upon pictures sold. He observed that were He not 
to receive the Defosit money for the Artists not half the pictures wd. 
have been sold that have been disposed of. Were gentlemen to be 
referred to the Artist, the trouble of going to Him & other circumstances, 
wd. cause many to give up their intention. Ward expressed willing- 
ness to remunerate Mr. Green but not by a percentage or in any ^ way 
that shd. be made a standing rule, but wd. join with others in subscribing 
a Sum to make up a purse for Mr. Green. 

Denmark and Britain 

[Denmark has issued an uncommonly vigorous Proclamation de- 
nouncing Death against any of Her subjects who carry on an intercourse 
with Great Britain, together with the confiscation of the goods which 
may be the object of such intercourse, if they can be found ; and if not, 
the full value of them is to be advanced from the eifects of the criminals. 
From small note-book.] 

* Valentine Green, A.R. A. See Index, Vols. I. and III. 


Dissipated Young Men* 

November 29. Wm. [Offley, wine merchant] spoke of the prevail- 
ing dissipation among young men, & mentioned that Mr. Best who 
shot Lord Camelford* is now in the Kings bench. Mr. Ford,t the 
surgeon, who lives in Golden Square, shewed Him a House opposite 
in which Madame Parissot the Opera Dancer lives with a gentleman 
she was lately married to. She had loose connexions before that period. 
She has saved abt. ^12,000 obtained by Her stage exhibitions. 

J. OfHey expressed great satisfaction on having read Paley's treatise 
on natural Theology, and on His proofs of the truth [of] Christianity 
which He thought conclusive. Gobbet having written strongly against 
the predominating influence of Commerce J. Offley agreed with Him in 
thinking it had obtained too much sway in this Country, as is manifested 
by the great number of commercial men who have at present seats in 
the House of Commons. 

The Grosvenor Family 

November 30. Lysons sd. He had been informed by a gentleman 
from Chester that Lord Grosvenor, who is at present Mayor of Chester, 
at an entertainment which He gave in that City, made a very intemperate 
speech, expressing His intention to support two members for that City 
& how little He regarded the expence which He might incur. 

The Grosvenor family is very ancient. A Cause in Chancery was 

carried on by a Sir Grosvenor against a Sir Scroope in the time 

of Richd. 2nd. each maintaining a claim to certain Arms which was 
decided in favor of Scroope. The writings on both sides are in the Tower 
Record Office, & wd. cost .100. to have them cojpied, consisting of 40 Sheets 
of parchment on the side of Scroope & upwards of 30 on that of Grosvenor. 

* See Vol. II., page 199 and note. 
t See Vol. I., page i/4 

VOL. IV. 225 15 

226 The Farington Diary [1807 

It was shewn that Grosvenor had borne certain arms from the Con- 

Constable's Uncle 

December 1 . Constable called & brought a Card from Mr. David 
Pike Watts requesting me to dine with Him on Saturday the i2th. inst. 
at No. 33 Portland Place. Constable sd. His Uncle, Mr. Watts, who 
posesses the great fortune of the late Ben Kenton,t Wine merchant, has 
mentioned to him that Mr. Kenton who sprang from a low origin, had 
observed that He could not extend His intercourse in proportion to the 
fortune He had made, being unprepared by education to join with the 

* Richard le Scrope (1327 ?-i4o3) was first Baron Scrope of Bolton, Chancellor of 
England. While Scrope was active in the Scottish expedition of 1385, he challenged the 
right of Sir Robert Grosvenor to bear the arms, azure, bend or which were the same as 
his own. At an earlier date (1347) Scrope was also successful in maintaining his right to 
the crest of a crab issuing from a coronet, the crab device passing to the Masham branch 
of the family when Scrope* s son, the Earl of Wiltshire, adopted a plume of feathers azure 
as a crest. 

Constance Lady Russell, writing from Swallowfield, says : In the memorable suit 
which lasted five years between Richard Lord Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor, Kt. u 
touching the bearing of azure bend or, the evidence of the poet Chaucer is interesting and 
bears upon the antiquity of the rival claims. The following is his deposition : 

" Geoffrey Chaucer, Esquire, of the age of forty or upwards, armed for twenty-seven 
years, produced on behalf of Sir Richard Scrope asked how long a time the ancestors of 
the said Richard had used the same arms, said he had heard say that it passed the memory 
of man. Asked whether he had ever heard of any interruption or challenge made by Sir 
Robert Grosvenor or his ancestors, he said No, but that he was once in Friday Street and 
saw hanging a new sign made of the said arms, and he asked what Inn that was that hung 
out the arms of Scrope, and one answered, ' No, sir, they are not hung out for the arms of 
Scrope, but they are painted and put there for a knight of the county of Chester whom 
men call Sir Robert Grosvenor/ and that was the first time he ever heard speak of Sir Robert 
Grosvenor or of his ancestors or of any bearing the name of Grosvenor.'* 

Mr. Arthur Oldham also writes on the same subject : Farington's reference to the 
Grosvenor- Scrope case and your interesting elucidatory note thereon are peihaps worth 
supplementing. No less famous a personage than Geoffrey Chaucer was a witness in the 
case on behalf of Scrope, and testified that he had seen the " arms azure, with a bend, or " 
borne by two members of the family, Sir Richard and Sir Henry, in France. 

Mr. Oldham then repeats in almost similar terms the story sent by Lady Russell. 

f Ben Kenton, one of the richest men in the London of his day, was brought up In a 
charity school. His mother was a greengrocer in a small way in Whitechapel, and Ben 
served an apprenticeship to the landlord of the " Angel," in Goulston Street, White- 
chapel, afterwards going as barman and waiter to the " Crown and Magpie," in High 
Street, Aldgate. Ben's shrewdness, unfailing humour, and courtesy made him very popu- 
lar, and when the landlord died the regular customers enabled him to become landlord of 
the tavern, thus laying the foundation of his vast fortune. In 1765 he gave up the public- 
house and started business in the Minories as a wine merchant, in addition to that of an 
exporter of ale and stout. By and by Kenton joined Alderman Harley, the eminent banker, 
in successful speculations, and when the erstwhile barman died, on May 25, 1800, he left 
legacies to twenty-four London charities and about .200,000 to Constable's uncle, David 
Pike Watts, who had been his clerk and daughter's lover. Ben, however, did not favour 
the match, the girl died of a decline, and her father, apparently feeling that he was in some 
measure responsible for her death, softened towards Watts, and made hind heir to the 
fortune referred to above. 

1807] Constable's Uncle 227 

higher ranks and more liberal part of Society. Mr. Watts added that 
His own education though not the best, was better than that of Mr. 
Kenton, & He felt a desire to associate with men of talents. He there- 
fore sent this invitation to me & proposed also to invite Messrs. West, 
Northcote, Daniell, Stothard, Dr. Crotch, the musician, & Carlisle 
the Surgeon. 

Constable told me He was at the dinner given on Monday Novr. 23rd. 
at the Thatched House Tavern, by the Students of the British Institu- 
tion ; that Pocock was in the Chair & [Conversation] Sharpe vice Presi- 
dent. He sd. Douglas Guest disgusted the company by long speeches 
in which He exhibited His vanity, & was well answered on one occasion 
by Sharpe, & at last was coughed, & cried down when making another 
speech. This mortified him greatly, & it appeared that on reflection 
He perceived that He had exposed Himself, & on the following even'g 
at the Academy, He endeavoured to shew to Constable that He was 
drunk meaning it to be an apology, but Constable told Him He appeared 
to be sober at | past 12 oClock. He then sd. He had drank before dinner. 
These are feeble traits of a character likely to be troublesome in the 

West Weeps 

West was the only Member of the Academy present, & was flattered 
by [Valentine] Green in a speech, on which West commented & sd. it 
had brought tears into His eyes ; He went on & assumed to Himself 
the credit of having occasioned the establishment of the British Institu- 
tion ; said that while He was in France He saw such advances in art 
made there that unless something should be done in this country we shd. 
be behind them, and this had caused Him to propose this institution. 
I told Constable that / might with as good a right claim the merit of 
being the author of it, for I was present, with Mr. West when Mr. Bernard 
the real author of it, read His Proposal for forming it. To such lengths 
does West's self-love carry Him, to expose Himself to be confuted by 

Constable remarked on the impropriety of Mr. Bernard having said 
to Daw,t a young artist who obtained the gold medal of the Royal 
Academy for the best Historical picture, & has been employed by Thomas 
HopeJ to draw designs for furniture, " That as Douglas Guest intended 

* Douglas Guest, then a Royal Academy student. 

t George Dawe. He was born in London in 1781, entered R.A. schools in 1794, and 
nine years later won the medal referred to. Made an Associate in 1809, he became a 
full Academician in 1814. Dawe twice won the 200 guinea premium at the British In- 
stitution. He spent nine years (1819-1828)^ Russia, painting portraits of eminent officers. 
Similar commissions came to him, and he amassed a great fortune, which, however, was 
largely lost owing to unwise speculations. Dawe, who wrote a " Life " of his friend 
George Morland, died on October 15, 1829. 

I See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

VOL. IV. *5* 

228 The Farington Diary [isor 

to paint for the first prize of the British Institution it wd. be in vain for 
any other to hope to obtain it." 

R.A. Affairs 

At noon I went to the Royal Academy General Meeting to decide 
the Premiums to be given this year. [See December ioth.1 Hoppner 
was much interested abt. His Son's picture painted for the Gold medal, 
& desired me to consider it. After much communication with many 
members I found the prevailing disposition in favor of Lascelles Hopp- 
ner's* picture. Dance, Westall & Bourgeois were for it, & I per- 
ceived that Shee, Tresham, Beechey, Turner &c. were of a similar 
opinion. ---West said there was more mind in Hoppner 's picture than in 
Hilton's, but the latter's was more of a picture as a piece of painting. 
I asked to which Nicolo Poussin wd. in his opinion, have given the 
preference ? He said He thought to Hoppners as it had more of that 
which He excelled in. Northcote, on the contrary, objected to it only 
on acct. of it having something Poussinish in it, adding that He loathed 
that sort of painting, so formal, so insipid, so cold &c. Dance, 
Westall c. were present and laughed at so singular an opinion. 

* See entry under December 10. 


Sir Francis Baring's House 

December 2. I was informed from good authority, that on so great 
a scale has been Sir Francis Baring's* house that for two years the House 
had to make weekly payments of ^80,000. amounting annually to 
Four milions, one hundred & Sixty thousand pounds. 

Russia and England 

[Mr. Canning, Secretary for foreign affairs, wrote to the Lord Mayor 
this day as follows, viz : - 

Stanhope St., Deer. 2. 

Eleven oClock. 
" My Lord, 

I have the honor to acquaint your Lordship that dispatches have been 
reed, from His Majesty's Ambassador at the Court of Petersburgh, by 
which it appears that the Emperor of Russia, having published a Declara- 
tion, in which His Imperial Majesty announces his determination to 
break of all communication with England, to recal His Minister from this 
Court, and not to permit the continuance of a British Mission at the Court 
of St. Petersburgh : His Majesty's Ambassador has demanded His Pass- 
ports, & is now on his return. 

I have lost no time in communicating this intelligence to your Lord- 
ship, in order that it may be made as public as possible. 

I have &c. 

G. Canning." 

Government has determined to prevent the further entrance of all 
Foreigners into the Ports of the United Kingdom. Orders to this effect 
have been issued to the Commanding Officers at all the Ports. No 
person of any description under any pretext, except He can produce 
an authenticated Passport, is in future to be allowed to land in England. 
From small note-book.] 

* See Voto. II. and III. 

230 The Farington Diary [1807 

Art Gossip 

December 4, Sir George Beaumont's I dined at. Sir George 
shewed us the^r^ No. of Forster's publication of Prints* from celebrated 
pictures, thought it the best work of the kind that had been published ; 
but sd. He shd. tell Forster that unless the succeeding numbers were 
equally well engraved He should withdraw His subscription. 

Sir George talked abt. Wilkie having an Exhibition of His own pic- 
tures the next Spring, to which. Wilkie seemed to listen with approbation. 
I gave my opinion that He shd. either do it at the time mentioned 
or it wd. be much less certain that it wd. succeed, which I felt assured it 
wd. do if not delayed. Sir George had been to-day at Mr, Angerstein's 
& expressed the warmest admiration of the Rembrant " The Woman 
taken in Adultery," as being the finest of all Rembrant's productions. 
Cosway's objection to it as not being by Rembrant was derided, & His 
ridiculous assertions & fancies laughed at. Sir George spoke in the highest 
manner of the excellent Landscape sketches made by West while at 
Bath, saying they were of as high a character as the designs of Nicolo 
Poussin, " the true Heroic Landscape." Also of His very able design of 
" King Bladud discovering the virtues of the Bath waters." Then 
touching upon West's extravagant acct. of His reception at Bath, His 
vanity, & ungrammatical expression, He quoted the line from Pope, 
ending with, " A man so very high, so very low*" 


We dined before 6 & did not go to tea till past 9. We talked of 
Politics & agreed that the Country must either be what it now is or 
nothing. Buonaparte has no half measures in His mind with us. 
Sir George only feared a Peace. Mr. Phipps spoke of Lord Hawkes- 
berryt as being a very able man. I told them that in Norfolk 
|Jie] was considered a sort of half madman. Sir George said, C. 
Long [afterwards Lord Farnborough] had when Windham quitted Mr. 
Pitt wished, in his mind, the opposition joy over him. He sd. such was 
the nature of Windhams mind that while acting with Mr. Pitt & when 
He had proposed or supported a measure upon grounds which were ad- 
mitted to be just & agreed to He would then begin to oppose His own 
reasoning & endeavour to shew that what He had before maintained 
was not fully established. Thus wavering & indecissive there was no 
end to His doubts. 

Newspapers and the Public 

December 5. Lysons I dined with. Smirke & myself met Davis, 
partner of Cadell, to speak of publications. Smirke's the intended publi- 

* British Gallery of Engravings (1807-1813), by the Rev. Edward Forster, F.R.S., 
F.S. A. He was born in 1769 and died in Paris in 1 828. See Vol. IIL, page 54. 
t See Index, Vok I., II. and IIL 

1807] Newspapers and the Public 231 

cation of Don Quixotte ; I upon the subject of views to accompany 
Lysons's Brittannia. It was settled that Davis should call upon me in 
Charlotte St. to go further into the business. He was not satisfied with 
what J. Byrne has lately done, & noticed His being disposed to think His 
plates finished before they properly were so. He complained of the 
indisposition of the public to ptirchase literary works such as 30 years 
ago wd. have had a great sale instanced Roscoe's* last work, & a work 
published since by Dr. Gillies.f 

He said nothing wd. insure a great sale but a name of the first repu- 
tation ; respectable names wd. not have the effect. He said that even 
Political Pamphlets do not sell now as formerly ; the newspapers satisfy 
the people in this respect. In other respects light superficial works are 
most read. Booksellers who formerly, wd. have taken 30 copies of a 
work published with a respectable name, now take 5 or 6 copies. He 
expressed much disatisfaction at several of Smith's! views in Cornwall ; 
articularly that of a mine., which appeared like a Sand-pit, whereas 
"e sd. a mine with the machinery, might be made a very grand subject. 

American Censure 

December 7. [This day appeared in the papers the message of Mr. 
Jefferson, President of the United States, to Congress delivered the 
27th. of Oct. It evinces more partiality to France than any document 
which the American government has for a long time published. While 
Mr. Jefferson declaims with great warmth against what He calls the 
depredations of this country on American commerce, the numerous 
aggressions of France are passed over without observation. Our Order of 
Council of the yth of Jany. is strongly reprobated, but no censure is 
passed on the famous decree of Buonaparte which rendered the restric- 
tions, prohibiting the trade from port to port of the enemy, necessary on 
our part. Of the Treaty concluded during the late Administration He 
sa ys cc Some of the articles might have been admitted on a principle 
of compromise, but others were too highly disadvantageous " : but He 
does not point out the particular stipulations to which either of these 
observations apply. The affair of the Chesapeke is mentioned with much 
irritation. The finances of the United States are stated to be very 
flourishing. From small note-book.] 

* See Index, Vol. I. 
t See Index, Vol. I. 

t John Smith, known as "Warwick" Smith (1749-1831), water-colour painter. See 
Index, Vols. I. and III. 


Miss Walpole the Actress 

December 8. [Yesterday in the Court of Kings Bench., Thomas 
Graham Esqr. Solicitor of Lincolns-Innfields was prosecuted by Mrs. 
Atkyns of Norfolk, cidevant Miss Walpole,* the actress, charging Him 
with perjury in certain answers returned to a Bill in equity, filed in 
the Court of Chancery in His Capacity of Trustee, of certain estates 
belonging to Mr. Atkyns, deceased, husband to the Prosecutrix. 
He was most honorably acquitted, & the conduct of Mr. Plowden, the 
Barrister, Her adviser, severely condemned, by the Attorney General, 
Sir V. Gibbs,t and by Lord Elenborough.J After the Attorney General 
had replied to the accusation Mr. Garrow would proceed no further 
in the case. It appeared that Mr. Graham had been a great friend of the 
family, and prevented it from ruin. 

Miss Branton, the actress, a few days since sent in Her resignation 
to the Managers of Covent Garden Theatre, preparatory to Her nuptials 
with the Earl of Craven, who by the marriage articles has settled 5000 
a year upon Her [see December n]. From small note-book.] 

Coleridge and Kindness 

December 9. [Humphry] Davy[| of the Royal Institution is in a 
dangerous state a low fever, pulse 120 drinks a bottle of wine a 

* Charlotte Walpole, the actress, was a friend of Marie Antoinette and wife of Edward 
A. Atkyns, of Ketteringham Hall, NorfoUc. There is a stipple engraving of her in the 
British Museum after a portrait by H. W. Buntury, showing her when Miss Walpole in 
the character of Nancy in TickelTs The Camp. She died in 1836. 

f See Index, Vols. II. and III. 

t See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 

Miss Louise Brunton (1785 ?-i86o) was a daughter of John^Brunton, the actor, and 
made her first appearance at Covent Garden in 1803. Her principal parts included Lady 
Townley in The Provoked Husband, Cecilia in As Tou like It, Anne Bullen in Henry 
and Lady Anne in Richard III. 

|1 See Vol. Ill, page 1 65. 


1807] Coleridge and Kindness 233 

day. Has lately discovered in Chymistery what oversets Lavoisian 
system. Hoppner dined at Richd, Sharpe's, Fenchurch St. on Saturday 
night. Coleridge was of the party. Hoppner did not like Him. At 

Malta Coleridge reed, kindness from Stodart, who was settled there 

in a civil capacity. Stodart who is now in England has complained of 
Coleridge not having called upon Him. This Smirke has been told 
& that kindness makes little of lasting impression upon Him. 

December 10. Academy Annual General Meeting I went to. The 
Premiums were given, the meeting being in the Council Room. 
For Historial painting, the subject, " The Wisdom of 
Solomon " 

Lascelles Hoppner* 14. votes appd. 

Hilton i do. 

Turner Professor of Perspective 

After delivering the Medals Mr. West, the President assigned us a 
reason for not giving a discourse that there was much business appointed 
for that even'g, He therefore read an exhortation to the Students recom- 
mending to them the Study of Character in figures, also a close & con- 
tinued study of the Antique in order to acquire a pure taste knowledge 
of perfect form, & not to be eager to go from the Model Academy where 
they had the benefit of Mr. Fuseli's advice, to the Life Academy before 
they were properly prepared. He sd. the Greeks in Architecture as well 
as in Sculpture, had left models of pure taste, & lamented that in England 
we see too many examples not of imitations or founded upon the Greek 
taste, but of the bad taste which has prevailed in Italy. He read His 
exhortation very ill & mispronounced words. He said "perspective" 
for " perspicuous." On delivering the gold medal to Lascelles Hoppner 

* William Lascelles Hoppner, second son of John Hoppner, according to the Acade- 
mician's granddaughter, had as sponsors " the Hon. Edwin Lascelles " and Colonel Wilson 
Braddyll. This statement apparently is not quite correct. Edwin Lascelles was never 
" the Honourable." He was Mr. Edwin Lascelles until created Baron of Harewood in 
1790, and the barony became extinct at his death on January 25th, 1795. He was succeeded 
in his estates by his cousin Edward Lascelles, who was created Baron Harewood of Hare- 
wood on June i8th, 1795, and Viscount Lascelles and Earl of Harewood on September 7th, 

This was the Mr, Lascelles referred to by Farington, on page ioS of the first volume of 
the Diary, as having been Hoppner's host at Harewood in 1795, and the "young Mr. 
Lascelles, who has a taste for the arts and has practised a little,'* was Edward, his eldest 
son, afterwards Viscount Lascelles. It was he who was godfather to Hoppner's second son. 
While Edward Viscount Lascelles was at Harewood Turner met Mr. Fawkes of Farnley 
there, at which time (1798) Turner made and signed two water-colour drawings of Hare- 
wood House for the Viscount, and Girtin, Varley, and Hoppner also painted views of the 
mansion for him. There are at Harewood two portraits of his Lordship by Hoppner, 
which are not recorded in the " Life of Hoppner " by Messrs. Mackay and Roberts, but 
the latter catalogues a portrait of him as belonging to the Earl of Morton, and another of 
** Mrs. Lascelles," wife of Henry, second Earl of Harewood. 

The present Viscount Lascelles is himself a collector of very considerable taste and 

234 The Farington Diary [1807 

He made no observation ; but on giving the Medal to Busby He compli- 
mented him [upon] the ability He had displayed. Hoppner afterwards 
took notice of this to me & was much mortified at it. 

The Students having withdrawn, the Members proceeded to ballot 
for a Professor of Perspective. Turner being the only Candidate the ballot 
was taken by each Member writing Aye, or No. Turner won by 25 votes 
to one and Tresham was elected Professor of Painting. Northcote 
had three votes. 

Northcote's Declarations 

All the Students who reed, premiums except Busby took them bowing 
without speaking, but He bowed & then in a short speech returned His 
thanks. Northcote* expected to lose the election, & I told Him I had 
found many members who were well disposed to Him in general objected 
to the declarations He had made respecting the works of Nicolo Poussin 
& other acknowledged great masters, saying How cd. they vote for a 
member to be a Professor of Painting whose sentiments were at such 
variance with their own and those of bygone ages. He sd. Opie had 
made similar declarations. I said " not in so public a manner." 
He then sd. He found He was to suffer from the indiscretions of His 
speeches, as He had done for what He had sd. of Mr. Pitt for which He 
supposed Mr. Phipps &c. wd. never be upon terms with Him. He then 
expressed a wish to be a Visitor, which I told Him there wd. be no doubt 
of. I shook hands with Sandby & had lively conversation with Him 
for the first time in many years. 

* See Vok L, II. and III. 


Embargo on Russian Vessels 

December 11. [An Order of Council for an Embargo to be laid on 
all Russian vessels, & to prevent any vessels from being permitted 
to enter & clear out for Russia was issued by the King in Council on the 
9th. inst. and further for the seizing & detaining all Russian vessels 
whensoever met but that the utmost care be taken for the preservation 
of all & every part of the cargoes on board of any of the sd. ships or 

Sir Stephen Shairpe, the British Consul in Russia, in a letter to the 
Governor & Company of Russia merchants dated St. Petersburgh, 
Novr. II informs them, " That the Seals of Government have been 
put upon all the warehouses of British merchants, & of British subjects, 
who are foreign guests " ; and that an embargo had been laid on all 
British Ships at Cronstadt Sec. 

This afternoon Earl Craven aged 36, was married to Miss Brunton 
aged 24 the Actress of Covent Garden, at His Lordships House, Hill St. 
Berkeley Square, in the presence of Genl. & Mrs. St. John, the Hon : 
Berkely Craven, & the nearest relatives of the Lady. Mr. Brunton, her 
Father, gave Her away. From small note-book.] 

Sheridan's Impecuniosity 

December 12. Heath [the engraver] called to desire me to again 
to take the care of the Landscape by Gainsborough belonging to Mr. 
Sheridan,* upon which & two others by the same, he advanced to Sheridan 
.500, which sum Miss Linwoodf paid Heath to have the opportunity of 
copying them in Needlework & as a security for the money, Heath 
told me that when Sheridan gave a great entertainment to the Prince 
of Wales, He desired the pictures might be placed in His House that He 
might seem to have His property abt. Him, but Heath had a hint to 

* R. B. Sheridan. See Vola. I., II. and III. 
t See Vol. III., page 53. 


236 The Farington Diary [1807 

take the pictures away in abt. 2 months or they might be seized. 
Heath keeps them for Miss LinwoocL 

He sd. it was thought by some that Lascelles Hoppner though He had 
obtained the gold medal had not painted the best picture, ^ I told Him 
eminent Members of the Academy who did not associate with Hoppner, 
were of opinion that the picture by Lascelles Hoppner had more promise 
in it than the other. He sd. He cd. not suppose that Turner can be 
sufficiently informed of the Science of Perspective to qualify Him. to 
give Lectures in it. Tresham, He sd. has got the Professorship of Paint- 
ing, which He has been long looking to & may give Poetry with His 
Lectures. He mentioned the insanity of Sheldon Professor of Anatomy 
in the Academy, & sd. Mr. Wilson who had the care of Dr, Wm. Hunters 
museum wd. willingly act as a Substitute for Him witht. reward. 
He told me He reckoned that He shd. be able to finish the Plate of the 
death of Lord Nelson from West's picture in abt. 2 years more. He sd. 
for the sake of introducing many portraits, West has put in so many Heads 
that something of a spotty effect is produced by it which will be difficult 
to regulate. 

The Foundling Hospital 

Mr. David Pike Watts's* I dined at. Mr. Watts told me that Mr. 
Bernard quitted his residence at the Foundling Hospital in consequence 
of having had continual disputes abt. the management of the concerns 
of the Hospital, with a party of which Mr. Everitt of Bedford Square 
was the Head & His principal opponent. Mr. Watts sd. Mr. Bernard 
& Mr. Everitt were the Pitt &f Fox of the Foundling Hospital. He spoke 
highly of the good disposition of Mrs. Bernard who witht. assuming 
anything is highly accomplished, speaking several languages &c. Mr. 
Bernard has much knowledge of building, speculates in that way 
by buying or erecting Houses under His own superintendence, 

Crotch and Catalan! 

Dr. Crotcht spoke of CataUni the Singer. He said she is modest 

* Constable's uncle. See Vol. Ill, page 181. 

f On October 18, 1779, it was announced in an advertisement that " Mrs. Crotch is 
arrived in town, with her son, the Musical Child [not yet five years old], who will ^perform 
on the organ every day as usual, from one o'clock to three, at Mrs. Hart's, Milliner's, Picca- 
dilly," Such was the introduction to London of William Crotch (1775-1847), who was 
born in Green's Lane, Norwich, to Michael Crotch and^his wife Isabella. ^ He first began 
to play on an organ built by his father, performed at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, at the age 
of fifteen. Soon thereafter he became organist of ^St. John's College, Oxford, Professor of 
Music at the University in 1797, and on the establishment of the Royal Academy of Music 

on April 29, 1812, at the Hanover Square Rooms. It is not definitely known when he 
settled in London, but Farington proves that he was here in December, 1807. 

Crotch's last public appearance was at Westminster Abbey on June 28, 1834, when he 
played the organ at a Handel Festival. 

1807] Crotch and Catalan! 237 

in her deportment & a good Mother to Her Children. Of Her powers as 
a Singer He said she has an admirable delivery of Her voice, so that the 
words she expresses may be heard when she is a hundred feet from those 
who listen to Her. She has the true Italian delivery, which is distinct 
& flowing, & so generally does this power belong to the Italians that 
even indifferent singers of that Country posess it. She has also taste 
& sings with so much feeling that He had not heard her 5 minutes before 
his eyes watered. Her defects are that she frequently sings out of tune 
& overloads Her songs with flourishes, such as Operate on the Gallery 
of the Opera, but destroy the simplicity which shd. prevail, in her singing. 
He said there is in many a strong prejudice against Her. 

Overcharged with Wind 

Of Madame Mara,* He spoke very highly. He thought she suag 
with morejeeling than anyone, but Her delivery was in the German stile. 
Porta mento is the word used by Dr. Burney for delivery. He explained 
what He meant by German delivery by comparing it with the pipe of 
an instrument so overcharged with wind, as to prevent the sounds from 
flowing smoothly & easily. 

Of Mrs. Billingtonf He sd. that she never afforded Him the least 
pleasure. She had as much execution as Madame Mara, & a very fine 
voice, but not the least feeling. 

Madame GrassiniJ had a very fine figure & fine action, but Her voice 
& powers were inferior to Catalani Mara, & Billington, yet such is the 
modesty of Catalani, that speaking to Mrs. Forster, (Miss Bankes) she sd. 
" Grassini cd. have sung this better than I can do." 

The Noblest Music 

After tea Dr. Crotch played a considerable time on a Piano Forte. 
West asked Him which is the noblest of all musical compositions. Crotch 
answered, " The last Chorus of the Messiah," adding, " it comprehends all 
the excellencies of musical composition." 

West said He last night reed, a letter from Fulton at New York, 
who informed Him that He has invented & established a Passage Boat 
to be navigated by Steam only. It goes to Albany twice a week & carries 
70 Passengers, & in less time by 15 Hours than the Boat which carries the 

* See Vol. I., page 60. 
t See Vol. L, page 21. 

I Josephina Grassini was born in Lombardy in 1773, and was engaged to succeed 
Banti (see Vol. I., pages 60 and 307) to sing from March to July at a salary of j3,ooo. 
Grassini left London in 1806 and died at Milan in 1850. Vigee's portrait of her as Zaire 
In Winter's opera was engraved by S. W. Reynolds. 

238 The Farington Diary [1807 

Wordsworth and Wilkie 

Constable spoke of a picture of Card players now painting by Wilkie 
as being most admirably executed as far as is done. He was with. Wilkie 
yesterday who told Him that when he has made a Sketch for a picture 
& settled His design, He then walks about looking for a person proper 
to be a model for completing each character in his picture, & He paints 
everything from the life. He sd. He sometimes walks abt. for a week 
before He can meet with the character of head &c. that will suit Him. 

Constable says, He has great resolution of mind & is not likely to be 
affected by the ill-judged suggestions of those who obtrude them upon 
Him. He sd. the Carl Players He shall finish not declaring it to be for 
any particular person but when finished will see who is disposed to offer 
most for it. He was offended with Wordsworth who offered to propose 
subjects to Him to paint, & gave Him to understand that when He could 
not think of subjects as well as paint them He wd. come to Him. 

From a Print in the British Museum 

[To lace p. 238 


Wordsworth's High Opinion of Himself 

December 12. Constable told me that Wilkie has complained to 
Him of the loss of time & interruption He suffers from going down to the 
Admiralty to paint the Mother of Lord Mulgra've with all Her Parapher- 
nalia. He sd. that when He has proceeded on his work at Home one day 
& feels eager to go on with it the next He is obliged to leave it for the 
above purpose. 

Constable remarked upon the high opinion Wordsworth entertains 
of Himself. He told Constable that while He was a Boy going to Hawks- 
head School, His mind was often so posessed with images so lost in 
extraordinary conceptions, that He has held by a wall not knowing but 
He was part of it. He also desired a Lady, Mrs. Loyd, near Windermere 
when Constable was present to notice the singular formation of His 
Skull. Coleridge remarked that this was the effect of intense thinking. 
I observed to Constable if so, He must have thought in His Mother's 

At Carlisles, Sotheby sd. that Wordsworths poetry not only surpassed 
any that had ever been written but wd. probably never be equalled. 
Thus do these persons bepraise each other. 

Money and Mentality 

Mr. Watts said He had observed that men who deal in money & 
have much to do in accounts of money suffer from it in their mental $owers y 
which by such kind of exertion are weakened. He had known Bankers 
who had proved the truth of it. West upon this sd. that exertion in his 
art did not produce the same effect & that study to Him is necessary 
& grateful. Carlisle then took up the subject to shew that the business 
of calculating sums is a great strain upon the mind, being forced & dry 
unaccompanied by any amusement. 

Mr. Watts said a gentleman at Putney having provided an entertain- 
ment for a Company invited a singing man to add to the amusement who 
was to be paid for it. When the Desert was set on a Pine apple was 
placed upon the table, which the singing man caught at without ceremony 


240 The Farington Diary [1807 

and cut deep into it helping himself to a large part of it. The gentleman 
seeing this went out of the room & soon after the singing man was called 
out, and the gentleman addressing gave Him the money He was to receive 
& dismissed Him by telling Him His company was no longer desired. 
We were much pleased with the kind attention of Mr. Watts who was 
solicitous to oblige us. He expressed to me His knowledge of the notice 
I had taken of His nephew, Mr. Constable & how sensible Constable 
was of my goodness. 

The King and Smirke 

December 14. Mr. West I called upon before 12 oClock & remained 
with Him till past 4, the whole time passed in conversation. We first 
talked of the business of Thursday next at the Academy General Meeting, 
and He expressed a desire that it should be confined to settling a question 
to be decided by the King respecting the rotation of Council, which 
as it now stands would be alternately 4 one year & 3 the next ; owing to 
5 new Council having been admitted this year. He wished the business 
of raising the Salaries of the Officers of the Academy to be postponed 
to enable Him in a private interview with His Majesty to prepare Him 
for it. This I approved & sd. I wd. act accordingly. He thought the 
Salaries of the Keeper, & of the Secretary might be increased to .50 
a yr. that of the Treasurer to .100. I asked Him what He thought 
occasioned the King to strike Smirke' 's* name out when offered to Him 
for Keeper of the Royal Academy. He said He could inform me of it. 
It originated with Richards, who induced Beechey to go to the King (He 
being then in favor with His Majesty) with such a representation of 
Smirke as to establish a prejudice against Him in His Majesty's mind. 

That Damned Academy Business 

Lord Somerville who was then much with the King, said to a person 
who communicated it to West " That Beechey had been with the King 
about that damned Academy business." West had a full proof of the 
interest Richards took in the rejection of Smirke when His name was 
carried up as being elected Keeper. The King on seeing the name on the 
paper said " I thought I should not have seen this name " or words to 
that effect, & then proceeded to draw a line through it & to write a note 
of rejection. After the King had done this, Richards advanced to His 
Majesty, ff thanked Him for what He had done. West was the only 
person then present. I asked West what could cause Richards to act 
so malignant a part ? He said it was owing to Smirke having made 
an attack upon Him in the Academy, at the great dinner, for having 
allowed His name to be printed in the Catalogue of the Exhibition 
against a picture painted by His Son Richd. Smirke. This made Richards, 
who never forgives anything, his implacable enemy. 

* Robert Smirke. See Vols. L, II. and III. 

1807] R.A.'s as Democrats 241 

I said that those who attended the King during His last illness, 
medical men, had mentioned that the King at times raved upon Smirke's 
name as a Democrat, and of course it must be concluded that such an 
accusation had been made against him. West replied That Wyatt was 
the person who had first prejudiced the King's mind against the Academi- 
cians as Democrats & prepared Him to receive such a representation as 
Beechey might give. He then said He, Wyatt, had ruined the King, 
as He had done Mr. Beckjord of FonthilL The Kings private purse had 
been exhausted by Him in building at Kew & in other places, now 
everything is at a stand, & many persons left in a situation subjected 
to great losses. 



Beckford and his Fortune 

December 14. He [West] told me that the latter end of October, 
while He was at Bath, Mr. Beckford., requested him to come to Fonthill, 
which He did & staid there three days. Mr. Beckford represented to Him 
the state of His affairs, exhibiting a very great change indeed from 
His former situation. Four years ago the building of the Abbey at 
Fonthill had cost 242,000. He showed that Wyatt by His negligence 
& inattention, had caused Him an unnecessary expense of 30,000. 
He said that at present, such is the state of Commerce, that His Jamaica 
estates are rather an expense to Him than a source of Income ; That He 
had to answer claims upon Him been obliged to sell his estate in Bed- 
jordshire which brought .62,000 & His estate in the neighboroud of 
St. Pancrass for .12,000. Nothing now remains to Him but His un- 
productive Jamaica estates, & the Fonthill estate, which is reckoned at 
^10000 a year; more might be made of it were the extensive park & 
grounds turned to greater advantage. Upon this income He knows it 
is impossible to keep up His former establishment, & He has accordingly 
reduced it to a very limited scale compared with what it had been. His 
carriages & Horses have been sent away for sale & Coachman, grooms 
& attendants, discharged. He also desired West to assist Him in disposing 
of His valuable collection of pictures and drawings, saying at the same 
time, He should feel much at parting with them as they never could 
be recovered by Him. 

Beckford and Persecution 

I asked West how He was in spirits ? He said, He appeared to bear 
it in a manly manner, saying, He had been accustomed to ^persecution 
& mortification, observing that the change from what He had experienced 
in early life had been great indeed. Then incense was offered to Him & 
flowers strewed in his way wherever He went. He seemed to think His 
education had not been conducted judiciously, and that being brought 
up in private, He had not experienced those checks which are useful. 
That at a public school He should have been exposed to make His way 
among others, taking the consequences of things as they might happen. 



Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds 

From a Print in the British Museum, engraved by T. A. Dean 

[To face p. 242 

1807] Beckford and Persecution 248 

He has at times spoken of the charge which has caused Society to with- 
draw from Him, which He always represents to be persecution founded 
in injustice & falsehood. He says He can never forgive Himself for two 
things : One the breaking His promise to His Mother who urged Him 
not to go to Powderham Castle (Lord Courtneys)* at the time He did, 
when the affair took place which has so much injured His reputation ; 
and the other His yielding to the entreaties of His wife, Lady Margaret 
Beckford to quit England, & go for a time to Swisserland^ while this 
matter was agitating the public mind. Dr. Lattice, His ci-devant 
Tutor, & Lord Thurlow, both seconded Lady Margaret in Her endeavour 
to effect this point. 

In Love with Beckford 

West said, that Mr. Beckford's mother never believed Her Son to 
have been criminal. She wished Him, she told West, not to visit at Pow- 
derham Castle as she was convinced there were persons who wished 
to injure His reputation & lower His importance. She said the fact was, 
that Lady Loughborough, aunt to Lord Courtney, was in love with 
Beckford, and had a correspondence with Him by letter, while on this 
visit at Powderham Castle, & Lord Courtney then a Boy, carried the 
letters, one of which He so mismanaged that it fell into wrong hands, 
which Beckford discovering & being very passionate, He went to Lord 
Courtney's room, while He was in bed, it being morning, & locking the 
door, He horsewhipped Him, which causing the Boy to scream out, His 
Tutor came to the door & found it locked. This gave cause for the 
suspicion & the reports which were soon after circulated. 

I listened to this relation which with many other circumstances was 
given to Him by Mr. Beckford's [mother] when at Her desire He visited 
Her alone at Her House at Hampstead ; but I could not but feel the 
improbability of much of the story, it not at all agreeing with many 
other well authenticated circumstances, & being in itself difficult to give 
credit to ; and from all I have heard the stories told to clear Mr % Beck- 
ford have not been well considered ; though on the other hand, it does 
not appear that there is any proof actually to support the charge against 

West told me that Lord Aboyne, brother to the late Lady Margaret 
Beckford, who went down to Fonthill to effect a separation between Her 
& Mr. Beckford after the report was circulated, and quitted them in the 
most hostile manner, has of late written to & had intercom's e^with Mr. 
Beckford. Lady Margaret was pregnant at the time & continued at- 
tached to Mr. Beckford till Her death which happened two or three years 
afterwards while they were abroad. 

* William Viscount Courtenay (1768-1835), declared Earl of Devon on May 14, 
1831, by the House of Lords, Dying unmarried, the Viscountcy became extinct, and the 
Earldom of Devon devolved on another branch of the Courtenay family, as heirs male of 
the guarantee of 1553- 

VOL. IV* l6 * 

244 The Farington Diary [1807 

Lawrence's Bravura 

I asked West how He liked the portrait of Mr. Pitt painted by Law- 
rence. He said it was a remarkably strong likeness, & had so much of 
what may be called individuality in it, touches abt. the eyes, & nostrils, 
which are only seen when a picture is attentively painted from the life, 
that it surprised Him how such circumstances cd. be retained in the 
memory. He then expressed an apprehension, & intended to mention 
it to Lawrence, that He is now endeavouring to give to His pictures that 
sort of pencilling & execution as will show them to have been painted 
with facility that kind of Bravura that carries a great charm with it ; 
but that it is done at the expence of truth & want of correct drawing, 
both being sometimes sacrificed by Him to it. He said <c take off Mr. 
Pitt's coat, & no body would be found under it," the points of Shoulder, 
the elbow, & the wrist, are not measured & indicated. He said if Law- 
rence was to proceed in this way He would gradually become incorrect 
& a mannerist. He then spoke of Him as an artist in high terms, & laughed 
at the idea of comparing any other artist with Him. 


America Desires to Remain Neutral 

December 14. I asked West what He thought of our situation 
with America. He said, that Jefferson in his message to the Senate 
had seemed rather Hostile to this country, which was to humour the 
people who still remain irritated about the Chesapeake business, 
that the great object of America is to preserve their neutrality, but if 
they should be forced by Buonaparte to declare themselves it will be 
for this Country. 

Art in France 

He spoke of the vast encouragement given to Artists in France at 
this period. He dined in company with a young American of extra- 
ordinary talents a few days ago, who was just arrived from France, & 
stated, that David has now a Commission from the Government (Buona- 
parte) to paint 6 pictures each 40 feet wide, the subjects the great actions 
of the French under Buonaparte &c. Vincent & other artists are also 
thus employed. 

He Meant Farington 

We talked of filling the Office of Secretary to the Academy in case 
of the death or inability of Richards. I told Him that when in the last 
Summer He said to me " That there was one person who above all others 
was most Jit J or that office" that I could not but know from his previous 
opinions & His manner, that He meant myself, He sd. He certainly did. 
I added that Smirke had much urged me to take the office & that 
Daniell joined Him in it. He then said that of the Academy excepting a 
few members, I should be certain, it remained only to be assured that 
I should not meet the fate of Smirks with the King. To prevent this, He 
would endeavour to find out how the King's mind stands at present, 
by bringing forward my name as a person likely to be thought of by the 
Academy in case of a vacancy. He wd. also do what wd. be equally 
necessary viz : endeavour to dispose the minds of those who are about 
the King favorably to me. 


246 The Farington Diary [1807 

West and His Taxes 

He told me He had lately been called upon by the Commissioners 
appointed for the Property Tax at the instance of their Surveyor who 
had not been satisfied with His return, & had accordingly rated Him to 
pay Sixty-three pounds a quarter. He attended a Board at which Mr. 
Collins of Berners-street presided & it was so ordered that few were 
present. He showed that the Income which He receives from the King 
& upon which He lives is the payment of a debt, not a gift / & that it is 
for work done long since. That as Surveyor of pictures, that part of 
His Income has 10 per cent deducted before it is paid to Him. Mr. 
Collins then asked Him what He wd. propose to pay [on what he] supposed 
to be the average annual gains from his profession, & He named a Sum 
with which Mr. Collins expressed Himself satisfied 

Bubb Do deling ton 

Speaking of how much He knew of the secret movements of the 
Court of this country and how much a few individuals had contributed 
to produce great much to be regretted effects, He said, that Had He like 
Bubb Doddington, kept a diary* it would have been a ^inost curious & 
interesting record, & would have explained much that is accounted for 
in other ways. 

December 15. Constable called & told me that Miss Watts had 
yesterday expressed to Him that Her Father had great pleasure in the 
party which assembled at His House on Saturday last. Mr. Watts 
afterwards confirmed it, & hoped that He might have many such meet- 
ings. Constable then told me that the rough manners of the late Mr. 
Ben Kentont who left Mr. Watts His great fortune, rather caused Him 
to go to the opposite side in manners than to imitate Him, & in conse- 
quence He was called, Constables mother, Mr. Watts's sister, said a 
milk sop, and attended & acted in the management of Balls & 

We talked of Dr. Crotch who married the daughter of a Bookseller, 
an old attachment, & has children. He said Crotch is a very natural 
character, not assuming anything, & on that acct. profits less by His 
profession than many do who assume a great deal. He said that Bartle- 
the Singer, has 3 guineas a night, when He goes to assist at musical 

* George Bubb Dodington (1691-1762), politician, wit, and verse writer, belonged to 
an old Somerset family, and was in April, 1761, created Baron Melcombe^ of Melcombe 
Regis, in Dorsetshire. Cumberland's " Memoirs " give an excellent description of Doding- 
ton, and a life of him was published recently. His Diary appeared in 1784. 

t See entry December i. 

% James Bartleman (1769-1821) was educated under Dr. Cooke at the Choristers' 
School, Westminster Abbey, and became famous as a bass singer. He was buried in the 
cloisters of Westminster Abbey, and his valuable musical library was sold by White, the 
auctioneer, of Storey's Gate. 

1807] Story of a Portrait 247 

parties, & that now Dr. Crotch has the same. He had been for several 
times at musical parties at Charles Greville' s* at Paddington, & Greville 
on His coming away wd. say to Him " Really unless you will fix terms 
on which you will allow us to have your assistance I cannot request 
it." Accordingly Crotch informed Him that His terms were 3 guineas 
a night, since which time Greville has never requested His attendance. 
Constable related another anecdote of Greville. A beautiful young 
woman called Emily ', who lived for a time with Greville & afterwards 
went to Bengal with Pott, son to the Surgeon, sat to Sir Joshua Reynolds 
for a picture in which she was represented as THAis.t This picture 
when finished Greville could not pay for, but proposed to the present 
Lord Dysart to take it, & He was to have it for the sum paid if He should 
claim it. But Greville not being influenced by any strong desire for it, 
allowed near 30 years to pass witht. applying for [it], but lately on the 
reputation of Sir Joshua rising, & this picture being spoken of He put 
in his claim for it & took away paying the 100 guineas which Lord Dysart 
had paid for it. The transaction, however, has not been agreeable to 
the Dysart family though His Lordship who prefers feace to everything 
else has submitted to it. 

* The Hon. Charles Greville, second son of the eighth Baron Brooke and first Earl of 
Warwick. He was an early friend of Emma Hart (Nelson's Emma), and his portrait is 
included by Reynolds in one of the latter' s Dilettanti pictures. Romney also painted his 
portrait (1781), and it was engraved by Meyer and reproduced in Bourke's " History of 
White's Club." 

On August 8th, 1788, Greville wrote to Romney : " Sir William [Hamilton] made me 
a present of his portrait, and I gave him mine, which is now at Naples. . . . You will there- 
fore include in Sir William's note his portrait and all the pictures sent to Naples, except my 
portrait, which, with the Straw Hat, you will charge to me." 

t Mr. R. W. Egerton, of Stansty Lodge, Wrexham, writes: The "Emily" of the 
Farington Diary, published in the Morning Post of I2th February, 1923, is referred to 
in the second volume of the " Memoirs of William Hickey, 1775-1782.*' In Ch. XIX. 
entitled " Mrs. Pott," Emily Warren is frequently mentioned. 

** Sir Joshua Reynolds . . . had painted Emily's portrait many times, and in different 
characters. He often declared every limb of hers perfect in symmetry a and altogether he 
had never seen so faultless and finely formed a human figure*'* 

"In Ch. XXIV. of the same book, page 322, is an account of Emily Warren's 
departure for India with Mr. Robert Pott." 

[Emily Warren (alias Bertie, alias Bet. Coventry) sat to Sir Joshua Reynolds for the pic- 
ture of " Thai's." Moreover, it was Charles Greville who paid for the full-length portrait, 
as recorded in the Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds by Graves and Cronin. ED.] 



December 17. Mrs. Hankln (late Mrs. D. Springhall) stated that 
Her nephew DanL Wakefield had lived 5 years with the young woman, 
who by the decission of Sir Wm. Scott, has been declared to be 
His wife. While the validity of the marriage was contesting He was 
ordered by the Court to allow Her a certain Sum weekly for Her support. 
For this He was obliged to apply to His Mother, who by work & by writing 
for reviews, & for other publications, was enabled to supply Him though 
with much difficulty & self denial even to wanting suitable Cloaths for 
Herself, which caused her Sister to prefer Cloaths to Her. Edward 
Wakefield quitted His farm boasting of having 20,000 but upon examina- 
tion it has been found that He is not worth anything. He does not 
reside with His wife, and their children, 5 or 6 are with Mrs. Wakefield & 
other friends. Danl. Wakefield* by the extravagance of the Woman He 
has married is also greatly in debt. 


General Meeting at the Academy I went to. 

I walked home with West. He told me that for 6 weeks at this dark 
Season of the year, He seldom does anything in Painting, but employs 
His time in writing and regulating various concerns. He said that He 
is slow in bringing His mind to bear upon a subject but when once His 
mind is occupied by one He is a Child to everything else, till He has com- 
pleted what He has undertaken ;. He then can go to another with equal 

* Daniel Wakefield (1776-1846), barrister and writer on political economy, was the 
second son of Edward Wakefield, a London merchant, and his wife Priscilla, daughter of 
Bell (1751-1833). She, as a philanthropist, established several savings banks, called " fru- 
gality banks." She was, however, most widely known as a writer of children's books, her 
most popular works including " The Juvenile Travellers." 

Priscilla was his second wife, he having been married first to a Miss Elizabeth Jackson 
(see under November 18, 1807). 

The Edward Wakefield (1774-1854.) referred to was Daniel's brother, who was^ farmer 
near Romford, in Essex, an authority on agriculture, philanthropist, and statistician lie 
was the author of " Ireland, Statistical and Politicly published in 1812. 


Application 249 

attention to it. He said, " That a Painter who does not posess His mind 
fully with His subject and proceed unremittingly upon it till it is finished, 
but on the contrary runs from one subject to another will do little." 
He told me His usual time of rising in a morning at this Season is a 
quarter before 9 oClock or at 9, and to breakfast a little before 10. He is 
generally in bed about 12 oClock. When the days become longer & 
the weather warmer. He rises sometimes at 6 oClock. 

December 18. Lawrence [said] Sir Francis Baring usually rises at 
half-past 9 in the morning, breakfast J past 10 ; dines J past 6, eats 
gruel at Eleven, and goes to bed, the last of His company, at half-past 
Eleven or towards twelve oClock. He is an Advocate jor long rest. Sir 
Francis is an Advocate for His friend, the Late Marquiss of Lansdowne, 
who, He acknowledges, was suspected of duplicity & insincerity, but His 
manner which was courteous and His being solicitous to please arose, 
Sir Francis says, from the gratification He had in seeing others happy. 

A Nation of Traders 

Lord Reddesdale* has lately sat to Lawrence. His Lordship is so 
perpetual a talker that Lawrence has felt Himself wearied by it, He 
has spoken of the declaration published by Spence & Cobbet, " That 
Commerce is not necessary to the prosperity of this Country." He 
allows that the Commercial influence has been carried too far, & subjected 
us to be called a Nation of traders, but that Commerce has undoubtedly 
contributed to raise this country to its present importance. Lawrence 
thinks the Ministry are inclined rather to favor this new opinion so far 
as to reconcile them to such privations & difficulties as must attend the 
present state of things. 

Led Astray 

Lawrence read a letter reed, from a Lady a friend of Lady Crewe, 
giving a dreadful acct. of the profligate conduct of Mr. Crewe, only 
Son of Lord Crewe. It is stated that Lord Crewe can never see 
Him again, His vices & His expences have been unbounded. On his 
late marriage thousands were advanced to discharge His debts, but the 
money was applied by a Major James^ an evil adviser & pander, to relieve 
Lord Moira from some of His distresses. James has acted a similar 
part to each, promoting their profligate expences. Young Mrs. Crewe 
says Her Husband has hitherto behaved well to Her, and she believes 
He has rather been led into vice & expence than gone to it from dis- 
position.f Lord Moira's estate in Ireland is no longer His own, but 

* See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 

t John Crewe (who became the second Baron Crewe in 1829), baptised 1772, at St. 
George's, Hanover Square, was a Major-General in the Army in 1808, Lieutenant- General 
in 1813, and General in 1830. He married on May 5, 1807, Henrietta Maria Anne, daugh- 
ter of George Walker-Hungerford, of Calne, Wilts, and died on December 4, 1835, at his 
chlteau near Liege. To the present Marquess of Crewe belongs the well-known portrait 
of John Crewe as a child in fancy dress, a Henry VIIL, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

250 The Farington Diary [1807 

this at present is endeavoured to be kept a secret from His wife. Lady 

December 19, Wm. Wells [shipbuilder and picture collector] 
said that He saw at Cronstadt Russians working upon the Fortifications 
there. He saw a Groupe of them at dinner which consisted of bread & 
onions ; after which each of them drank a glass of train oil, which they 
did with much apparent relish. 

The Royal Family Leave 

December 20. The newspapers of this day give the Gazette of last 
night containing information from Sir Sidney Smith dated Deer. 6th. 
stating "That the Prince Regent of Portugal, with the whole of the 
Royal Family, consisting of 15 persons, had embarked for the Brazils, 
with 7 sail of the Line. Five Frigates, Three armed Brigs, & upwards 
of 30 Brazil Merchant Vessels. That, the Portuguese fleet is attended 
by His Majesty's Ships Marlborough, London, Monarch, & Bedford, 
under the command of Captn. Moore. One Line of Battleship is on its 
way to Plymouth. Only one serviceable Portuguese Line of Battle 
Ship and 3 Hulks had been left in the Tagus. Eight Russian Line of 
Battle Ships remained in the Tagus, only 3 of which were in a condition 
for Sea." " Rear Admiral Sir Sidney Smith has resumed the blockade 
of the Port of Lisbon with 5 sail of the Line, Be will probably by this 
time have been joined by an additional squadron of line of battle-Ships." 

J. Offley's I dined at. Much satisfaction expressed at the news from 
Portugal. The Lisbon and Oporto Club of Merchants trading to those 
places gave an entertainment on Friday last to the Portuguese Am- 
bassador and His Secretary at the London Tavern where the Club is held. 
J. & C. Offley, members of the Club, were there. The dinner was at 7 
oClock, abt. 18 sat down, & remained till past Eleven, when they removed 
to another room to Coffee &c. The dinner was sumptuous, In the 
Desert were I*ines &c. Champaigne, Burgundy, Hock, Tokay &c. &c. 
were the wines. This Club is limited to 30 in number, & the meetings are 
held the first Thursday in every month for 8 months, including the 
Winter Season. Each member subscribes 5 guineas annually, & pays 5 
shillings each time of his dining at the Club. 

Death of Angelica Kauffman 

December 23. [At the General Assembly of the Royal Academy 
West] read the letter which was a translation of a letter reed, by Bonomi 
from Rome informing Him of the death of Angelica Kauffman* at 
Rome, on the 5th of Novr. last, & mentioning many particulars of Her 
piety & resignation. It was resolved that a copy of the letter should 
be entered upon the records of the Society. Hoppner then observed that 
the death of Academicians had not hitherto been noticed with proper 

* See Index,, Vol. L a and entry tinder January 6, 1808, 

1807] Death of Angelica Kauffman 251 

respect. He therefore moved & it was agreed to unanimously, that 
upon the death of an Academician, a General Assembly should be convened 
to receive a report of it. 

Tresham then began to speak, Whether the vacancy made by the 
death of Angelica shd. be filled in Febry. next. I replied that upon the 
death of Wm. Hamilton the Academy going only by the printed book, 
acted upon the original law & filled the vacancy made by His death ; 
but the printed book is a jalse re-presentation ; the original Law made in 
1769 was repealed on the I2th of Novr. 1770 and no further entry re- 
specting it appears upon the records. It stands then that 3 months 
notice shall be given to the Academicians of a vacancy of an Academician 
before it is filled up. I then referred to the books, showed them the law 
& the repeal of it, & they became convinced that it ought not to be 
otherways than that 3 months notice should be given & consequently 
that Angelica Kauff man's seat cannot be filled before Febry. 1809. 
Soane agreed with me strongly. Tresham was the only one that hesitated, 
but He agreed to it, & it was resolved unanimously to act agreeably to 
the Law of 1770. 

Hoppner expressed to the President His concern that He shd. have 
listened to Richards so far as to have agreed to postpone appointing 
a Secretary in His room : sd. He had not been fit for the Office in the 
last 10 years ; and perhaps never was. 

It was a very amicable meeting. Copley found me in the room alone^ 
& accosted me civilly, the first time in several years. He appeared to 
me to have suffered much in His /acuities : His mind seemed to be 
incapable of comprehending what was going forward. 



Pitt's Coat 

December 24. Lawrence I dined with. He told me Hughes was 
so much pleased with His portrait of Mr. Pitt that He brought the 
Bishop of Lincoln to see it, who squinting at it said it was very like, but 
it wanted a Blue Coat [Lawrence had made it red] the only dress, which 
Mr. Pitt had worn from the time He was Eleven years old, except in Court 
dress. We considered this a trait of the narrow feelings of this mathe- 
matician in matters of art. 

Lawrence saw the premium pictures at the British Institution to-day. 
He thought Pocock' s,* which got the 100 guineas a very indifferent 
picture, a bad Westall. 

Lawrence dined at Kemble's on Sunday last. Sir Gilbert Heathcotet 
& His Brother, Mr. Robert Heathcote & His wife (late Miss Searle the 
Columbine) were there. R. Heathcote is what is called a ruined man, 
but has ^3000 a year still remaining. He has been at Lisbon since His 

* Isaac Pocock (1782-1835), bom in Bristol, was the eldest son of Nicholas Pocock, 
marine painter, and brother of William Innes Pocock, also a marine painter. Isaac studied 
under Romney and Beechey, and Hayley in a sonnet referred to him as the " Ingenious son 
of an ingenious sire.'* He began to exhibit at the Royal Academy in 1800, and became a 
member of the Liverpool Academy in 1812. 

On inheriting some property from his uncle. Sir Isaac Pocock, he devoted himself mainly 
to the drama. His first piece was a musical farce, Tes or No, which was produced at 
the Hayrnarket on August 31, 1808, and other works by him include Hit or Miss (1810), his 
most successful piece 5 the Miller and bis Men, with music by Bishop 5 For England Ho I 
and he also dramatised several of Sir Walter Scott's novels, Harriet Mellon, Madame 
Vestris, Macready, Liston, Charles Kemble, Farren, and WaEack all appeared in his dramas. 

t Sir Gilbert Heathcote, fourth baronet (1773-1854), M.P. for Lincolnshire, 1796- 
1806, and for Rutland, 1812-1841. He married, first, on August 16, 1793, Katherine 
Sophia, eldest daughter of John Manners, of Grantham Grange, Lincolnshire ; second, 
on August 10, 1825, Mrs. Eldon, of Park Crescent, Marylebone. His eldest son (Gilbert 
John, fifth baronet), by the first marriage, who was created Lord Aveland, in 1856, married. 
In 1827, Clementina Elizabeth Drummond,, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, and their 
eldest son, Gilbert Henry, twenty-fourth Baron Willoughby de Eresby, was created Earl 
of Ancaster in 1892. The present Earl is the second of his line. 


isorj "The Sea-Sick Minstrel" 253 

marriage & saw Bartolozzi there employed in engraving plates from 
the pictures of Pellegrini who resides near Him, & this at 81 or 2 years 
of age. 

December 25. Marchant sd. He never stood before Soane witht. 
thinking He had a deceitful man to look at. As to Tresham, He said 
that from knowing Him in Rome, He had, on coming to England, 
expressed His opinion of Him to many of His friends. He sd. while 
Tresham was aiming to be an Academician He had lost 2 years in 
running abt. & soliciting members for their votes, & that when He 
had an object in view He never ceased His attempts till He obtained. 
While Tresham was writing His Poem of a The Sea-Sick Minstrel " in 
which He endeavoured to compliment all the Academicians,* He said, 
" I am praising many who never were praised before & never will be 
praised again." So much for His sincerity. 

He Related a Joke 

December 26. Dr. Reynolds said He had often heard, but did 
not know it from experience, that a tub filled with water placed in a room 
newly painted, wd. in a short time draw out the turpentine & take off the 
smell, but it wd. have the effect of making the paint of a less pure colour 
than it wd. otherways. 

He related a joke passed upon the Royal Society by Charles 2nd. 
soon after it was founded. He desired they wd. account to Him " Why 
a vessel filled to the brim with water should, upon having two fishes 

Eut into it, instead of the water, running over the brim subside & become 
;ss in quantity ? " The Philosophers were puzzled at the question, 
when" Mr. Boyle\ came amongst them, and desired, that before they 
attempted to account for it, they wd. ascertain thejact. They proceeded 
to do so, & having filled a vessel with water introduced two fishes into it, 
& the water flowed over into their Shoes. 

Great Collectors 

December 27. Baker called to invite me to meet Edridge at dinner 
on Sunday next, He proposed also to invite Marchi, which He wishes 

* Henry Tresham (1749 ?-i8i4), R.A., wrote five volumes of verse, including "The 
Sea-Sick Minstrel/* none of which is mentioned by Lowndes. It was said of Tresham, by 
the authors of " The Royal Academy and its Members," that " He also wrote poetry, but 
we do not know that his poetry has lived more than his painting." 

f The Hon. Robert Boyle (1627-1691), the eminent natural philosopher and chemist, 
fourteenth child of Richard Boyle, the " Great " Earl of Cork. The " Philosophical " or 
"Invisible College," as Boyle called it, was incorporated after the Restoration as the Royal 
Society. One of its most active founders, he was elected the Society's president on Novem- 
ber 30, 1680, but " declined to act from a scruple about the oaths, and was replaced by 
Wren." Boyle was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields. 

254 The Farington Diary [1807 

to do annually at least. He expects some Christmas fare from a Sister 
in the Country. He told me that Mr. Heber* laid out near 700 at Isaac 
Reid's f sale; and that Mr. Malone expended abt. .180. For himself 
He had laid out too much, but thought it was property of such a kind 
as Citizens do not much value, yet it Had its value, & amused Him. 

Lord Melville's Nephew 

December 29. [Lestock] Wilson's I dined at. Philip Dundass, 
late Governor of Prince of Wales's Island died at Sea having left the 
Island with a hope of benefit from Sea air. His Uncle, Lord Melville, 
had caused Him to be appointed Master attendant at Bombay^ where 
He had /io,ooo a year & accumulated 70 or 80,000, with which He 
returned to England, & married a daughr. of Sir John Wedderburn, 
by whom He had * Children. He accepted the offer of Governor of 
Prince of Wales's Island, telling Wilson, that at His age, abt. 43 or 4 
He was too young to become idle. Accordingly He went to that Island 
carrying with Him his wife & Her Sister. The Climate disagreed with 
them. Mrs. Dundass was sent down to Bengal attended by Mr. Dick, 
Surgeon, & they both died. Philip Dundass disagreed with other 
Members of the Council of the Island. Wilson concludes that anxiety 
& bad air, brought on bilious complaints & caused His death. 

Captn. Grey, late of the Duke of Montrose, Indiaman, was through 
the interest df Dundass appointed a Member of the Council of the Island 
& went with him but they disagreed & Grey left the Island in the Blen- 
heim Man of war & was lost in Her. Wilson sd. Grey was a hot, foolish 
fellow, unfit for any trust or confidence, adding that a fool may be 
managed while He is a dependant, but give Him power and He will 
become intractable. I remarked upon Dundass after having acquired 
a fortune far beyond his original hopes, exposing Himself to the hazards 

said i 

Reginald Heber (Lord of the Manor of J . . _ . 

and half-brother to Reginald Heber, Bishop of Calcutta, author of the hymn, " From^Green- 
land's Icy Mountains." Heber, who graduated B.A. ( in 1796 and took his M.A. in 1797 
at Oxford, was one of the founders of the Athenseum Club, and sat in Parliament for Oxford 
University from 1821 to 1826. He was passionately fond of boob from infancy. At the 
age of eight he compiled a catalogue of his collection, and two years later asked his father 
to buy books at a sale, where " there would be the best editions of the Classics." Heber 
went far afield in search of treasures to add to the collections he formed in London, Oxford, 
Paris, Ghent, Brussels, Antwerp, and other places abroad, and it is computed that the 
libraries which he possessed in England and on the Continent contained some 150,000 
volumes, believed to have cost him about 100,000. When they were sold in the Thirties 
the collections realised about ,57,500. The Rev. Mr. Dyce wrote of Heber : " Poor 
man, he expired at Pimlico, in the midst of his rare property, without a friend to dose bis 
eyes) and from all I have heard I am led to believe he died broken-hearted." 

f Isaac Reed (1742-1807), well known as an editor of Shakespeare, was a conveyancer, 
and for upwards of fprty years a collector of books relating mainly to English poetry and 
drama. The sale, conducted by King and Lochee, 38, King Street, Covent Garden, 
occupied the auctioneers for thirty-nine days, and the 8,957 lots brought 4 

isor-1808] Lord Melville's Nephew 255 

of such a situation. Wilson defended it saying, " That He was right 
to look to a larger fortune as in these times a man with a family could 
not go on witht. it." He said, He (Wilson) expends 3300 a year in- 
dependent of what His House rent may be reckoned at. 


Pictures by Richard Wilson 

January 1. Hearne entertained us with an account of His dining 
at Lord Essex's at Cashiobury, where the Servants brought Him Ale 
for Beer, & from a side table a piece of Knuckle of Venison instead of a 
prime part. 

January 3. Mr. Booth of the Adelphi, who had 47 pictures sd. 
to be by Wilson, for a considerable time before His death, was accustomed 
to come to His rooms in the Adelphi once a week to dinner, & on those 
days His Son who died in Sept. last was accustomed to dine with him ; 
the other days in the week it has now been shown He [resided] near 
London with a French woman who many years ago He brought from 
France. He has left Her a small income. Mr. Booth, the Son, lodged 
at a House in Marybone where He found something agreeable to His 
disposition of mind, which was timid, in the daughter of the people 
who owned the House, & He resolved to marry Her, but His death pre- 
vented it, & He did not leave a Will. His Sisters, Heirs to His estate, 
Lady Ford & Misses Booth, have settled .4,000, 3 pr. cents upon Her 
for her life viz : an annuity of .120. Lady Ford has got all the pictures 
by Wilson & says she will not sell any of them, nor will she suffer 
Her House to be dirtied by permitting people to see them. 

Great Style in Painting 

Colnaghi, the Prints ell er, is lately returned from the Continent, & 
told Mr. Baker that the Painters in Paris are now all mad for the great 
stile in Painting. Nothing will do but what is upon the Model of Michael 
Angelo. Raphael &c. No prints sought for but those of Marc-antonio 
&c. Colnaghi came to England by way of Holland & with great difficulty 
He got on board a vessel disguised in a Sailor's dress, & while a search 
was going forward hid himself among the Coals of the Ship, & was so 
blackened that He was not afterwards recognised by those who knew 


An Artist's Income 

January 4. Collins Junr. [who became a Royal Academician] 
called to desire me to call on Him to see His pictures painted for the 
British Institution. Wm. Daniell [R.A.] called. He sd. that from the 
time He married He has never got less than Twelve hundred pounds 
a year, & sometimes ^1400. That His expenses have been between 
7 & .800 a yr. that he has a Bond for upwards of $oo from Westall, 
who is also indebted to Him for upwards of ^200 for the outfit of William 
Westall when He went His first voyage. That He lias saved, were 
all due to Him to be paid, towards 2000, He shewed me Cadel & 
Davis's acct. for the work of animals, & they make the total expenses 
of the publication to amount to ^1800. & calculating upon the sale 
of all the impressions the clear profit to Wm. Daniell for His trouble 
in engraving the plates wd. amount to abt. 650. He said, He was 
employed upon it between 5 & 6 months. Wood, for collecting & 
arranging the letter press will have the same proportion of profit. Davis 
& Cadel also, besides all that they will gain upon the paper, printing, 
& selling at retail prices what they allow to the work at Wholesale prices 
only, so that probably they may get near 50 per cent upon the under- 

Passing Rich 

Mrs. Edwards called & brought me more papers belonging to Her 
Deceased Brother.* She said she now found she could live with comfort 
upon Forty pounds a year. Her calculation [is] as follows, 

Lodging, per annum 6 6 o 

Weekly Expence of eating, drinking, fire candle &c, &c. 

Eleven shillings , 28 12 o 

34 18 o 
Cloaths &c. c 5 2 o 


E. Edwardes, A.R.A. See Index, Vols. I., II. and III. 

1808] Manner not Mind 257 

I then reckoned to obtain for her from the Royal Academy 

per annum 25 o o 

She has 200 in Exchequer bills 10 o o 

also .40, 3 pr. cts 2 o o 

37 o o 

And by sinking .100 for an annuity for Her life she would obtain ^5. 
more interest making Her income .42. o. o, annually. 

January 6. Dance I dined with. Dance sd. He thought the 
House at Cole-Orton which Sir G. Beaumont is finishing will cost Him 
with furniture, not less than .15,000. Sir George will not pay the least 
attention to the jurnishing the House but leaves all to Lady Beaumont, 
who has shown a very bad taste in Her selection While Dance was 
at Cole-Orton in October last, they generally rose between 7 & S oClock 
and breakfasted before 9, and dined rather before four oClock. In 
the mornings Sir George painted or rode out with His Sketch book, & 
in the evenings He put on His Spectacles and again went on with His 
Sketching. I asked Dance what He thought of sketches of that kind, 
He said They were very well to amuse an amateur, and exhibited con- 
siderable dexterity in practice, but it was that sort of thing that Ten 
thousand persons might do if disposed to adopt the practise ; that it 
was something like what is called striking in penmanship, a matter of 
execution more than of the mind. That in such sketches there is no 
attention to nature or to the peculiar character of the object, but all is 
made subservient to a particular practice. He then dwelt upon the 
excellencies of Claude where the appearances of nature are so deeply 
studied & so faithfully given. 

The Lovers of Angelica Kauffman 

Dance went to Italy by Sea, He sailed from Gravesend in December 
1758, & did not arrive at Rome till the end of May following, having 
had a tedious passage, & stopping at Florence where His Brother N. 
Dance, met Him. N. Dance (now Sir N. Holland) went to Italy in 1755, 
having before that period been abt. 2 years with Hayman* as a pupil, 
where He became acquainted with Gainsborough.t At Rome He became 
acquainted with Angelica Kaufman, and became so enamoured of Her, 
she encouraging His passion, that when He came to England, whither 
she also came, it was settled between them that they shd. marry. 
But in England she became acquainted with Sir Joshua Reynolds, who 
showed Her much attention, & it is supposed she looked to Him, expect- 
ing that He wd. offer Himself to Her. Her reception of Dance having 
now become more cold, & Her intercourse with Sir Joshua being noticed 
by Him, He remonstrated with Her in such a manner that she com- 
plained of His temper & assigned that as a reason for now refusing to 

* Francis Hayman, R.A. 

f See Index, Vok L, II. and III. 

VOL, IV. 17 

258 The Farington Diary [isos 

marry Him. His passion for Her was extreme & He engaged His 
Father to write to Her, but all wd. not do, Her resolution remained 
unaltered. Dance sd. she never was beautiful, but there was something 
amiable & feminine in Her appearance that engaged people to Her. 

Buonaparte in Germany 

January 7. General Moore* called upon Lawrence today. -He 
left Sicily with a considerable force to act in conjunction with Sir Sidney 
Smith against Portugal, if necessary, but the last resolution of the 
Prince of Brazil to go to Brazil, & to carry off the shipping, rendered it 
unnecessary. Lord Pembroke who has lately returned from His embassy 
to Vienna, reports that the popularity of Buonaparte in Germany 
amounts to enthusiasm. 

* General Sir John Moore. See Index, Vols. L, II. and III. 



ABBOT, Charles (Speaker of the House of 
Commons, afterwards Lord Col- 
chester), 6 1 

Abbotsford, 19 $n 

Abercorrij Anne Jane, Marchioness of, 162 

> John James, ist Marquess of, 86, 154 

Aberdeen, George, 3rd Earl of, 195^ 

? George, 4th Earl of, 26?*., 164 

, i8 

Aboyne, George, 5th Earl of (afterwards 
9th Marquess of Huntly), 243 

Abyssinia, 37-8 

Academy Royal, i?z., 8?z., i8., 32, 45, 
46/z., 58-60, 63-4, 71, 74, 77, 82, 87, 
90-1, 100-1, 108 and #., 19072., in, 
113 and ., 114 and ., 115-6, 1 19, 121, 
124, 131-2, 134, 140, 1437*., 1457*, 
149, 176-7, 183, i8S., 201, 212 and 
., 214-5, 2l8 > 22 4> 22 7 and ., 236, 
240, 245, _ 248, 250-1, 252., 253, 
2575 Presidency of, 32, 40 and ., 
43, 48-51, 54, 57, 59, 82-3, i$zn., 
133 5 professorship of painting, 45, 
91, 234, 236; George III. and, 54, 
59, 82, 240-1, 245 ; election of the 
first Chaplain to, 82-3 5 generosity 
of, 100 5 and Opie's funeral, 1235 
Annual Dinner (1807), 130, 134 ; and 
pension to J. Nixon, A.R.A., 135 ; 
and Rembrandt's " Susannah/' 135 
and n. ; domestic affairs of, 174 5 
Reynolds* picture for Library ceiling, 
188 ; general meeting to decide 
premiums (1807), 228 ; premiums 
awarded, 233-4 ; professorship of 
perspective, 234, 236 ; salaries at, 
240 j Smirke's candidature for Keeper- 
ship of, 240, 245 5 law of filling 
vacancies, 250 ; " And its Members," 
by J, E. Hodgson and F. A. Eaton, 

Schools, Royal, 77*., 214, 233 ,- B. 
West lectures on Art to students of, 

2 33-4 . 
of Painting, Antwerp, 22 in 

VOL. IV. 259 

Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke, Jin 

, Lady. See Fortescue, Lady 

Adair, Serjeant, 154 

Adam, Robert, 210 

Adams, John, President of United States, 

(1797-1801), 184 

, William Dacre, 139 and n 

Addington, Miss Anne, See Goodenough, 

Mrs. W. 

, Anthony, 7272 

, Henry (afterwards Viscount Sid- 
mouth), 48., 55, 72. 5 73 
Addison, Joseph, 173 
Adelphi, London, 34, 255 
Admiralty, Court of, 190 
Adolphus, M. (grandfather of John 

Adolphus), 22on 
, John, 220 5 histories written by, 

220 and ., notice of, ib. n 

, Mrs. 220 and n 

, John Leycester, 220 

" Letters to Richard Heber," by, 

%b. n 

African^ a frigate, 84 
Ahmad (or Achmet) IV., 175 
Ainsley, John (Lord Mayor of London 

1807-8), 229 
Albany, Countess of. See Loxiisa Maxi- 

miliana, Princess 

, The, Piccadilly, 206 

, New York, 237 

Alderson, James, M.D., 117-121 
Aldgate Ward, City of London, 55 
Alexander I., Tsar of Russia, 106 ; and 

Oubril's Treaty with France, 60 ; 

dines with Napoleon, 184-5 5 breaks 

off communications with England, 229 

, William, 224 

" Alexander's Feast/' by John Dryden, 198 

Alexandria, 37^ 

Allan, Sir William, 45 

AUardice, Captain Barclay, his race with 

Wood at Newmarket, 202-3 5 * notice 

of, 203 n 
Allen, H. Warner. Letter from, 148/1 



The Farington Diary 

AInwick, 23 

Alvanley, Anne Dorothea, Lady, 80 

, Richard Pepper, ist Lord, 56, 80 $ 

notice of, $6n 

, Richare Pepper, 3rd Lord, $6n 

, William, 2nd Lord, 567* 

Alworthy, Miss. See Holworthy, Miss 
America, South, 25, 30, 90. For general 

mention of America see United States 
Amiens, Peace of. See France 
Amsinch, Mr. (of Tunbridge), 179 
Amsterdam, 14 
" Analytical Inquiry into the Principle of 

Taste," "by R. Payne Knight, 31, 85, 

Ancaster, Gilbert, 2nd Earl of, 25 2w 

3 Gilbert Henry, ist Earl of, 25 2tt 

"Ancient History of North and South 

Wiltshire," by Sir Richard Colt 

Hoare, 71 and n 
Andrews, Rev. Mr. (of St. James's Church), 


" Anecdotes of Painters," by E. Edwards, 
A.R.A., 43, 58 and n 

"Anecdotes of Painting in England,'* by 
Horace Walpole, 64 

"Angel, The," Goulston Street, White- 
chapel, 226^ 

Angelo, Michael, 70, 255 

Angerstein, John Julius, 3, 30, 96, 106, 126, 

13) 133? M&JSS-^ !59> l6 4, 171-2, 
193, 230 ; his purchase of Rem- 
brandt's " Woman taken in Adultery," 
154 and TZ., 1 80 

5 Mrs. J. J. (first wife of J. J. Anger- 
stein), 182 

, Mrs. J. J. (nee Paine, second wife 

of J. J. Angerstein), 193 

Children, Lawrence's portrait of, 193 

Angouleme, Louis Antoine de Bourbon, 
Due de, 208 

Annual Register, The, 220 

" Another Word or Two," a poem by 
Peter Coxe, 1327* 

Ansford, Somerset, 70 

Anson^ a frigate, 89 

Antelo^ The, 109** 

Antiquary Society. See Society of 

Antrobus, Sir Cosmo Gordon, 1967? 

5 Edmund (afterwards Sir), 94 and ., 

125, 196 and n 

Antwerp, 14372., 22iw., 25472 

Appleby, 144 

Arden, Richard Pepper. See Alvanley, 
Richard Pepper, ist Lord 

Arethvsa, a frigate, 89 

Argyll, John," 5th Duke of, 185 

Ariosto, Lodovico, 198, 208 

Armstrong, Sir Walter, his " Life of 

Lawrence," in 
Army Medical Service, i8# 
Athenseum Club, The, 254?? 
Artist, The, 85, 107, in, 13772., 149, 171, 

"Art Sales," by A. Graves, 197^.5 by G. 

Redford, 197/2 
Arundel Castle, 206 
Ash, Dr. (son of John Ash, M.D.), 1 18 

John, M.D., 118 

Ashburnham, Hon. George (afterwards 

Viscount St. Asaph), 7 
Assignation^ play by Miss Sophia Lee, 


Aston, Sir Willoughbyj 18 
As Ton Like /*, by Shakespeare, 23 zn 
Athens, 145 

, School of, 134 

Atholl, John, 4th Duke of, 161, 168-9 

, Marjory, Duchess of, 161 

Brose, 168 and ., 169 

Atkins, Mrs. 144 

Atkyns, Edward A. 232 and n 

, Mrs. 232 and n. 5 H. W. Bunbury's 

portrait of, 23 zn 

Auerstadt, Prussians defeated at, 36-7 
Austria, Archduke of (brother to Francis 

II.), IZI 

declares war against France, 79 

Aveland, Gilbert John, ist Lord, 252?? 

, Lady, See Willoughby de Eresby, 

Axminster, 209 
Axum, 38 

Aylesford, Heneage, 4th Earl of, 143 
Azores, 35** 

B >5* . 

" Bacchanalian, A.," by Nicholas Poussin, 

io7., 115/2 
"Bacchus and Ariadne," by Titian, 115 

and 72., 116, 129 
Bacon, John, his statue to ist Marquess 

Cornwallis, 90, 9 1 and n 
Bagge, Thomas, 205^ 
, Mrs. (second wife of Thomas Bagge), 

, Thomas Philip, J.P., D.L., 205; 

notice of, ib. n 

-, Mrs., 2057* 

, Sir William, 205?? 

Baillie, Matthew, M.D., 5, 117-8 
Baird, Sir David, General, 25, 27/2 
Baker, Sir George, 189, 190 
, George, 58, 60 and ,, 84 and ., 

2I 3> 253-5 



Bankes, Mr. (eldest son of Henry Bankes), 

1 1 1-2 

-- , George, 1 1 1 and n. ; works by, 1 1 in 
--- , Henry, 91, 111-2; notice of, inn. ; 

*' Civil and Constitutional History of 

Rome," by, tb 

- , Mrs., 112 

- , Sir John, inn 

- , Sir Joseph, 163, 222 

- , Lady, 222 

-- ? Miss, 222 

-- , William John, 1 1 1 and n 
Banks, Mrs., 212 

- , Sir Joseph, 192-3 ; his income, 193 



Banti, Bngitta Giorgi, 2377* 
Barclay, Captain (the Pedestrian). 
Allardice, Captain Barclay 

- , George, M.P., 98-9 

" Bard, The," by Richard Corbould, 108 
Baring, Charles, Lawrence's portrait of, 

39> 40, 53) Io8 > IIQ J "4? i3> I3 2 * *34? 

- , Sir Francis, 19, 30, 40, 46, 53, 89, 
1 08, 152, 1 66, 1 68, 1847*., 209, 229, 
249 ; Lawrence's portrait of, 39-40, 
53, 108, no, 114, 130, 132, 134, 

- , Lady Francis, Lawrence's portrait 
of, 209 

- George, 19 

- Mrs., 1 8-9 

- Thomas, Lawrence's portrait of, 209 
Barker, Mr. (a Government Courier), 83 

- Benjamin (Artist), 212 

- Mr. (son of Robert Barker), 189 

- Richard, 212 ; " The Woodman/' 
by, & 

- , Robert, 189 

Barnard, Thomas, Bishop of Limerick, 

appointed Chaplain to R.A., 82-3 
Barnes, 5 
Barrett, Mr. (of Vauxhall), 184 

- , George, R.A., 143 

Barrington, Hon. Shute (Bishop of Dur- 

ham), 627? 
Barry, James, R.A., 33?*., 91, 182 ; " Birth 

of Pandora," by, 33-4, 128 ; cause of 

his death, 34 ; his character, 34 ; 

his art, 128-5 5 " Jupiter/' by, 128-9 ; 

" Venus Rising from the Sea," by, 

Bartlernan, James, 246-7 ; notice of, 24672 
Bartolozzi, Francesco, 253 
Barton, Messrs, (of Manchester), 209 
Basinghall Street, London, 83 
Baternan, John, 2nd Viscount, 125, 214 

- , William, ist Lord, 417* 

Bath, Thomas, 2nd Marquess of, 33 
, 71 and n., no, 114, 133, i8ow., 212, 

230, 242 ; B. West and scenery of, 

21 1-2 5 Artist's encouraged in, 212 
Bathurst, Henry, 3rd Earl, 167 
Battersbie, Mr. (Banker), 69 

, Miss, 69 

Beaumont, Mrs. (mother of Sir George 

Beaumont), 47, 105 
, Sir George, 40-2, 44, 46-8, 101, 

104-5, 116, 122-4, 129, 133-7, 230, 


, Lady, 41-2, in, 129, 257 

Beauvais, Mrs. (Dressmaker), 15 

Beckenham, Kent, 71 

Beckford, Horace William (afterwards 3rd 

Lord Rivers), 196 
, Lady Margaret (wife of William 

Beckford), 243 

, Peter, M.P., 196 

, Mrs., 196 

, William, Alderman (father of William 

Beckford), 19771 
5 Mr?, (mother of William Beckford), 

2 43 
, William (Author of " Vathek "), 

32 and 72., 197, 241 ; his singularity, 

33 5 his fortune, 242 ; and persecu- 
tion, 242-3 5 Lady Loughborough and, 

, The Misses, 33 

Bedford, John, 6th Duke of, 28, 61, 68 

Bedford, H.M.S., 250 

Bedfordshire, 242 

Beechey, Sir William, R.A., 50, 57, 78, 
134, 171, 218, 228, 240, 252?*. 5 his 
portrait of Lord Buckinghamshire, 


, Lady, 218 

Belasyse, Lady Anne, 62 ; notice of, ib. n 

, Lady Elizabeth, See Lucan, Eliza- 
beth, Countess of 

Bell, Miss (sister to Mrs. Priscilla Wake- 
field), 248 

, Daniell (father of Mrs* Priacilla 

Wakefield), 248^ 

Belle Isle, i8 

Bellingborough, Lincolnshire, 2izw 

Bellingham, John, 487* 

, Lady (wife of Sir William Belling- 
ham), 24-5 

Bell's* Weekly Messenger, 42, 49, 52, 57, 
59, 200 

Belton, Miss (Actress), 161 

Belvidere, Robert Rochfort, ist Earl of, 


Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire, 41 
Bengal, 13**., 19, 157, 247, 254 


The Farington Diary 

Bengal Native Infantry, 15772 
Benn, Messrs. Ernest, Limited, 153/2 
Bennigsen, Comte Levin Auguste Theo- 

phile de, Russian General, 83, 95, 106 
Berchem, Nicolaas, 212 
Beresford, James , " Miseries of Human 

Life," by, 84 and n. ; notice of, 8471 

, Richard, 84^ 

Berghem, Nicholas, 41 

Berkeley, Frederick Augustus, 5th Earl of, 

, Mary, Countess of, 222 

Castle, 222 

Berlin, 37 
Bermondsey, 28 

Bernard, Sir Thomas, 73 and 72., 74, 130, 

227, 236 

, Lady, 236 

Berners Street, London, 177 and ., 195*2 

Berney, Mrs., 144 

Berry, Charles Ferdinand d'Artois, Due 

de, 208 

Brothers, Messrs. (Wine merchants), 


Bessborough, Edward, 8th Earl of, 68 

, Henrietta Frances, Countess of, 145 

Best, Captain, 225 

Betty (Farington' s servant), 58 

"Bibliographer's Manual," by W. T. 

Lowndes, 25 3 
" Bibliographical Decameron," by Charles 

Dibden, 5371 
" Bibliographical Memoirs of the French 

Revolution," by John Adolphus, 2207* 
t Bibliotheca Britannica," by Robert Watt, 


Billington, Mrs. Elizabeth, 86, 237 

Birch, Samuel, 55 

Birmingham, 6 

" Birth of Pandora," by James Barry, 
R.A., 33-4, 128 

Bishop, Sir Henry Rowley (Musical com- 
poser), 252** 

Bissett, George M., 6572 

Blackwall, 98, 137 

Blake, Mr. (a Solicitor), 202 

, Sir Patrick, 220 

, William, Works by, 45 n 

Blanche^ The, in 

Blenheim., H.M.S., 254 

"Blind Fiddler, The," by Sir David 
Wilkie, R.A., 41-2, 44, 47-8, 101, 
116, 122, 124, 133-4, 140, 149-50 

Blizzard, Sir William, 58, 63 

Boaden, James, 36 and ., 90, 132, 171 

" Boats," by Rembrandt, 143 and n 

Bokhara, Ameer of, 128*1 

Bolingbroke, Henry, rst Viscount, 198 

Bologna Academy, 11472 

Bolognese, II. See Grimaldi, Giovanni 


Bolt Court, London, 10 
Bolton, Arthur T., F.S.A., Letter from, 

Bombay, 36^., 91 and /*., 114, 254 
Bombay City Gazetteer^ "The, gin 

City Police, gin 

Bonaparte, Napoleon. See Napoleon L 
Bond Street, 63, 98-9, 107, 114, 186 
Bonomi, Joseph, A.R.A., 250 
" Book of Job," Blake's drawings for, 

Booth, Mr. (Bookseller), 96 

, Mr. (son of Benjamin Booth), 255 

, The Misses, 255 

, Rev. Mr., 214 

, Benjamin, 214; notice of, ib. n 

, Benjamin (of the Adelphi), 255 

Boscawen, Mrs., 18-19 

Boston, Frederick, 2nd Lord, 6, 29 and n 

Bosville, William, 195 and n 

Boswell. James, the younger, 146-7 

Boucheret, Ayscough, i54and., 155, 193 

Bourbon, Louis Henri II., Due de, 208 

Bourgeois, Sir Peter Francis, R.A., 50-1, 

170 and ., 171, 228 
Bourne, Francis, iSnz 

, William Sturges-. See Sturges 

Bow Street, 8o 

Bowles, Charles Oldfield, 129, 133, 137 

Boy dell, John, Alderman, 73 n 

, Josiah, 54-5, 73?*., 78, 79 and ., 

80 and n 

, Mrs., 80 

, Messrs., Edition of Shakespere, 45 
Boyle, Hon. Robert, 253 ; notice of, %b. n 
Braddyll, Colonel Wilson, 23 3 n 
Bradford, Orlando, 2nd Lord (afterwards 

ist Earl of), 19374 
Bragge, Mr, (of Axminster), and discovery 

of Vaccination, 209 

Brand, Rev. John, 87 ; death of, 29-30 
BranscornVs Lottery Office, 78 
" Brave Dame Mary," by George Bankes, 

Brazil, Don John of. See John VI., King 

of Portugal 
, 258 ; Portuguese Royal Family leave 

for, 250 
Brickwood, Mr. (Wine merchant of Lime 

Street Square), 220 
Bridport, 98-9 
Brighton, 5, 1807*., 190-1 

Art Gallery, 2i4 

Brisbane, Captain, R.N., 89 

Bristol, 212, 222, 25 2 



" British Gallery of Engravings," 107 and 

K.J 230 and n 
** British Gallery of Pictures," 10772 

Institution, The, 44, 64, 74*2.; 87, 

11472, 130, 189, 224, 227 and ., 228, 
252, 256 

Museum, 377*., 11172., 16772., 179, 

22172., 23 272 

Broadstairs, 84 

Brome, Charles, Viscount (afterwards 2nd 

Marquess Cornwallis), 2 ; notice of, 

%b. n 
, Louisa, Viscountess (afterwards 

Marchioness Cornwallis), zn 
Bromley, William (Engraver), 55 
Brompton Park, Middlesex, 65 
Bronte, Duke of. See Nelson, Rev. 

William, ist Earl 
Brooke, Mr., 178 

, Mrs., 178 

, Miss, 178 

, Lord Henry Richard (afterwards 3rd 

Earl of Warwick), 69 
Brooking, Charles, 220 
Brougham, Henry, ist Lord, 17772 
Brown, Mr. (Colourman), 187 
Browne, Miss Anne. See Trelawny, Lady 


, Rev. James, 2872 

Bruce, Crauford, n and ., 12, 21, 23, 25 

, Mrs., 25 

, James, 37-8 

Brunswick, Charles William Ferdinand, 

Duke of, 36-7 ; death of, 52 
Brunton, John (Actor), 161, 232??., 235 
, Miss Louisa. See Craven, Louisa, 

Countess of 
Brussels, 2547? 
Bryan, Michael, " Dictionary of Painters," 

by, 11372., 21272 
Bryanston, Dorset, 11272 

Square, London, 11272 

Bubb, J. G., his monument to Pitt, i and 

., 55 5 notice of, i 
Buchanan, W. (Picture dealer), 1077?., 

115 and n 

Buckingham Street, York Buildings, 36 
Buckinghamshire, Robert, 4th Earl of, 

Beechey's portrait of, 133-4 
Buenos Ayres, 24, 89, 90 ; effect of 

capture of, 25-6, 277* 
Bunbury, Henry William, 220 ; his portrait 

of Mrs. Atkyns (Miss Walpole) as 

Nancy in The Camp y 23211 
Bunn, Benjamin, 196 
Burch, Mr. (Picture cleaner), 116 
Burdett, Sir Francis, 45, 140, 195 ; and an 

Agrarian Law, 139 

Burdett, Lady, 195 

Burges, Sir John Bland, 126 and n 

Burke, Edmund, 13 572., 157^., 16272,, 166, 

198 ; " Reflections on the French 

Revolution," by, 22 ; Sir J. Reynolds 

and, 1 10 

Burke's Extinct Peerage, 6972 
Burleigh-on-the-Hill, Rutlandshire, 210 
Burlington, New Jersey, 21271 
Burney, Charles, Mus.D., 237 
, Miss Fanny (Mme. D'Arblay), 

15672., 15772 
Burnham Wood, 7 
Burns, Robert, 42 
Burroughs, Rev. Mr., 94 

, William, 61 

Bury, Lady Charlotte, " Court of England 

under George IV.," by, 141*2 
Busby, Charles A., 234 
Bute, John, ist Marquess of, 196 

, John, 3rd Earl of, 210 

" Buzzard," a horse, 198 

Byng, Major George, M.P., 45 and n 

, John, Admiral, 94 

Byrne, Mr. (father of John Byrne), 179, 224 

, Miss (eldest sister of John Byrne), 179 

, Miss (youngest sister of John Byrne), 


, John, 140, 179, 224, 231 

, Mrs., 179 f 

, Miss Letitia, 179 

Byron, George Gordon, Lord, 6i 

CADELL, Thomas, 230 

and Davis, Messrs., 140, 179, 22372., 

25 6 

Cadiz, 3072 

Calcutta, 13 and #., 19, 33, 38 
Calcutta (H.E.L Co.), 7572 
Caldwell, Mr. (Land steward to Earl of 

Leicester), 138-9 
Callcott, Sir Augustus Wall, R.A., 36, 101, 

107-8, 132, 176 ; " Evening," by, 


Calonne Collection, The, 12372 

Cambridge, Adolphus Frederick, ist Duke 
of, 107, 191 

, , 206, 220-1 5 Statue of Pitt at, 56 

Cambridge (H.E.I. Co.), 75*2 

University, 1775 Trinity College, 

6n. ; King's College, IIT*. ; Chapel 
of, 224; St. John's College, 15772 

Cambridgeshire, 51 

Camden, John Jeffreys, 2nd Earl of (after- 
wards ist Marquess), 85 

Camelford, Thomas, 2nd Lord, 225 

Camp, The^ a play by R. Tickell, 23272 

Campbell, General, 184 


The Parington Diary 

Campbell, Mr., 167 

, Mrs., 167 

, Constance, Lady. Letter from, 1857* 

, Lord Frederick, 185 

, Lady, burnt to death, 185 ; and Earl 

Ferrers, 185 and n 

Campion, Mr. (Wine merchant), 158-9 

, Mrs., 158 

Canada, 178 

Canaletto, Antonio, 48 ; his " View of 
Venice," 197 

Canning, George (Statesman), 21, 53, 60, 
103, io8,_ 166, 186, 229 ; and Con- 
scription in France, 185 

Canopus, H.M.S., 125 and n 

Canova, Antonio, 56 

Canterbury Cathedral, 52 

Cape of Good Hope, 26, 557*. ; Sir Home 
Popham and Sir David Baird's services 
at, 25-6, 27 and ., 97 

" Captivity of Judah," musical composi- 
tion by Dr. Crotch, 236^ 

Caracci, Annibale, "Christ Appearing to 
Peter," by, u$n 

" Card Players," by Sir David Wilkie, 238 

Carlisle, Sir Anthony (Surgeon), 33-5, 61, 
%7, 93-4, no, 118-120, 163, 175, 182, 
227, 239 

, Lady, 94. 

3 Frederick, 5th Earl of, 32, 102, 164* 

, Nicholas, 61, 87; "Topographical 

Dictionary," by, 61 

, 162 

Carlton House, 73 

Carmarthenshire, 36 

Caroline, Queen of Great Britain, Consort 
of George IV., Lonsdale's portrait of, 
I77. See also Wales, Caroline 
Amelia Elizabeth, Princess of 

Carr, Miss. See Hodges, Mrs. (third wife 

, John, 8 

, Sir John, 61, 68 ; " Stranger in 

Ireland," by, 61, 689 "Stranger in 
Holland," by, 140 
[probably Rev. William Harwell], 129 

Cassiobury, Watford, Herts, 255 

Castle Carey, Wiltshire, 70 

Cary, Somerset, jon 

Howard, 102 

Castlereagh, Robert, Viscount, 46, 53, 60, 

166, 186 
Castle Rising, 20472 

Street, Long Acre, 551* 

Catalani, Madame Angelica, 62, 86 and ., 
si8~9, 2 3 6 ~7> notice of, 6zn. > her 
salary, 218 ; her powers as a singer, 

Painters," by 


** Catalogue of Dutch 

Hofstede de Groot, 1 
Cathcart, William Schaw, loth. 

(afterwards ist Earl), 186, 206 
Catholic Emancipation, 102-3, 106, 108 
Cato Street Conspirators, 22o 
Cavendish Square, 40, ^in 
Cawthorne, Mr. (Printer and Bookseller), 96 
Cervantes, Miguel de, Smirke's illustrations 

to his " Don Quixote," 230-1 
Chamberlaine, Miss Frances, '* Miss Sydney 

Bidulph," a novel by, 90 and n 
Champagne, i^Bn. ; red wine of, 148 and n 
Chancery, Court of, 56-7, 139, 225, 232 
Chapter Coffee House, Chapterhouse 

Court, 165 and n 
Charing Cross, London, 142 
Charles I., King of England, 23, in., 180 

- IL, King of England, 165, 253 

- III., King of Spain, 83 

- Edward, Prince (the Young Pre- 
tender), 209 

Charlotte Augusta, Princess (daughter of 
Prince of Wales), 139, 191 j education 
of, 141 and . 3 142 

- Sophia, Queen of George III., 21, 
59, 141 ; and B. West, 54 

- Street, Fitzroy Square, 156, 23 1 
Charterhouse School, 84*2., 13 2 
Chartley, George Ferrers, Lord (afterwards 

3rd Marquess of Townshend), a 
dispute with his father, 223 

- , Lady, 223 

Chatham, Mary Elizabeth, Countess of, 164 

- , William, ist Earl of, 198 
Chaucer, Geoffrey, and the 

Grosvenor Case, 226?* 
Cheddar Clifis, near Bath, 212 
Cheltenham, 191 
Chesapeake Bay, 231, 245 
Cheshire, 50-1, 56/1., 73 
Chester, 225, 226a 
Chesterfield, Philip, 5th Earl of, 
Cholmondeley, George James, 4th Earl 

(afterwards ist Marquess of), 24, 204 

and ft., 205 

- , Georgiana Charlotte, Countess (after- 
wards Marchioness of), 204 

- , Miss Mary Henrietta, 21 ; death of, 

- , Hon. and Rev. Robert, 24 

- , Mrs., 21, 24 
Child & Co. (Bankers), 13 

" Christ Appearing to Peter," by A. 

Caracci, 115^ 

" Christ Healing the Sick," by B. West,2i2 
Christian VIL, King of Denmark, 211 
Christie, James, 153 




Christie, Messrs. (Auctioneers), 143^.5 150, 


" Civil and Constitutional History of 
Rome," by Henry Bankes, inn 

Clapham Common, 202 

Clare Market, Drury Lane, 8# 

Clarence, William Henry, Duke of (after- 
wards William IV.), 131, 204 ; and 
Mrs. Jordan, ib. 5 receives freedom of 
King's Lynn, 204-6 

Clarke, Captain, R.N., 177 

, Edward Daniel, LL.D., 177 

, Mrs., 177 

3 Rev. James Stainer, his u Life of 

Lord Nelson," 100 and #., 177 

, John Calvert, 76 

Claude, 55, 116, 213, 257; "Embarkation 
of Queen of Sheba," and ** Marriage of 
Isaac and Rebecca," by, ii^n. ; 
" Landscape and Seascape," by, 143 
and n. ; his art as compared with the 
Dutch Masters, 209 

Cleveland Street, London, 179 

Cliefdon House, 21 

" Clothing of the Naked," by J. Opie, 150 

Cobbett, William, 139, 225, 249 ; Opie's 
portrait of, 139 

Cocker ell, Samuel Pepys, 36, 192 

Codrington, Christopher, 32; notice of, 
tb. n 

, Sir Gerald William Henry, 327* 

, Sir William (2nd Baronet), 32^ 

, Sir William (3rd Baronet), 32^ 

Coke, Thomas William (afterwards Earl of 
Leicester), 138-140, 144-5, x ^ 2 3 205-6 5 
Lawrence's portrait of, 136-7, 139 ; 
Opie's portrait of, 137 ; as his own 
Land Steward, 138-9 5 and the 
N orf oik Election, 138, 144 

Colchester, 208 

Coleorton, 42, 257 

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 129, 233, 239 

Coliseum, " View of," by W. Smith, 134 

College of Physicians, 167^ 

Collins, Mr. (of Berners Street), 246 

, William, R.A., 256 

Colnaghi, Paul (Printseller), 255 

Colnbrooke, 174 

Combe Delafield Brewery, 55 

5 Harvey Christian, 55, 117 j notice of, 

55 tt 
, William (author of "Dr. Syntax"), 


Committee of Taste, The, 91, 97, 100 
Comrie, Mr, (an Attorney), 86, 95 
Cond6, Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Prince of, 

Conduit Street, London, 14 


: Story of," by George 


and n.. 

i 57*- 5 

Congleton, Cheshire, 196 
Connoisseur^ The, 6q.n 
Conolly, Arthur, 128^ 
Constable, Golding, 215 

, Mrs., 246 

, John, RA., 108, 167, 188-9, 214-5, 

226 and n. 5 227, 238-40, 246-7 
Constantine Paulovich, Grand Duke of 

Russia, 1 06 
Constantinople, 175 
Cook, Captain, 8 
Cooke, Benjamin, Mus.D., 246^ 
Coopersale Grove, Epping, 7572 
Copenhagen, 206 
Copley, John S., R.A., 251 
Corbould, Richard, 108 and 

Bard," by, 108 

, George, io8 

, Henry, io8 

Corf e Castle, 1 1 in. ; 

Bankes, ib. n 
Cork, Richard, ist Earl of, 253 n 

Street, Burlington Gardens, 198-9 

Cornwall, Mrs., 136 
, 23, 114, 125, 

Methodists in, 

Views in, 23 1 
Cornwallis, Charles, ist Marquess, 2n. 5 

Bacon's statue of, 90, 91 and n 

, Mrs. C., zn 

Correggio, " Virgin and Child," by, 143 

and n 

Cossacks, The, 106 
Cosway, Richard, R.A., 50, 152, 183, 201, 


, Mrs., 123 

Cotes, William, 13^., 19 

, Mrs. See D'Oyley, Lady 

Couchet, J. Louis, 65** 

, Lady. See Worsley, Lady 

" Court of England under George IV.," 

by Lady Charlotte Bury, 14 in 
Courtenay, William, Viscount (afterwards 

Earl of Devon), 243 and n 

Family, 2437? 

Coutts, Thomas, 195-6; and Lawrence's 

Financial Affairs, 88, 125 5 and 

Reynolds, 88 ; and Miss Mellon, the 

actress, 195 and n 

, Mrs., 195-6 

Covent Garden Theatre. See Opera House 

Cox, Rev. Thomas, 87 

Coxe, Edward, 123 

, Peter (Auctioneer), 123*1., 132; 

notice of, tb. n 

, Peter, M.D., 

, Venerable William (Archdeacon of 

Wiltshire), 13 zn 


The Farington Diary 

Crabbe, George, i6zn 

Craven, Hon. Henry Augustus, 235 

, Louisa, Countess of, 232, 234; 

notice of, 23272 

, William, ist Earl of, 2325 234 

Street, Strand, 183 

Creevy, T., 172*2 

Creswell, Mr (Actor), 161 

Crewe, Mrs., 161 

, Hon. Miss Emma, 51, 172 

, John, ist Lord, 51, i8iw., 249 

, Lady, 172, 181 and ., 249 

, Hon. John, General (afterwards 2nd 

Lord), 249 5 notice of, ib. n. ; Rey- 
nolds' portrait of, ib 

3 Mrs. (afterwards Henrietta Maria 

Anne, Lady Crewe), 249 and n 

5 Robert Offley Ashburton, ist Mar- 
quess of, 2497? 

Hall, 51 

Crokatt [Crokett], Charles, 182 

, Mrs. See Angerstein. 

Cromwell, Oliver, 180 

Cronstadt, 2575 British ships at, 235 

Crossthwaite, Mr. (of Keswick), 224 

Crotch, Michael, 23 6n 

, Mrs., 23 6n 

^ William, Mus.D., 227, 246-7 ; on 

famous singers, 236-7 ; notice of, 23 6n 

, Mrs., 246 

" Crown and Magpie," High Street, Aid- 
gate, 22672 

Cumberland, Ernest Augustus, ist Duke of, 

19 r . 

, Richard, 85, 126-7, 149 ; notice of, 

1267*. ; '* Memoirs," by, 2467? 

3 William Augustus, Duke of, 22 

Curacoa, English capture of, 89 
Curley, Mr. (a Brighton Shepherd), 202 
Cust, Lionel, 77*2 
Cuthbert, Mr., 144 

DAMER, Mrs. A. S., 70 and n 

Dance, Charles, 46 

, George (father of the two R.A.s), 258 

, George, R.A., 46 and ., 47, 50, 59, 

86, 130, 146, 148-9, 152, 180, 191, 
209, 228, 257 ; his relations with Sir 
John Soane, 46 and n. ; his portrait 
of Farington, 70 

, Nathaniel, R.A. See Holland, Sir 

Nathaniel Dance- 

, Sir Nathaniel (Commodore of East 

India Company's Fleet), 46 and n 

Daniel, George, 4072 

Daniell, Thomas, R.A., 37, 63, 87, m, 134, 
and ., 13$, 154, 164, 187, 196, 209, 
227, 245 

Daniell, William, R.A., 140, 187, 256 ; his 

income, ib. ; his plates for Wood's 

" Zoography," ib 

, Mrs., 256 

Danube, 175 

Dardanelles, 175 , Biitish Fleet in, 125 

and ?z 

Dart, The River, 178 
Dartington, Devon, 178 and n 
Dartmouth, George, 3rd Earl of, 91 

, 8 and ., 9, 177-8 ^ 

Datchet Bridge, near Windsor, 174 

David, Jacques Louis, 245 

Davies, Randall, " Thomas Girtin's Water 

Colours "by, 10372 
Davis, Mr. (of Cadell & Davis), 223, 230-1 

, Richard Barrett, 187 

Davison, Alexander, 80 and n 

Davy, Sir Humphry, 44, 232-3 ; notice 

of, 44 
Dawe, George, R A., 227 ; notice of, ^b. n. ; 

his " Life of Morland," ib 
De Clifford, Lady (Governess to Princess 

Charlotte of Wales), 141 ; notice of, 

ib. n 
De Cort, Hendrick, 143, 154 ; notice of, 

i43. 5 Views of Salisbury and Exeter 

Cathedrals, by, 197 
Dee, Mrs. (from Lisbon), 4 
Defence Bill, The (1807), 185 
De La Warr Family, The, 158 
Denbury, 17872 
Dene, Kent, 727* 
Denmark, 224; attacked by England, 199, 

200, 202, 206 5 England declares war 

on, 211 

Dennis, Rev. Jonas, 209 
Derby, Edward, i2th Earl of, 209 
Derbyshire, 193 
Desenfans, Noel Joseph, I7O7Z. ; death of, 

170-1 ; King of Poland and, 170 ; his 

fortune, 171 

3 Mrs., 170-1 

Des Hayes, Madame, 62 

"Designs for Cottages, &c." by J. M. 

Candy, A.R A,, 777* 
De Villet (a French Priest), 22-3 
Devis, Arthur William, 109, 218 ; " Death 

of Nelson," by, 55, 10972., 151 ; notice 

of, 10972 

, Mrs., 218 

, Miss. See Marris, Mrs 

De Visme, Colonel, 38 

, Mrs., 38 

De Vlieger, Simon, 209 
Devon, Earldom of, 24372 
Devonshire, Georgiana, Duchess of, Nolle- 
kens' death mask of, 145 



Devonshire, 156, 177, 1937*., 208/2., 209 
" Diana and Her Nymphs," by Rubens, 188 
Dibdin, Charles, 53 and n 
-- , Rev. Thomas Frognal, 53 and ., 

Dick, Dr., 254 
Dictionary of National Biography, 46^., 

777*., i88., 195?*., 220M 
" Dictionary of Painters," by M. Bryan, 

" Dido Building Carthage," by J. M. W. 

Turner, 113^ 
Director^ The^ 73-4, in 
" Discourses delivered at the R.A.," by 

Sir J. Reynolds, 60, 173 
" Disobedient Prophet," by John Graham, 

** Divina Commedia," Blake's drawings 

for, 4572 
Dixwell-Oxenden, Sir Percy Dixwell 

Nowell. See Oxenden 
Doctors' Commons, 219 
Dodington, George Bubb (Baron Mel- 

combe), 246 ; notice of, ib. n 
" Don Quixote," by Cervantes, 63 ; R. 

Smirke's illustrations to, 230-1 
Dorset, George John Frederick, 4th Duke 

of, 6 1 and n 

- , in and ., 1127? 
Douai, 1707* 
Douglas, Admiral, 208 

- , Alexander, Marquess of (afterwards 
loth Duke of Hamilton), 126, 229 

- , Lady (wife of Major-General Sir 
John Douglas), 96 

Dover, Military Defences at, 81 

Downe, John Christopher Burton, Viscount, 

162 and n 
Downman, John, A.R.A., 145 ; his minia- 

ture of Miss F. Metcalfe, 19072 

- , Mrs., 145 and n 
D'Oyly, Sir Charles, 137* 

- , Sir John Hadley, 13, 15-6, 20, 22 5 
notice of, 1372. ; his unhappy state, 18-9 

, Lady, 13 and ., 15, 19-20 ; her 
jealousy, 19 

- , Miss Harriet Rochfort. See 
Baring, Mrs 

- , Miss Maynard Eliza. See Farquhar, 

- Park, Hampshire, 137?., 19 
Drogheda, Henry, 3rd Earl of, 137* 
Dropmore, 7 

Drummond, Samuel, A.R.A., 215 and n 

Drury Lane Theatre, 81, 218 

Dryden, John, 86, 127; "Alexander's 

Feast," by, 198 
Dublin, 15, 1 14* 

Dublin Castle, 61 

Duckworth, Sir J. T., Admiral, 1257* 

Dudley, Sir Henry Bate, 55 and n 

Duke, Sir Henry (President of the Divorce 

Court), 2197* 
Duke of Montros^ H. E. I. C. ship, 254 

Street, Portland Place, 160 

Dulwich Art Gallery, 17072 

Dumb Bell Inn, The, 24 

Dumouriez, Charles Frangois, French 

General, 307? 

Dumuriez, General. See Dumouriez, C.F. 
Dundas, Philip (Governor of Prince of 

Wales' Island), 254-5 $ dies at sea, ^b 

, Mrs., 254 

, Hon. Robert, 103 

, William, 180 

Dunmow, 47 

Dunnier, Mr., 83 

Duppa, Richard, 77 and ., 85, 214; his 

book on Papal Power, 84 and n 
D'Urfey, Thomas, 36 
Dyce, Rev. Alexander, 25472 
Dynes Hall, Essex, 207* 
Dysart, Anna Maria, Countess of, 216 

, Lionel, 5th Earl of, 216 

, Louisa, Countess of, 216 and n. j 

Hoppner's Portrait of, ib. . ; Tom 

Moore's verse to, ib 
, Magdalene, Dowager Countess of 

214, 216 ; Lawrence's portrait of, ib. n 
, Wilbraham, 6th Earl of, 214, 216 and 

., 247 
, Family, The, 247 

EALING, 3572., 72 

East Court, Finchampstead, 26 

India Company, 467*. , 6 1, 214 

India Dock Office, Lime Street 

Square, 220 

Indies, 26, 36, 104 

Eaton, Fred A. See Hodgson, J. E. 
Edgcumbe, Lord. See Mount-Edgcumbe 
Edinburgh, i8., 33**., 114, 121, 172**.; 

Trustees' Academy in, 44, 45 and n 
Edinburgh Review, 1727*., 173, 17471 
Edmonds, Mr. (an Undertaker), 58 
Edridge, Henry, R.A., 63, 70, 213, 253 ; 
his portrait of Farington, 60, 70 ; 
his portrait of Nollekens, 73 
Edward III., King of England, 72 
Edwardes, S. M., Letter from, gin 
Edwards, Miss, 58, 63-4, 256-7 

, Edward, A.R.A., 43, 58 and ., 63-4, 

256 ; " Anecdotes of Painters," by, 
43, 58 and n. ; death of, 58 ; funeral 
of, 63; "Practical Treatise of Per- 
spective," by, 64 


The Farington Diary 

Egerton, R. W., Letter from, 24772 
Egmont, John, 2nd Earl of, 48^ 
Egremont, George, 3rd Earl of, 215 ; and 
Ozias Humphry, 216 and n 


Eldon, Mrs. (of Park Crescent, Maryle- 
bone). See Lady Heathcote 

- , John, ist Earl of, 48, 165, 204 
Elgin, Thomas, yth Earl of, 56 ; 

Grecian Antiquities, 145 
Eliot, Edward Eliot Craggs, Lord 
St. Germans), 23 and n 

- , Colonel, 23 

Elizabeth, Princess (daughter of George 

III.), 54, 59? HI 

Elizabeth, H M.S., 137 

Ellenborough, Edward, ist Lord, 232 

EUis, Sir Henry, 128?* 

Ellis ton, Mr. (Actor), 160, 180 

Elms, Mr. (Dentist in Leicester Square), 

Elphinstone Circle Garden, Bombay, 91?? 

Elsworthy, ijn , 18 

Elwin, W. ? 197 

" Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba," 
by Claude, 1 13 

England, 3, 13-16, 18-19, 27, 30, 351*., 37, 

56, 62., 64, 71, 78, 113, 140, 145, 

156, 158, 170, 178-9, 192, 193*., 

2047*., 212 and ., 2i6#., 224, 226w., 

233 5 243* 2 53> 2 54 and n.^ 255, 257; 

public schools of, 6 ; war with France, 

14, 22, 24-6, 52, 57, 60, 77, 87, 180, 

199, 200, 2115 political affairs of 

(1806), 24-6; (1807), 102-3, 1085 

war with Spain, 25-6, 27 and ., 89, 

90 5 Naval returns of (1806), 39 5 

(1807), 207; Table of Wars of (1688- 

1805), 66-75 comparative wealth of, 

between 1664 and 1800, 66-8 $ judi- 

cial procedure in, 80 ; Government of 

Russia and, 108 ; war with Turkey, 

125 and n. ; and loan to Russia, 126 ; 

state of the Arts in, 134, 233 5 Russians 

respect people of, 149 5 cost of Vol- 

unteer Service, 1825 strength of 

Volunteers, 183 ; and peace with 

America, 183-4, 245 5 ships employed 

in trade of, 184; American ports 

closed to, 187; value of property 

insured in Fire offices in, 192; effec- 

tive strength of Army (1807), 193 ; 

revenue for years, 1100-1800, 1945 

amount of wool produced in, 197 ; 

attack on Denmark, 199, 200 ; public 

institutions in, 201 ; Nelson and h^er 

power at sea, ib. ; declares war against 

Denmark, 211; Portuguese ports 

England continued. 

closed against, 211; blockades all 
French ports, 216-7, 22 3 "> Russia 
breaks off communications with, 229 ; 
foreigners without passports not al- 
lowed to land, ib. ; relations with 
America, 231, 245 5 embargo placed 
on all Russian vessels, 235 5 commer- 
cial influence in, 249 ; blockades port 
of Lisbon, 250 

Englefield, Sir Henry, 168, 173, i74 
English frigates, Equipment of, 26 
" Epistle to a Friend," by S. Rogers, 181 
Erfurt, 37 
Erskine, Thomas, ist Lord, 76, 79 

, Lady Frances. See Holland, Lady 


"Essays on Art," by Hoppner, HIM 
Essex, George, $th Earl of, 255 

, 20 

Eton College, in , 6, 1 1 and ., 204 ; 

Register, n 

Etty, William, R.A., 165 and n 
Europe, 6gn. , State of affairs, in, 43, 48- 

9> 5 2 

Evans, Mr. (of Noiwich), 136 
" Evening,*' by Sir A. W. Callcott, 113-4 
Everard, Scarlet (Mayor of King's Lynn), 


, Mrs., 205 

Evereaux, Normandy, 22 

Everitt, Mr. (of Bedford Square), 236 

" Evidences of Christianity," by William 

Paley, DD., 225 
Exeter, Bishop of. See Fisher, John 

, 125, 145, 209 

Exeter (H.E.I. Co.), 75 

Cathedral, De Cort's " View of," 


" Exodiad," by Richard Cumberland, i26 
Eye, Suffolk, 2 
Eylau, Battle of (1807), 95, 106 

FAKENHAM, near Raynham, 202, 206 

" Fall of the Rhine at Schaffhausen," by 
J. M. W. Turner, R.A., 101 

" Fancy Group, A," by Sir T. Lawrence, 

Farington, Joseph, R.A., i, 6-7, n, 17-18, 
22, 25, 28, 30-2, 34-6, 37 and ., 
40-1, 43-7, 49, 52-3, 55, 58, 61, 62 
and n., 63-5, 68-73, 75-6, 79~ 8l > 84, 
86-7, 89-91, 94-5, 98, 1 01, 104-6, 1 08, 
no and ., in, 114-5, 117, 120, 
122-5, 129, 131-4, 136-7, 139-143? 
145 and ., 148 and *., 149, 152, 153 
and ., 154 and ., 156, 159-162, 
164-5, 167-8, 172, 173*., 174 and ., 



Farington, Joseph continued. 

178-9, 181-2, 184, 185*., 186-9, 193, 

195, 197-8, 202, 206, 208^.5 209, 2127*., 
213, 2l8, 220, 223-4, 227, 229-31, 

333*- 2 35> 2 36 and ., 250, 252, 254, 
257; and Lord Thomond, 2-3, 13, 23- 

4, 26, 29 ; his picture of Tap low Woods, 
3 ; on political matters, 24, 102-3 ; 
his caution, 26, 29 ; on Barry's *' Birth 
of Pandora," 33-4 ; and R. A. affairs, 
40, 43, 48-9, 51, 54, 57-60, 63-4, 
82-3, 87, 100, 130, 133, 176, 215, 228, 
233-4, 240-1, 245, 248, 250-1, 2575 
011 Sir D. Wilkie's Art, 42 ; and Hopp- 
ner, 43, 50, 57 ; and B. West, 49, 50, 54, 
59-60, 82-3, 100, 133, 150, 211, 240, 242- 

5, 248-9 ; and Miss Edwards, 58, 63-4, 
256-7 5 Edridge's portrait of, 60, 70 ; 
" Ouse Bridge," by,7o ; and Lawrence's 
financial affairs, 84, 86, 88, 94-5, 125, 
130; Lawrence's portrait of, 1355 
198-9 ; his opinion of Young, the 
actor, 160 ; and Kemble's acting, 161 5 
has eye trouble, 198-9, 203 ; and 
British Institution, 227 

, William (nephew of Diarist), 136, 164 

Farnley Hall, 41^., io8# 
Farquhar, Rev. Robert, i8 

, Sir Walter, 18-19, 4-5 5 notice of, 

i8., Raeburn's portrait of, -tb 

, Walter, 19 

, Mrs., 19 

Farren, William, 25 zn 

" Farrier's Shop, A," by J. M. W. Turner, 

"3? I33 ? HO 
Fauconberg, Henry, 2nd Earl of, 6271., 

73 W 

, Charlotte, Countess of, 62 

Fawkes, Walter Ramsden, 41 and w., 108 

and ,, 23 3 n 
Felton Bequest, 45*2 
Fenchurch Street, 233 
Fenice Theatre, Venice, 62?* 
Fenton, 23 

Ferdinand IV., King of Naples, 83 
Ferrers, Lawrence, 4th Earl, 185 and 
, Countess. See Campbell, Lady 

Ferris, Dr., 189 
Fetter Lane, London, 206 
Fielding, Sir John, 8o 

, Henry, 5^., 8o 

, William, 80 ; notice of, Sow 

Fif eshire, 44 

" Fifth Plague in Egypt," by J. M. W. 

Turner, 197 
Finberg, A. J., " History of Turner's Liber 

Studioruni," by, 

Finch, Hon. Miss, 210 

Finchamp stead, 26w 

Fisguard, a frigate, 89 

Fish, Charles. See Palmer, Charles Fysshe 

, Henry (of Ickwell, Beds), 26^ 

Fisher, John, Bishop of Exeter (afterwards 
Bishop of Salisbury), 83 ; and Princess 
Charlotte's education, 141-2 
Fitzheibert, Mrs., 5, 98, 191 
Fitzroy, Lady Anne. See Smith, Lady 
Anne Culling 

, Miss Anne Caroline, 4 

, Miss Georgiana Frederica. See 

Worcester, Georgiana Frederica, Mar- 
chioness of 

, Hon. Henry, \n 

Fitzwilliam, William, 4th Earl, 32, 41, 

138, 144 
Flanders, 3072 
Flaxman, John, R.A., 56, 91 andw., 97, 100, 

135 5 and the statue to Reynolds, 90 
Fleet Street, 85 
Fleming, Sir John (of Brompton Park), 65*2 

, Mips Seymour Dorothy. See Wors- 

ley. Lady 

" Flora," by R. Westall, 134, 140, 168 
Florence, 145, 257 
Fludyer, Miss Caroline, i and n 
Miss Maria, i and n 
Sir Samuel (ist Baronet), in 
Sir Samuel, 3rd Baronet), in 
Sir Samuel Brudenall, in 
Lady, Lawrence's portrait of her 
children, i and . ; notice of, in 

Street, Westminster, in 

" Fly Flap," by C. F. G., in and 
Focsani, 175 
Folkes, Sir Martin, 90 
Fonthill, 33, 197/2. ; an unrecorded picture 
sale at, 197 and n 

Abbey, 33 ; cost of, 242 

Estate, 242 

Ford, Dr., 219, 225 

Lady (wife of Sir Richard Ford), 255 
Miss Elizabeth. See Goodenough, 
Mrs. S. 

Sir Richard, 72^ 
R., 72 

Captain R., 214^ 
Northumberland, 167 
Foreign Office, London, in 
For England Ho / play by I. Pocock, 25 zn 
Forrester (or Forster), Edward, 49 and ., 

Forster, Mrs. (nee Banks), 237 

Fortescue, Lady Henrietta Anne, 71 and n 

-, Hon. Matthew, Captain, R.N., 71 

and n 


The Farington Diary 

" Fortunate Chance/' by Hogarth, 927* 

Foster, Rev. Edward, 230/2 5 " British 
Gallery of Engravings/' by, 107 and 
#., 230 and n 

, John. See Oriel, Lord 

Foundling Hospital, 927*., 236 

Fountaine, Andrew, 153 

Fox, Charles James, 22, 24, 28, 55**., 60, 
94, 98, 108, 154-5, 162 and ., 164, 
166 and n., 185, 198, 236 5 funeral 
of, 3 1-2 ; his command of words, 
56-75 Nollekens' death mask and 
busts of, 145-6 

, Stephen, 164 

France, 24, 300., 55, 78, 184, 226^., 227, 
255 5 Peace of Amiens, 14-15 ; the 
Revolution, 22-3, 114, 180, 220; 
war with England, 14, 22, 24-6, 52, 
57, 60, 77, 87, 180, 199, 200 ; cam- 
paign in Prussia, 36-7, 52, 60 ; war 
with Russia, 49, 52, 60, 79, 81, 83, 95, 
106, 108, 171 ; campaign in Germany, 
22, 52, 54 ; Austrians declare war 
against, 79 ; Treaty of Tilsit with 
Russia, 184-5 5 conscription in, 185 ; 
Great Britain orders blockade of all 
sea ports of, 216-7, 22 3 5 America 
shows partiality towards, 23 1 ; Art in, 

Francis II., Emperor of Germany (after- 
wards Francis I. of Austria), 121 

, Sir Philip (Junius), 177^ 

Francois I., King of France, 10772.; portrait 
of, ascribed to Leonardo da Vinci, ib 

Franklin, Benjamin, and C. Whitefoord, 183 

Frazer, Mr. (of Lincoln's Inn), 169 

Frederick II. (the Great), King of Prussia, 

91, 927Z., 2207Z 

William III., King of Prussia, 14, 


Place, Old Jewry, 757* 

Freemantle, Mr. (Lord of the Treasury), 79 
Freemasons' Tavern, 94 
French Cavalry at Laffeldt, 22 

frigates, equipment of, 25-6 

Friday Street, 226w 

Friedrickstadt, French defeat Russians at, 


Frogmore, 59 
** From Greenland's Icy Mountains," by 

Reginald Heber, 2547* 
Froude, James Anthony, 1787* 

, Rev. Robert Hurrell, 178 ; notice of, 

ib. n 

, Mrs., 178 and n 

, Miss Margaret. See Mallock, Mrs 

Fryer, Edward, M.D., 33 ; notice of, ib. n 
Fulk, Mr., 189 

Fuller, Mr., 158 

Fulton, Robert, 132 5 his steamboat, 237 

Fuseli, Henry, R.A., 57-8, 74, 90-1, 171-2, 
174-5, 180-1, 193, 195-6, 233 ; on 
modern artists, 123 ; and Princess of 
Wales, 196 

, Mrs., 173 

G.^ C. F. See Greville, Hon. Charles Francis 

Gainsborough, Thomas, R.A., 457*., 209, 
212??., 235, 257; his letters to W. 
Jackson, 145 and n 

" Galatea," by B. Manfredi, 11372 

Gambier, James, ist Lord, Admiral, 206 

Gandy, Joseph Michael, A.R.A., 77, 87 ; 
notice of, jjn 

, Thomas, 777* 

Gardner, Alan, ist Lord, Admiral, 1772., 
136-7, 164 

, Mr. (son of Daniel Gardner), 63 

, Daniel, 63 

, Valentine, 17 and n 

, Mrs., 17 and n 

Garioch, Scotland, 1872 

Garrick, David, 15772 

Garrow, Sir William, 80, 232 

Gascoigne, Major Peter, 1577* 

General Post Office, London, 167/2 

Gentleman's Magazine,, 6572 

George II., King of Great Britain, 92/2 , 
106, 1327*., 198 

III., King of Great Britain, iw., 6?z., 

!4, 21, 50, 55, 59, 80, 83, 97, 107, 125, 
i35-7 Hi-2, 158-9, 162, 171, i 73 n., 
185, 191, 199, 201, 209, 216-7, 235, 
245 ; and the Marquess of Thomond, 
3 5 against Lord St. Vincent suc- 
ceeding Lord Howick at the Admiralty, 
25 ; his timidity, 48 ; and the R.A., 
54, 59, 82, 240-1, 245 $ and B. West, 

48-9, 54> 59> 82, 2II > 2 4o, 2465 and 
the Princess of Wales, 96 ; and the 
Catholic Emancipation, 102-3, 108 : 
Northcote's portrait of, 140 ; and 
Smirke's candidature for R.A. Keeper- 
ship, 240-1, 245 

IV., King of Great Britain, marriage 

statute of, 21972. See also Wales, 
George Augustus Frederick, Prince of 

Gerard, Mr., 214 

Germany, 14, 41, 71, 77, 258 ; French 
campaign in, 22, 52, 54 

Ghent, 25472 

Gibbon, Edward (Historian), i62 

Gibbs, Hon. Vicary, 27* 

3 Sir Vicary, 232 

Gibraltar, 37, 217 

Gifford, Helen Selina, Countess of, 16771 



Gillies, John, LL.D. '* History of the 
World," by, 23! 

Gilpin, Sawrey, R.A., 88 

Giorgione, 116 

" Gipsy, The," by Romney, 197 

Girtin, Thomas, 103-4, 23 3*2. ; his " Water- 
colours," by Randall Davies, 1037* 

Glanville Street, London, 108 

Glasgow, 1 8 ; Presbytery of, and church 
organ playing, 200 

Gloucester, Maria, Duchess of, 107 

, William Frederick, 2nd Duke of, 

and the RA. Presidency, 50-1 ; 
Opie's portrait of, 119 

, Bishop of. See Huntingford, Dr. 

George Isaac 

, 53, 222 

Gloucestershire, 177 

Glover, John, 37*1., 189 

Golden Square, 225 

Goldsmid, Abraham (of Morden House), 
184 ; notice of, ib, n 

, Mrs., 184 

Goldsmith, Oliver, 157^ 

Goodall, Dr. (Master of Eton), 6 

Goodenough, Mr. (nephew of Dr. Good- 
enough), 73 

, Dr. Samuel (afterwards Bishop of 

Carlisle), 72-3 ; notice of, 72^ 

, Mrs., 72^ 

, William, M.D., 7272 

, Mrs., 72 

Gordon, Alexander, 4th Duke of, zn 

, Jane, Duchess of, 2., 26 and n 

, Sir John Watson, 45 n 

, Miss Margaret. See Trotter, Mrs. 


Gosfield Park, Essex, 208 

Gould, Mr., 86 

Gouvion, Saint Cyr, Laurent, French 
Marshal, and English Artists in 
Rome, 77 

Gower, Lord Granville Leveson- (after- 
wards ist Earl Granville), 126 

Grafton Street, Bond Street, 99 

Street, Fitzroy Square, 30 

Graham, Mr. (a Magistrate), 218 

, John, 44-5, 1215 notice of, 45*.; 

'* The Disobedient Prophet," by, %b 

, Thomas (a Solicitor), 232 

Gramont, A. A. Alfred, Due de, 208 

Granger, Mr., 15 

Grassini, Mme. Josephina, 237 ; notice of, 
ib. n. ; Mme. Vigee Le Brun's 
portrait of, ib 

Grassmere, 42 

Grattan, Henry, 68, 161, 181 

Graves, Algernon, " Art Sales," by, 

Graves and Cronin, " Life of Sir J. Rey- 
nolds," by, 247 

Gravesend, 192, 257 

Gray, Thomas, 108 

Great Britain. See England for affairs 
in common 

Grimsby, 154 

Torrington, Devonshire, 156-7 

Greece, 56 ; Art of, 233 

Greek Street, 89 

Green, Valentine, A.R.A., 224, 227 5 his 
salary as keeper of the British Institu- 
tion, 224 

Green's Lane, Norwich, 2367? 

Greenwich, 95 

Hospital, 10972 

Grenfell, Miss (eldest daughter of Pascoe 
Grenfell), 18 

, Pascoe, M.P., 12, 17, 23-4, 26-9 

, Mrs (first wife of Pascoe Grenfell), 17 

, Hon. Mrs. (second wife of Pascoe 

Grenfell), 18 

Grenville, William Wyndham, ist Lord, 
2 5"^.3 2 j 60 1 j 83, 162, 166 5 and Lord 
Howick's successor at the Admiralty, 
25 ; and the Catholic Emancipation, 

Gretton, Mr. (brother to Dr. Gretton), 8-9 

, Rev. Mr. (eldest son of Dr. Gretton), 

, Master (youngest son of Dr. Gretton), 


, Rev. George, D.D., 6-7, 9-11 , notice 

of, 6n. 5 finances of, 8 and re., 9 

, Mrs., 6 and ., 7 

Greville, Hon. Charles Francis, inw., 247; 
"Fly Flap," by, m and ., and a 
portrait of Emily Warren, 247 and 
n. ; notice of, 247*2. ; portraits of, by 
Reynolds and Romney, ib 

, Fulke, 1 8 172 

" Greville Memoirs," \n 

Grey, Captain, 254 

, Hon. Charles (afterwards 2nd Earl 

Grey and Viscount Howick), 32, 79 
and n.j 102-4, 108, inw., 140, 144-6, 
161-2, i66n. ; and his successor at 
the Admiralty, 25, 27 

Griesley, Mr., 10 

Grimaldi, Giovanni Francesco (called II 
Bolognese), 188 

j Joseph, 1 6 1 

Groot, Dr. Hofstede de, 13 $. ; " Cata- 
logue of Dutch Painters," by, i43 

Grosvenor, Robert, 2nd Earl of (afterwards 
ist Marquess of Westminster), 153, 
177, 225 

Family, The, 225, 226 and n 


The Farington Diary 

Grosvenor^ Sir Robert (.1341-1396), the 
case with Lord Richard Scrope re- 
called, 225-6 and n 

Square, London, 129 

Groves, Mr., 149 

" Growth of the Poet's Mind," by William 
Wordsworth, 42 

Guards, The, 22, 95 

Guatemala, 307* 

Gubbio, 6zn 

Guest, Douglas, 227 and n 

Guildford, Susan, Countess of, 195 

Guildhall, London, i 

Guillet, M., 185 

Gustavus IV. Adolphus, King of Sweden, 

Gwatkin, Edward, Major- General, 15771 

, Mrs., i57 

, John Reynolds, 157?? 

, Mrs., i57 

, Joshua Reynolds Gascoigne, his 

pictures by Reynolds, 1 577* 

, Robert LoveU, 156 ; notice of, 15672., 

157*2. ; Reynolds' portrait of, %b 

, Mrs. (Reynolds' " Ofty "), 1565 

notice of, 15672., 157*2. ; Reynolds' 
portrait of, ib 

, Miss Theophila, 15772 

H., 101 
Hall, Dr., 38 

, Mrs. See De Visme, Mrs 

Hallet, Mr., 186 

Hamburg, 36-7, 52 5 taken by the French, 

52, 54 ; British merchants at, 57 
Hamilton, Lady Emma (nee Hart), 24772 
, Sir William, 12372., 2477*. 5 Rom- 

ney's portrait of, ib 

, William, R.A., 197, 251 

" Hamlet," Charles Mayne Young as, 

158, 160 

, J. P. Kemble as, 161 

Hamond, Rev. Horace, 201-2, 204-6 
Hampden, John, 3rd Viscount, 164 
Hampshire, 30, 39, 206 

Militia, 6572 

Hampstead, 43, 243 
Hampton Court Palace, 14 

Rocks, near Bath, 212 

Hanbury, William, 214 

, Mrs. William (mother of ist Lord 

Bateman), 41*? 

Handel, " Messiah," oratorio, by, 237 
Hankin, Mrs., 248 
Hanover, 106 

Square Rooms, 2367* 

Hans Towns, The, 51^ 

Harcourtj George Seniou, 2nd Earl, 81 

Hardwicke, Philip, 3rd Earl of, 51 
Hardy, Mrs. (R.A. Housekeeper), 174 
Harewood, Edward, Lord (afterwards ist 
Earl of), 138, 2337? 

- , Edwin, Lord, 23372 

- , Henrietta, Countess of, Hoppner's 
portrait of, 23 3 n 

- , Henry, 2nd Earl of, 2337? 

- House, 23372. 5 Turner's drawings of, 

Harker, Mr. (a Barber), 30 
Harley, Thomas, Alderman, 22672 
Harrington, Jane, Countess of, 65 

- Family, The, 163 
Harrow School, 6, 61 and n 

Hart, Mrs. (Milliner of Piccadilly), 236?? 

- , Charles Henry (of Philadelphia), 


Hartwell, Sir Francis, 24-6, 28, 95 

Haslemere, 60 

Hastings, Warren, 137?, i62 

Haute Mere Dieu Hotel, Chalons-sur- 

Marne, 148^ 

Havell, William, 106, 189 
Hawkesbury, Robert, 2nd Lord (afterwards 

2nd Earl of Liverpool), 230 
Hawkshead School, 239 
Flay, Miss Harriet. See Litchfield, Mrs 
Haydon, Benjamin Robert, 45, 48, 101, 

Hayes, Judge, 2 

- j Mr. (son of Judge Hayes), 2 and n 

- , Sir John Macnamara, M.D., 31-2, 48, 
56, 152, 187, 220 

Hayley, William, 25 2# 

Hayman, Francis, R.A., 257 

Haymarket Theatre, London, 25 2. ; C. M. 

Young as " Hamlet " at, 158, 160 
Head, Guy, 77 and n 
Heard, Sir Isaac (Garter King at Arms), 


Hearne, Thomas, 47-8, 63, 123, 152-3, 255 
" Heart of Midlothian/' by Sir Walter 

Scott, i68 
Heath, James, A.E., 235-6 ; his engraving 

of West's " Death of Nelson," 236 
Heathcote, Sir Gilbert, M.P., 79, 252; 

notice of, ib. n 

- , Lady (nee Manners, first wife of Sir 
Gilbert), 25 in 

- , Lady (late Mrs. Eldon, second wife 
of Sir Gilbert), 25 2 

- , Richard, 252-3 

- , Sir William, 206 

Heber, Reginald (father of Richard Heber), 


-, Reginald, (Bishop of Calcutta), 25472 
, Richard, 254 5 notice of, ib, n 



Hedsor Parish Church, 6 
Henderson, John (Actor), i8o 
Hendon, 195?? 

Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, 34 
Henry IV., King of France, z 

VIII. King of England, 148** 

"Henry VIII." by Shakespeare, 23 zn 

Heralds' College, 223 

Herat, Siege of, I28 

Hereford, 6n 

Herring, Alderman (of Norwich), 159 

Hertford, Francis, 2nd Marquess of, 32, 

69 and ., 191 

, Francis Charles, 3rd Marquess of, 6gn 

, Francis George Hugh, 4-th Marquess 

of, 6g 
, Isabella Anne, Marchioness of, 69 

and ., 191 

House, 6gn 

Hey man, Henry, 51^ 

Hibernui, H.M.S., 136 

Hickey, William, " Memoirs of," edited 

by Alfred Spencer, 247 
Higginson, Miss. See Banks, Lady 
Higham Ferrers, 144 
" High Cliff/' near Ramsgate, 84 
Hill Street, Berkeley Square, 235 
Hilton, William, R.A., 215 and ., 228, 

2 33 

" Histoire des Diahles Modernes," by 

M. Adolphus, 22o# 

"History of the World," by Dr. John 
Gillies, 231 

Hit or Mi$$) play by I. Pocock, 25 zn 

Hitcham, Bucks, 6n 

House, near Taplow, 6 

Hoare, Miss Henrietta Ann. See Fortes- 
cue, Lady 

, Henry (of Stourhead), 70-1 

, Henry (son of Sir Richard Hoare, 

Kt.), 71 and n 

, Mrs., 71 and 

, Henry (son of Sir Richard Colt 


, Miss Mary. See Hoare, Mrs. Henry 

, Prince (Secretary of Foreign Corre- 
spondence of the R.A.), 73-4, 85, 89, 
107, 117, 124, 126-7, 149, 171 

, Sir Richard, Kt., 7 in 

, Sir Richard, ist Baronet, 71 

, Sir Richard Colt, 2nd Baronet, 33 

and ., 71 ; his work on Antiquities 
of England, 71 and n 

, William, R.A., 71 and n 

Hoare* s Bank, 71 

Hobbema, M., " Wooded Landscape," by, 
123 and . ; his art, ,123-4 

Hodges, Mr. (father of R.A.), %n 


Hodges, William, R.A., Dr. Grettoii's story 
of, 8-1 1 ; notice of, 8 

, Mrs. (nee Carr, third wife of R.A.), 

8w., 9, 1 1 

, Mrs. Lydia (second wife of R.A.), 

8., 10, ii 

, Mrs. Martha (first wife of R.A.), 8/z 

Hogdson, J. E., and Eaton, F.A., "R.A. 
and Its Members," by, 253 n 

Hogarth, William, his art, 44 ; " Works of," 

^ 79 and ., 80 ; his " March to Finch- 
ley," 91, 92 and . ; "Fortunate 
! Chance," by, 9 2 

, Mrs., 79 and n 

Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Frederick Louis, 
Prince of, 37 

Holkham, 59, 138, 206 

Holland, Rev. Dr. (Precentor and Pre- 
bendary of Chi chester), 76 

, Lady Frances, 76 

, Henry, Lord, 164 

, Henry Richard Vassal, 3rd Lord, 32 

, Elizabeth, Lady, 76 

, Sir Nathaniel Dance-, 46^., 128-9, 

130, 146,^ 148-9, 152, 161, 206, 257 ; 
his acquaintance with Angelica KaufF- 
man, 257-8 

, Lady, 146, 161, 206 

, 15, 255 ; Duke of York's expedition 

to, 14 

House, 44, 76 

Holmes, Sir Charles J., 1547* 

Holstein, 199 

Holt, Rev. Mr., 59 

, Mr. (Art Critic of Bell's Weekly 

Messenger)^ 42, 60-1 5 " State of the 
Negotiation of Lord Lauderdale," 
by, 60 

Holworthy, Miss. See Gardner, Mrs 

, Samuel, 17?* 

Hompesch, Baron, Charles, story of his 
duel with Mr. Richardson, 93 and #., 


Hone, H., 153 
Hood, Captain, 164 

, Samuel, ist Viscount, Admiral, 24, 49 

Hoole, John, 2o8 

Hope, Henry, 40 and ., 149 

, Thomas, 146, 227 

Hoppner, John, R A., 370., 45, 48-50, 57, 

7> 75s 7^? 82, 85, 107, in and ., 

J 33-4> 1 3 6 > J 37 and n -> *4 2 7 r 49> 
i6in., 162, 168, 213, 215, 228, 233 
and ., 234, 236, 250 5 his portrait of 
Lady Anne Culling Smith and family, 
4. ; his quarrel with Shee, 40 and 
., 4iw., 82 ; " Oriental Tales," by, 
40.., 70 5 and Farington, 43, 50, 57 5 



The Farington Diary 

Hoppner, John continued. 

his portraits of Pitt, 75, 139, 142, 146, 
161, 215 5 " Essays on Art," by, 111/2. ; 
his portraits of Prince of Wales, 131 5 
of the Duchess of Atholl, 161 ; his 
art, 165, 213 5 his portraits of Louisa, 
Countess of Dysart, 2167*. ; of Edward, 
Lord Harewood, 23372. 5 of Henrietta, 
Countess of Harewood, ib. $ Mackay 
and Roberts' " Life of," ib 

, William Lascelles, 236 ; his " Wisdom 

of Solomon," 228, 233, 236 ; awarded 
R.A. gold medal, 233-4 ; notice of, 

Horner, Francis, 172 and ., 173, 1747*., 
181 ; Raeburn's portrait of, 1728 

Horse Guards, The, 28 

Horsham, 4 

Horsley, Rev. Heneage, 76 

, Samuel, Bishop of St. Asaph, 75 and 

., 76 

Houghton, 72 

Hall, 204-5 

Hounslow, 174, 193 

House of Commons, 45-6, 48, 55-6, 61, 
79, io2~3, 107, 140, 144, 146-7, 166, 
181, 186-75 commercial men in, 
90, 225 ; and Lansdowne Manu- 
scripts, 179 5 and John Palmer's mail 
scheme, 180 and . 5 Defence Bill 
(1807) in, 185 ; and a grant to Dr. E. 
Jenner, 185. See also Parliament 

of Lords, 56?*., 72 , 107, 164, 166, 

204., 243 n. See also Parliament 

Howard, Bernard Edward. See Duke of 

, Henry, R.A., 176 

Howe, Richard, ist Earl, Admiral, i8 

Ho wick, Charles, Viscount. See Grey, 
Hon. Charles 

Hudson, Thomas, 88, 130 

Hughes, Mr. (of Golden Square), 6zn 

, Mrs. See Parisot, Mile 

5 Thomas, D.D., 6r and ., 141, 252 

" Huguenot Family of Minet," by William 
Minet, 357* 

Hull, 32 

Hume, Sir Abraham, 136, 139 

Hummel, Mr., 65 and n 

Humphry, Ozias, R.A., 63, 134, 216 ; Earl 
of Egremont and, 216 and n. ; 
Raphael's " Francesco Maria della 
Rovere," copied by, tb. ; Dr. G. C. 
Williamson's " Life of," zi6n 

Hungerford, George Walker- (of Calne, 

Wilts), 249 

Hunter, William (Anatomist), his museum, 

Huntingford, Dr. George Isaac, Bishop of 
Gloucester, Lawrence's portrait of, 78 

Huntly, George, 9th Marquess of, 203 n 

Hussey, Miss, 202 

Hutchmson, John, Lord (afterwards 2nd 
Earl of Donoughmore), 79 and n 

ICKWELL, Bedfordshire, 26/2 
Inchiquin, William, 4th Earl of, 3 
Income Tax, Commissioners of, 121 
India, 10-11, 13, 15, 16, 18-9, 36 and w., 

49, 90, 103, 140, i57and., 223, 247/2. 5 

William Hodges' " Travels in," 8. ; 

Lord Valentia's tour of, 37 and #., 38 ; 

Napoleon and English power in, 17 1 
Indian Antiquary, The, 91 

Cavalry, 157^ 

Inner Temple, The, 220 

Institute of Civil Engineers, 128^ 

" Institution of the Order of the Garter," 

a sketch by B. West, 150 
Ipswich, 1372., 15, 198 
Ireland, 3, 15-6, 55, 66/z., 68, 86, 136, 

155-6, 1 6 1, 182, 200, 249 
" Ireland, Statistical and Political," by 

Edward Wakefield, 248^ 
Irish Society, The, 1 17 
Irvine, Charles, gth Viscount, 697* 
Isle of Man, 168 
Ismail, 175 
Italy, 22, 64, 71, 77-8, 114, 129, 135**., 

15772., 183, 192, 2i6., 223, 257 
, King of (1807). See Napoleon I. 

JACKSON, Miss Elizabeth. See Wakefield, 
Mrs. (first wife of Edward Wakefield) 

, Miss Isabella. See Wakefield, Mrs 

, John, R.A., 41-2, roij 103 ; his art, 


, John (the pugilist, known as " Gentle- 
man Jackson "), 206 

, Thomas, 145 and n 

, William, 145 5 Gainsborough's letters 

to, ib and n. ; his adaptation of " Ly- 
cidas," ib* n 

Jamaica, 242 

James, Major, 249 

I., King of England, and VI. of 

Scotland, " Death of," picture by 
J. Opie, 124 

II., King of England, and VII. of 

Scotland (as Duke of York), 2, 165 

Francis Edward Stewart, Prince of 

Wales (the Old Pretender), 2 

Janissaries, Revolt of the, 175 
Jefferson, Thomas, President of the United 
States (1801-1809), 184, 187, 231, 245 
Jeffery, Mr , 197 



Jeffries, Mr., 197 

Jekyll, Joseph, 56 

Jenner, Dr. Edward, 209 5 House of Com- 
mons and a grant to Dr. E. Jenner, 
185 ; receives ^4,000 from India, 223 

Jennings, Mr., 97 

Jermyn Street, London, 21 

Jerningham, Edward, 164 and n 

John, Prince Regent of Portugal (afterwards 
John VI., King of), 211, 250, 258 

Street, London, 179 

Johnson, Mr. (of Calcutta), 19 

Miss, 19 

Mr. (Woollen draper), 157 

Mr. (eldest son of the Draper), 157 

Mrs. (sister to Sir Joshua Reynolds), 


Mr. (Steward to Earl Ferrers), 185 

Richard, 157 

, Dr. Samuel, 13 5/2., 1570.5 16272. ; his 

" Lives of the Poets," 85 ; and Mrs. R. 
L. Gwatkhij 156/2 

Jordan, Mrs., and Duke of Clarence, 204 
Journaly La, Paris, 184-5 
Judd, Miss (Maid to Mrs. Penton), 14, 22 
*' Jupiter," by James Barry, R.A. 128-9 
" Juvenile Travellers, The," by Mrs. 
' Priscilla Wafcefield, 248/1 

K., 4, i65. 

Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Berlin, 13 5/2., 

Kauffman, Angelica, 70 and n. ; death of, 

250-1 ; her acquaintance with Sir N. 

Dance-Holland, 257-8 5 and Sir J. 

Reynolds, ib 
Kemble, Charles, 252?? 
, John Philip, 43, 137, 160, 171, 181-2, 

201, 250; as "Hamlet," 161 
Kemneys, Mr., 197 
Kensington, 53 

Gardens, 4 

Gravel Pits, 36 

Volunteers, 36 

Kent, Edward, Duke of, 130 

, 72, 93> 193 

Kenton, Mrs. (mother of Ben Kenton), 226/2 
, Ben (Wine merchant), 226-7, 246 ; 

notice of, 226/2 

n , Miss, 226/2 

Kenyon, George, 2nd Lord, 166 and n 
Kerrich, Thomas, 221 j notice of, ib. n 
Ketteringham Hall, Norfolk, 232 and n 
Kew, 241 

Kib worth Beauchamp, Leicestershire, 84/2 
Killaloe, Bishop of. See Barnard, Thomas, 

Bishop of Limerick 
Kimbolton Park, 28 


King, Mr. (Actor), i8o 
, Mrs. Charles, 190/2 
" King Bladud discovering the Virtues of 
the Bath Waters," by B. West, 212, 230 
^ng John^ by Shakespeare, 213/2 
" King Lear," a picture by B. West, P.R.A., 

I3 2 
and, Messrs. (Auctioneers 

of King Street, Covent Garden), 84, 

King's Bench, Court of, 56-7, 232 

Bench Prison, 44/2., 225 

College, Cambridge. See Cambridge 


College, London, 18/2 

Lynn, 205 5 Duke of Clarence receives 

freedom of, 204-5 
Kingston, Somerset, 28 n 
Kinnaird, Charles, 8th Lord, 107/2., 115 

and ., 129 

, George, 7th Lord, 116 

Kirtley, Ralph (Servant to Sir Joshua 

Reynolds), no 

Knatchbull, Sir Edward, M.P., 193 
Knight, R. Payne, 31, 91, 97, 100, in, 123, 

134, 1 68, 1825 "Analytical Inquiry 

into the Principle of Taste," by, 31, 

85, 137/2 
Konigsberg, 95 
Koran, The, 175 

LABORDE Collection, The, 123/2 

Lacey, Miss, 20 

" Lady and Her Family, A," portrait group, 

by B. Manfredi, 113 and ., 114 
LafMdt, Battle of, 22 
Lafontaine, M., 154 and . ; sale of his 

collection of pictures, 143 and /*., 

.15, i5 2 -3 

Lahinch, near Enniskilleii, 187 

Lamb, Hon. William (afterwards 2nd 
Viscount Melbourne), 166, 174 j notice 
of, i66n 

Lambeth, 11/2 

Lancashire, 25 

" Landscape and Seascape," by Claude, 
143 and n 

Landseer, Sir Edwin, R.A., 73/2., 179/2 

, John, A.R.A., 73-4, 152, 179 and ., 

20 1 ; his " Lectures on Art of En- 
graving," 73 and n 

Lane, Samuel, 75, 142 

Langford, Edward (of St. Albans), ii 

, Mrs,, i i/z 

, William, D.D., n ; notice of, nn 

Lansdowne, William, ist Marquess, 89, 249 

Manuscripts, The, intended purchase 

for nation, 179 



The Farington Diary 

" Laocoon, The " (a piece of sculpture), 

Lascelles, Edward, 108, 140, 146-7 

, Edwin, See Harewood, Lord 

, Mrs. Henry. See Harewood, 

Henrietta, Countess of 
, Henry George Charles, Viscount, 


La. Semiramide^ opera by Portogallo, 62 

Latona y a frigate, 89 

Lauderdale, James, 8th Earl, 24, 60, 162 

" Laughing Girl," by Reynolds, 150 

Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 233 

Lawrence, Miss (sister to Sir Thomas 
Lawrence, R.A.), 89 

, Dr. French, 29, 220 and n 

, Sir Thomas, R.A., 30, 40 and ., 41, 

43> 45-6) 49? 5> S3? 57 3 75? 8 6, 89, 97-8, 
104, 108, no, 126, 135-140, 143-53 
152-3, 154 and ., 160-2, 164-6, 172-3, 
174 and ., 181, 184, 186-7, 193, 198, 
249, 258 ; his portrait of Lady 
Fludyer's children, i and . ; Arm- 
strong's " Life of,'* in. ; his art, i, 34, 
40, 108, 132-3, 136, 244; his portraits 
of Mrs. Lysons and Mrs. Price, 30 ; 
his portrait group of Sir F. Baring, his 
brother Charles, and his son-in-law, 
Charles Wall, 39, 40, 53, 108, no, 114, 
130, 132, 134, 136 ; and the Princess 
of Wales, 48, 165 ; portrait of Bishop 
of Gloucester, 78 ; his financial 
difficulties, 84, 86, 88, 94-5, 125, 130 ; 
" A Fancy Group," by, 1 14-5 ; his 
portraits of Lord Thurlow, 133 ; of 
Pitt, 133, 135, 139, 152, 154, 164, 244, 
252 ; of the Duke of Leeds, 133 ; of 
Farington, 135, 198-9; of T. W. 
Coke, 136-7, 139 ; raises his prices, 
165-6 ; his portraits of the Angerstein 
children, 193 ; of Lady Baring, 
Thomas Baring and Mrs. Charles 
Wall, 209 5 of the Dowager Lady 
Dysart, 214 

Leatherhead, 24 

Le Brun, Mme. Vig6e, 70 and . ; por- 
trait of Mme. Grassini, by, 23 jn 

Lechmere, Sir E , 13 5 

" Lectures on Art of Engraving delivered 
at the Royal Institution," by John 
Landseer, A.R.A., 73 and n 

Lee, Miss Harriet, r 10 

, Miss, Spohia, no and n. ; " Assigna- 
tion," by 8 1 

Leeds, Francis Godolphin, 5th Duke of, 170 

, George William Frederick, 6th Duke 

of, Lawrence's portrait of, 133 

Le Fage, M., 182 

Leicester, George, Earl of (afterwards 2nd 

Marquess of Townshend), 87 
, Sir John Fleming (afterwards Lord 

de Tabley), 50, 101, 107, 11311., 133, 


, Thomas, Earl of, 138-9 

, 41 

, Fields, 143, 188 

Galleries, 2i6n 

Square, 189 ; Panorama in, ib 

Leicestershire, 41 and n 

Leigh, Mrs. (mother of Mrs. Wheatley), 107 

Lennox, General. See Richmond, 

Charles, 4th Duke of 
Leominster, 214 
Lethbridge, Mr., 180 
" Letters of Horace Walpole," 65*1 
" Letters to Richard Heber," by J. L. 

Adolphus, 22o 
Lettice, Rev. Dr. John, 243 
Leveson-Gower, Lord. See Gower 
Lewis, David (of Malvern Hall, War- 
wickshire), 216 

, James, 192 

, Mrs. Mary, 79 and n 

Leycester, Miss. See Adolphus, Mrs 

Leyden University, 337* 

" Liber Studiorum," by Turner, 153 ; A. 

J. Finberg's " History of," ^b. n 
Lichfield, 37^., 38 
Liege, ^249^ 
Limerick, I28 
Lincoln, Bishop of. See Tomline, Right 

Rev. Sir George Pretyman 
Lincoln's Inn Fields, 232 
Lincolnshire, 41, 109, 193, 252** 
Linnell, Mr. (father of the Artist), 45 
, John (Artist), 45 ; notice of, 45/2. ; 

his art, 48 
Linois, Cornte Charles Alexandre Leon 

Durand de, French Rear- Admiral, 26 
Linwood, Miss Mary, 235-6 
Lisbon, 4, 35., 62, 211, 252; British 

blockade port of, 250 
and Oporto Club, London Tavern, 


Liston, John, 252^ 
Litchfield, John, 160 

, Mrs. (Actress), 160 

Literary Club, The, 165 and n 
Little Massingham, 202, 206 
Liverpool, 48?* 

Academy, The, 25 2 

" Lives of the Painters," by George Vasari, 

" Lives of the Poets," by Dr. S. Johnson, 

Lloyd, Dr. See Langford, William, D.D. 



Lloyd, Mrs. (of Windermere), 239 

Lloyd's (Underwriters), 79 

Locke, John, 162^ 

, William, 24, 58, 88 

, Mrs. (yi&e. Jennings), 97 

Lodoiska, an opera by Mayr, 62/1 

Lombardy, 2377* 

London, i., 2, 6, 8-10, 18, 23-4, 26, 32 
and ., 36, 37., 38, 40, 45 and ., 54, 
fo-, 71, 73-> 76, 79-8o, 88, 93, 102-3, 
114, 126, 143*., 145, 158, 160, 162, 
169, 186-7, 189, 191, 193, i 9 5., 196, 

202, 204., 208, 212, 220, 223, 2Z6., 

227. ? 236?*., 23772., 2547^ 2555 

Common Council of City of, and 

monument to Pitt, i, 55 ; Lord 

Mayor of (1807-8), see Ainsley, 

John ; Recorder of, see Silvester, 

London, H.M.S., 250 

Bridge, 98 

London Ga%ette^ 26-7, 76, 89, 95, 206, 211, 


" London Tavern," 250 
, Tower of, 127; guns at, 26, 89; 

Record Office at, 255 
Long, Basil S., Letter from, 21272 
, Charles (afterwards Lord Farn- 

borough), 61, 85, 91, 97, 139, i6z., 

1 80, 230 
, Mrs., 113 
Longman & Rees, Messrs. (Publishers), 73, 

Lonsdale, James, 177 ; notice of, tb. n. ; 

portraits by, ib 

, William, ist Earl, 167 

Loudoun, Flora, Countess of, 250 
Loughborough, Charlotte, Lady, and 

William Beckford, 243 
Louis XVI., King of France, 2 

XVII., King of France, 146 

XVIIL, King of France, lands at 

Yarmouth, 208 
Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia, killed 

at Saalfeld, 37 
} Sir Thomas, Rear-Admiral, forces 

passage of Dardanelles, 125 ; notice 

of, ib. n 
Louisa Maximiliana of Stolberg-Gedern, 

Princess, granted a pension by 

George III., 209 
Loutherburgh, P. J., R.A., 50, 57 
Lowndes, William Thomas, " Biblio- 
grapher's Manual," by, 253 n 
Lowther, Mrs, See Gwatkin, Miss 

? William, 2nd Viscount (afterwards 

xst Earl of Lonsdale), 47, 60, 150 

Lowther Hall, Westmorland, 47 

Lubeck captured by the French, 52 

Lucan, Elizabeth, Countess of, 73 and n 

- , Richard, 2nd Earl of, 73 

Luckley Park, Berkshire, z6n 

Ludlow, 214 

Luton, 196 

" Lycidas," W. Jackson's adaptation of, 

Lysons, Rev. Daniel, 51, 61; "Magna 
Britannia," by, 140, 179, 221, 223-4, 

, Mrs. D, L 3 Lawrence's portrait of, 


- , Samuel, 5*1., 40, 43, 44 and ., 45, 51, 
53, 6 1, 87, 95, 177-8, 192-3, 197, 
220-1, 223, 225, 231; his salary as 
Keeper of Tower Records, 127 5 
" Magna Britannia," by, 140, 179, 

221, 223-4 

Lyttleton, Lady Sarah, ijzn 

- , Hon. William Henry (afterwaids 
3rd Lord Lyttleton), 172 ; notice of, 
tb. n 

MACAO, logn 

McArthur, John, LL.D. 3 177 
Machell, Mr., sen., 108 
Mackay, Dr. Charles, i68 

- , John, 219 
-- , Mrs., 219 

Mackintosh, Sir James, 9i., 114 and ., 


McNeil, Sir John, i28 
Macready, William Charles, 25 2 
Madden, Captain, R.N., 97 
Madrid, 62 

Mady, Rev. Mr., 76 and n 
Magdeburg, 36 
" Magna Britannia," by Rev. D. and S. 

Lysons, 140, 179, 221, 223-4, 231 
Makins, Miss. See Welsh, Mrs 
Msildonado, 27** 
Mallock, William, 178* 

- , Mrs., I78 

- , W. H., " The New Republic," by, 

Malone, Edmund, 90, 130, 2o8.j 254 
Malpas, George Horatio, Lord (afterwards 

2nd Marquess of Cholmondeley), 204 j 

notice of, ib. n 
Malta, 217, 233 
Maltby, Mrs., 169 
Manby, Thomas, Captain (afterwards 

Rear-Admiral), 84^., 165 j and Princess 

of Wales, 48, 84 
Manchester, William, 5th Duke of, 28 

- , 26, 158 


The Farington Diary 

Manfredi, B,, " A Lady and her Family," 
by, 113 and 72., 114; his "Galatea," 

Mann, Sir Horace, 18572 
Manners, Lord Charles Henry S., 41 

, Hon. Charles (afterwards Hon. C. 

Tollemache), 21672 

5 John, M.P., 216 

, John (of Grantham Grange, Lincoln- 
shire), 25 272 

, Hon. John (afterwards Hon. J. 

Tollemache), 2i6 

, Hon. Laura (afterwards Lady Laura 

Tollemache), 2i6n 

5 Lady Louisa. See Dysart 3 Louisa, 

Countess of 

3 Sir William (afterwards Lord Hun- 

tingtower), 216 
Manning, Mr., 220 

Mansfield, Mr. (a Leicester Banter), 41 
Mara, Mme. Gertrude E., 237 
Marc-Antonio. See Raimondi 
Marcellus, Mr. (a Tailor), 9 
"March to Finchley," by Hogarth, 91, 

92 and n 
Marchant, Nathaniel, R.A., in, 162, 171, 

180, 253 

Marchi, G. F. L., 140, 180, 208, 253 
Margate, 5572 

Marie Antoinette (of Austria), Queen of 
France, Consort of Louis XVL, 23 zn 
Marienburg, 79 
Marjoribanks, Captain, 196 

, Mr, (Partner in Coutt's Bank). 196 

Markham, William (Archbishop of York), 


Marlborough Street, London, 23 
Marlloroughy H.M.S., 250 
Marlow, 2 
" Marriage of Isaac and Rebecca," by 

Claude, 113/2 
Marris, R., 108 and ., 109 

, Mrs., 109 

Martin, Rev. Mr., jun., 201 

Mary a Princess (daughter of George III.), 

(of Modena), Queen of England 

(Consort of James II.), 2 
Marylebone, 11272., 255 
Masquerier, John James, 6472. ; his portraits 

of Napoleon and of Lady Worsley, 64-5 
Mauritius, 26 

Maxwell, Lady Stirling- (of Keir), 16772 
Mayr, Johann Simon, his opera Lodolska, 


Meadows, Robert Mitchell (Engraver), 133 
Medici, Lorenzo di, Roscoe's " Life of," 231 
Melbourne, Elizabethj Viscountess, 62 

Melbourne, Peniston, ist Viscount, 62 and n 
Melcombe, Baron. See Dodington, George 

Regis, Dorsetshire, 24672 

Mellish, Mr. (M.P. for Middlesex), 45 
Mellon, Miss Harriot (afterwards Duchess 

of St. Albans), 252*1. 5 and Thomas 

Coutts, 195 and n 

Melville, Henry, ist Viscount, 103, 196, 254 
" Memoirs," by Richard Cumberland, 24672 
" Memoirs of Painting," by W. Buchanan, 


Mercury, Bubb's statue of, in 
Meredith, Amos, 185 

, Sir William, 185 

Merton, Horatio, Viscount, of Trafalgar, 83 

College, Oxford. See Oxford Uni- 

" Messiah," oratorio by Handel, 237 
Metcalfe, Philip, 90, 149 ; Prince of 

Wales and, 5, 190 ; notice of, %b. n 
, Miss Frederica, 149, 19072. ; Down- 
man's miniature of, w 
Meyer, Henry, 2477* 
Michaelson, General, 175 
Middlesex Election, 45 
Milan, 23 jn 

Milbourne, Mr., jun., 58 
Miles, Mrs., 139 

Miller, Mr. (Bond Street Bookseller), 107 
Millet and His Men^ play by I. Pocock, 25277 
Milman, Sir Francis, 189, 190 
Milner, Sir William, 115 
Milton, Charles William, Viscount, 138, 

140, 145 

, John, 36, 127, 198 

Minet, Isaac, 3572 

5 James, 357* 

, Mrs (nee Dupont), 3572 

, Joseph, 35, 98-9 5 notice of, 3572 

, Mrs., 3572 

3 Thomas, 3572 

, William (of Fountain Court), 

" Huguenot Family," by, 3572 
Minories, The, 22672 
Mint, The, 167 
Minto, Gilbert, ist Lord (afterwards Earl), 

Miranda, Francesco (a Spanish-American 

General), 30 5 notice of, ib. n 
" Miseries of Human Life," by Sir James 

Beresford, 84 and 72 
" Miss Sydney Bidulph," a novel by Miss 

Frances Chamberlaine, 90 and 72 
Moet and Chandon, Messrs., 14872 
Moira, Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of, 68 
_, Francis, 2nd Earl of (afterwards ist 

Marquess of Hastings), 68, 249-50 



Moira, Countess of. See Loudoun, Flora, Mulgrave, Lepell, Lady (who died in 1780), 

Countess of 239 

Monarch, H.M.S., 250 
Monro, Dr. Thomas, 74 and n 

, Henry, 74 and 72 

Montcalm, Gozon de Saint-Veran, Louis 

Joseph, Marquis de, French General, 


Monte Video, 27/2 

Montrose, James, 3rd Duke of, 6 

Moore, Captain, R.N., 250 

, Lady Elizabeth. See Rochfort, 

Lady Elizabeth 

, Thomas, 1747* 

, Sir John, General, 258 

, Tom, his verse to Louisa, Countess of 

Dysart, 2i6 

" Moore's Almanack," 175 
Moorson, Sir Robert, Admiral, 104 
Morgan, Sir Charles, 95 
Morland, George, Dawe's " Life of," 227^ 
Morning Chronicle, The, 55, 104 
Morning Herald, "The, 5572, 61, 79, 150, 219 
Morning Post, The, i, 55., 153^., 1737*., 


Mornington, Garrell, ist Earl of, 4?? 
Morpeth, Lord (afterwards 6th Earl of 

Carlisle), 36 

Morrice, Humphrey, non 
Morris, Mr. (nephew of Mrs. Desenfans), 


, J. P., M.P., 185 

Mortier, Edouard A. C. J., Due de Trevise, 

Marshal of France, takes Hamburg, 


Morton, Sholto George, i9th Earl of, 2337* 
Moscow, 149 
Moss, Dr. Charles (afterwards Bishop of 

Oxford), 62 and n, 190 
, Charles (Bishop of Bath and Wells), 


, The Misses, 190 

Mostyn, Mr., 145 and ., 148-9 

, Mrs. (nee Thrale), 14572 

Mountain, Rev. Jacob (Bishop of Quebec), 


, Mrs., 178 

Mountcashell, Earl of, 78 
Mount-Edgcumbe, Richard, 2nd Lord, 208 
Mountrath, Charles Henry, 7th Earl of, 

193 ; notice of, ib. n 
Moysey, Rev. C. A. 3 104 
Mufti, The, and the Janissaries, 175 
Mulgrave, Henry, 3rd Lord (afterwards 

ist Earl of), 41-2, 48, 101-4, 122, 136-7, 

164, 1 8 8, 198, 239 ; appointed First 

Lord of the Admiralty 104 
, Lady,, 104 

Castle, 101-3 

Mulready, William, R.A., 45 w., 215 and n. 

, Mrs., 215 

Munden, Joseph (Actor), 161 
Mundy, Edward Miller, 162*2 

, Miss Georgiana E. See Newcastle, 

Duchess of 
Mure, Lord (of Caldwell), 19072 

, James, 19072 

, Mrs. See Metcalfe, Miss Frederica 

Murray, Mr. (Bookseller in Fleet Street), 85 

, Lord Charles, i6i 

, Charles (Actor), 161 

Murshidabad, India, 19 

Mustapha IV., Ottoman Sultan, 175 

NAPLES, 62, 183, 211, 247?? 

Napoleon I., Emperor of the French, 24, 30, 
36, 48-9, 52, 60, 79, 83, 95, 106, 108, 
145,^171, 183, 185, 211, 230-1, 245; 
Coalition against, 17 ; his overwhelming 
power, 36-7, 43 ; issues a proclama- 
tion to his troops, 52 ; blockades 
British Isles, 57, 60 ; Masquerier's 
portrait of, 64 ; and English power in 
India, 171 5 dines with Alexander I. 
of Russia, 184-5 5 n ^ s popularity in 
Germany, 258 

Narew, 83 

Nash, Frederick, 224 

National Gallery, London, 113/2., H5., 
14372., 15411 

Gallery, Melbourne, 45/2 

Portrait Gallery, London, 17272., 183 

" Nativity, The," by Rembrandt, 154 
and n 

"Natural Theology," by William Paley, 
D.D., 225 

Naval Courts-martial, procedure at, 104 

Navenbergh, 37 

Neer, Arnold Vander, 104 

Nelson, Rev. James, 157 

, Horatio, Viscount, 83, 106, 151, 158, 

205, 24772. 5 cost of his funeral, I ; 
Devis's picture " The Death of," 55, 
10972., 1515 monument to, rpo; 
Clarke's "Life of," 100, 177; "Death 
of," picture by B. West, 150, 236 ; and 
England's power at sea, 201 

, Rev. William, ist Earl, 83, 158 

, Countess, 156-8 

Neptune, H.M.S., 37 

Nesbit, Miss Martha. See Hodges, Mrs. 
Martha (first wife of R. A.) 

" New and Original Drawing Book," by 
Joshua Shaw, 21272 


The Farington Diary 

Newburgh, George Horatio, Lord. See 

Malpas, Lord 
Newcastle, Anna Maria, Duchess of, 163 

- , Henry, 2nd Duke of, 162-3 

- , Henry Pelham, 4th Duke of, 162 and 
. 5 Lawrence's portrait of, 162 

- , Thomas, 3rd Duke of, 163 
Newfoundland Bills, 9 \ f t 
Newgate Prison, 196 * v< " 
Newland, Abraham (Chief Cashier of Bank 

of England), death of, 223 
Newman Street, London, 33 
Newmarket, 202, 203 
Newport, Sir John, 180 Ti 

" New Republic, The," by W. H. Mallo 
Street, Spring Gardens, 162 


- York, 178, 237 

Ney, Michel, Due d'Elchingen, Prince de 
la Moskowa, Marshal of France, 37 

Nicholas I., Tsar of Russia, 69^ 

Nichols, Dr. (Schoolmaster at Baling), 72 

Nile, The, 83 

" Niobe," by R. Wilson, 123 

Nixon, James, A.R.A., 100 ; R.A. and his 
pension, 135 

Noble, Mr., 79 

Nollekens, Joseph, R A., 97, 197 5 " And 
His Times," by J. T. Smith, 5; 
Edridge's portrait of, 73 ; his bust of 
Prince of Wales, ib. ; his bust of 
Pitt, 133, 146, 1 80- 1 ; his death masks 
of famous people, 145 5 his bust of 
Fox, 146 5 Lonsdale's portrait of, 1777* 

Norbury Park, 24 

Norfolk, Bernard Edward, izth Duke of, 
73 and n 

- , Charles, nth Duke of, 32, 41, 162, 
206, 223 

- , 59, 178, 193 and ., 204, 2305 
election, 138, 144 

- Regiment, 4th Battalion of, 2Ofj 
North, Sir Dudley, 1627* 

- , Dudley, i6zn 

- , Dudley Long, 162 ; notice of, i6zn 

- , Mrs , i62w 

- , Frederick, 8th Lord (and 2nd Earl of 
Guildford), 159 

Northamptonshire, 214 

Northcote, James, R.A. a 90, in, 123-5, 

149, 152, 171, 227-8, 234; his portrait 

of George III., 140 
Northern Circuit, 80 
Northumberland, Hugh, 2nd Duke of, 29 

- , 23, 146 

Norwich, 117-8, 138, 144, 159 

"Notes on a Cellar Book," by Professor 

Saintsbury, 148^ 
Nottinghamshire-, 7, 1 1 

OAKLEY, Mr., 197 

Gates, Mark, Captain, 124 

O'Brien, Nelly, Reynolds^ portrait of, 6gn 

O'Bryen, Dennis, 55 and n 

O'Connor, Arthur, 31 and n 

, Roger, 115 

O'Donohue, F. M., 46^ 
Offley, Mr., 159 

, Charles, 49, 52, 61, 70, 108, i68 2 198, 

, Mrs. Charles, 52, 169 

, JH 35-6> 5 2 > 6 9> 7> 79> 8l > I2 5> 

219, 225, 250 

, William, 98, 225 

, Messrs. (Wine merchants), 497* 

Ogle, Newton (Dean of Winchester;, 1737* 
Old Bailey, 80, 220 

Coffee Mill, St. James's Street, 98** 

Cotton Green, Bombay, gin 

Slaughter's Coffee House, St. Martin's 

Lane, 36 

" Old Testament, The," 80 
Oldham, Arthur, Letter from, 226 
Oliphant, Mrs. (sister to Mrs. P. Dundas), 


Oliver, Archer James, A.R.A., 121, 206 

Opera House, Covent Garden, 58, 62 and 
n , 86, 101, 14.5*., 232 and n., 234, 237 

" Ophelia," a picture by B. West, P.R.A., 

Opie, Mr. (father of R.A.), 124-5 

, Mrs. (mother of R.A.), 125 

, Miss (sister to R.A.), 124-5 

, Mrs. Amelia, 117-8, 120-1 j vanity 

of, 123 

, John, R.A, 45, 74, 123, 175, 177, 

196, 2345 his lectures at the R.A., 
90-1; his health, no, 114, 117; 
death of, 1 17-9 ; his portrait of 2nd 
Duke of Gloucester, 119; his mode 
of living, 1 19-120 5 cause of his death, 
120 5 his fortune, 120 ; his art, 121 ; 
his early life, 124-5 5 k* s " Death of 
James I.," 124; his portrait of T. W. 
Coke, 137 ; his portrait of Cobbett, 
139 ; sale of his pictures, 150 5 " Cloth- 
ing the Naked," by, 1505 his penurious 
disposition, 168 

, Mrs. Mary (Opie's first wife), 196 

Oracle^ The, 36, 171?! 

Orange, Wilhelmma (of Prussia), Princess 
of, Consort of William V., 14-15 

, William (the Silent), Prince of, 15 

, William II., Prince of, 15 

, William V., Prince of, his stay in 

England, 14-155 and the Duke of 
York's expedition to Holland, 14 

Orchard Portman, Dorset, nzw 



Orchard Street, Marylebone, ii2 
Oriel, John, Lord, 181 

College, Oxford. See Oxford Uni- 

" Oriental Tales," by, John Hoppner, 

R.A., 4<D., 70 
Orkney, George, ist Earl of, 3 

, Anne, Countess of, 3 

, Mary, Countess of (fiist wife of ist 

Marquess of Thomond), 3 
Orleans, Collection, The, 123^ 
Ostade, Adrian Van, 101, 136 
Osterniske [Ostrolenka], defeat of French 

at, 79 ^ 

Ottley, William Young, 107 
Oubril, Count (Russian Minister), his treaty 

with France, 60 

" Ouse Bridge," picture by J. Farington, 70 
Owen, William, R.A., 57, 116, 121-3, 

*3> 13?? *34 5 l8 3> 2o6 
Oxenden, Sir Henry, 72^ 

, Lady, 72 and n 

, Sir Percy Dixwell Nowell Dixwell-, 


Oxendon Street, London, 115 
Oxford, Edward, 5th Earl of, 31, in, 162 
, Jane Elizabeth, Countess of, 31 and 

., 162 
, 2545* 

University, 71, 23 6., 254^. ; St. 

John's College, 53, 236. j Merton 
College, 847*. 5 Oriel College, 178^ 

PACKE, Charles James, 41 ; notice of a ib. n 

, Mr. (son of C. J. Packe), 4111 

Paddington, 181, 247 

Padstow, 124 

Pailkrd, M. (of Bouzy), 1487* 

" Palestine," musical composition by Dr. 
Crotch, 236?? 

Paley, William, D.D., "Evidences of Chris- 
tianity " and *' Natural Theology," by, 

Pall Mall, 31, 36, io7., 130, 153, 171 

Palmer, Mr. (Theatrical proprietor of 
Bath), i8o 

, A. H., 457* 

, Charles, z6n 

, Charles Fysshe, 26, 28-9 j notice of, 


, John (of Bath), 184; and his mail 

carrying scheme, 180 and n. 5 notice 
of, ib. n 

, Mrs., 1 80 

, Mr. (son of John Palmer), 180 

, John (father of Lady Thomond), 

156, 157* 

, Mrs., 156 

Palmer, Joseph (Dean of Cashel), 156 
, Lady Madelina Fysshe, 26 , notice 

of, z6n 

, Samuel (Artist), 45 n 

, Mrs., 45 

, Miss Theophila. See Gwatkin, 

Mrs. R. L. 

Paoli, Pasquale de', Corsican General, 147 
Papal Power, R. Duppa's book on, 84 and n 
" Paradise Regained," Blake's drawings for, 

.45 W 
Paris, 2, 24, 3 1., 60, 62 and #., 68, 103-4, 

t i43., 204., 208, 230*., 254^., 255 
Parisot, Mile, (afterwards Mrs. Hughes), 

62 and ., 225 
Parker, Mr., 79 
Parliament, 25-6, 59, 60, 104, 144, 16 1, 

i62., 166 and ., i8o., 185^,, 254. 

See also House of Commons and 

House of Lords 

Street, London, 94 

Parr, Dr. Samuel, 115 

Partington, Mr. (Dentist), 5., 13, 23 

, Mrs., 5 and TZ., 6, 13, 15-20, 22-3 

Patent Office, The, 557* 

Paternoster Row, 73, 84, 107, 165^ 

Paul, Mr. (Tailor), 49 

, Mr. (Candidate at Westminster 

Election), 49, 197 
Paxton, Mr. (Wine merchant), 36 

, John (Portrait painter), 36 and n 

, Sir Wjlliam, 36 

Payne, Major-General, 128 

Peacock, James, 467* 

Pearson, Mr., his walk from Pimlico to 

Datchet and back, 174 
Pelew Islands, The, 10972 
Pellegrini, Antonio, 253 
Pembroke, George Augustus, nth Earl of, 

32, 258 

Penn, John, 171 
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 


Penton, Henry, 13-4, 22 ; notice of, i$n 

, Mrs., 14, 22 

Street, London, 137* 

Pentonville, 13 n 

Penwarne, Mr., 124-5 

Penzance, 44*? 

Perceval, Hon. Spencer, 48, 96, 103, 108, 

165-6, 181, 185-65 notice of, 48^ 
Perry, James, 55, 104 
Perry and Wells, Messrs. (Ship builders), 137 
Persia, 12872., 171 
Perth, 49 

Peterborough, Earl of, 65** 
Petersham, Charles, Viscount, 5 
, 196 


The Farington Diary 

Petrograd, 49, 51, 83, 106, 126, 149, 229, 

2 35 

Petty, Lord Henry, 59 

, Sir William, 66 and n 

Petworth, 215 

Phidias, 145 

Philadelphia, 2I2 

Phillips, Mr. (Auctioneer), 107 

, Sir R., 140 

5 Thomas, R.A., 176, 215 and ., 

216 ; his portrait of Lord Thurlow, 

Phipps, Hon. Augustus, 79 and #., 101, 104, 
230, 234 

, Mrs., 136 

, Hon. Edmund, General, 102 

, Watkin (Oculist), 198 

Piccadilly, 146, 192 

Piercefield House, 1 10 and n 

Pimlico, Lpndon, 174, 25472 

Pindar, Peter. See Wolcot, John, M.D. 

Piozzi, Mrs. See Thrale, Mrs. Henry 

Piranesi, John Baptist, 192 

Pitcairne, David, M.D, 117-8 

Pitt, William, 26, 29, 30, 42, 48/1., 56?*., 60, 
70, 89, 108, 147, 155, 162, 166, i8o., 
198, 221, 230, 234, 236 ; Bubb's 
monument to, i and ., 55 ; cost of 
his funeral, i ; particulars regarding 
his death, 18 ; monument to, 97, 101 5 
statue of, at Cambridge, 56 ; his 
command of words, 56-7, 94 5 Hopp- 
ner's portraits of, 75, 139, 142, 146, 
161, 215 ; borrows money, 85 5 
Lawrence's portrait of, 133, 135, 139, 
152, 154, 164, 244, 252 ; Nofiekens* 
bust of, 133, 146, 1 80- 1 5 Nollekens' 
death mask of, 145 

Plate, River. See Rio de la Plata 

" Pleasures of Memory," by S. Rogers, 

Plowden, Francis Peter, 232 

Plumer, Sir Thomas, 48 and n 

Plymouth, 250 

Pocock, Isaac, 227, 252 ; notice of, 252^. ; 
plays by, ib 

, Sir Isaac, 252^ 

, Nicholas, 252*2 

, William Innes, 25 2tt 

Poland, 170 

, Cardinal of, 170 

"Political State of the British Empire," 
by John Adolphus, 22072 

Pom-pee, H.M.S., 125 

Ponsonbys, The, 68 

Pope, Alexander (the Poet), 127, 230 

-, Alexander (Actor), 160-1 ; marries 

Mrs. Wheatley, 199 

Popham, Sir Home Riggs, Admiral, 88 ; 
his services in Cape Colony and 
Buenos Ayres, 25-6, 27 and n. ; court- 
martial of, 277*., 90, 97 

Porden, William, 177 

Person, Richard, 57, 165 

Porter, Walsh, 154, 197 

Portishead, 28^ 

Portland, William Henry Cavendish, 3rd 
Duke of, 4871., 73, HIM 

Place, London, 15, 226 

Portman, Edward Berkeley, 1125 notice 
of, ib. n 

, Edward Berkeley, jun. (afterwards 

ist Viscount Portman), nzn 

Square, London, nzn 

Portogallo, La Semiramidej by, 62 

Portsmouth, 37, 95 

Portugal, 35, 250, 258 ; affinity of the 
language of Spain and of, 35 ; ports 
of, closed against England, 211; 
Royal Family leave for Brazil, 250 

, Prince Regent of. See John, Prince 

Potsdam, 52, 68 

, Palace at, 19 

Pott, Percivall (Surgeon), 247 

, Robert, 247 and n 

Poussin, Nicolas, 149, 197, 228, 230, 234 ; 
"A Bacchanalian," by, ic>7., 115^ 

Powderham Castle, 243 

" Practical Treatise on Perspective/* by 
E. Edwards, A.R.A., 64 

Price, Sir Charles Rugge-, 51*2 

, Sir Charles, 43^., 51^., 197^ 

, Mrs. Charles S., Lawrence's portrait 

of, 30 

, Ralph, 43, 197 and #., 223 

, Richard, 5 1 ; notice of, ^b. n 

, Mrs., 51 and n 

, Miss (daughter of Richard Price), 

5 1 

, Sir Uvedale, 31, 47 

, Miss (daughter of Sir Uvedale Price), 

3 1 

Prince of Wales Island, 254 
Printing House Square, 44 
Provoked Husband ', The, a play, 232 
Prussia, King of. See Frederick-William 

, 43, 68 j blockade of ports of, removed, 

17 5 French campaign in, 36-7, 52, 60 
Pugh, Mr. (a London Attorney), 8 
Pultisk, Poland, 83 
Pump Court, Temple, 220 
Putney, 239 
Puttick and Simpson, Messrs. (Auctioneers), 

" Pylades and Orestes," by B. West, 42 



QUEBEC, 167, 178-9 

, Bishop of. See Mountain, Rev. J, 

Queen Street, Mayfair, 10 
Queen's Regiment, The, 72 
Quigley, Mr. (an Associate of Roger 
O'Connor), 115 

R.j Mr., 6 1 

Raeburn, Sir Henry, R.A., portrait of 
Sir Walter Farquhar by, i8w. ; his 
portrait of Francis Horner, 17272 

Ragley, near Stratford-on-Avon, 69, 191 

Ragusa, 211 

Raimondi, Marc Antonio, 255 

Randal, Miss Katherine. See Stoddart, 

Rankin, Captain, in 

Ransom and Morland, Messrs., 69 

Raphael, 70, i2 3; 134, 197, 2555 O. 
Humphry copies his " Francesco Maria 
della Rovere," 216 and n 

Ray, Mr. (of the Temple), 87 

Redesdale, John, ist Lord, 249 5 Lawrence's 
portrait of, 249 

Redford, George, "Art Sales," by, 197/2 

Red Sea, The, 38 

Reed, Isaac, sale of his library, 254 and n. ; 
notice of, ib. n 

" Reflections on the French Revolution," 
by Edmund Burke, 22 

Regency Bill, The, 487* 

Reinagle, Ramsay Richard, R.A., 78, 188-9 ; 
notice of, i88 

, Philip, R.A., i88., 189 

Rembrandt, 136; "Susannah," by, 133, 
135 and ., 152; "Boats," by, 143 
and . ; " Woman taken in Adultery," 
by, 143 and ., 150, 152-3, 154 and ., 
164, 168, 172, 180, 230 ; his art, 150-2, 
172 ; '* The Nativity," by, 154 and n 

Rendlesham, Peter Isaac, 169 

" Rent Day, The," by Sir David Wilkie, 
R.A., 10 1, 104-5, 122 

Rennie, John, 191-2 

Repulse, H.M.S., 125 

Reynolds, Miss Frances, 191 5 death of, 
208 ; notice of, ib. n 

, Henry RevelL, M.D., 219, 253 ; and 

effect of drinking port wine, 219-20 

, Sir Joshua, 29, 34, i35-> *37> i4> 

158, i62., 190?*., 208 and., 2i3,2i4., 
216 ; his " Discourses," 60, 173 ; 
his portrait of Nelly O'Brien, 697*. , 
and the Presidency of the R.A., 82-3 ; 
his money matters, 88 ; monument to, 
90, 1 50 5 and E. Burke, 1 10 5 " Laugh- 
ing Girl," by, 150; his relatives, 156 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua continued. 

and ., 157 and . 5 "Strawberry 
Girl," by, 156^.5 "Simplicity," by 
I57#. ; sketch for his portrait of Mrs. 
Sid dons, ib. ; his pictures in Mr. J. R. 
G. Gwatkin's Collection, ib. ; por- 
trait of Lady Thomond, by, ^b. ; 
sale of his pictures, 188-9 ; " Theory," 
by, 188 ; Taylor's " Life of," 2o8. 5 
story of his portrait of Emily Warren 
as " Thais," 247 and n. ; Graves and 
Cronin's " Life of," 247^. ; his 
portrait of John Crewe (2nd Lord), 
24972. 5 and Angelica Kauffoian, 

, S. W., his engraving of Mme. Gras- 

sini, 23772 

Rhine, Confederation of the, 1 5 

" Rhymes on Art," by Sir Martin Archer 
Shee, P.R.A., 4072., 126-7 

Richard ///., by Shakespeare, 232/1 

Richards, John Inigo, R.A. (Secretary to 
the Royal Academy), 54, 113-4, 133, 
175, 240, 245, 2515 his neglect of 
R.A. affairs, 130 

Richardson, Lieutenant, story of his duel 
with Baron Hompesch, 93 and ., 94 

, Mr. (Publisher), 90^ 

Richmond, Charles, 4th Duke of, 128 

, Charlotte, Duchess of, 128 

Rigaud, John Francis, R.A., 133, 214 

Rimnick, 175 

Rinder, Frank, 45^ 

Rio de la Plata, 27^, 88-9, 97 

Rivers, George, 2nd Lord, 196 

Roberts, William, i6i., 23 37*. ; Letter 
from, 4o., 41^ 

Robinson, Mr. (Bookseller in Paternoster 
Row), 84 

, Mrs. (" Perdita "), Romney's por- 
trait of, 69 

, Crabb, 44 

and Fisher, Messrs. (Auctioneers) 


Rochdale, Lancashire, 25 

Rochester, Kent, 73 

Rochfort, Miss. See D'Oyly, Lady 

3 Lady Elizabeth, 137* 

, George, 13 n 

~' , Gustavus, 15 

9 William (father of Lady D'Oyly), 

I 3 n 
, William (brother to Lady D'Oyly), 

I5> 20 

, Mrs., 20 and n 

Rocksavage, George Horatio 3 Earl of. 

See Malpas, Lord 
RockviUe, Alexander, Lord, 


The Farington Diary 

Rogers, Samuel, 129, 133, 13511., i7 2 "3> 
1747*., 181-2, 188 ; his ignorance of 
art, 1 68 ; " Epistles to a Friend " 
and " Pleasures of Memory," by, 181 
Rolhad, The, 22o 

Rome, 22, 56, 71, 77 and ., 78, 119, 178, 
250-1,^253, 2575 English Coffee 
House in, 77 
Romford, Essex, 248 
Romilly, Sir Samuel, 73 and n 
Romney, George, 8., i77., 252. ; his 
portrait of Lady Anne Belasyse, 6zn. j 
his portrait of Mrs. Robinson (" Per- 
dita "), 6gn. ; " The Gipsy," by, 
197; his portraits of the Hon. C. 
Greville and Sir W. Hamilton, 247/2 
Rosa, Salvator, 104 
Roscoe, William, 86-7 , his " Life of 

Lorenzo di Medici," 23 1 
Rose, George, M.P., 18, in and ., 180 

, Mrs., 1 8 

Rossi, JohnC. K, R.A., i, 55, 91, 97 
Rotterdam, 14 
Rougham, 204 

Rover e, Francesco Maria della, O. Hum- 
phry's copy of Raphael's portrait of, 
216 and n 
Royal Academy. See Academy, Royal 

Academy of Music, 23 6n 

Exchange, 98 

Royal George, H.M.S., 125 

Hibernian Society, i i^n 

Institution, 447*., 73, 159, 232 

Society, inw., 253 and n 

Society Club, 222 

Society of Arts, 34 

Society of British Artists, 1777* 

United Service Institution, 1287* 

Royston, Philip, Viscount, 51 

Rubens, Peter Paul, 132, 221 ; ** Diana 

and her Nymphs," by, 188 
Rugby School, 6 
Rugge-Price, Sir Charles. See Price, Sir 

Charles Rugge- 
" Rural Architect, The," by J. M. Gandy, 

A.R.A., 77 

Rush, Sir William Beaumaris, 177 
Ruskin, John, 178*2 

Russell, Constance, Lady, Letter from, 226 5 
her " Three Generations of Beautiful 
Women/ 7 z6n 
- , John, R.A., 32 

Russia, 106, 126, 2i2., 2277*. ; war with 
France, 49, 52, 60, 79, 81, 83, 95, IO 6 3 
io8 5 *7* 5 and Government of Eng- 
land, 108 ; desires loan from England, 
126 ; English people respected in, 
I4.Q : Treaty of Tilsit with France, 

Russia continued. 

184-5 5 breaks off communications 
with England, 229 ; England pkces 
embargo on all vessels belonging to, 
235 5 British Ambassador to, see 
Douglas, Alexander, Marquess of 

Rutland, John Henry, 5th Duke of, 41 

, 2 5 2* 

Rutter, Frank, inn 

SAALFELD, Prussians defeated at, 37 

Sadler's Wells Theatre, 65* 

St. Agnes, near Truro, 1 14 and ., 124 

-Albans, William Aubrey de Vere, loth 

Duke of, 1957* 

Alban's Church, Great Ilford, Essex, 


Albans Street, London, 186 

Andrew, The Order of, 106 

Andrew's Church, Glasgow, 200 

Asaph, Charlotte, Viscountess (after- 
wards Countess of Ashburnham), 7 

Asaph,) George, Viscount (afterwards 

3rd Earl of Ashburnham), 7, n, 134 

Asaph, Bishopric of, value of, 76 

Aubyn, Sir John, 124 

Avan's, near Chepstow, 1 10 

Catherine's Church, London, 35?? 

Cyr, Laurent. See Gouvion 

Domingo, 89 

George's Chapel, Windsor, West's 

work in, 54 

George's, Hanover Square, 249 

Giles's Churchyard, Holborn, JCKJW 

James's Chapel, Hampstead Road, 


James's Church, 153 

James's Palace, 6 

James's Park, guns in, 26, 89 

Joachim, Order of, 83 

John, Hon. Frederick, General, 


John, Hon. Mrs., 235 

John's College, Cambridge. Sec 

Cambridge University 
John's College, Oxford. Sec Oxford 


Leger, Mrs. (Actress), 161 

Martin-in-the-Fields, 253** 

Martin's Lane, London, 208 

Mary Hill, 30 

Omer, 121 

Pancras, 242 

Paul's Cathedral, 61-2, 123 5 income 

of Canon Residentiary, 141 

Paul's School, 6 

Petersburg, See Petrograd 

Swithin's Lane, Lombard Street, i68 



St. Vincent, John, Earl of, 84; proposed 

as successor to Lord Howick at the 

Admiralty, 25 ; and Sir H. R. 

Popham, 25, 27 

Saintsbury, Professor, ** N"oteB on a Cellar 

Book," by, 148* 
Salisbury, Bishopric of, value of, 142 

Cathedral, De Cort's " View of," 197 

Salmon, William Broome 3 Lieutenant- 

General, i$jn 
Salt, Dr. (father of Henry Salt), 377*.., 38 

Dr. (brother to Henry Salt), 38 

Henry, 38 ; his tour in India and 

Abyssinia, 37 and ., 38 ; notice of, 


Salisbury, Richard (of Castle Park, Lan- 
caster), 20 $# 

, Sir Robert, 94 

"Samson and Delilah," by Vandyck, 188 

Sandby, Paul, R.A., 124, 201, 234 

, Thomas, 106 

Sandeman, Mr. (Wine merchant), 168 and 
*., 169 

Santa Lucia, Convent of, at Gubbio, 6zn 

Saunders, Mr. (Income Tax collector), 

, Joseph (Miniature painter), 45 

Saunderson, Robert, 167 
Schiavonetti, Luigi (Engraver), 55 
Schleiz, Prussian defeat at, 37 
Scotland, 6, i8., 38, 44-5, 168, 196 
Scots Greys at Laffeldt, 22 
Scott, Rev. Dr. (Rector of Simonburn), 22 
, Mr. (son of Sir William Scott), 190 
, Miss (daughter of Sir William Scott), 

, Sir Walter, 840., 195?*., 2520., 254^. ; 

" Heart of Midlothian," by, i68w. 5 

"Waverley," by, 2207* 

, Sir William, 17, 29, 190, 219, 248 

, Lady, 29 

Scottish Expedition, The (1385), 226 
Scottowe, Captain (in East India Com- 
pany's service), 61 
Scrope, Sir Henry, 226^ 
, Richard, ist Lord (1327 ?-i4O3), the 

case with Sir Robert Grosvenor 

recalled, 225, 226 and n 
Seal, Mr., 9 
" Sea-Sick Minstrel, The/' poem by 

Henry Tresham, R.A., 253 and n 
Sedelmeyer, Charles, 135^ 
Seguier, David, 129, 142 and ., 143 
SeSm III., Ottoman Sultan, deposed and 

murdered by the Janisssaries, 175 
Seraglio, Constantinople, 125, 175 
Sergisson, Colonel, 158 
, Mr. (father of the Colonel), 158 

Sergisson, Mrs., 158 

Serle Street, London, 169 

Shah, Mahomed, 128^ 

Shairpe, Sir Stephen (British Consul in 

Russia), 235 
Shakespeare, 195, 25472. ; Messrs. Boy dell's 

edition of, 45 . ; King Joln^ by, 

213*2. $ As you Like It, Henry Fill,, 

and Richard ///,, by, 23 2 
Sharp, Richard (" Conversation Sharp "), 

13 5> *37 i74> l8l > 22 7> *33 5 notice of, 

r 3S 

- , W. (Engraver), i8 
Sharpe, Sutton, death of, 37 

Shaw, Joshua, 2125 notice of, ib. n. ; 
"A New and Original Drawing 
Book, 7 ' by, ib 

Shee, Sir Martin Archer, P.R.A., 121, 136, 
228 5 his quarrel with Hoppner, 40 
and ., 4i., 82; "Rhymes on Art," 
by, 4o#. 9 126-7 ; his art, 149 

Sheffield, Anne, Countess of, 24, 159 

- , John Baker, ist Earl of, 158-9 
Sheldon, John, R.A., Professor of Anatomy, 

2 3 6 

Sheridan, A. Brinsley, Letter from, 

- , Richard Brinsley, 32, 43, 45, 89, 90, 
1 677*., 168-9, 173, 1 8 6, 233 5 neglected 
by the Fox Party, 45-6 5 elected for 
Westminster, 49 5 his talents, 53; ; 
and women, 173 and ., 174^. 5 
Vachell's " Life of," 17372 

- , Mrs. (nee Ogle), 173 n 

- , Thomas, 90^., 167 and n 

- , Mrs. See Chamber laine, Miss 

Sherwood, near Battersea, 184 
Shipley*s Drawing School, 8 
Shobdon Court, Herefordshire, 214 
Sicily, 83, in, 258 
Siddons, Mrs, Sarah, i8o. 5 Reynolds' 

sketch for her portrait as ** The Tragic 

Muse," 157^ 
Sidmouth, Henry, ist Viscount. See 

Addington, Henry 
Sillwood Lodge, Brighton, 145 n 
Silvester, John (afterwards Sir John, 

Recorder of the City of London), 80 
Simeon, Rev. Charles, 169, 198 
" Simplicity," by Reynolds, 157*1 
Sinclair, Sir John Gordon, 26 

- , Lady Madelina. See Palmer, Lady 
Madelina Fysshe 

- , Sir Robert, 26w 
SinigagHa, 62 
Sixth Dragoons, I28 
Slade, Mr., 114 


The Farlngton Diary 

Slave Trade Act, Wilberforce's, 138 

" Sleeping Nymph," by R. Westall, R.A., 


Smallwood, John Henry, 219?* 
Smart, Christopher, " Student " by, 927* 
Smirke, Richard, 164-5, 240 
, Robert, R.A., 48-9, 59, 70, 78, 86, 

162, 16772,, 196, 209, 230, 233, 245 5 

his illustrations to Don Quixote, 230-1 ; 

George III. and his candidature for 

R.A. Keepership, 240-1, 245 
, Sir Robert, R.A., 31, 47, 162, 167 

and n. ; his design for Lowther Hall, 47 
Smith, Dr., 159 

, Mr. (Judge Advocate in India), 186 

, Mr. (of Piercefield), i ion 

, Adam, i6zn 

3 Lady Anne Culling, 4 ; notice of, 4. ; 

Hoppner's portrait of, tb 

, Charles Culling, 472 

, John (known as " Warwick " Smith), 

his views of the Coliseum, 134, and in 

Cornwall, 231 

, Joseph, 85 

, J. T., " Nollekens and His Times," 

by, 5 

, Miss Polly. See Bruce, Mrs. Craw- 

, Sir Sydney, 165 

, Rev. Sydney, 44, 76 and ., 135^-, 

168, 172 
, Sir William Sidney, British Admiral, 

250, 258 ; blockades port of Lisbon, 


" Smith's Catalogue Raisonne," 1237* 
Snell, Mr. (Auctioneer), 188 
Soane, Sir John, R.A., 77**., 192, 197, 250, 

253 ; his relations with G. Dance, 

46 and n 

Museum, The, 46??., 77^ 

" Social Day, The," a poem by Peter 

Coxe, 132/2 
Society of Antiquaries, 29, 53 and ., 61, 

87, 1 1 in. 5 N. Carlisle appointed 

Secretary, 87 
Soho Row, 41 
Somerset, Jane Georgiana, Duchess of, 16772 

, 24672 

Somerville, John Southey, i$th Loid, 132, 

" Son of' God creating the Universe," 

ascribed to Leonardo da Vinci, 107 and n 
Sophia Matilda, Princess (daughter of ist 

Duke of Gloucester), 107 
Sotheby, William, 135 and 72., 136-7, 239 
Sotheby's, Messrs. (Auctioneers), 37/1 
South Audley Street, London, 
Street, London, 210 

Spain, war with England, 25-6, 27 and #., 

89, 90 5 affinity of the language of 

Portugal and of, 35 ; amount of wool 

produced in, 197 
Spedding, Miss Margaret. See Froude, 

Mrs. R. H. 
Spence, Thomas, 249 

Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl, 55, 172^., 

, Hon. William, 172 

, William Robert, 137, 168 and n 

, Mrs., 173 

Spenser, Edmund, 198 
Spring Grove, Hounslow, 193 

Grove, Richmond, Surrey, 43 n 

Springhall, Mrs. D. See Hankin, Mrs 
Spurgeon, Mr. (a Yarmouth Attorney), 


, Rev. Mr., his mode of living, 203-4 

, Mrs., 203 

Spurling [Sperling ?], Mr., 15-6 

[Sperling?]. See Rochfort, Mis. 

Stafford, Granville, ist Marquess of, 91, 115 

, 1741* 

Election, 43 

Standard H.M.S., 125 

Stanislaus (II.) Augustus Poncatowski, 

King of Poland, 170 
Stanton, Admiral, $n 

, Mrs., 5 

" State of the Negotiation of Lord Lauder- 

dale," a pamphlet by Mr. Holt, 60 
Steers, John W., 142 

Sterling [Stirling], Charles, Vice-Admiral, 88 
Stewart, Charles Edward, the Young Pre- 
tender. See Charles Edward 
Stirling-Maxwell, Lady. See Maxwell 
Stoddart, Miss, 128 

, Charles, 128 5 notice of, ib. n 

, John (afterwards Sir John), 233 

, Stephen, Captain (afterwards Major), 

128 ; notice of, tb. n 

, Mrs., 128 and n 

Stone, Mr. (of Leominster), 214 
Stothard, Thomas, R.A., 167, 227 
Stourhead, 71 
Strahan and Strong, Messrs. (Long Acre) 


Stralsund, 186 
Strand Panorama, The, 188 
" Stranger in Holland," by Sir John Carr 

" Stranger in Ireland," by Sir John Carr 

61, 68 

Stratton Park, Hampshire, 30, 39, 209 
" Strawberry Girl, The," by Reynolds, 156 
Strawberry Hill, Devonshire, 1937* 



Stubbs, George, A.R.A., 34, 143, 146 
'* Student," by Christopher Smart, gzn 
Sturges, Rev. John, i8i 
Sturges-Bourne, William, 181; notice of, 

ib. n 
Suffolk, John, i5th Earl of, 153 

;, a-, i?7 5 193 

Sullivan, Luke (Engraver), 92*2 

Sully, M. de B., Due de, 2 

" Sun Rising Through Vapour," by J. M. W. 

Turner, 1 13 and ., 1 14 
"Susannah," by Rembrandt, 133, 135 and 

., 152 
Sussex, Augustus Frederick, Duke of, 


, 158 ; cost of election, 158 

Swale House, Northumberland, 23 
Swiss Island, The, 2 1 1 
Switzerland, 243 
Sydenham, nw 

TABLE Bay, zjn 

Tagus river, Russian battleships in, 250 

Taplow, 6, 17-8, 21, 1 80 

Court, 2, i57 

Spring, 3, 6, 13^ 

Woods, 3 5 Farington's picture of, 3 

Tarporley, Cheshire, 186 

Tasso, Torquato, 198 

Tate Gallery, London, 113/2 

Tavistock, Francis, Marquess of (after- 
wards 7th Duke of Bedford), 28, 206 

Taylor, Mr. (of the Opera House), 86, 199, 

Ernest, Letter from, 93 

Sir Herbert, 937* 

Miss Mary, 219^ 

Sir Robert, 192 

Tom, " Life of Reynolds," by, 2o8# 

" Taylor Papers, The," 937* 
Teignmouth, John, ist Lord, 91 
Temple, The, 88, 173 

Temple town, Mary, Viscountess, 58 

Teniers, David, 101, 136 

" Thais," Reynolds' portrait of Emily 
Warren as, 247 and n 

Thames, The, 132, 177 

Thanet, Sackville, 9th Earl of, 144 

Thatched House Tavern, 224, 227 

Thelusson, Peter, 169 

, Mrs., 169 

" Theory," design for painting on R.A. 
Library ceiling, by Reynolds, 188 

Thomond, Mary, Marchioness of, 3, 5-6, 
15, 17-8, 21-5, 2 9> H9> ^ *5 fi j x 57-7 
158, 188-91 5 and monumeiit to 
Reynolds, 90, 150; Reynolds' portrait 

Thomond, Murrough, ist Marquess of, 2, 3, 
5-6, 13-5, 17, 21-6, 29, 95, 130, 133, 
1577*., 158, 161-2, 180, 188-91 5 and 
Farington, 2-3, 13, 23-4, 26, 295 
and George III., 3 ; at the Battle of 
LafFeldt, 22 5 has charge of Admiral 
Byng, 95 ; and Prince of Wales, 191 

Thomson, Captain, Si 

, Mr. (father of R.A.), 121 

, Mrs. (of Brompton), 210 

, Henry, R.A., 40, 49, 57, 77-8, 107, 

117, 120-1, 123-4, 132, 176, 183, 2065 
his account of Opie's death, 1 17-9 

, Mrs., 52 

Thornhill, Sir James, 797* 

, Miss. See Hogarth, Mrs 

Thornton, Mr., 209 

, Mr. (British Minister at Hamburg), 


Thrale, Mrs. Henry, I45. 3 16272 
" Three Generations of Beautiful Women," 

by Constance, Lady Russell, z6n 
Thunderer, H.M.S., 125 
Thurlow, Edward, ist Lord, 186, 243 ; 

T. Phillips' portrait of, 1 13 ; Law- 
rence's portrait of, 133 
Thurston (formerly Willis), Framington 

Lake, 17 and n 

, Mrs. See Gardner, Mrs 

Tickell, Richard, The Camp, a play by, 232/1 

Tierney, George, 144 

Tijon, Mr. (Frame maker), no 

Times, The, 44 ; editorship of, 44 and n 

Titchfield Street, London, 179 

Titian, " Bacchus and Ariadne," by, 115 and 

., 1165 129; his art, 115-6, 129 
Tivoli, The, Rome, 212 
Tollemache, John, ist Lord, 204 
Tomline, Right Rev. Sir George Prety- 

man (Bishop of Lincoln), 18, 85, 252 

, Lady Pretyman, 18 

Tooke, Home, 94, 165, 195 

Topham, John, 184 

" Topographical Dictionary of Great 

Britain and Ireland," by N. Carlisle, 


Tortola, 89 

Totnes, Devon, 178 and n 
Townshend, Mr. (of the Heralds' Office), 


, Anne, Marchioness, 96, 202 

, George, ist Marquess of, 202 

, George, 2nd Marquess of, and his 

Barony of Ferrers and Earldom of 

Leicester, 202 ; and dispute with his 

son, 223 

Tower of London, See London 
Towrte, Charles, 152 


The Farington Diary 

Trafalgar, Viscount. See Merton, Horatio, 

, Battle of, 1097* 

" Travels in India," by William Hodges, 

R.A , S 
Trelawny, Lady Anne, 2%n 

, Rev. Sir Harry, 28 5 notice of, ib. n 

Tresham, Henry, R.A., 107, 133, 214, 228, 
236,251 , appointed Prof essor of Paint- 
ing atR.A.,234 ; " Sea-Sick Minstrel,'* 
by, 253 and n. ; notice of, 2537? 

Trieste, 145 

Trinity College, Cambridge. See Cam- 
bridge University 

Hall, Cambridge, 23671 

Trotter, Alexander, 196 

, Coutts (afterwards Sir), 94-5, 125, 

195-6 ; notice of, 19572 

, Mrs., 19 5 

Troward, Mr. (Picture dealer of Pall Mall), 
sale of his pictures, 107 and ., 108 

Truro, Cornwall, 28, 124, 156 and ., 157/1 

TurBn, Mr., 165 

Turin, 145 

Turkey, war with England, 125 and n 

Turner, Charles, his engraving of Hopp- 
ner's portrait of Louisa, Countess of 
Dysart, 2167* 

, Sir John, 6, 17,22 29 

, Lady, 17, 22 

, J. M. W., R.A, 417*., 74, 100, 10872., 

136, 153, 228, 23372., 2365 "Fall 
of the Rhine at Schafmausen, by, 
jo i ; " Sun Rising Through Vapour," 
by, 113 and ., 1145 " Dido Building 
Carthage," by, 11372. 5 " A Farrier's 
Shop," by, 113, 133, 140 j his art, 
1325 first plates of his "Liber 
Studiorum," 153 and . ; A. J. Fin- 
berg's " History of Liber Studiorum," 
by, 1537*. ; " Fifth Plague in Egypt," 
197 ; his drawings of Harewood 
House, 23372. ; appointed Professor of 
Perspective at R.A., 234 

Tuscany, 211 

" Twenty-four Views of St. Helena and 
Egypt," by Henry Salt, 3771 

Twickenham, 5 

Twiss, William, General, 81 

Tyburn, 185 

UNITED States of America, 212**., 217, 
223, 23 1 ; and peace with England, 
183-4, 245 ; ports closed against 
British, 187 ; shows a partiality 
towards France, 23 1 $ finances of, ib. ; 
desires to remain neutral, 245. See 
also America 

Upham, Hampshire, 847* 
Upper Charlotte Street, 3371 

VALENTIA, Arthur, Viscount, 37-8 , his 

tour of India, 37 and ., 38 
Vancouver, Mr. (agent to 2nd Earl of 

Warwick), 69 
Vandyck, Sir Anthony, 132 5 " Samson 

and Delilah," by, 188 
Varley, John, 215, 2337? 
Vasari, George, " Lives of the Painters, 

by, 60 

Vatican, The, 134 
Vaughan, Dr., 117-8 
Vauxhall, icS 

Gardens, 184 

Venice, Cannaletto's " View of, 1 ' 197 

Venus de Medici (Statue), 129 

" Venus Rising from the Sea," by James 

Barry, R.A , 129 
Vere, Lady Jane de, 3 1 
Vernet, Claude Joseph, 197 
Vestrio, Madame (Actress), 25272 
Vicars, Colonel (of the Horse Guards), 28-9 
Victory, H.M.S., 10972 
Vienna, 121, 175, 258 
" Villa Madame," by R. Wilson, 133 
" Village Politicians," by Sir D. Wilkie, 122 
File de Parts, H.M.S., 136 
Vincent, Francois Andre, 245 
Vinci, Leonardo da, Mr. Troward's pic- 
tures ascribed to, 107 
"Virgin and Child," by Correggio, 143 

and n 

Volunteers, Leicestershire, 41 
" Voyage in Abyssinia," by Henry Salt, 37?? 
" Voyages and Travels in India," by Lord 

Valentia, 3772 

WAKEFIELD, Daniel, validity of his marriage, 

219, 248 ; notice of, 2487? 

, Mrs., 219, 248 

, Edward (father of Daniel Wakefield), 

, Mrs* (first wife of Edward Wakefield), 

, Edward, the younger, 236 and n. ; 

" Ireland, Satistical and Political/' 

by, tb 
, Mrs. Priscilla (mother of Daniel 

Wakefield), 248 ; notice of, ib. n. ; 

" Juvenile Travellers," by, tb 
Walcheren Expedition, The, 20372 
Waldeck, Prince of, 22 
Waldron, Mr. (father of the Shoemaker), 


, Mr. (Shoemaker), 83-4 

, Mrs., 83-4 


Wales, Augusta, Princess of, 21 

- , Caroline Amelia Elizabeth, Princess of, 
24, 94, 107, 135, 141 and ., 191 ; 
her sensibility, 21 ; and Lawrence, 
48 ; indiscretions of, 48, 84, 96, 101, 
165 ; George III. and, 96 ; and 
Fuseli, 196 

- } Frederick Lewis, Prince of (father of 
George III.), 21 

- , George Augustus Frederick, Prince of 
(afterwards George IV.), i8., 22-3, 
51, 61-2, 84, 94, 96, 98, joi, 106-7, 
141-2, 190 and ., 191, 235 ; his 
accomplishments, 2-4 ; and Philip 
Metcalfe, 4, 190 5 and Prince of 
Orange, 14 5 reported death of, 54 5 
Nollekens* bust of, 73 ; his weight, 
98 and n. ; attends R.A. Annual 
Dinner (1807), 130; Hoppner's por- 
trait of, 131; and Lord Thomond, 
191 ; his behaviour, 222. See also 
George IV 

Walker-Hungerford, George. See Httn- 

Wall, Charles, 108 -, Lawrence's portrait of, 

39> 40, 53? lo8 > IIO > IJ 4> i3> !3 2 > *34> 


- - , Mrs., Lawrence's portrait of, 209 
Wallace, Sir Richard, 6gn 

- Collection, The, 69^., 156^ 
Wallachia, 175 

Wallack, James William, 25 zn 
Wallis, John William, 77 and n. y 78 ; his 
conduct in Rome, 77-8 

- , Mra., 78 
Walmer Castle, 128 

Walpole, Miss Charlotte (Actress). See 
Atkyns, Mrs 

- , Horace, 164, iS5. ; "Anecdotes of 
Painting in England/* by, 64 ; " Let- 
ters of," 65?? 

-- , Rachel* Lady, 202 

- , Sir Robert, 205 
Walsby, Rev. Dr., 52 

Walter, John (of Bearwood), 26 

- , John, jun. (II.), and directorship of 
The Times, 44 and n 

Ward, James, R.A., 132, 176, 224 

Warren, Miss Emily (ahas Bertie, alias Bet 
Coventry), story of her portrait as 
" ThaV by Reynolds, 247 and n 

Warsaw, 79 

Warwick, Francis, ist Earl of, 1 1 1., 24772 

- , George, 2nd Earl of, 69, 77 

- Castle, 69 
Wasdale, Dr. John, 162 
Washington, George, 184 


Water Colour Society, The, 134 

Waterloo Bridge, 19 in 

Watson, Mr, (a Preston Manufacturer), 

Watt, Robert, 4t Bibliotheca Britannica," 
by, 22on 

Watts, Miss, 246 

, David Pike, 226 and ., 227, 236 and 

., 239-40, 246 

" Waverley," by Sir Walter Scott, 220^ 

Weasenham, Norfolk, 201, 206 

Webster, Wedderburn, 198 

Wedderburn, Miss Jean (sister to Mrs. 
P. Dundas). See Oliphant, Mrs 

, Sir John ,254 

Welch, Justice, 9272 

Wellesley, Lady Anne. See Smith, Lady- 
Anne Culling 

1 Richard, ist Marquess, 13, 33, 38, 103, 


Wells, Mr. (a West Indian Merchant), no 
and n 

, Mrs., no 

, Miss (daughter of Mr .Wells), 1 10 and n 

, Miss (sister to Mr. Wells), I io 

, Mrs., sen., 182 

, William, 182, 1 86 and ., 213, 220, 250 

Street, Bath, 2i2 

Welsh, Colonel, 104 

, Mrs., 104 

West, Benjamin, P.R.A., 54-5, 57, $9-60, 
63, 79, 82-3, 100, 108, 114-6, 123, 
130-2, 134, 139, 150-1, 170-1, 212, 
224, 227-8, 230, 237, 239-40, 242, 
250-1; his art, 40, 42, 150; and 
Presidency of the R.A., 40, 43, 50-1, 
54, 57, 59, 82, 132*., 133? "Blades 
and Orestes," by, 42 ; indiscretions of, 
48-9 ; his works in St. George's 
Chapel, 54 5 and Farington, 49, 50, 54, 
59-60, 82-3, 100, 133, 150, 211, 240, 
242-5, 248-9 ; and George III., 
48-9, 54, 59> 82, 240, 246; "King 
Lear" and "Ophelia," by, 132; his 
financial difficulties, 133 ; sketch of 
"Institution of the Order of the 
Garter," by, 150 ; " Death of Nelson/' 
by, 150, 236; and R.A. domestic 
affairs, 174; his visit to Bath, 211-2; 
" King Bladud Discovering the Virtues 
of the Bath Waters/' by, 212, 230; 
" Christ Healing the Sick," by 2i2. ; 
and British Institution, 227 ; his art 
lecture to R.A. students, 233-4 ; visits 
William Beckford, 242-3 ; on art ia 
France, 245 ; his taxes, 246 

, Mrs., 100, 114, 133, 211-2 

, Ralph, 60 



The Farington Diary 

Westall, Richard, R.A., 68, 97, 100, 113-4, 

124, 134-5, 158-9, 228, 252, 256 ; 

" Sleeping Nymph," by,m ; " Flora," 

by, 134, 140, 168 

, William, A.R.A., 256 

West Indies, 89, 167, 217 

Westmacott, Sir Richard, R.A., 91, 97, 

100, 176 
Westminster, 45, 49, 8o., 140 ; result of 

election, 49 
Abbey, 53, 149, 173/2., 246*2. ; Handel 

Festival at, 236^. 5 Choristers' School 

at, 246 

Hall, 149 

Hospital, 53 

School, 6, 59 

West Norfolk, 20572 

Norfolk Militia, 202 

Weston, Mr. (Bond Street Tailor), 98 

, Miss Maria. See Fludyer, Lady 

Weymouth, 88 

Whalley, Rev. T., 41 and n 

Wheatley, Mrs. Francis, 107, 160 5 marries 

Pope the Actor, 199 
Whig Club, The, 31 
Whitbread, Samuel, M.P., 32, 87, 90 ; 

insists on a seat in the Cabinet, 25 
Whitby, 102 
White, Mr. (Auctioneer, Storey's Gate), 


, Mr. (Leather breeches maker), 186 

White's Club, Bourke's " History of," 247^ 

Whitechapel, 226^ 

Whitefoord, Caleb, 171, 188, 1975 and 

Benjamin Franklin, 183 
White Hart, St. Albans, I in 
Whitehurst, Mr. (of Bolt Court), 10 
Whitworth, Charles, Earl, 126 
Wilberforce, William, 108, 140, 146, 158, 

186; his Slave Trade Act, 1385 

becomes unpopular, 158 
WUkie, Sir David, R.A., 42, 44, 45 and ., 

48, 91, 104, 151, 213, 230, 239; 

"The Blind Fiddler," by, 41-2, 44, 

47-8, 101, 116, 122, 124, 133-4, 140, 

149-50,- his art, 41-2, 44, 48, 101, 

116, 136, 238 ; " The Rent Day," by 

jo i, 104-5, l22 5 ** Village Politicians," 

by, 122 ; " Card Players," by, 238 
William III., King of England, Scotland 

and Ireland, and Prince of Orange, 

character and abilities of, 15 
Williams, Solomon, 1 14 j notice oi } ib. n 
, Thomas, 12 
Williamson, Dr. G. C., " Life of Ozias 

Humphry, R.A,," by, zi6n 
Willis, Francis, M.D., 36, 53, 87 
, Mrs., 36 

Willis, Rev. Mr., 36 

Willoughby de Eresby, Clementina Eliza- 

beth Drurnmond, Baroness, 252*2 
Wilson, Captain (of H.E.I. Co.), 109 

- , Mr. (Keeper of the Hunter Museum), 

- , Lestock P., 75-6, 139, 254-5 ; notice 
of, 75 

- 5 Richard, R.A., 8*2., 72^., 129, 143, 
168, 213, 2i4/z., 220, 255 5 " Niobe," 
by, 1235 "Villa Madame," by, 1335 
a sketch of Rome, by, 178 

Wiltshire, Earl of (son of Lord Scrope), 

- > 33 

Winchester, 13^., 14, i8iw 

Winchilsea, George, 9th Earl of, 2105 

C. Woodforde's portrait of, tb 
Windham, William, 25, 29, 59-60, 130, 

1 86, 230 ; and Norfolk election, 

138, 144 
Windsor, n., 73, 174 

- Castle, 25, 54, 82, 96, 141, 149 ; 
Wyatt's alterations to, 54 

Windsor Castle, H.M.S., 125 

. Forest, 26 

Winter, Peter Von, Zaire, opera by, 237/2 

"Wisdom of Solomon, The," by W. L. 

Hoppner, 228, 233, 236 
Wodehouse, Colonel, 138, 144 

- , Hon. and Rev. Armine (Rector of 
Litcham), 202 

- , John, ist Lord, 202 

- , Hon. John (afterwards 2nd Lord), 202 

- , Hon. Philip, Captain R.N. (atter- 
wards Vice-Admiral of the White), 

- , Hon. and Rev. William, 202 

- , Mrs., 202 

Wolcot, John, M.D., 94, 124 

Wolfe, James, General, 151, 167 ; Woollett's 
engraving of " The Death of," 55 

Wolff, Jens (Danish Consul in London), 184 

Wolverhampton, 6 

" Woman taken in Adultery, The," by 
Rembrandt, 143 and ., 152-3, 154 
and n., 164, 168, 172, 180, 230 

WombweD, Sir George (2nd Baronet), 62^ 

- , Lady. See Belasyse, Lady Anne 
Wood, Colonel, non 

- , Mr. (a Lancashire Pedestrian), his 
race with Captain Barclay at New- 
market, 202-3 

- , William, ** Zoography," by, 256 

" Wooded Landscape," by M. Hobbenin, 

123 and n 
Woodforde, Rev. James, 707* 

- , Dr. Robert E. H. 3 70^ 



Woodforde, Samuel, R.A., 70 and ., 71, 

82, 113, 2105 his portrait of Lord 

Winchilsea, 210 

Woodlands, Blackheath, 153, 193 
"Woodman, The," by R. Barker, 212 
Woodthorpe, Mr. (Town Clerk of City of 

London), 55 
Woollett, William, "Death o! General 

Wolfe," engraving by, 55 
Woolwich, 93, 192 
Worcester, Frederica, Marchioness of, \n 

' 53 

Wordsworth, Miss (sister to the Poet), 132 

, William, 42, 135 and n , 238 ; 

" Growth of the Poet's Mind," by, 
4.2 5 his poetry, 86, 239 ; as an art 
critic, 129, 132 , his high opinion of 
himself, 239 

, Mrs., 132 

Worsley, Sir Richard (of Appuldercombe), 
65 , notice of, tb. n 

, Lady, 65 and n 

Wouvermann, P., 168 

Wren, Sir Christopher, 2538 

Wright, Mr, (a Banker), 34 

, Miss Lydia. See Hodges, Mrs, 

Lydia (second wife of R.A.) 

Wrotham, 95 

Wyatt, Benjamin Dean, 33 

, James, 32-3, 53, 77*., 78, 201, 241, 

242 ; and Presidency of the R.A., 
3?> 4o, 43> 5> 54, 59 5 irregularity of 
his habits, 32; his alterations to 
Windsor Castle, 54 

Wyatt, Jeffrey, 32-3 

, Matthew, 33 

Wyck Rock, Bath, 211-2 


Yarnold, J. W., i88 

Yart, Mr. (Drawing master), 72-3 

, Miss, 72 

, Joseph Farington, 72 

Tes 0? No, play by I. Pocock, 25 zn 

York, Frederica, Duchess of, 4 ; notice of ? 

tb, n 
, Frederick, Duke of, 4 and ., 158 ; 

Prince of Orange and his expedition 

to Holland, 14 

, 1 08 ; election, 138-140, 145-6 

Yorkshire, 41-2, 108, 144, 158 

Yonge, Sir George, 89 

Young, Rev. Mr. (of Great Torrington) ? 


Rev. Mr, (Archdeacon of Norfolk), 157 

Mrs. (nee Johnson), 157 

Mr., 64 

Mr. (father of the Actor), 158 

Charles Mayne (Actor), 158 5 acts 

"Hamlet" at Haymarket Theatre, 
tb , 160 

, Sir William, 97 

Yverdun, zn 

ZEELAND, Island of, 206 

" Zoography," by William Wood, 256 


P. 140. Footnote. Delete " afterwards first Earl of Harewood." 

P. 158. Footnote should read " See Index, Vols. I. and III." 

P. 173. Footnote. For Dean of Westminster, read Dean of 

P. 220. Fourth Footnote. Full stop after Frederick the Great, 

then read " John Adolphus was, author, etc.*' 
P. 237. Last footnote. For Vigee's, read " Vigee Lebrun's." 



I 4 198/ 

92 F226f v.4 c.1 
Farington, Joseph, 
The Farington diary. 

University Libraries 
Carnegie-Mellon University 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 


c z 

OJ <